Story of British empire:-now back to England}


NOW AFTER BREXIT SCOTLAND IS KEEPING THE EUROPEAN UNION FLAG[NOT THE BRITISH FLAG] ,WHILE NORTHERN IRELAND NOW CLOSER TO IRELAND BECAUSE  ENGLAND HAS ALLOWED IT FOR SPECIAL TRADE RELATIONSHIP  WITH EUROPEAN UNION THROUGH IRELAND

WHAT REMAINS IS PLAIN OLD ENGLAND WITH WALES, WITH NO EXIT POSSIBLE FOR WALES FROM ENGLAND Image result for BRITISH EMPIRE 2018 WALES+SCOTLAND+NORTHERN IRELAND


 ENGLAND UNDER QUEEN ELIZABETH 1 WAS A VERY POOR COUNTRY


Elizabeth I of England
Queen of England
Image result for QUEEN ELIZABETH 1

Description

Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603. Sometimes called the Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the last of the five monarchs of the House of Tudor. Wikipedia
Born: 7 September 1533, Palace of Placentia
Died: 24 March 1603, Richmond Palace

Feb 17, 2011 - Poverty in Elizabethan England. Elizabethan England faced a mounting economic problem as the poor became poorer, and a growing army of vagabonds and beggars roamed the streets and countryside. In an attempt to curb the problem, the government passed a series of strict Poor Laws.


Poverty in Elizabethan England

By Alexandra Briscoe
Last updated 2011-02-17
A phototgraph showing various coins of all denominationsElizabethan England faced a mounting economic problem as the poor became poorer, and a growing army of vagabonds and beggars roamed the streets and countryside. In an attempt to curb the problem, the government passed a series of strict Poor Laws. But what effect did all this have on the country's towns and villages?

Causes of poverty

Elizabethan England often conjures images of the Royal Court with splendid costumes, banquets and extravagant entertainment. But for many people life was very different. During the 16th Century the population rose dramatically and this, added to other economic pressures, meant that an increasing number of people were unable to support themselves. As the standard of living dropped, the problem of vagrancy worsened and this was to have repercussions for the country as a whole.
Elizabeth's government set about tackling this problem, and introduced a series of Acts which acknowledged that the care of the poor was now the community's responsibility, and that each citizen had to play his part. In this respect the Poor Laws were progressive for their time, and established a framework which lasted for many years. But what was everyday life like for the poor, and what impact did their presence have on our towns and villages?
As the standard of living dropped, the problem of vagrancy worsened...
There were several reasons for this increase in poverty. During the reign of Elizabeth I, the population rose from three to four million people. This increase was primarily due to a rise in fertility and a falling death rate and meant, in simple terms, that the country's resources now had to be shared by a greater number of people. Added to this was the problem of rising prices. In the last years of his reign, Henry VIII had debased the coinage which meant that the proportion of gold and silver in the coins was reduced. In 1560 Elizabeth's government took steps to remedy this by replacing all debased coins with new ones, thus restoring the country's currency to its proper levels. This move served to combat the problem of inflation in the early years of her reign.
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Town and country

Countryside scene with rooling hills and a folk of sheep But the country was also hit by a number of poor harvests, particularly in the 1590s, which put increasing pressure on a limited supply of food. The resulting rise in food prices led, in some cases, to starvation amongst those who could not afford to pay. In 1563, wages were further affected by a government move to curb inflation. The Statute of Artificers set upper wage limits for skilled workers such as butchers or carpenters but the unfortunate result was that, as prices rose, wages could not reflect these increases. Again, the standard of living dropped for many workers.
Towns grew in size throughout Elizabeth's reign, as changes in agriculture led to people leaving the countryside. In the years leading up to her accession, a process known as land enclosure had changed the face of the landscape.


THE ONLY WAY OUT OF ENGLAND'S POVERTY WAS TO STEAL FROM OTHERS


 SO THE QUEEN DECIDED TO SENT ENGLISH PIRATES TO SURROUNDING COUNTRIES TO STEAL

Was Elizabeth I a pirate Queen?

The reign of Queen Elizabeth I, otherwise known as the Elizabethan era of British history, is often called the golden age of the Pirates or the golden age of exploration. Strangely enough the names of this period were pretty much interchangeable for the renowned Queen because many of the most important of her explorers were considered pirates of a kind, due to their conduct.

Pirates, Privateers or Explorers?
Men like Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Francis Drake, Sir Richard Grenville and Sir John Hawkins worked under unofficial protection from Queen Elizabeth I, bringing England, and their Queen, wealth, power and information as they explored the world. When given the chance these famed “explorers” would raid Spanish ships from their bases in the Caribbean using tactics not unlike those you would expect of pirates!
While Queen Elizabeth’s explorers were technically privateers, these men were considered pirates by the Spanish and natives of the Caribbean. A pirate was often described as someone who raided ships or settlements without a commission from a recognised sovereign nation. While Elizabeth could have given such a commission she did not, preferring instead to allow them to take whatever opportunities they saw in their travels. In this way, if no other, they were most certainly pirates.
Why Elizabeth I allowed this could be seen as a very simple matter; Elizabeth I saw the staunchly Catholic Spain as the enemy of all protestant states. Her acceptance, if not indirect encouragement, of their actions prompted the Pope and Philip II of Spain to name her England’s “Pirate Queen.”
Hawkins, Drake, and their fellow English privateers served their queen, repelled the Spanish ... the world [see “Sir Francis Drake: Pirate to Admiral,” by Wade Dudley, June/July 2009]. ... Authorities in Santo Domingo sent troops to disrupt the English activities. ... Amid growing hostility, Hawkins decided to return to England.
The Sea Dogs were essentially a military branch that were authorised by the Queen to attack the Spanish fleet and loot their ships in order to bring back riches and treasure. They carried "Letters of Marque" which made their plundering of Spanish ships legal under English Law despite not being at war.
 NEXT STEP WAS TO COLONISE THE WORLD AND STEAL FROM COLONIES


In the 1570s and 1580s, Queen Elizabeth I granted royal permission to two Englishmen to colonise America. As Spain had laid claim to much of South and Central America, England's attention was directed to the eastern coast of North America.


Tim McNeese - 2002 - ‎Education
(One colonist, a youth of 16, decided to remain at Charlesfort. ... and they were given an audience with Queen Elizabeth I.The men raved about the New World, ...

 ENGLISH WERE CHUCKED OUT OF AMERICA BY AMERICANS UNDER GEORGE WASHINGTON

Aug 30, 2013 - The American War of Independence: The Rebels and the Redcoats ... It involved several countries, with France and Britain on opposing sides, and North America was ... Boston 'tea-party' of 1773, when British-taxed tea was thrown into the ... appointed George Washington, a well-to-do Virginia landowner, ...
Charter granted to the East India Company. Queen Elizabeth I of England grants a formal charter to the London merchants trading to the East Indies, hoping to break the Dutch monopoly of the spice trade in what is now Indonesia. ... In 1773, the British government passed the Regulating Act to rein in the company.

Charter granted to the East India Company - HISTORY












THIS IS PART-1-
PART TWO IN NEXT 

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NOW AFTER BREXIT SCOTLAND IS KEEPING THE EUROPEAN UNION FLAG[NOT THE BRITISH FLAG] ,WHILE NORTHERN IRELAND NOW CLOSER TO IRELAND BECAUSE  ENGLAND HAS ALLOWED IT FOR SPECIAL TRADE RELATIONSHIP  WITH EUROPEAN UNION THROUGH IRELAND

WHAT REMAINS IS PLAIN OLD ENGLAND WITH POOR WALES, WITH NO EXIT POSSIBLE FOR WALES FROM ENGLAND
Image result for BRITISH EMPIRE 2018 WALES+SCOTLAND+NORTHERN IRELAND

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