Communism In Ambush

In 1979, the Red Army occupied Afghanistan, putting into effect a brutal policy of genocide that took no account of women and children.
  Dee Finney's blog - December 20, 2013 - page 611 - GENOCIDE DEATHS

2. The Stalinist Era in the USSR (1929-1953). stalin-genocide

Pol Pot
Saloth Sar. better known by his nom de guerre Pol Pot, was born in 1925 in the small village of Prek Sbauv, located about 100 miles north of the Cambodian capital, Phnom Penh. His family was relatively affluent and owned 50 acres of rice paddy, or roughly ten time the national average. In 1934 Pol Pot moved to Phnom Penh, where he spent a year at a Buddhist monastery before attending a French Catholic school. His Cambodian education continued until 1949, when he went to Paris on a scholarship. He studied radio technology and became heavily involved in communist circles. After three failed attempts to earn a decree he returned to Cambodia in January 1953.
At that time the whole Cambodian region was revolting against French colonial rule, and officially gained its independence later that year. Pol Pot, meanwhile, joined the proto-communist Khmer People’s Revolutionary Party (KPRP), which had been set up in 1951 under the auspices of the North Vietnamese. From 1956 to 1963, Pol Pot taught history, geography and French literature at a private school while simultaneously plotting a revolution.
The Khmer Rouge Cross

Once in power, Pol Pot begun a radical experiment, to create an agrarian utopia inspired by Mao Zedong’s “Cultural Revolution”. Mao’s “Great Leap Forward” economic program included forced evacuations of  Chinese cities and the purge of “class enemies”. Pol pot would now his own “Super Great Leap Forward” in Cambodia,  which he renamed the Democratic Republic of Kampuchea. He declared the Year Zero, and the “purification” of the Cambodian society. Capitalism, western culture, city life, religion, and the foreign influences were to be extinguished in favor of an extreme form of peasant Communism. All foreigners were thus expelled, embassies closed, and any foreign economic or medical assistance was refused. The use of foreign languages was banned, newspapers and television stations were shut down. Money, free markets, normal schooling, private and government property were abolished. Public schools, hospitals, pagodas, mosques, churches, universities, shops and government buildings were shut down or turned into prison, stables or granaries. Even parental authority was revoked, as Cambodia was sealed off from the outside world.
Children working at the forced labor camps
All of Cambodia’s cities were forcibly evacuated. At Phnom Penh, 2.500.000 inhabitants were evacuated on foot into the country side. More than 30.000 died along the way.
Millions of Cambodian accustomed to city life were now forced into slave labor in Pol Pot’s “killing fields”, where soon began dying from overwork, malnutrition and disease, on a diet of one tin of rice (180 grams) per person every two days. Workdays in the fields began around 4 a.m. and lasted until 10 p. m. with only two rest periods allowed during the 18 hour day, all under the armed supervision of young Khmer Rouge soldiers eager to kill anyone for the slightest infraction. Starving people were forbidden to eat the fruits and rice they were harvesting, and after the crop was harvested, Khmer Rouge trucks would arrive and confiscate the entire crop. All work decisions were made by the armed supervisors, with no participation of from the workers, who were told “Whether you live or die, is not of great significance”. every tenth day was a day of rest, and were also three days off, during the Khmer New Year festival.
Forced labor camp
Children waiting in line for food, 180 grams of rice per person
Throughout Cambodia, deadly purges were conducted to eliminate remnants of the “old society”. The educated, the wealthy, Buddhist monks, police, doctors, lawyers, teachers, and former government officials. ex-soldiers were killed along with wives and children. Anyone suspected of disloyalty to Pol Pot, including eventually many Khmer Rouge Leaders, was shot, or bludgeoned with hammers or axes. In the labor camps, unsupervised gatherings of more than two persons were forbidden, No discussions were allowed or showing the slightest affection, humor, or pity. Anyone who violated these rules was executed on the spot. Ethnic groups were attacked including the three largest minorities the Vietnamese, Chinese, and Cham Muslims, along this almost twenty other smaller groups, 50% of the estimated 430.000 Chinese living in Cambodia in 1975 perished,
Many were held in prisons, where were detained, interrogated tortured and executed. the most infamous prison in Cambodia, known as S-21, held approximately 14.000 prisoners, while in operation. Only 12 people survived.
On December 25, 1978, Vietnam launched a full-scale invasion on Cambodia, seeking to end Khmer Rouge’s border attacks.On January 7, 1979, Phnom Penh fell and Pol pot was deposed and fled into the jungle. He was pleased under house arrest in 1997 by a splinter Khmer Rouge group and died in his sleep on April 15, 1998, due to heart failure, even though many suggest that he was poisoned by his wife. He was never condemned for crimes against humanity.
Democratic Kampuchea was one of the worst human tragedies of the 20th century along with the World War II. Over 2.000.000 people died from diseases due to lack of medicines and medical services, starvation, execution, or exhaustion from overwork. Tens of thousands were made widows and orphans, and those who lived through the regime were traumatized by their experiences. Several hundred thousand Cambodians fled their country and became refugees. Millions of mines were laid by the Khmer Rouge and government forces, which led to thousands of deaths and disabilities since the 1980’s. A large proportion of the Cambodian people have mental problems because their family members were lost and their spirits damaged, These factors are one of the major causes of the poverty that plagues Cambodia today.
This concludes the first “Top Ten Week” folks, and i know it wasn’t really a week, but i also gotta work for a living. Also, research turned out to be far more interesting than i tough, making me deviate from my original search very often. I hope you found these post as interesting as they for me writing them, and i know that the subject  i chose may be disturbing, but it is my belief, that we have an obligation to be aware of our history as a species. The least we can do about all these countless people who lost their lives in the hands of madmen, is to know their story.
Also, I know many of you are wondering, why I left out historic figures like, Genghis Khan, or Nero, or Himmler, or many others who could make it into this list. If you look at these post closely, you ll understand why. You too will notice the similarities and common traits these people share, in contrary to Attila the Hun or Saddam Hussein.
So, join me next week when ill be returning with my scheduled posts, and as always, thank you for reading.

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Thousands of pictures of S-21 are displayed at the Tuol Sleng Genocide MuseumThe Social and Racial Characteristics of ….. | pete grafton

German and Soviet Forces together, Poland, September, 1939.