Auto Expo 2012: Mahindra launches hydrogen-powered three-wheeler-----------Ratan Tata dreams of cars running on water: Scientist Jan 1, 2011 ---

NEW DELHI: Mahindra and Mahindra (M&M) on Monday launched the world's first hydrogen-fuel-run three-wheelerHyAlfa that will ply in Delhi soon.

"As part of its mobility initiatives, Mahindra has aimed at providing alternative fuel technology solutions and the HyAlfa is another step towards it," said Pawan Goenka, president of the company's automotive and farm equipment sectors.

The company did not divulge the price of the vehicle which was unveiled at the Auto Expo here.

According to Goenka, a fleet of 15 vehicles have been manufactured. "We have prepared 15 vehicles for integration of the optimised engine, storage system, fuelling system and safety features for this hydrogen-fuel-enabled vehicle."

The vehicles will be refuelled at a station set up by US-based Air Products located at Pragati Maidan, where the fleet will operate.

The hydrogen-powered rickshaws and the refuelling station have been established under a project that aims to produce vehicles that would carry and use hydrogen, a carbon-free fuel, thereby reducing pollution.

Goenka added, that the company is currently developing a host of vehicles that can run on alternate-technologies such as electric, hybrid and fuel cells.

"We are already working on integrating a comprehensive eco-system of sustainable mobility solutions, encompassing alternative technologies such as electric, hybrid and fuel cells into our research, development and commercialization plans."

The vehicle has costed $1 million in development over a span of three years, with half the expenditure being co-funded by the UNIDO and International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies (UNIDO-ICHET) based in Istanbul, Turkey.

Hydrogen-fueled 3Wheeler
Hydrogen-fueled 3Wheeler
Jancy JamesNov 26 2011

With the development of newer and newer technology, this world is flooded with gadgets that are too difficult to be ignored. As we stack our houses with the newest gizmo that has hit the market, there is a proportional rise in our electricity bills too. For vehicle owners who use vehicles that run on electricity, the consumption could be humongous. It is time to think about vehicles that are cleaner, greener and do not use precious electricity. Here are the best 10 concept zero emission vehicles waiting to storm the world:

Zero emission vehicles concept
Zero emission vehicles concept

1. Rui Gou’s GlideX 2020

Rui Gou’s GlideX 2020
Rui Gou’s GlideX 2020

This futuristic vehicle, designed by Riu Gou, is powered by the help of electromagnets that are lodged on the road. The vehicle is designed for Glide X 2020 which is scheduled to take place in China and aims at the ordinary Chinese who want to learn the basics of driving. Powered by lithium-ion batteries and equipped with embedded electromagnet accelerators and portable auxiliary power unit for magnetic roads, it can accommodate 3 people.

2. Hydrogen-fueled 3 Wheeler

Hydrogen-fueled 3Wheeler
Hydrogen-fueled 3Wheeler

This elegantly styled 3 wheeler is designed by Daniel Julier, an industrial designer. The car has a rear seat which is collapsible and hence the space can be utilised as a trunk as well when the seat is not in use. An ‘in wheel motor’ inside the rear wheel of the car will drive the vehicle and the hydrogen tank and the fuel cell are located under the hood.

3. Peugeot Shoo Car Concept

Peugeot Shoo Car Concept
Peugeot Shoo Car Concept

The Shoo car is an eco friendly and green car that has a solar panel on its roof. The solar panel conserves solar energy which gets transformed to electrical energy that helps in running the vehicle. The triangular shape, sleep design and floating parts all add to its overall charm.

4. RT20


Electric cars are slowly captivating the imagination of many car lovers and going by the no electricity and green policy that many concept designers have adopted, these cars are all set to rule the world, without compromising on the thrill of driving a noisy sports car. RT20 can function as a normal as well as a race car.

5. Urban concept vehicle for the youth of 2020

Urban concept vehicle for the youth of 2020
Urban concept vehicle for the youth of 2020

This curvaceous concept car is meant for the urban youth of 2020. Charged by lithium ion batteries which are mounted on the chassis, it is entirely environmental friendly. The car comes with 4 electromagnetic wheels, each one made of two sliding rings, the outer ring a permanent magnet and inner ring, an electromagnet. The battery activates the electromagnet and the two magnets create a repulsive force which moves the vehicle. Breaking system works by facing opposite poles of the wheels towards each other.

6. Nicholas’ futuristic concept vehicle

Nicholas’ futuristic Concept Vehicle
Nicholas’ futuristic Concept Vehicle

This two wheeled car by Nicholas Holland is a personal car that looks more like a bike. The gigantic loop that passes through the front wheel of the car produces magnetic field which is used for moving the car. The magnetic field also reduces friction which makes the car wonderfully energy efficient. The forward and backward movement spins the wheel and rotates the axis as you steer.

7. Opel Flow solar-powered concept

Opel Flow solar-powered concept
Opel Flow solar-powered concept

Opel Flow solar-powered concept is all set to represent the Opel in year 2049. The single seat vehicle has clear solar panels for charging the batteries and will be made of very light weight materials. The wheels lodge electric motors and the vehicle’s chassis saves energy from the movement of the body as well. The battery packs at the base of the vehicle gives it stability.

8. SAIC YeZ Concept car

SAIC YeZ Concept car
SAIC YeZ Concept car

Developed by Shanghai Automotive Industry, the SAIC YeZ concept car works by the principle of photosynthesis where it absorbs carbon dioxide and emits oxygen in turn into the atmosphere. The car has solar panels on the roof and wind turbines on the wheels so that both solar as well as wind energy can be utilised for its use, making it work on sunny as well as windy days.

9. Origin


Origin is an eco friendly vehicle that uses transparent solar cells as the wind shield through which electricity is generated from almost all angles. It also comes with a linear pedalling charging system which helps in charging through kinetic energy as well and also to push the Michelin Active wheel at the back.

10. Hydrogen powered Audi concept car

hydrogen powered Audi concept car
hydrogen powered Audi concept car

Designed for Audi, this concept car, created by Victor Uribe will run on clean hydrogen. There are no doors but a sliding roof for entry into the car. With a great body and a sports car feel, it sure is a winner waiting to hit the road.

You might also like

The Tata Nano has already registered itself as the cheapest car on sale in the world and as if that wasn’t enough to flock the already congested Indian streets, we now hear of another 2500 USD car being planned for the year 2011. The venture codenamed ULC would see Bajaj Auto, Renault and Nissan joining forces to eventually produce 400,000 units per year in an entirely new plant located in Chakan, Maharashtra. Whilst Bajaj would own 50% of the shares of the joint-venture company, Renault and Nissan would equally divide the remaining share.

usd 2500 car from bajaj QO5W4 59
usd 2500 car from bajaj QO5W4 59

Bajaj RE-60: 35 Kmpl Tata Nano Competitor Launched Before The Delhi Auto Expo 2012

Bajaj RE 60 Car
Bajaj RE 60 Front View

Bajaj has did it! The Indian two-wheeler giant has finally forayed into the 4-wheel segment with the launch of Bajaj RE-60 three days before the Delhi Auto Expo 2012. What’s interesting is that the RE-60 promises mileage of whooping 35 kilometers per liter of petrol! We bet every visitor is is going to drool over the new car and praise Bajaj Auto. It’s clear that the battleground is ready for the war of cars between Tata nano & Bajaj RE-60. We wrote about the possible launch of the Bajaj car at DAE 2012 and now we have the photos.
Bajaj RE 60 Interior View
Bajaj RE 60 Exterior View

Bajaj officials say that the car has been in development since last 4 years. The RE-60delivers top speed of 70 kmph and has been designed considering the city driving conditions. The car has a rear mounted, 200 cc petrol engine. Bajaj plans to sell the car overseas. Bajaj’s MD, Mr. Rajiv Bajaj informed the reporters that the target customer for this car is those who use 3-wheelers. The company manufactures over520,000 three-wheelers a year and exports over 300,000 of them. The company is eyeing Sri-Lanka to export the new RE-60 cars.

Bajaj RE-60 Car Side View
Baja RE-60 Car Side View
Baja RE-60 Front Bumper View

The mileage Bajaj is promising is definitely impressive! We aren’t big fans of the economy cars and we’d refrain from commenting on the looks of Bajaj’s RE-60; but it seems to be inspired by the auto-rickshaw Bajaj manufactures. The mileage crazy Indian customers would definitely want to own this car, and Bajaj’s already established servicing centers would be an added advantage. However ever rising petrol prices could hold potential customers from buying this car right away. The price of the car is expected to be around INR. 125000 – 160000. We do not have information about the versions of this car Bajaj plans to launch and the price point. As always, we promise to keep you updated about the new RE-60. In the mean time, we want to know what do you think about the Bajaj RE-60? Do you want to own it?
Baja RE-60 Car Logo View
Baja RE-60 Headlights View
Baja RE-60 Taillight View
Bajaj RE 60 Back View

Ratan Tata dreams of cars running on water: Scientist

PTI Jan 1, 2011, 12.52am IST

BANGALORE: Tata Group Chairman Ratan Tata's dream is to see cars run on water and he has invested USD 15 million in a start-up firm supporting research in the field, an eminent scientist said today.

Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister Prof C N R Rao said one of his close friends and a professor in the famed Massechusetts Institute of Technology in the US has found a way to split water directly into hydrogen and oxygen.

"Ratan Tata has given him (the Professor) 15 million (US) dollars so that he (Tata) can own that company when it comes up," Prof Rao said.

"He (Tata) wants to invest in a company which will split water directly into hydrogen and oxygen," Rao said, adding, when any kind of water -- toilet water, rain water or sea water -- can split to hydrogen and oxygen, then these components can be used for energy.

"And a dream of Ratan Tata is eventually cars will be run on water. My dream is also that," he said, referring to a recent conversation he had with the Tata Group Chairman.

Rao spoke on this initiative during a press conference convened by the Chemical Research Society of India to give details of the organisation's planned activities in 2011, an year which had been declared as the "International Year of Chemistry" by the United Nations.

Futuristic Car running on water.

The Truth About Water-Powered Cars: Mechanic's Diary

It's one thing for a car to run on air, but do the latest claims of hydrogen-turned-oxygen-turned-electricity propulsion hold water—or feed in to the hysteria of the gas crunch? In his biweekly online column, PM's senior automotive editor focuses his chemistry prowess on the case of miracle water fuel, then builds an HHO car himself.

July 2, 2008 3:16 AM

From a startup snagging headlines to DIYers posting plans, water-powered cars have been all over the Web recently--not to mention stuffing my email inbox.

Yes, you can run your car on water. All it takes is to build a "water-burning hybrid" is the installation of a simple, often home-made electrolysis cell under the hood of your vehicle. The key is to take electricity from the car's electrical system to electrolyze water into a gaseous mixture of hydrogen and oxygen, often referred to as Brown's Gas or HHO or oxyhydrogen. Typically, the mixture is in a ratio of 2:1 hydrogen atoms to oxygen atoms. This is then immediately piped into the intake manifold to replace some of the expensive gasoline you've been paying through the nose for these last couple of months. These simple "kits" will increase your fuel economy and decrease your bills and dependence on foreign petroleum by anywhere from 15 to 300 percent.

There's even a Japanese company, Genepax, showing off a prototype that runs on nothing but water. On June 13 Reuters published a report on the prototype, complete with a now much-blogged-about video even showing an innocuous gray box in the Genepax vehicle'strunk supplying all the power to drive the car. All you have to do is add an occasional bottle of Evian (or tea, or whatever aqueous fluid is handy), then drive all over without ever needing gasoline.

So what do I think about all of this? Why haven't I tested and written about this stuff? It's certain to Change the World As We Know It ... right?


The only real definitive claim Genepax makes on its Web site is that its process is going to save the world from global warming. (A request for comment was not returned at press time.) Their Water Energy System (WES) appears to be nothing more than a fuel cell converting the hydrogen and oxygen back into electricity, which is used to run to a motor that drives the wheels. Fuel cell technology is well-understood and pretty efficient at changing hydrogen and oxygen into electricity and water, which is where we came in, right? Except the hydrogen came from water in the first place--something doesn't add up here.

Here's the deal, people: There ain't no such thing as a free lunch.

There is energy in water. Chemically, it's locked up in the atomic bonds between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms. When the hydrogen and oxygen combine, whether it's in a fuel cell, internal combustion engine running on hydrogen, or a jury-rigged pickup truck with an electrolysis cell in the bed, there's energy left over in the form of heat or electrons. That's converted to mechanical energy by the pistons and crankshaft or electrical motors to move the vehicle.

Problem: It takes exactly the same amount of energy to pry those hydrogen and oxygen atoms apart inside the electrolysis cell as you get back when they recombine inside the fuel cell. The laws of thermodynamics haven't changed, in spite of any hype you read on some blog or news aggregator. Subtract the losses to heat in the engine and alternator and electrolysis cell, and you're losing energy, not gaining it--period.

But enough about Genepax, which is sort of tangential to my main thesis here, and on to a more common topic in my mail que: HHO as a means of extending the fuel economy of conventional IC engines.

HHO enthusiasts--from hypermilers to Average Joes desperate to save at the pump--suggest that hydrogen changes the way gasoline burns in the combustion chamber, making it burn more efficiently or faster. Okay, there have been a couple of engineering papers that suggest a trace of hydrogen can change the combustion characteristics of ultra-lean-burning stratified-charge engines. Properly managed H2 enrichment seems to increase the burn rate of the hydrocarbons in the cylinder, extracting more energy. However, these studies only suggest increases in fuel economy by a few percentage points and don't apply unless the engine is running far too lean for decent emissions. That's a long way from the outrageous claims of as much as 300-percent improvements in economy that I see on the Internet and in my mailbox.

There's no reason to believe that even more modest increases claimed by some of the ads could be achieved by a conventional, computer-controlled automobile engine running under closed-loop driving--that is, the computer's ability to sample the oxygen output of the engine's exhaust in real time and slew the fuel/air ratio for big mpg and small emissions. The combustion chamber events are far different in the type of ultra-lean-burn engines where hydrogen enrichment has been seen to help. Ultra-lean means there's a lot of extra oxygen around for the hydrogen to have something to react with--far more than the very modest amount we're sucking in from the typical homebrew hydrogen generator made from a Mason jar. And remember, these studies deal with hydrogen enrichment under closely-controlled lab conditions, not spraying an uncontrolled amount of hydrogen-oxygen mixture into your air cleaner.

I'm building a water-electrolyzer car--right now. The electrolysis cell assembly is on my workbench and ready to install, so stay tuned for the test results soon. If it works, then you can believe the hype.

Read more: The Truth About Water-Powered Cars: Mechanic's Diary - Popular Mechanics