OLD TRAVANCORE KINGDOM AND KERALA PHOTOS

TRAVANCORE

Coat of arms



TRAVANCORE Flag
Travancore - Wikipedia


OLD TRAVANCORE SEAL
[Travancore]
[ensign flag to show Travancore as vassal or subordinate state to Britain]




COVERED BULLOCK CART-USED MAINLY FOR HEAVY LOADS-[BEFORE TRUCKS AND LORRIES CAME]

Contribution to the History of the Wheeled Vehicle in India - II. Carriages  in Indian Iconography - Institut Français de Pondichéry

Wheeled Vehicle in India .


Joseph Austin Benwell in India Artwork, Watercolours

Josillustrated london news images

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-o08kbf0n580/T_cfYOzm8mI/AAAAAAAAT6c/WADsCm8HcvM/s1600/1900+photo_vallarpadm+island.jpg

pic taken by Travancore Palace Photographers at Vallarpadam Island.[COVERING BREAST WAS NOT FASHION THEN]click and read:-upper cloth revolt:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_cloth_controversy

View with stone bridge, AlleppeyDescription: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the stone bridge in the town of Alleppey, in the erstwhile Travancore. . The town owes its origin to Raja Kesava Das, the illustrious Dewan in the latter part of the 18th century. Often called the 'Venice of Travancore', it is almost surrounded by sea and backwaters and the many canals that intersect the town, carrying 'vallams' or country-craft laden with merchandise. The port was opened in 1762, when Kesava Das built three ships for trade with Calcutta and Bombay, and was chosen


Alleppey No.1Description: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a canal scene in the town of Alleppey, in the erstwhile Travancore State. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. This town owes its origin to Raja Kesava Das, the illustrious Dewan in the latter part of the 18th c.


pic taken by Travancore Palace Photographer of Bolgatty Palace, the Chief Residency of Hon. British Resident to Cochin[Trivandrum residence is near model school Trivandrum]


VIEW NEAR CHAVRAY [?CHAVARA].DESCRIPTION: TAKEN FROM THE CURZON COLLECTION, 'ALBUM OF SOUTH INDIAN VIEWS', THIS  PHOTOGRAPH WAS TAKEN BY ZACHARIAH D'CRUZ C.1900 AND SHOWS A CANAL, SET AMIDST A COCONUT PLANTATION, ALTHOUGH THE LOCATION IS UNIDENTIFIED IT IS PROBABLY AT CHAVARA, NORTH OF QUILON (SEE MAP ACCOMPANYING THE TRAVANCORE STATE MANUAL (1906)). GEORGE NATHANIEL CURZON WAS UNDER SECRETARY OF STATE AT THE FOREIGN OFFICE BETWEEN 1895-98 AND VICEROY OF INDIA BETWEEN 1898-1905.


History of Travancore from the earliest times(click and read on line)
By P. Shungoonny Menon:-http://archive.org/stream/ahistorytravanc00menogoog#page/n6/mode/2u

Paddy cultivation in Travancore, famine in India : News Photo










Paddy cultivation in Travancore , the famine in India: 1 ...

https://www.gettyimages.in › detail › news-photo › pad...
illustration from the magazine The Graphic, volume XV, no 385, April 14, 1877. Paddy cultivation in Travancore, famine in India : News Photo.



HAND PULLED RICKSHAWS WERE COMMON IN THE TOWNS OF TRAVANCORE AND COCHI N
Oh Riksha Vala ... (Odayil Ninnu - 1965)




coal -gas bus .coal is converted into coal gas ,by cranking the handle for about 15 minutes .the coal gas was used to run the buses in 1940-1945 during 2nd world war ,due to non availability of petrol

Pics: Coimbatore Car Show-08012009159.jpg
A TYPICAL CHEVROLET BUS OF 1940-1960 ,USED WITH PETROL ENGINE OR WITH COAL GAS ENGINE ,DIESEL,C.N.G,AND L.P.G WERE UNKNOWN THEN, |

Interesting Facts – Page 38 – Navrang India

BRITISH COLONIAL GOVERNMENT
refused to give patent.  Interesting Facts – Page 38 – Navrang India
navrangindia.wordpress.com

|below typical Travancore bus stand 1950 with ford,Chevrolet,Fargo buses and a ford wooden body van
File:Old photo of KSRTC Bus Station.jpg

open side buses were common in interior Travancore-official name "charabanc"but popularly called 'chatak'-
hand operated petrol pumps
PETROL PRICE IN 1950:-1 GALLON=3.78 LITER =RS 15
1 LITER PETROL 4 RUPEES 
After nationalising the oil industry in the 1970s by Indira Gandhi,Hindustan Petroleum H.P.Corporation Limited came into being from erstwhile Esso;and B.P.and Shell.(british petroleum ) became Bharat petroleum
 
below -petrol bunk ;to show handle for pumping petrol at back of the pumps















Trivandrum - Kollam route The first bus service was started in 1908 by a public company by name Meenachil Motor Association
The Classic Commercial Vehicles (Bus, Trucks etc) Thread.-f.jpg


"charabanc' bus of 1940-50-

TAXI-NEW YORK -1920-30-Taxi experience in New York City-

BELOW-STARTING CAR BY HAND CRANK -A USUAL SCENE ON TRAVANCORE STREETS 1940'S


INDIAN CARS AND BUSES WERE FIRST PRODUCED AROUND 1950
The First Indian made car - HINDUSTAN -1950s. In 1949, the Morris 10, made  by HM's British partner Nuffield,… | Old advertisements, Vintage cars, Car  illustration
The First Indian made car - HINDUSTAN ...
in.pinterest.com
  THE FIRST[ASSEMBLED] INDIAN MADE CAR -HINDUSTAN-1950'S
In 1949, the Morris 10, made by HM's British partner Nuffield,Related image was driven out of the Birlas' Uttarpara plant near Kolkata as the Hindustan 10. In the next decade and a bit, its evolution (see box) into the Ambassador

HINDUSTAN ON WHEELS: THE MANY AVATARS OF THE AMBASSADOR

1949: Hindustan 10 and 14
The Hindustan Motors plant began rolling out cars modelled on the Morris cars of Britain. For instance, the Hindustan 14.
Related image
1949: Hindustan 10 and 14
The Hindustan Motors plant began rolling out cars modelled on the Morris cars of Britain. For instance, the Hindustan 14.


BELOW-1954: Landmaster
Looked like the Amby from the front but had a different back. Introduced the "trafficator"; 74 per cent market share.Related image

1957: Mark I
The Ambassador finally arrived as a sort of sleeker, souped up Landmaster. It defined the Ambassador's size for the next half-century.
Related image
1963: Mark IIRelated image
First of the upgraded Ambassadors. Followed by Mark III (1975), IV (1979), Nova (1990) and Classic (1999).
Most Indians couldn't tell the difference though.
Premier Automobiles Ltd (PAL) was promoted by Walchand Hirachand, in collaboration with the Chrysler Corporation of the US.
Plymouth Savoy 1956
In March 1947, the company began assembling Chrysler products: Dodge, De Soto, and Plymouth cars and Dodge, De Soto and Fargo trucks. Indigenistion started in 1949 with the manufacture of radiators, mufflers, springs, propeller shafts, shock absorbers, etc.

In 1950 PAL entered into a collaboration with Fiat, SpA of Italy and started assembly of Fiat 1100 cars.
Fiat 1100 Millecento was launched in 1954 In 1953, following the Tariff Commission report, the Government of India granted protection to the automobile industry, thus enabling Premier Automobiles to step up its manufacturing program with full vigour and, in 1954, the first Indian-made ‘Fiat 1100’ cars rolled out.

Fiat 1100D, which later became the much loved Premier Padmini had a long production run till 2003

In the early years of the automotive industry, more attention was paid to manufacturing cars than buses and trucks. The progressive manufacture of Tata-Mercedes-Benz diesel trucks
Indian History: Journey of TATA from First Mercedes Benz diesel Truck to  Nano
First Mercedes Benz diesel Truck ...
india100yearsback.blogspot.com

and buses in India began in Poona in October 1954, after Tata Motors and Daimler-Benz had tied up. And the next year Ashok Leyland began manufacture of its Comet trucks. Fords and General Motors, not confident of indigenising production, may have pulled out, but the Indian manufacturers confidently forged ahead. And the Indian Automobile Industry had by the late 1950s put down firm roots.
Related searches
Tata's commercial vehicles
1954 Collaboration with Daimler Benz AG, West Germany, for manufacture of medium commercial vehicles. The first vehicle rolled out within 6 months of the contract.
1977 First commercial vehicle manufactured in Pune.
SANJAY GANDHI WITH HIS FIRST MARUTHI DESIGN 1973[SANJAY'S

PLANE CRASH] read:-
http://blogs.hindustantimes.com/capital-closeup/2010/06/23/the-day-sanjay-gandhi-died/

Mrs.Gandhi at the launch of the first Maruti car.1983[NEW CAR 50,000/-RUPEES][IN SANJAY GANDHI'SMEMORY] :- 
 Sanjay Gandhi had a dream :-CLICK AND READ:-http://www.autocarpro.in/contents/markettrenddetails.aspx?markettrendid=25


some vehicles,carts kerala 1900 -2000 -- click and SEE:---http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in/2012/02/hand-pulled-rickshaws-were-common-in.html
..........................

HOW INDIA PROGRESSED ON  THE SPOT REPORTING MY EXPERIENCE- ... -

oldphotosbombay.blogspot.com › 2020/01 › blog-post
Jan 16, 2020 — http://pazhayathu.blogspot.com/2009/09/united-states-is-not-dirty-word-in.html; u.s.a. came to our rescue:- PL-480, or Public Law 480 is a law ...
...........................
 

TRAVANCORE RUPEE

The rupee was the currency of the State ofTravancore. Unlike the Indian rupee issued by the British, the rupee of Travancore was subdivided into 7fanam, each of 4 chukram or 64 cash. The Travancore currency was issued until 1949 before being replaced by the Indian rupee.

16 CASH=I CHUCKRAM
4 CHUCKRAM =1 PANAM
7 PANAM =1 RUPEE

TRAVANCORE -ONE RUPEERelated image


1/2 Rupee Travancore (1102–1949)
TRAVANCORE- HALF RUPEE





Image result for ONE CHUCKRAM -TRAVANCORE
ONE CHUCKRAM -TRAVANCORE

Image result for EIGHT CASH-TRAVANCORE= 1/2 CHUCKRAM
EIGHT CASH-TRAVANCORE= 1/2 CHUCKRAM

ID PEOPLE WERE CALLED "KAASINU

ONE CASH -TRAVANCORE
RUPEE -BRITISH INDIA -1940
One British Rupee was 28 and a half chakkaram and one sarkar ( Travancore Government) rupai was 28 chakarams. One chakaram was 16 kasu.
ONE British rupee was made up of 16annas and

one anna was equal to 12 pices:-.

BRITISH RUPEES
British Nickel 1 Rupee, 1/2 Rupee & 1/4 Rupee (Obverse & Reverse)
British Annas
British 4 Annas, 2 Annas - Nickel & 1 Anna (Obverse & Reverse):- ABOVE
BRITISH 1/4 Anna, 1/2 Pice :- BELOW
BRITISH 1/4 Anna, 1/2 Pice & 1/12 Anna OR 1 Pie (Obverse & Reverse)
God Save The King- BRITISh Anthem [TILL 1947 INDIA'S ALSO]

MMMMMM

MMMMM
MMMMMMM



God Save The King, the British national anthemn ,BELOW

God Save The King Lyrics

God save our gracious king
Long live our noble king
God save the king
Send h
im victorious
Happy and glorious
Long to reign over us
God save the king


23K views 7 years ago

Ariancavoo [Ariyankavu] Temple

Title:

Ariancavoo [Ariyankavu] TempleDate: [1900] ;c. 1900Creator: Photographer : D'Cruz, ZachariahDescription: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Shastha temple, Aryankavu in the erstwhile Travancore State. The photograph shows a general view looking down onto the temple buildings at Aryankavu, situated a few miles west of Shencottah in Tamilnadu. It is a small village on the ghat section of what was the Travancore railway, overlooking the mountain pass zigzagging from Madura and Tirunelveli to Travancore through the hills and the forests. The temple dedicated to the deity 'Shasta', the guardian of the hills, was very close
Image result for TAME ELEPHANTS USED TO HUNT AND CATCH WILD ELEPHANTS 1876

TAME ELEPHANTS USED TO HUNT AND CATCH WILD ELEPHANTS 1876

Travancore branches of the South Indian Railway started in 1899-1900.
The railway line from Kollam to Punalur was opened for train services in 1904.
Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram line work was completed in 1917 and the line opened in 1918
first railway line was laid between Beypore and Tirur IN 1861
The Shoranur-Ernakulam line, opened in 1902 as a metre gauge line, was converted into broad gauge in 1934.

Tellicherry in the 1850.The British established their presence in Kerala in 1682, when they obtained permission from the Vadakkilamkur Prince of Kolattunad to settle at ThalasseryCricket

Sir Arthur Wellesly, later Duke of Wellington introduced cricket in thalassery, sometime during the last decade of the eighteenth century.[1790-1800] He did not have enough players in his establishment. He got his persons, dhobies who washed his clothes near the well in one corner of the Thalassery stadium, fisherfolk from their colony and many others to make up the numbers. It took more than half a century (1860) for the first cricket club, Tellicherry Town Cricket Club, to be formed.


ore)LIFE IN BRO Welcome (BINU.U,Supvr St


ONE OF THE EARLIEST Cricket ClubS IN INDIA:-was formed in 1860 at Tellichery, keralaThe Calcutta Cricket and Football Club is known to be in existence by 1792, but was possibly founded more than a decade earlier.Sir Arthur Wellesly, later Duke of Wellington introduced cricket in thalassery, sometime during the last decade of the eighteenth century.[1790-1800]
In 1799, another club was formed at Seringapatam(SREE RANGA PATTNAM) in south India after the successful British siege and the defeat of Tipu Sultan. In 1864, a Madras v. Calcutta match was arguably the start of first-class cricket in India.



File:Thalassery fort.JPG
Duke of Wellington[ Sir Arthur Wellesly]Tellicherry fort




Pazhassi Kudeeram-a memorial for Pazhassi Raja at his burial spot in Mananthavadi, Wayanad, Kerala

RELATED READINGS(ON LINE):-WAR BETWEEN-[1]

Arthur Wellesley VS PAZHASSI RAJA



View of the Fort, Cannanore, from the Bay-1820

Anglo-Vernacular School, Mavelikkara, Travancore-1865

Aiyor [Ayur] Temple

Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a general view of the Ayur temple largely concealed by trees of the Kottarakara taluq in the erstwhile Travancore State. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905.

Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a river scene, the Kallar in erstwhile Travancore. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. The Kallar is a tributary of the Pamba river, one of the finest rivers of Travancore. The Kallr rises in the valley

Backwater, Travancore.-1900 [BEFORE ARRIVAL OF TOURISM INDUSTRY AND HOUSE BOATS]


Syrian church at Kottayam, Travancore State Artist: Bateman1835

Chengannur River [Travancore]--1900

1898-1905. The Kallar is a tributary of the Pamba river, one of the finest rivers of Travancore. The Kallr rises in the valley north of Chempazhakkara joins the main river a little above Ranni and the combined river now called Ranni leaves the forest area as a powerful stream 200 yards broad. It then runs west for about 30 miles when it is joined by the Manimala river and 6 or 8 miles lower down the Kulakkada river joins it and after a course


Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a view of the Normal School, Trivandrum in the erstwhile Travancore State.The school was two storeyed with pitched roof and projecting dormers of carved wood in local style. When the Government of Travancore first established English schools it obtained teachers from outside. In 1894 a Normal School Institution was established in Trivandrum in the name of English Normal School. It consisted of three classes in which those who had passed the Lowers Secondary, Matriculation and F. A. Examinations were trained. The Government sanctioned two Normal Schools during 1883-84, one at Trivandrum and the other at Kottar for the training of teachers for Vernacular schools. The services of a duly qualified and trained teacher from Madras were secured to start the Normal School at Trivandrum. The School at Kottar was abolished in 1894, and the one at the Capital was amalgamated in 1900 with the English Normal School established in 1894.

http://ogimages.bl.uk/images/019/019PHO000430S45U00019000%5BSVC2%5D.jpg
Distant view of the Kannakacunoo Palace [Trivandrum]
Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Kanakakunnu Palace, Trivandrum in the erstwhile Travancore State. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905.

http://ogimages.bl.uk/images/019/019PHO000430S45U00024000%5BSVC2%5D.jpg
Description:

Dewan's official Residence [Trivandrum]Description:Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a view of the Dewan's official residence.. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. The Dewan is the Prime Minister of the Princely State

Travancore police

below:-"Boys of the Salvation Army Home in Trivandrum ;South India"1920

photo


Residency [Trivandrum]
Residency [Trivandrum]
Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the British Residency, Trivandrum. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. It shows a general view of the two-storey building from the garden, with porte-cochère in the foreground
 Related image

Colonel John Munro1812-1814 A.D History has recorded that Colonel John Munro was the greatest British Administrator of Travancore and Cochin in 150 years of British Dominion.John Munro went back to his birth place in Teaninich, Ross Shire in Scotland and lived there until he died in 1858.
Munro Island[MUNROE THURUTH] IS NAMED AFTER HIM
Image result for MUNROE ISLAND


http://ogimages.bl.uk/images/019/019PHO000430S45U00010000%5BSVC2%5D.jpg

Industrial School of Arts [Trivandrum]Description:Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Industrial School of Arts, Trivandrum.George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. A 'School of Arts' was established by the Travancore Government in Trivandrum in 1862-63. In 1872-73, a small establishment of carving in ivory under the direction of a Brahmin. In 1890, the School was named an 'Industrial School' and secured the services of two potters from the Madras School of Arts. A separate building was provided for the School. Later painting and photography was added to the Arts branch and a smithy to the Industrial br..

File:Ayilyam Thirunal and Madhava Rao.JPG
Maharajah Ayilyam Thirunal of Travancore (center) with the first prince(left) and Dewan Sit T. Madhava Rao


Museum+of++Trivandrum+-+1900
Photographer: Zacharias D'Cruz


View of the Public Offices in Trivandrum, in the erstwhile Travancore.

The Cantonment [Palayam], the Public Offices, the residence of the upper classes, European as well as native, are all beautifully located on small eminences, commanding beautiful scenery all round. This later became the centre of rule of Kerala after independence. The Legislative Assembly was housed here until a new building was made near Palayam.


East entrance & Gopura of Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Trivandrum, in the erstwhile  Travancore | Kerala, Best places to travel, Old pictures
East entrance  Gopura of Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Trivandrum, in the erstwhile Travancore

This 9th Century Hindu temple is one of the greatest of Kerala and was the center of rule by the Travancore Kings for 291 years starting from 1700s. The temple Sreekovil, enshrines a large image of Vishnu, spread over three doors, and is built in the typical Kerala style. The surrounding walls and towers are similar to those of the Dravidian architecture of Tamil Nadu. The imposing gopura or entrance gateway consists of ascending storeys ending with a vaulted roof and reflect the contemporary Nayaka style of architecture.
KEROSENE STREET LIGHT CAN BE SEEN IN THE TEMPLE PHOTO
STEET LAMP LIGHTER
Lamplighter lighting a gas streetlight in Sweden, 1953. By this time remaining gas lamps were rare curiosities.

WHAT I SAW:-
THERE IS A SECRET PASSAGE GOING DOWN FROM THE;FIRST FLOOR ; WESTERN END; OF KUTHIRA MAALIKA PALACE(SWATHI THIRUNAL MAHARAJAH'S PALACE).THE DIRECTION OF THIS SECRET TUNNEL IS TOWARDS PADMANABHA SWAMI TEMPLE -TO THE NORTH WEST DIRECTION .THIS SECRET TUNNEL WAS SHOWN TO ME AND OTHER VISITORS AS AN EMERGENCY ESCAPE TUNNEL.

IS IT GOING INTO THE TEMPLE? IS IT CONNECTED WITH THE GOLD HORDE IN THE TEMPLE?NOBODY SEEMS TO KNOW!!

  • 536 kg of gold coins: 16 kg each of East India Company sovereigns and Travancore gold coins, 106 kg of Travancore Raasi coins and 3 kg of Napolean-era gold coins.
  • Three sets of crowns, including a centuries-old diamondand-emerald-studded golden crown, believed to be the crown of Kulasekhara Perumal.
  • Parts of a huge sacred drum made of pure gold,

  • Gold KashuMala Necklaces
  • in which the kings would bathe as part of Hiranya Garbham (coronation rituals).
  • An 18-ft Sarappoli golden chain, with 12 layers weighing 10.5 kg, studded with rare rubies and emeralds.
  • Over 1,000 Sarappoli chains and 2 kg of golden waist and wrist bands, and 100 kg of other gold chains and necklaces.
  • A Mahavishnu idol studded with over 1,000 diamonds and valued at over Rs 500 crore.
  • One tonne of paddy-shaped gold trinkets and numerous miniatures of golden elephants.
  • Belgian diamonds and rare Indraneelams (blue sapphires), emeralds and diamond-studded plates.
  • A golden broom weighing 5.5 kg, supposed to sweep flowers showered on the 18-ft gold-covered idol of Lord Padmanabha. Numerous golden coir ropes, one kg of golden human shapes and gold bars.
  • A 55-kg golden face mask and a golden idol of Lord Krishna weighing over 5 kg.
  • Day-to-day puja utensils in gold worth thousands of crores, including a huge golden hood, two golden lamps each weighing over 15 kg, a diamond-studded, golden thread and gold---plated-coconut shells to serve food to the GoD


Padmanabhaswamy temple Diamonds, Emeralds, Rubies,
Padmanabhaswamy Temple Diamonds, Emeralds, Rubies,
www.swathithirunal.in/

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ARAATTU PROCESSION TRIVANDRUM 1940'S
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AARAATTU PROCESSION TRIVANDRUM 1940'S-Nair pattalam=soldiers


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AARAATTU PROCESSION TRIVANDRUM 1940'S



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1940'S TRIVANDRUM WELCOMING THE KING


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[ROYYAA.jpg]
TRAVANCORE{THIRU VITHAM KOOR KINGDOM]
PEOPLE ARE SUPPOSED TO REMOVE THE CLOTH COVERING THE HEAD(HEADDRESS OR TURBAN), AND TIE IT AROUND THEIR WAIST BEFORE KING COMES
WHEN KING COMES ALL ARE SUPPOSED TO BEND DOWN, FROM THEIR WAIST DOWN ,TILL THE HEAD COMES DOWN TO THE LEVEL OF THE WAIST-- AND--PUT THEIR RIGHT HAND OVER THEIR MOUTH AND COVER MOUTH;AS A SHOW OF RESPECT

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TRAVANCORE KING AND THE TRAVANCORE SOLDIERS-TRIVANDRUM
shanghumugham beach


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THE KING SALUTING WHILE DEWAN STANDS NEAR-PLEASE NOTE THE PALACE SOLDIERS STANDING WITH RIGHT HAND OVER THE LOWER FACE , IN SIDE ,TO SHOW THEIR RESPECT

[photo taken at 'palayam' Trivandrum where the soldiers were stationed 1861]-NAIR PATTALAM(SOLDIER) UNDER BRITISH OFFICERS

[photo taken at 'palayam' Trivandrum where the soldiers were stationed 1861]

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Gold Coins(A) Gold Pagoda Early issue 1678-1740








(B) Arcot Gold Mohur

(C) Gold Pagoda 1808-1815AD series, ND

(D) Mohur 1819


(E) ½ Mohur, ND (1819), 5 Rupees, ND (1820) and ¼ Ashrafi, ND (1819)
(F) Double Pagoda, ND (AD 1809-1815) : 18 Stars type

(G) 5 Rupees, Gold, ND (AD 1820)

(H) Star Pagoda


(I) 3 Swami Pagoda


Travancore. 2 Pagodas, 1877.
(j) AIN Pagoda



Karimani Mala
Nagapada Thali - 2
Karimani Mala
Karimani Mala
Mullamottu Mala
Mullamottu Mala



Manga Mala - 1
Manga Mala - 1
Manga Mala - 2
Manga Mala - 2
Kazhuthila
Kazhuthila



Cheruthali
Cheruthali
Avilmala
Avilmala
Kandassaram
Kandassaram



Kingini
Kingini
Kuzhiminni
Kuzhiminni
Pulinakhamala
Pulinakhamala



Kumbilmala
Kumbilmala
Pathakkam
The monetary system :

golden fanam(panam)

    52 1/2 Fanam=1 Pagoda





NAPOLEON GOLD COINS IN THE TEMPLE
THIS TYPE OF COVERED BULLOCK CARTS WERE USED FOR TRAVEL AND BAGGAGE
Image result for THE BULLOCK CART DRIVER SLEEPS
THE BULLOCK CART DRIVER SLEEPS THE WHOLE DISTANCE ,IF THE ROUTE IS KNOWN TO THE BULLOCK.BULLOCKS KNOWS HOW TO KEEP TO THE LEFT SIDE -MUCH BETTER THAN MANY OF THE DRUNK HUMAN DRIVERS[THEN AND NOW] .THE LEADING CART DRIVER HAS TO KEEP AWAKE ONLY IF THE ROUTE IS NOT KNOWN TO THE BULLOCK..THE CARTS BEHIND DRIVERS ALSO ROUTINELY SLEEP BECAUSE ALL FOLLOW THE LEAD CART.
TO THE WEEKLY MARKETS-
TO THE WEEKLY MARKETS-FILM-Phagun(1958)-Sun Jaa Pukaar (Asha Bhonsle)TO SHOW HOW FARMERS TRAVELED TO WEEKLY MARKETS-IN LONG LINE OF CARTS IN KERALA AND INDIA



[2]During the Travancore-Cochin elections,



OLD CARD TICKET OF INDIAN RAILWAY

ERS - Ktym Inaugural run 1966








Douglas C-47 im Nachkriegs-Einsatz bei Air-India
MADRAS(NOW CHENNAI) TO TRIVANDRUM(THIRUANANDAPURAM)- 1950 IN 3 HOURS- THE FASTEST PLANE BEFORE JET PLANES CAME IN 1960'S-( 'DAKOTA'PLANE ) .THE ONLY FLIGHTDAILY; FROM THE ONLY AIRPORT OF KERALA IN 1950;STARTING FROM TRV: AROUND 12 NOON AND REACHING MADRAS/CHENNAI PAST 3 P.M (COCHIN NAVAL AERODROME WAS NOT FOR CIVILIAN USE THEN)

464K views 12 years ago
DC-9 Approach and landing at dusk.

amsam2407
YouTube - Nov 2, 2012

The Hindu-daily Madras -Trivandrum flight -
The Hindu's first step towards reaching out to a larger readership had been taken by Srinivasan when his faith in the aeroplane had him using the world's and India's fledgling air services to transport The Hindu. Kasturi built on this and, in 1962, The Hindu became the first newspaper in India to charter a plane to deliver its newspapers - an Indian Airlines Dakota flew a Bangalore-Coimbatore-Madurai route and the cities and their hinterland got a morning edition. The next year, The Hindu made history when it bought four Herons. It became the first newspaper in the world operating its own fleet of aircraft to reach copies to readers over an extensive region. On September 29, 1963, the low-key newspaper, on one of those rare occasions in its existence, patted itself on the back with a front page picture and a vivid description of the "unique event in the history of world journalism."
When The Hindu in 1964 augumented its fleet with Dakotas, it was able to distribute the paper by air to Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Trivandrum and Cochin. By the middle of 1965, the newspaper was able to stop its dak edition. This was made possible by a splendid Circulation Department exercise linking air, rail and road transport to ensure that the morning edition of The Hindu penetrated deeper into the southern States, reaching the target areas no later than noon on the day of publicationThe cost of supplying readers their daily newspaper using the newspaper's own aircraft was, however, far too high. Weather conditions, especially the monsoons, made deliveries erratic at times. A better way of serving readers across South India had to be found. With technology making rapid strides in a world capitalising on wartime inventions, new means of transmission were being developed in the 1960s. The Hindu decided to replace its airfleet with new methods of inter-city transmission in the late 1960s. Kasturi, who spent much time on his trips abroad taking a look at developing newspaper technology, was in the forefront of taking The Hindu into the hi-tech age. The breakthrough answer was the facsimile mode of transmission.
A TYPICAL DAKOTA PLANE WHICH USED TO HAVE ONCE A DAY SERVICE TO MADRAS(NOW CHENNAI) FROM TVM AIRPORT


ABOVE-THE EAST FORT,THIRU ANANTHA PURAM
Below-The first Malayalam feature film

Vigathakumaran
(The Lost Child)

A scene from the film
Directed byJ. C. Daniel
Produced byJ. C. Daniel
Written byJ. C. Daniel
StarringJ. C. Daniel
Rosie
Johnson
Sundar Raj
CinematographyJ. C. Daniel
Editing byJ. C. Daniel
StudioTravancore National Pictures
Release date(s)November 7, 1928
CountryIndia
LanguageMalayalam



 
1.3K views2 years ago
Here we have a Simplex 35mm Projector Head. Inside by the gears was a number B-325-D. I believe this was used in the silent ...OLD-HAND CRANKED FILM PROJECTOR ,USED IN KERALA

  1. Doordarshan's Signature Tune and Montage (1974) ~ [HD]

    It all started 52 years ago, on 15 September 1959. With a humble beginning and a little support from All India Radio. Doordarshan ...
    • HD
  2. All India Radio Signature Tune

    This is the tune which used to hear in all the homes, a decade ago..




 The Baroda Broadcasting station was set up in 1939.v The Maharaja of Travancore set up a transmitter at Trivandrum in the same year. When India became independent in 1947 the AIR network had only six stations (in Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Lucknow, and Tiruchi)v All India radio renamed as `Akashwani` since August 15th, 1957 At first malayalam news had started broadcasting from delhi AIR division in the year 1949 and later in 1957 an independent radio station has started in Trivandrum solely for keralites. .At first there was only one news bullettin and one station,in a small building behind present MLA hostel,later shifted to the present building in Trivandrum.1950-1990
Radio era:- INDIA had no music channel and LISTENED TO 'BINACA GEET MALA'FROM RADIO CEYLON(NOW SREE LANKA)TILL 1957 

,WHEN INDIAN CHANNEL 'VIVIDH BHARATHI'STARTED
Radio era-1950 to 1990

All India Radio - Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org › wiki › All_India_Radio
On 3 October 1957, the Vividh Bharati Service was launched, to compete with Radio Ceylon. Television broadcasting began in Delhi in 1959 as part of AIR, but was split off from the radio network as Doordarshan on 1 April 1976. FM broadcasting began on 23 July 1977 in Chennai, and expanded during the 1990s.




DD-Doordarshan - Vande matram
REGULAR TV SHOWS STARTED IN 1970'S,THERE WAS ONLY ONE-GOVERNMENT  CHANNEL TILL 1991 WHEN MANY FORIEGN PVT: TV CHANNELS WERE ALLOWED IN INDIA

A distant view of the Central Jail in Thiruvananthapuram

Central Jail building before the occupation of being a jail served as the barracks for the Nayar Brigade, where prisoners serving short-terms were confined. These prisoners were locked up at night and guarded by Jail warders and brigade sepoys. A large number of them were employed in the making and repairing of roads both at Trivandrum and at Quilon (Kollam). Others in small groups, were made to work day to day for garden work in the Palaces, Hospitals, Sirkar buildings and Public Gardens. There was also a hospital in a seperate building, attached to the jail premises.


A view of the Chief Engineer's Office, Trivandrum in the erstwhile Travancore State.[LATER
The College of Engineering, Trivandrum, . Founded in 1939, FUNCTIONED IN THIS PREMISES TILL IT SHIFTED OUT]



Christ Church-at palayam-
interior [Trivandrum]--Photographer: D'Cruz, Zachariah Medium: Photographic print Date: 1900

{Note:-.the long [ photo taken before electricity came to trivandrum city in 1929. it shows kerosene lanters and hand pulled punkah(fan)which can be seen on both sides as a long strip of cloth}
Christ Church interior [Trivandrum]

for a Fan Moved by Mechanism, 27 November 1830.A PUNKAH[HAND PULLED FAN] PULLER IS EMPLOYED TO PULL THE PUNKAH CORD ,FROM OUT SIDE THE WINDOW .THE MECHANISM IS SIMPLE:- HE PULLS THE CORD ENOUGH TO MAKE THE MADE OF, MAT FAN ;ALL THE WAY TO THE WINDOW AND THEN HE LET GO THE CORD TILL THE FAN GOES BACK AUTOMATICALLY TO THE ORIGINAL POSITION.
India, Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, (Trivandrum), MG Road, Anglican Stock  Photo - Alamy
Christ Church and cemetry in Trivandrum in the erstwhile Travancore State WITH BURIALS FROM EARLY 1800 OF British army officers in charge of Nair Brigade soldiers of TRAVANCORE


FANS WHICH WORK ON KEROSENE-USED BEFORE ARRIVAL OF

  • KEROSENE FLAME REFRIGERATION BEFORE ELECTRICITY CAME 1926
Electric Supply and Telephone:
Application was made to the British Government in 1081 M.E. (1905-06) for sanction to install a line of telephone communication connecting Pehipppara with and Telephone. other principal stations in south Travancore. This line was taken over from the British Indian Telegraph Department towards the close of 1086 M.E. (1910-11) and a new station opened at Chellanthuruthi. It is now run on the one-line system.

the phone handle is to be cranked by hand for 2 minutes before it gets connected to the lady in the exchange;who in turn ask you to wait for her return call after contacting your desired customer .the whole process was tedious and time consuming




Manual exchange, 1955. Photo courtesy Marvin Hodges.The photo gives an idea just how large (and crowded) a manual exchange could be in terms of numbers of staff.
 

166K views 8 years ago
See more from the AT&T Archives at http://techchannel.att.com/archives Introduction by George Kupczak of the AT&T Archives and ...
278K views 8 years ago
See more from the AT&T Archives at http://techchannel.att.com/archives Bonus Edition Introduction by George Kupczak of the ...

Till 1953 trivandrum telephone exchange
was old magneto system where the phone handle is to be cranked by hand for 2 minutes before it gets connected to the lady in the exchange;who in turn ask you to wait for her return call after contacting your desired customer .the whole process was tedious and time consuming

1951 The first commercial computer, named "First Ferranti MARK I," at the Manchester University.
Turing, Father of the Modern Computer

Turing, Father of the Modern Computer
rutherfordjournal.org

ENIAC
The ENIAC. Although standardly described as the 'first electronic computer', the ENIAC in fact went into operation two years later than Colossus.17

The first commercial computer, named "First Ferranti MARK I,--1951


Lytax camera by Apparatebau, Freiburg, Germany[made of wood]
There is very little information available about this camera of around 1920

[crank the handle for cine films]
click and see:-http://youtu.be/d50yon3iXqM

ELECTRICITY IN 1926
The Trivandrum Electric Supply Scheme was put into execution in 1103 M.E. Mr. K. P. P. P. Menon, Industrial Engineer, was put on special duty from 1-1-1103 M.E. as an Electrical Engineer in the P.W.D. The Electrical Installation of the Trivandrum town including the major portion of the distribution mains was completed in 1104.M.E. On the evening of the 25th February 1929,
Click to see more restoration hardwareClick for Switch Mounting Blocks c. 1907 antique 1000 amp massive copper three pole no fuse knife switch
Mounting Blocks for Brass Switches
Fluted Toggle Switch
Porcelain Based
the Silver Jubilee of the Sri Mulam Popular Assembly, the then Dewan, Mr. M.E. Watts, in the presence of a distinguished gathering, switched on the supply and informally opened the Power House. On the 8th March 1929 the supply to the town commenced with 541 street lights and two consumers.[MAHARAJA AND JUNIOR RAJA]
Missionary%27s+wife+with+indigenous+Christians,+Trivandrum,+India,+ca.1900-1910Missionary's wife with indigenous Christians, Trivandrum, India, ca.1900-1910
photo Description
"Our Christian lepers in Trivandrum. Government Leper Asylum. Photo taken receiving their Christmas gifts and partaking of the Holy Communion which is always a great pleasure for me to share with them. (Bessie Osborne)." Bessie Osborne was the wife of LMS missionary, William Davey Osborne. They served together in India from 1893 to 1914, at Trivandrum until 1900 when they moved to Attingal.


Trivandrum. Government Leper Asylum.1900

Photograph of the Palace, Trivandrum taken by an unknown photographer in the 1900s. The photograph is from an album containing views of various locations in India, formerly in the collection of Horatio Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, (1850-1916), who was Commander in Chief of India between 1902 and 1909.
Thiruvananthapuram, also known as Trivandrum is a large city situated on a series of low densely forested hills in the south of India on the edge of the Arabian Sea. From 1750 until 1956 the city was the capital of the kingdom of Travancore until the state of Kerala was created. The name is derived from thiru-anantha-puram or ‘the holy city of Anatha’ which is the coiled snake on which the god Vishnu reclines.
Chalai bazar,;{OPPOSITE FORT AND SRI PADMANABHA SWAMI TEMPLE-KNOWN AS 'KIZHAKKE KOTAH' AT TRIVANDRUM CITY) photograph taken on 1880-SHOWS ONLY RESIDENTIAL HOUSES .THE SAME AREA IS NOW ONLY SHOPS
photo

Trivandrum in the 1930s ;SHOWING BATHING TANK IN FRONT OF THE TEMPLE AND KIZHAKKE KOTAH(FORT GATE ) .FURTHUR EAST CAN SEE THE CHALAI BAZAR ROAD. .THE MAIN ROAD(NOW NAMED M.G. ROAD) IS TO THE LEFT OF THE PHOTO AND CANNOT BE SEEN

MALAYALAM NUMERALS AND ALBHABETS


Malayalam Numerals




lone woman student going to college .dressed in typical christian fashion of chatta(white blouse) and kachamuri(white mundu).streets deserted as there were no city service buses ; cars very few; population itself was very low compared to now,no unions,no strikes. founded in the year 1834 by the Government of Travancore during the reign of His Highness Sri Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma, the building was completed in 1870 by His Highness Sri Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma Maharaja of Travancore. John Ross of the Edinburgh University was the Principal. This building still stands as the main block of the University College.
TRAVANCORE[NOW KERALA STATE] NATIVE TEACHERS-1872

SCHOOL BOYS AND MASTER-FEW BOYS GOT BOOKS IN HAND ; WHILE OTHERS ARE READING FROM'OLA'-PALM LEAF


The palm leaf(ola) fiscal documents ... - THEN AND NOW

pazhayathu.blogspot.com › 2011/11 › palm-leafola-fisc...
Apr 20, 2011 — Preparation and use of the palm leaves(ola) The leaves have first to be dried in the sun, then boiled with herbs for an hour, dried again and ...


Maharajah Chithira Thirunal Rama Varma.TITLES:- Major-General His Highness Sri Patmanabha Dasa Vanchipala Sir Bala Rama Varma III, Kulasekhara Kiritapati Manney Sultan Maharaja Raja Ramaraja Bahadur, Shamsher Jang, Maharaja of Travancore, GCSI, GCIE

H.H. the Maha Raja's State Car [Trivandrum]
Go back
Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Travancore Maharaja's State Carriage in Trivandrum.. It was drawn by a team of six horses. In the background can be seen the gopuram of the Padmanabha Swamy temple.

The Public Gardens [Trivandrum]

Title: The Public Gardens [Trivandrum]

The Public Gardens [Trivandrum]Description:Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Public Gardens in Trivandrum. The idea of establishing a Public Garden in Trivandrum was sanctioned by the Maharaja in 1859 and was to be accomplished under the direction of John Allan Broun, the Government Astronomer. Several interesting botanical specimens were reared in the garden from seeds and cuttings procured from Bangalore and other cities. In 1879, the Curatorship was abolished and the management of the museum and the gardens was placed under a Committee consisting of t...

Lake in the Public Gardens No.2 [Trivandrum]


Lake in the Public Gardens No.2 [Trivandrum]Description: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Public Gardens in Trivandrum. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. The idea of establishing a Public Garden in Trivandrum was sanctioned by the Maharaja in 1859 and was to be accomplished under the direction of John Allan Broun, the Government Astronomer.Several interesting botanical specimens were reared in the garden from seeds and cuttings procured from Bangalore and other cities. In 1879, the Curatorship was abolished and the management of the museum and the gardens was placed under a Committee consisting of the ...

Lake in the Public Gardens No.1 [Trivandrum]


Lake in the Public Gardens No.1 [Trivandrum]Description: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Public Gardens in Trivandrum.. The idea of establishing a Public Garden in Trivandrum was sanctioned by the Maharaja in 1859 and was to be accomplished under the direction of John Allan Broun, the Government Astronomer.Several interesting botanical specimens were reared in the garden from seeds and cuttings procured from Bangalore and other cities. In 1879, the Curatorship was abolished and the management of the museum and the gardens was placed under a Committee consisting of the ..
Band Stand in the Public Gardens [Trivandrum]

The Band-Stand in the Public Gardens in Trivandrum

The idea of establishing a Public Garden in Trivandrum was sanctioned by the Maharaja Uthram Thirunal in 1859 and was to be accomplished under the direction of John Allan Broun, the Government Astronomer. Several interesting botanical specimens were reared in the garden from seeds and cuttings procured from Bangalore and other cities. In 1879, the Curatorship was abolished and the management of the museum and the gardens was placed under a Committee consisting of the British Resident and three European members. In 1897-98, the institutions were placed under an officer called "Director of the Government Museum and Public Gardens". The Band-Stand shown here was re-built in the early 1900s.

Band Stand in the Public Gardens [Trivandrum]

BAND AT BANDSTAND -THIS WAS THE ONLY MUSIC AVAILABLE FOR PUBLIC BEFORE RADIO ,TV AND RECORD PLAYER WERE DISOVERED.USUALLY IT WAS THE POLICE/NAIR SOLDIER BAND .SOMETIMES SALVATION ARMY BAND ALSO PLAYED AT MUSEUM BAND STAND

Homemade Salvation Army Band (descreened)

 Salvation Army Band 1920

National Geographic 1920,  "A Home-Made Salvation Army Band in India: The Salvation Army...

HAND CRANK GRAMAPHONE:-1907 -1940


River along the village of Kerala.



Malayalam Songs Anjana Kannezhuthi
Movie : Thachili othenan Singer : S. Janaki

Varkala.Description: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Varkala Canal, in the erstwhile Travancore. Varkala near Trivandrum is known for the temple of great antiquity dedicated to Janrdanaswami and for its mineral waters. Springs gush out of the cliffs that rise abruptly on the beach. There are two tunnels close to the temple constructed at a great cost by the Travancore Government. One of them is nearly half a mile in length, bored through the cliffs linking the waterways on either side and establishing through-water communication bet.

Varkala Canal northen view.Description: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Varkala Canal, in the erstwhile Travancore during Lord Curzon's visit to the State. . Varkala near Trivandrum is known for the temple of great antiquity dedicated to Janrdanaswami and for its mineral waters. Springs gush out of the cliffs that rise abruptly on the beach. There are two tunnels close to the temple constructed at a great cost by the Travancore Government and opened in 1881. One of them is nearly half a mile in length, bored through the cliffs linking the waterways on either side and establishi..

Varkala Cliffs. No.1Description: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Varkala beach with the cliffs, in the erstwhile Travancore. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. Varkala near Trivandrum is known for the temple of great antiquity dedicated to Janrdanaswami and for its mineral waters. Springs gush out of the cliffs that rise abruptly on the beach. There are two tunnels close to the temple constructed at a great cost by the Travancore Government. One of them is nearly half a mile in length, bored through the cliffs linking the waterways on either side and establishing through-water c...


Varkala Beach or Papanasam Beach in Kerala India



Varkala Tunnel.Description: Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Varkala Tunnel, in the erstwhile Travancore.. Varkala near Trivandrum is known for the temple of great antiquity dedicated to Janrdanaswami and for its mineral waters. Springs gush out of the cliffs that rise abruptly on the beach. There are two tunnels close to the temple constructed at a great cost by the Travancore Government and opened in 1881. One of them is nearly half a mile in length, bored through the cliffs linking the waterways on either side

Peermede--Photographer: D'Cruz, Zachariah Medium: Photographic print Date: 1900Peermede [Pirmed]
Peermade was used as a sanatorium and hill-station by the European community in Travancore. A major centre of coffee and tea industry, it is believed to have been the residence of a Muhammadan saint, Peer Mohammed from whose name, Peermade takes its name.

Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a view of the water falls at Courtallam, part of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views'. This waterfall is situated in a very picturesque scenery in the Western Ghats and is said to have medicinal properties. The main cascade is formed by a three-stage drop 91 metres high. The site takes it names from the Kuttalanatha temple, a Shiva temple which attracts many pilgrims.


Jubilee Town Hall [Trivandrum]

photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer

Jubilee Town Hall [Trivandrum]

Zacharias D'Cruz of the Victorai Jubilee Town Hall in Trivandrum. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905.
History of legislative bodies in Kerala-- Sri Mulam Popular Assembly:-http://keralaassembly.org/history/popular.html

The first meeting of the Assembly took place at 11 a. m. on October 22, 1904 at the Victoria Jubilee Town Hall in Thiruvananthapuram better known as the VJT Hall. Subsequent meetings were to be held in the Capital every year soon after the Maharajan's birthday
.LATER ASSEMBLY WAS SHIFTED TO THE HALL IN SECRETARIAT AT
TRIVANDRUM
LD ASSEMBLY HALL INSIDE SECRETARIAT BUILDING.
NOW AGAIN SHIFTED TO THE NEW BUILDING IN PALAYAM;BUILT OVER THE OLD PALAYAM(MILITARY BARRACKS)
Membership was limited to representatives of landlords and merchants. The objective was "solely to give the people an opportunity of bringing to the notice of the Government their requirements, wishes or grievances on the one hand, and on the other, to make the policy and measures of the Government better known to the people so that all possible grounds of misconception in regard to the action of Government may be removed."The members of the Assembly were chosen by the Division Peishkars (District heads) from among landholders who pay an annual land revenue of not less than Rs. 100 and landholders or traders whose net annual income was Rs. 6000 or above. Each taluk got two representatives.. A landmark change took place a year later when more than two thirds of the representatives were elected from among the people. The regulation granting the people the privilege of electing their representatives was issued on May 1, 1905. Of the 100 members, 77 were to be elected and rest nominated.However, franchise was limited to persons who paid on their account an annual land revenue of not less than Rs. 50 or whose net income was not less than Rs. 2000. Graduates of recognised university with not less than ten years of standing and having their residence in the taluk were also eligible to vote. There were general and special constituencies for this purpose.
,


Central Jai[Trivandrum]

Central Jail [Trivandrum]
Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a distant view of the Central Jail in Trivandrum. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' part of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98

Golf Pavilion [Trivandrum]

Golf Pavilion [Trivandrum]
Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a general view of golf links. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. View looking towards golf pavilion, with landscaped terraces and fountain in foreground. The pavilion has a roof designed in local style.


Alleppey[AALAPPUZHA] 1900- {NO HOUSE BOATS,NO MOTOR BOATS,NO TOURISTS}

Tiruvattur Temple interior

Tiruvattur Temple interior

Photograph, taken about 1900 by the Government photographer Zacharias D'Cruz, of the Tirvattar temple in the erstwhile Travancore State.The Adikesava Perumal temple pictured here is considered to be of equal sanctity to that at Trivandrum dedicated to Sri Padmanabha, though it is much older. The God Adikesava is said to have taken his rest at Tiruvattar after having killed an Asura, who had been the cause of immense misery to the world. He is represented as Vishnu seated, in contrast to the lying posture of Sri Padmanabha at Trivandrum. The temple is one of the largest in Travancore and with its large corridors adorned with rows of stone-pillars and excellent sculptures it forms a magnificent piece of ancient Dravidian architecture. It is situated on a high level and flights of steps lead up to its precincts from all sides.
Chakay
Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a general view of the canal at Chakay, Trivandrum. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905

Chakay[THIRU ANANDA PURAM BOAT YARD]




Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a general view north from the bridge, Quilon
View east of the [Golf] Pavilion, No.2 [Trivandrum]

View east of the [Golf] Pavilion, No.2 [Trivandrum]

Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the Golf Links, Trivandrum. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' from the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905.


A TYPICAL KERALA HOME 1950--A WHEEL USED FOR MAKING ROPE CAN BE SEEN UNDER THE COCONUT TREE,WHILE THE WHEEL SEEN ON THE VERANDAH, IS- PROBABLY- A WATER PADDLE USED TO EMPTY WATER FROM RICE FIELDS ;;BY FOOT POWER(FOOT PADDLE PUMP)
PICKING NITS-WAS A DAILY SIGHT IN INDIA-PICKING NITS WAS A SORT OF SOCIAL GATHERING SIMILAR TO A MODERN WOMEN,S CLUB ;AT THE SAME TIME SAFE FROM THE CRUEL DICTATORIAL MOTHER INLAW/SISTERINLAW AND HUSBAND


MAKING:-BraidING/ Or WeavING COCNUT Leaves ,FOR THATCHING THE ROOF

Coir Industry Kerala

Crafts demonstration, Kochi



Paddle-wheel or tread-wheel-used to pump out or pump in water into paddy fields,before electricity came to Travancore
These devices are, in effect, rotary versions of the simple scoop; however instead of one scoop being moved back and forth, a number are set around the periphery of a wheel,. Like the scoop a paddle wheel is only useful for very low lift pumping, such as flooding paddy fields at no more than about 0.5m height above the water source.
The simplest version is the paddle-wheel in which an operator walks directly on the rim, turning it so that it continuously and steadily scoops up water and deposits it over a low bund, . In its basic form the paddle wheel is not very efficient since a lot of the water lifted flows back around its edges. Therefore an improved version involves encasing the wheel in a closely fitting box which not only reduces the back-leakage of water but also slightly increases the head through which the device can operate.
Paddle wheels have been mechanized in the past, although they are unusual as water lifting devices today.

-

TYPICAL TRAVANCORE CANAL TRANSPORT [THOSE DAYS -THERE WERE NO MOTOR BOATS, HOUSE BOATS OR TOURISTS; ALL OF WHICH CAME AFTER 1950]
MOST TRADE AND TRAVEL TOOK PLACE BY THESE VALLAMS/BOATS AND IT USED TO TAKE MANY DAYS TO COVER DISTANCES
BUT THERE WERE NO POLLUTION OF AIR NO NOISE POLLUTION, NO ACCIDENTS,NO TENSIONS OF TRAVEL

MAHATMA GANDHI IN TRAVANCORE 1937
( MAHATMA Gandhi at vaikom satyagraha)



When God's doors were thrown open to all(CLICK AND READ):http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/article2619107.ece

Role of Pathanamthitta in freedom struggle
The district can be proud of its rich contribution to the struggle for freedom.When Mahatma Gandhi visited the erstwhile Travancore in 1937, he asked his follower Khadar Das T.P. Gopala Pillai to spread the message of Khadi and Charka. Inspired by Gandhiji he founded the 'Mahatma Khadi Ashram' at Elanthoor 1941.He launched a scheme for mobilizing funds for khadi activities known as 'ek paise fund' in order to ensure the participation of the whole people in the khadi movement.

Azad Hind soldiers under subhash chandra Bose,marching against British army-2nd world war
Rani of Jhansi Regiment 1943 –45.[WITH CAPTAIN LAXMI SWAMINATHAN AND BOSE]

CLICK AND READ:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rani_of_Jhansi_Regiment

[BOSE WAS NOT A FASCIST OR NAZI SYMPATHIZER]

HITLER WITH BOSE DURING 2ND WORLD WAR

. BOSE WITH HIMMLER

Hitler's secret Indian army-CLICK AND READ:-http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1399564/posts[Indische Freiwilligen-Legion 1950]

The crew of the Japanese submarine I-29 after the rendezvous with the German submarine U-180 300 sm southeast from Madagascar. bottom 2nd left is the Subhas Chandra Bose. Date : 28 April 1943 ;and below Bose and Members of the Azad Hind Fauj in 1943's


Bose giving speech at Tokyo---- BELOW-Military parade of the INA at the Padang on 5 July 1943File:Tokyo Boys.JPG
n. INA, mahatma gandhi, red fort trials, azad hind fauj Mahatma Gandhi with soldiers of the INA, 1945. Photo by Kulwant Roy (1914-1984) and photo credit : Aditya Arya Archives, Chairman & Trustee, India Photo Archive Foundation. kadam kadam badhaye ja, mahatma gandhi, INA, azad hind fauj Captain Ram Singh, who had composed the patriotic song ‘Kadam Kadam Badhaye Ja’ plays the violin for Gandhiji at the Harijan Colony, 1945. Photo by Kulwant Roy (1914-1984) and photo credit : Aditya Arya Archives, Chairman & Trustee, India Photo Archive Foundation.

1945 INA trials: a rare glimpse from the lens of photojournalist Kulwant  Roy | Research News,The Indian Express

1945 INA trials: a rare glimpse from ...
indianexpress.com

[1]AZAD HIND:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azad_Hind(READ)
below:-
pamphlets distributed from bomber planes by japanese army -&"death or surrender"-dropped down from Japanese bomber planes over India


[2]

click and read:-Battle of Imphal-


46K views 1 year ago
The Battle of Imphal Resulted in 70000 Japanese casualties. What are the facts regarding the WWII operation to invade India from ...
INA SOLDIERS ENTERED INDIA AT IMPHAL 1944- 

 


BELOW:-subash chandra bose  his speech to nation in 1930

click andread]:-SUBHAS CHANDRA BOSE, THE INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY, AND THE WAR OF INDIA'SLIBERATION:--reAD;-HTTP://LIBRARY.FLAWLESSLOGIC.COM/BOSE_2.HTM

PATRIOTIC SONGS ; DURING 2ND WORLD WAR 1939-1945 AGAINST BRITISH RULE
sAare Jahan Se Acha Hindustan Hamara- India Patriotic songs!!!!!



File:Azadhindpostage.jpg
Azad Hind Bank - Wikipedia
Azad Hind Bank - Wikipedia
en.wikipedia.org
1000 Rupees note of Azad Hind Bank of India

BELOW-
OTHER PATRIOTIC SONGS OF 1940 ERA SUNG EVERY WHERE FILM Kismet `1942

In the patriotic song, Door hato O Duniya walon ("Go away outsiders, India is ours"), penned by 'Kavi Pradeep',

a negative reference to Japan was used, Tum na kisike aage jhunkna, German ho ya Japani, this allowed it to get pass through heavy British censorship of the time though the people understood the hidden meaning and the song; backed by the uplifting score by Anil Biswas, it became an instant hit, amidst the atmosphere of rising nationalistic fervour , though the British authorities, soon realised their mistake, and wanted to ban the film, and an arrest warrant was issued for the film's lyricist, Pradeep, who had to immediately go underground, to avoid arrest
(In travancore also  this song was sung; by a freedom fighter; who jumped on a drama stage and sung but escaped before arrest)

[CLICK AND SEE MOVIE -KISMAT-1942]


Coat of arms - Kingdom of Cochin

Coat of arms - Kingdom of Cochin

The 'Coat of arms' of erstwhile 'Kingdom of Cochin', seen at the front arch of Sakthan Thampuran Palace - a major landmark of Thrissur, Kerala's cutural hub. Thrissur was one of the capitals of Cochin Kings, who ruled for centuries before merging with the Union of India.







  • subhash chandra bose taking salute of
    Azad Hind(INDIAN) soldiers at singapore -1943


    INDIAN PATRIOTIC SONG -SUNG ABOUT AZAD HIND (INDIAN)SOLDIERS


    1
    SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE IN SINGAPORE -DURING SECOND WORLD WAR



    HITLER and CHAMPAKARAMAN pillai
    Champakaraman Pillai-(September 15, 1891–May 26, 1934)-Kerala( Thiruvananthapuram) born Indian revolutionary;
    got a written apology from Hitler
    for saying Indians are incapable of self rule;killed in revenge by Hitler later-


    {Hitler said that Indians were still incapable of ruling themselves,1930’s he had become upset with Hitlers attitude about Indians, comments about color and other principles, especially those expressed in speeches and his book. Hitler had stated that Indians deserved to be ruled by the British and stated that they were not Aryans due to the color. Finally he chose to protest, in 1931, writing a complaint to him with a deadline for an answer. While many say the letter was addressed to the fuehrer, it was actually sent to the Reich Chancellor The reply of apology apparently came one day later than Pillai required. Pillai first wanted to send the letter dated 10/12/1931 to Hitler direct, after listening to his press conference words at otel Hotel Kaiserhof in Dec 1931,
    File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R99514, Berlin, Wilhelmplatz, Hotel "Kaiserhof".jpg
    but then changed his mind and sent it to the Reich Chancellor

    {Heinrich Brüning ( 1885 – 1970) was Reich Chancellor of Germany during the Weimar Republic from 1930 to 1932.}

    Pillai's secret name:-Many of the Indians were on the English secret service watch lists, they were all entrusted with special tasks and Pillai worked under the assumed German East African name Abdullah Bin Manzur.
    Swadeshi movement
    In 1924, Dr Champakaraman Pillai organized the first exhibition of Indian Swadeshi goods at the international fair held at Leipzig.
    Free government of India 1915
    He had the privilege of being Prime Minister of the Provisional Government of India set up in Afghanistan in December 1915, with Raja Mahendra Pratap of Kabul

    as President. However, the defeat of the Germans in the war shattered the hopes of the revolutionaries.
    (Below, the first Provisional Indian Government-In-Exile December 1915.in Afghanistan ) Berlin Committee (Deutsche Verein der Freunde Indien)requested Von Zimmermann of the German Foreign ministry to get Pratap invited to Berlin


    Raja Mahendra pratap singh:-click and read:-http://www.rajamahendrapratap.net/freedom.htmhttp://www.rajamahendrapratap.net/freedom.htm
    Provisional_Government_of_India1915- read:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provisional_Government_of_India

    On the other hand, some documents list him actually as Foreign minister
    Pillai and the INA.Pillai was the forerunner of Rash Behari Bose and Subhas Chandra Bose in organizing an Indian Army abroad to strike against the enemies at home. In 1933, Dr Champakaraman Pillai met Subhash Chandra Bose, and they jointly conceived the idea of Azad Hind
    . But he fell a victim to the wrath of the Nazis. It is reported that the Nazis under orders from Hitler killed Chempakaraman by poisoning his food on May 26, 1934}Immediately before his death, he asked his wife to sprinkle his ashes in “Nanjilnadu” (Kanyakumari district) and the Karamana River in Thiruvananthapuram. His wish was fulfilled in September 1966.}The Indian Navy's warship, I.N.S. Delhi, flying the flag of Free India, brought Pillai's ashes to Cochin on September 16, 1966.
    IN CHENNAI THERE IS A STATUE OF CHAMPAKARAMAN .

    BUT BIRTH PLACE -KERALA /THIRUVANANTHAPURAM CITY; STILL HAS NO STATUE OR MEMORIAL; EVEN IN MODEL SCHOOL WHERE HE STUDIED -(IF I AM CORRECT.)

    http://maddy06.blogspot.in/2009/07/champaka-raman-pillai-forgotten-freedom.htmlhttp://maddy06.blogspot.in/2009/07/champaka-raman-pillai-forgotten-freedom.html

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    A BRAVE WOMAN PATRIOT FROM PALGHAT ,KERALA - Lt Col LAXMI Swaminathan of the Indian National Army-CLICK AND READ:->http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in

    Lakshmi Sahgal 24 October 1914 – 23 July 2012:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakshmi_Sahgal ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    ========================================================================--
    Veteran freedom fighter Captain Lakshmi Sehgal passes away- July 23, 2012

    Captain Lakshmi Sehgal
    Veteran freedom fighter Lakshmi Sehgal passed away at the age of 97.
    On Thursday, Sehgal was admitted to a hospital in Kanpur after she suffered cardiac arrest.
    A long time companion of Subhash Chandra Bose, she was a captain of Rani of Jhansi Regiment of Indian National Army. A doctor by profession, she was honoured with Padma Vibhushan in 1998.

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    ==================================================================
    Tryst with Destiny was a speech made by Jawaharlal Nehru, the firstPrime Minister of independent India. The speech was made to theIndian Constituent Assembly, on the eve of India's Independence, towards midnight on 14 August 1947. It focuses on the aspects that transcend India's history. It is considered to be one of the greatest speeches of all time
    Jawaharlal Nehru's tryst with destiny speech

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    British PathéThis archive footage depicts the last set of British troops to leave India in 1948, The Somerset Light Infantry. Starting with Major ...
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    Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel speaks



    Travancore State Congress(23rd February 1938) and Utharavada bharanam [ Responsible government] Struggle-


    Founding members-Travancore State Congress
    Travancore State Congress [Working Committee: Pattom A. Thanu Pillai (President); Parur T. K. Narayana Pillai;C. Kesavan; A. J. John, Anaparambil; T. M. Varghese, Thandaneth; K. T. Thomas (Secretary); P. S. Nataraja Pillai (Secretary); P. K. Kunju; K. P. Neelakanta Pillai; M. R. Madhava Warrier; N. K. Padmanabha Pillai; Annie Mascarene; E. John Philipose, Elanjickal; P. J. Sebastian, Pullamkalam; K. M. Korah, Karuvelithara;Kumbalam P. Sanku Pillai; A. Narayana Pillai; V. K. Velayudhan; K. Kesavan; Kannara Gopala Panicker; R. Vasudevan Pillai; M. N. Parameswaran Pillai; K. N. Kunjukrishna Pillai]
    Ballot Boxes
    VOTE BOXES OF-'TRAVANCORE COCHIN'--(BEFORE KERALA STATE WAS BORN [1] P.S.P[PRAJA SOCIALIST PARTY][2] CONGRESS -[BULLOCK SIGN]AND ANOTHER PARTY SYMBOL OF LIGHTED LAMP--PROBABLY COMMUNIST PARTY WAS NOT VERY POPULAR AT THAT TIME?--AND THE VOTE GOES INTO P.S.P VOTE BOX--NOW P.S.P IS EXTINCT
    A hand places a vote into a ballot box during the Travancore-Cochin elections, Trivandrum, India, March 1954. (Photo by James Burke/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)

    THEN AND NOW: VOTE BOXES OF-'TRAVANCORE COCHIN'--(BEFORE KERALA STATE WAS  BORN [1] P.S.P[PRAJA SOCIALIST PARTY][2] CONGRESS -[BULLOCK SIGN]AND ANOTHER  PARTY SYMBOL OF LIGHTED LAMP--PROBABLY COMMUNIST PARTY WAS NOT VERY POPULAR  AT THAT
    VOTE BOXES OF-'TRAVANCORE COCHIN ...
    pazhayathu.blogspot.com
    General elections in Travancore, the first based on universal adult franchise in India (Feb. 1948)Total seats: 120; Indian National Congress: 97; Muslim league: 8; Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress:14; Independents: 1;Communist party: 0.

    It was in 1934 that EMS , along with other left-wing leaders of the Kerala Pradesh congress party like P. Krishnapillai, A.K Gopalan and Keraleeyan, formed the Congress Socialist Party (CSP) in Kerala. He was the All India Joint Secretary of the CSP from 1934 to 1940. he was one of the founder members of the Communist party in Kerala attending the Pinarayi - Parappuram Conference in 1939. He became a member of central committee of the Communist Party of India in 1941 and a member of the Polit Bureau in 1950. he was acting General Secretary of the party during 1953 - 56. Later he was the General Secretary of CPI(M) for 14 years.


    [THE COMMUNIST PARTY WAS NOT POPULAR THEN ]-because C.P.I. OPENLY supported AND COLLABORATED WITH BritishIndian rulers during 2Nd world war just because Britain was allied withRussia.TILL RUSSIA JOINED THE SECOND WORLD WAR ;IT WAS CALLED IMPERIALISTIC WAR BUT THE MOMENT RUSSIA JOINED THE WAR ON BRITISH SIDE ; IT WAS RENAMED AS PEOPLE'S WAR AND PATRIOTIC WAR BY C.P.I.
    whether similar secret arrangements:- Britain had with other minor Indian parties is not known but,R.s.s. the parent party of B.j.p. never took part in India's freedom struggle.;also Jinna's MUSLIM league never took part in India's freedom struggle .HINDU MAHASABHA NEVER TOOK PART IN INDIAN INDEPENDANCE STRUGGLE.DRAVIDA KAZAKAM PARTY OF E.V RAMASWAMI NAICKER (PARENT PARTY OF D.M.K. AND LATER A.I.A..D.M.K.) NEVER TOOK PART IN INDIAN INDEPENDANCE STRUGGLE.AND NOT JAILED;WHILE ALL CONGRESS LEADERS INCLUDING MAHATMA GANDHI WERE PUT IN JAIL BY BRITISH DURING SECOND WORLD WAR PERIOD 1940-1945
    Reasons unknown. 
    BRITAIN SUPPORTED THE FORMATION OF EXTREMIST MUSLIM AND EXTREMIST HINDU PARTIES WITH THE AIM TO CONTINUE THE "DIVIDE AND RULE"POLICY IN  INDIA .
    THIS FINALLY RESULTED IN THE FORMATION OF PAKISTAN IN 1947 WITH ACTIVE BRITISH SUPPORT 
       THE REMAINING EXTREMISTS, FORMED UNDER  BRITISH COLONIAL RULERS, BETWEEN 1900 TO 1940 PERIOD ;-BOTH HINDU AND MUSLIM- IN AND OUTSIDE  POLITICS ARE THE CAUSE OF PROBLEMS IN INDIA NOW.AS EVERY BODY KNOWS WHO THEY ARE ,THERE IS NO NEED TO NAME THEM HERE

    LATER COMMUNIST PARTY WAS BANNED FOR A SHORT PERIOD FOR TAKING PART IN ARMED REVOLUTION IN TELENGANA.SIMILARLY R.S.S. WAS BANNED FOR A SHORT PERIOD AFTER MAHATMA GANDHI'S ASSASSINATION
    Total seats: 108; Indian National Congress: 44; Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress (T. T. N. C.): 8;Socialist Party: 11; Communist Party: 25; Revolutionary Socialist Party: 6; Kerala Socialist Party: 1; Cochin party: 1; Independents: 12

    A. J. JOHN,

    ELECTION AS LEADER OF THE CONGRESS LEGISLATURE PARTY (44 LEGISLATORS), DEFEATING PANAMPILLY GOVINDA MENON BY A MARGIN OF 2 VOTESA. J. JOHN INVITED BY THE RAJPRAMUKH TO FORM THE GOVERNMENT AS LEADER OF THE LARGEST SINGLE PARTY IN THE LEGISLATURE

    T. T. N. C. (8 legislators under A. Chidambaranatha Nadar) offers support to the Congress in forming a coalition government. (57 vs. 51 among 108 legislators)

    Cabinet: T. M. Varghese, (Home Affairs);
    Panampilly Govinda Menon (Finance, Civil Supplies)

    Kalathil Velayudhan Nair (Public Works, Transport, Electricity)
    V. Madhavan (Medicine, Public Health); K. Kchukuttan (Local self-government); A. Chidambaranatha Nadar (Land revenue, Fo
    Total seats: 118; Indian National Congress: 45; Travancore Tamil Nadu Congress (T. T. N. C.): 12;Praja Socialist Party: 19; Communist Party: 23;Revolutionary Socialist Party: 9; Kerala Socialist Party: 3; Independents: 6;
    GOVERNOR P.S. RAU ADMINISTERING OATH TO PATTOM THANU PILLAI



    Political offices
    Preceded by
    none
    Prime Minister of Travancore
    1948– 1948[PATTOM.A.THANU PILLAI]
    Succeeded by
    Parur T. K. Narayana Pillai
    Preceded by
    A. J. John, Anaparambil
    Chief Minister of Travancore-Cochin
    1954– 1955
    Succeeded by
    Panampilly Govinda Menon
    Preceded by
    E. M. S. Namboodiripad
    Chief Minister of Kerala
    1960– 1962
    Succeeded by
    R. Sankar
    His actual name was A. Thanu Pillai. Since he came from Pattom in Thiruvananthapuram, he was called Pattom Thanu Pillai. Popularly he was known as just "Pattom".
    . He obtained a degree in law and started legal practise.After some days he gave up the practise and joined the Indian National Congress.He atively took part in the independence movement .Within a few days he became a good leader of the congress party.He was given the responsibility to lead the congress party in the princely state of Travancore. In 1946 he was appointed as the member of the constituent assembly of India.

    Pattom A. Thanu Pillai played crucial role in drafting the constitution of India.After independence he was appointed as the prime minister of Travancore.
    The struggle for a responsible government in the princely state culminated in the ousting of theDiwan,Sir C.P. Ramaswami Iyer. Sir C.P. left Travancore on 19 August 1947. After Indian Independence and before the formation of Kerala state in 1956, he became Prime Minister of Travancorefrom 24 March 1948 to 22 October 1948. After independence, the princely states of Travancore andCochin were amalgamated to form Travancore-CochinState on 1 July 1949.
    As a PSP member Pillai became Chief Minister ofThiru-Kochi (or Travancore-Cochin) from 16 March 1954 to 14 February 1955. The State of Kerala was formed on 1 November 1956 and the first state elections held there in March 1957 and resulted in a Communist Party-led administration. Pillai was an MLA for Thiruvananthapuram II representing the PSP.
    When the first Kerala administration fell in the onslaught of "Vimochana Samaram" (Liberation Struggle) against the Communist rule and after elections in 1960 Pillai became the second Chief Minister of Kerala as head of a coalition administration. He was in power from 22 February 1960 to 26 September 1962. In 1962, he became the Governor of Punjab. Later he was appointed the Governor of Andhra Pradesh in which role he served from 4 May 1964 until 11 April 1968
    Thoppil Bhasi | A Profile

    Thoppil Bhasi | A Profile

    Branded a Subversive and a Wanted Man by the government, he was on the run and went underground during the period of 1948-52, as a top priority suspect in the infamous Shooranad Incident, with a Rs 1000 bounty on his head.

    Videos

    Video result for 'Ningal Enne Communistakki' again on Stage      by Indiavision onlive 7 months ago  504 views   അറുപത് വര്‍ഷത്തിന് ശേഷം ഓര്‍മ്മകള്‍
    2:12:50
    NINGALENE COMMUNITSAKI | നിങ്ങൾ എന്നെ ...
    YouTube ·
    This drama propelled KPAC into the forefront of kerala cultural scene and played a historical role in popularising the Communist movement in Kerala during 1950's

    Kerala People's Arts Club (KPAC) was formed in 1950.It was a cultural organisation with a political purpose, The brainchild of a group of youngsters - G. Janardhana Kurup, N. Rajagopalan Nair and K.S. Rajamani - associated with the CPI;


    It was with "Ningalenne Communistakki" (You Made Me a Communist, 1952), its second play, that KPAC became a force to reckon with on Kerala's cultural scene.Thoppil Bhasi, a young Communist activist wrote the play under the pseudonym Soman. most of the members of the group had little or no prior stage experience,After the first show itself the play was booked for 36 performances. Overnight, an amateur play became professional,,Ningalenne Communistakki" made history in Malayalam theatre by becoming the first play to be staged more than 10,000 times

    Gifted artists such as KPAC Sulochana, K.S. George, G. Devarajan, M.S. Baburaj, K. Raghavan Master, P.J. Antony, Kambissery Karunakaran, K.P. Ummer and KPAC Lalitha and poets such as O.N.V. Kurup and Vayalar Rama Varma, to name a few, were either associated with the KPAC or began their career in it.golden jubilee celebrations of KPAC were inaugurated in May 2000

    eventually leading to the establishment of first democratically elected communist ministry in The World in 1957 in Kerala under E. M. S. Namboodiripad.

    indiavideodotorgApril 5 of 1957 was a memorable day - the first popular ministry of the united Kerala state was sworn in under the leadership of .
      ...[other reasons for communist win were :- common man got upset by instability;with many short lived cong: ministries ,many times central rule ;corruption charges against some ministers;semi famine condition;severe un employment;poverty among the workers; agriculture workers;small scale agriculturists;'paatta krishi' agriculture arrangement ;UNHAPPY DALITS ]


    some songs which helped in the growth of communist party in kerala:-
    1-https://youtu.be/nKOKCTDr_Ug

    --(SURVEY KALLU) -by  KS George+

    2-Song: Mannil Ee Nalla mannil - YouTube

    3-click https://youtu.be/EkEjW0X_i0QEE EE MANNIL VEENA:- DEVRAJAN

    4.1K views 3 years ago-Album: Nammalonnu
     Lyrics: Ponkunnam Damodaran 
    Music: Baburaj Singers: Kozhikode Abudl Khader, Bhageeradhi ...
    surprisingly most of songsters of that era 1950-1990 were pro communist

    Pacha Panam Thathe - Original Tune.....

    4:46

    Album: Nammalonnu
    Lyrics: Ponkunnam Damodaran
    Music: Baburaj
    Singers: Kozhikode Abudl Khader, Bhageeradhi
    Album: Nammalonnu Lyrics: Ponkunnam Damodaran Music: Baburaj Singers: Kozhikode Abudl Khader, Bhageeradhi ...
    During the Travancore-Cochin elections, with the Communist Party... News  Photo - Getty Images







    During the Travancore-Cochin elections with the Communist Party campaign procession
    shouting slogans. (Photo by James Burke//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)
    Mar 1, 1954 ...
    gettyimages.com
    During Travancore-Cochin elections,
    Travancore Cochin Elections, with Communist Workers Fixing Loudspeaker on a Stripped Coconut Tree Photographic Print
    communist workers climbing up a flag post

    Poverty stricken farmers pulling an ancient plow through rice field.
    Poverty stricken farmers pulling an ancient plow through rice field-DAILY WAGES WERE JUST 4 ANNAS=25 PAISE=1/4 RUPEE/DAY''ELLU MURIYE PANI CHEYTHAL PALLU MURIYE THINNAAM''(IF YOU WORK HARD YOU GET ENOUGH FOOD) WAS A SAYING OF THAT TIMES[THIS UNHAPPY SITUATION WAS USED BY CPI TO INCREASE POPULARITY AND VOTE]
    Poverty stricken farmers pulling an ancient plow through rice field. (Photo by James Whitmore//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)Apr 1, 1957


    A similar photo from Hyderabad Workers of the Nizam of Hyderabad - 1890s

    Workers+of+the+Nizam+of+Hyderabad+-+1890%2527s
    Photographer: Raja Deen Dayal
    Unemployed youths, many college graduates, applying for work as bus conductors.

    Unemployed youths, many college graduates, applying for work as bus conductors. (Photo by James Whitmore//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)
    VERY RARELY PEOPLE USED TO WEAR SLIPPERS/CHAPPALS ON FEET.
    WEARING OF PANTS/TROUSERS BECAME COMMON AFTER 1980
    NOTE:-THE BEACHES WERE VERY WIDE THEN ;BEFORE THE SEA EROSION STARTED IN 1960 AND NOW BELOW very narrow  touching road
    Padmanabhaswami Temple , with Hindus taking pre-sunrise purifying... News  Photo - Getty Images
    gettyimages.dk























    Sardar Patel involved in Kashmir Affairs...



    Sardar Patel involved in Kashmir Affairs...
    asian-voice.com

    VP Menon: An unsung hero of modern India | Opinion - analysis - Hindustan  Times

    VP Menon: An unsung hero of modern ...
    hindustantimes.com

    The 'Union' of India

    The 'Union' of India
    livehistoryindia.com
    Flight with history:

    sardar patel select correspondence 1945-1950 vol-.2
    gandhiashramsabarmati.org › product › lang-en-GB

    SARDAR PATEL SELECT CORRESPONDENCE 1945-1950 VOL-.2. book277 1 · book277 2 · book277 3 · book277 4 · book277 5 · book277 6 · book277 7 ...
    SARDAR PATEL SELECT CORRESPONDENCE 1945-1950 VOL-.1. book290 1; book290 2; book290 3; book290 4; book290 5; book290 6; book290 7 ...

    When Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Patel flew in Maharaja's private Dakota  aircraft ! - Star of Mysore

    When Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Patel ...
    starofmysore.com

    The protagonists of the accession drama, the Travancore raja and Sardar Patel, aboard a Devon plane in '50.(photo not available)[Travancore was in half mind to remain as free country without joining India]MAY BE SARDAR PATEL'S FIRM WORDS CHANGED THE MIND OF THE MAHARAJA AND TRAVANCORE FINALLY JOINED THE INDIAN UNION



    [The present state of Kerala is made up of three princely states, Travancore, Cochin and Malabar. When the British announced their withdrawal from India, the Diwan of Travancore, Sir. CP Ramaswamy Iyer announced that Travancore would establish itself as an independent state and would not join the Indian Union.
    bY. The action of Diwan aroused a bitter controversy inside and outside the State. Travancore was again in the vortex of a political struggle and the Government resorted to a series of repressive measures to meet the situation. One of the highlights of the struggle was a police firing at Pettah, Trivandrum, in which three persons including a student by name Rajendran were killed. A few days after the incident, an unsuccessful attempt was made on SirC.P.Ramaswamy Iyer’s life when the Diwan was attending a function in the Swathi Thirunal Academy of Music at Trivandrum (July 25, 1947). The Diwan escaped with minor injuries and very soon left the State for good. Immediately after this incident the Maharaja intimated, to Lord Mountbatten, the Governor-General, his decision to accept the Instrument of Accession and take Travancore into the Indian Union. SirC.P. Ramaswamy Iyer resigned the office of Diwan on August 19, 1947 and was succeeded in that office by P.G.N. Unnithan.]

    Jawaharlal Nehru, who declared open the Indian Rare Earths Factory at Alwaye, Travancore - Cochin, is on a conducted of the factory. (Left to right) : Dr.H.J.Bhabha, Dr.S.S.Bhatnagar, Shri K.R.K. Menon, Shri Jawaharlal Nehru, The Rajpramukh of Travancore-Cochin and Shri Lal Bhahadur Shastri(with white cap).and chief minister A.J.John(R)(IN MUNDU)

    BELOW:-
    Medical College,Thiruvananthapuramwas founded in 1951, and was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. at 8:00 AM on 27th Nov. 1951. This is the first ,oldest ,and most prestigious medical college in Kerala