MAVELIKARA ROYAL FAMILY-BY-(R. Sasidhara varma, Mannoormadam Kottaram, Mavelikara)

The Mavelikara royal family is a branch of Kolaswaroopam which is also known as Kolathunad Royal family. The Kolaswaroopam was the rulers of the North Malabar. The land which was ruled by Kolaswroopam was known as Kolaththunad. The boundaries of Kolaththunad were Chandragiripuzha on the north, Korappuzha on the south, Western Ghats on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west.
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In ancient times the Kolaswaroopam was known as Mooshikavamsam. A genealogy of the Kolaswaroopam rulers had been prepared in a manuscript got by Col. Colin Maakenize. It was from the time of King Kerala Varma, who ruled Kolaththunad during the 15th century that the Mooshikavamsam came to be known as Kolaswaroopam. by Col. Colin Maakenize stated that Kolaswaroopam descended from the Mooshikavamsam.

The origin of Kolaswaroopam was from the Heheya dynasty

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Abhira Kingdom

The Haihayas (Heyheya yadav) (Sanskrit: हैहय) were an ancient confederacy of five ganas (clans), who claimed their common ancestry from Yadu.Haihaya was the great grandson of Yadu and grandson of Sahasrajit.The Haihayas migrated from the west to the present-day Malwa region of Western Madhya Pradesh). The Puranas style the Haihayas as the first ruling dynasty of Avanti.======================================================================================
* Avanti Kingdom
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Avanti Kingdom (Mahabharata) - Wikipedia
The historical Avanti Kingdom of ancient India is described in the Mahabharata epic. Avanti was divided into north and south by river Vetravati. Initially, Mahissati ...

Avanti Kingdom - Wikipedia
Avanti Kingdom may refer to: the historical kingdom, see Avanti (India); its depiction in the Sanskrit epics, see Avanti Kingdom (Mahabharata) ...

The former Avanti kingdom was one among the many kingdoms ruled by the Yadav kings in the central and western India. Ujjayani (Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh) was its capital.Vasudeva Krishna and Bala Rama had their education at Ujjayani, probably the most popular Yadav city and a centre of education

which existed in the the basin of River Narmada.
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Maheshwar, 90 kms from Indore is mentioned in Ramayan and Mahabharat as Mahishmati
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The King of Mahishmathy died in a war. The queen, who was pregnant, escaped from there with the help of the family priest in a country boat towards south through the Arabian Sea and reached Mount Eli (Ezhimala near Payyannoor).
At that time Ezhimala was covered by a dense forest of Nenmeni Vaka trees. The queen gave birth to a boy in that forest. He was named Iramakudamoovar.

He was the founder of Mooshikavamsam or the Kolaswaroopam. He was coronated by Bhargavarama(Parsurama).So the king was known as Ramaghatamooshikan. At the time of the coronation of King Iramakudamoovar, Bhargavaraman gave the Nandakam as udaval and flowers of the vaka tree as the kings’s royal emblem. The Mooshika dynasty practised patriarchal line of inheritance like the Namboothiries. But later on the matriarchy line was adopted from the time of the King Palakan of the dynasty.

Perinchalloor (Thaliparamba)
Taliparamba also known as Perimchellur is a city and a municipality in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala.taliparamba index It consists of 47 villages which are spread over an area of 1330.56 square kilometres (513.73 square miles). It stretches from the coastal area of Ramanthali to Nuchiyard and Vayathur villages, touching the Karnataka border.

was a famous Namboothiri Gramam (village) in North Malabar. King Sathasoma, the famous Kolathiri constructed a temple at Thaliparamba and gave its administration to the Namboothiries. After some time there arose a dispute between the then Kolaththiri namely Udaya Varma and the Namboothiries of the Thaliparamba Grama. The Namboothiries claimed that when King Sathasoman gave the ownership of the temple he also gave the ownership of the village to them automatically. This demand was not accepted by the Kolathiri and ultimately it resulted in a war between the Kolaththiri and the Namboothiries. The war ended with the defeat of the Namboothiries and the Kolaththiri took over the the administration of the temple also. In this war some Brahmins were killed by chance by the Kolaththiri incurring the sin of Brahmahatya. In order to expiate that sin, he made up his mind to give danas (gift) to the Brahmins. But the Namboothiries of the Perinchellur that is the Thaliparamba and other villages declined to accept the gift and in consequence he sought other Brahmins who would accept his expiatory gift.

At that time there were some Kanarese and Thulu Brahmins in Tiruvalla (in Central Travancore) who were the pujaris of god Vishnu.

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This eventually made Vishnu to be known as sreevallabhan (sree-lakshmi, vallabhan-husband) and the goddess incorporated her power also to the idol.
The idol of god Vishnu (Sreevallabha) had been brought by the Thulu Brahmins from the River Gandaki a tributary of the Ganges to Gokarna on the West Coast. Unfortunately it slipped into the river Gokarna while the Thulus ferried it; with the help of some of the Kanarese Brahmins of Gokarna, they lifted it out of the river. Both the Thulu and Kanarese Brahmins together took it to Tiruvalla and settled down there working as the pujaris of that idol. The idol was of Sreevallabha (VISHNU). The Thulu bramins belonged to the Srevalli grama and the Kanarese Brahmins belonged to the three gramas of Idukunji, Vilakkur and Gudubante.
In the year 220 M.E. (A.D. 1044 – 45) King Udaya Varma of Kolaththunad who had been on the look-out for Brahmins who would receive his expiatory gifts, sent messengers to Tiruvalla and took 237 families of Kanarese Brahmins (Known as Tiruvalla Desis) belonging to 14 houses of the three gramas of Idukunji, Vilakkur and Gudubante to his kingdom. They received the danas from the King Udaya Varma along with his sin of brahmahatya. The gift included two new temples one at Cheruthazham and the other at Arathil besides money and lands. These Brahmins were also given precedence in his kingdom over the Namboothiri Brahmins already settled at his kingdom. The Nambothiris ostracized the Kanarese Desis on account of receiving the gifts from the King Udaya Varma Kolathiri. This ostracism continued for a long time.

In the month of Kumbha of the year 264 M.e. (1089 A.D.) a great meeting of kings and yatis and the Brahmins of the 64 gramas of Kerala was held in the Gokarna Temple.
King Udaya Varma and his Kanarese Brahmins also attended the meeting and presented their case before th assembly. As per the instructions of Madhavacharya
these Kanarese Brahmins were then taught the four Vedas. Thus they were purified. King Udaya Varma Kolathiri brought another batch of 240 families of orthodox Kanarese Brahmins belonging to ten houses from 3 gramas. Now King Udaya Varma had 477 families of Kanarese Brahmins in all. All these belonged to 24 houses (14+10). All of them were Yajurvedis and of the Bodhayana sutra. The 240 Desi families co-operated with the new 237 families in all religious and social functions icluding inter marriage between them, to remain as one united people. The 237 families were settled in four desams and the 240 in five. The nine desams are between Neeleswaram in the north and Cherkunnu in the south, Perinchellur (Thaliparmba) in the east and Payyannur in the west.
King Udayavarma Kolathiri made the language, dress and customs of these Kanarese Brahmins the same as those of the orthodox Namboothiris of Perinchellur.
After the demise of King UdayaVarma Kolathiri his Kanarese Brahmins have spread all over Kerala. They got appointments as pujaris in temples by the Namboothiries and the other people of Kerala.
The Sovereign was designated as Kolathiri. There were, also, four Kooruvashchakkars or dignitaries. Thakkalamkoor, Vadakkalamkoor, Nalamkoor and Anchamkoor. The eldest of the male member ruled as sovereign, Kolathiri. The next in succession, the heir apparent, was the Thekkalamkor. The residence assigned to him was the the Vadakara fort.
The third in succession was Vadakkalamkoor in charge of Vekkolat Fort. The fourth was the manager of the household, and the fifth, the personal attendant or A.D.C.of the sovereign. The eldest female member of the Kolaswaroopam was designated as Achamma. The purohit (Othikkon) belonged to the Karumaraththu Illam (Areppan Namboothiri) and the chief priest of temples (Tantri) is Kattumadam Namboothiri.

The members of the family stayed in different places like Sreekantapuram, Thaliparamba, Pazhayangadi and finally the Kolathiri built a palace at Adithala and shifted all the family members to that Palace. This palace is known as Adithala Kovilakam. It had eighteen inner courtyards and eighteen branches lived there, one in each inner court. Out of these eighteen branches only two survived and the other sixteen becme extinct. Pallykovilakam and the other was Udayamangalam Kovilakam.

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Nālukettu - A Nalukettu

In course of time Udayamangalam Kovilakam became divided themselves into four branches. They were Methala Kovilakam, Kunjikovilakam, Naduvile Kovilakam and Cheriya Kovilakam. At the time of TippuSulthan’s invasion of Malabar the members of the Methala Kovilakam moved to Travancore and settled at Kottarakkara, Mariyappally and Tiruvalla (Nedumpram). All the members of the Methala Kovilakam that settled at Kottarakkara were adopted to Karthikappally in M.E. 1029 when the family was threatened to extinction. It became extinct in 1030 M.E. The Tiruvalla branch of the Methala Kovilakam, namely Nedumpuram be faced extinction and during the year M.E. 1068 some members were adopted from the Mariyappally Branch of the Methala Kovilakam to Tiruvalla (Nedumpram).
The members of the Naduvile and the Cheriya Kovilakam came to Travancore and settled at Aranmula in 923 M.E. (A.D. 1747 - 48).
Kunjikovilakam became extinct in M.E. 665 (A.D. 1489 - 90).
In course of time, Pallikovilakam also became divided into two Branches viz. (i) Pallikovilakam and (ii) Puthupallikovilakam. The Pallikovilakam became divided into five branches:
(i) Chirkkal Kovilakam
(ii) Thevanankodu Kovilakam
(iii) Adithala Padinjare Kovilakam
(iv) Chenga Kovilakam
(v) Kownisseri Kovilakam
The Kolaththiri dynasty has a close relationship with the Travancore (Venad) from the year A.D. 1305. Two princes from the Kolaswaroopam were adopted to the Venad royal family by Sangramadheera Ravi Varma Kulasekhara Perumal, the then ruler of Venad. The necessity of adoption occurred during that time because there were only three male members in the Venad royal family. As there were no female members in the royal family for the continuance of the family, Ravi Varma decided to adopt two female members from Kolaswaroopam. So he sent Prince Adithya Varma to Kolaththunad. The prince approached Kolaththiri and requested his permission for the adopton of two unmarried female members from his family to the Venad royal family. The Kolathiri refused the request for the adoption. So Adithya Varma approached the Koil thmpuran of theThattari Kovilakam, Beypore, who had married a lady of the Puthuppalli Kovilakam, a branch of the Kolathiry Dynasty. He informed this proposal to his spouse. First he brought his family to Travancore saying that they are going to Travancore on a pilgrimage. After that he brought all the members of the Puthuppaly Kovilakam to Travancore. At first, the Puthuppalli Kovilakam stayed at Koickal Kottaram at Nedumangad. From there Samgramadheera Ravi Varma Kulasekhara adopted two female members to the Venad royal famiy and installed them as QueeN of Attingal. He then sent all other members of the Puthupalli Kovilakam to the Karthikappally Koickal Palace and made all arrangements there for their settlement. This family became extinct during M.E.1030. So all the members of the Methala Kovilakam who were settled at Kottarakkara were adopted to Karthikappally. This adoption made by Ravi Varma Kulasekhara is known as the first adoption to the Venad royal family from the Kolaswaroopam. After this we can see that whenever there are no female members in the royal family of Venad, adoptions took place from the Kolaswaroopam.
During the invasion of Malabar by Hyderali of Mysore (A.D. 1766 and his son Tippu Sulthan)

Malabar became disturbed. As a result, most of the members of the royal families in Malabar took asylum in Travancore. At that time Travancore was ruled by Karthikathirunal Rama Varma Maharaja famed as “Dharmaraja”

Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma (1758-1798) who was popularly known as Dharma Raja

. He received the royal families with full honor and made all arrangements for their stay in Travancore.
An agreement was executed by Ravi Varma Kolathiri of the Chirakkal Kovilakam with the British Government. As per the agreement he ruled the Kolaththunad till 1839 A.D. and after that he handed over the land to the British Government. He took over the administration of the temples of the Kolaththunad and became the first Chirakkal Valiyaraja.

After the defeat of Tippu Sulthan, all the royal families who took asylum in Travancore returned to Malabar except the Chenga Kovilakam, a branch of the Kolaswaroopam. The Thevanamkode Kovilakam became extinct in M.E. 1010 (A.D. 1834 – 35).

The Chenga kovilakam which settled in Travancore became divided into three branch families. One family at Mavelikara, the other at Ennakkad and the third one at Prayikkara.

The Valiya Amma Thampuran of the Chenga Kovilakam had one son and three daughters. Mahaprabha Ammathampuran who settled at Prayikkara was the great granddaughter of the female chief of the Chenga kovilakam and grand daughter of her first daughter.
The second daughter had three daughters and one son. Rohininal Amma Thampuran who died in M.E. 1010 is the granddaughter who lived at the Kochchukottaram at Ennakkad .
The third daughter had two sons and two daughters. They are
(i) Athamnal Thampuran – Born in M.E. 919 and went to Kasi(Banaras) in M.E. 949 and did not return.
(ii) Chathayamthirunal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran - Born in M.E.930 and died in M.E.1007. She came to Travancore at the time of Tippu Sulthan’s Malabar aggression and resided at Mavelikara.
(iii) Kerala Varma Valiya Vishavaidyan Thampuran - Born in M.E. 933 and died in M.E. 983.
(iv) Chamunda Amma Thampuran who lived at Ennakkad Valiyakottaram.
Chathayamthirunal Mahaprabha Ammathampuran had five children. They were (1) Aththamthirunal Bhagheerathi Ammathampuran, (2) Bharani Thirunal Rani Parvathi, (3) Uthram Thirunal Rani Uma (4) Uthruttathi Thirunal Mahaprabha alias Vattaparambil Achchamma Amma Thampuran (5) Revathithirunal Ariya alias Kayyalakettil Achchamma Amma Thampuran. Chathayamthirunal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran and her daughters who escaped from Malabar at the time of Tippu Sulthan’s Malabar aggression took shelter in Travancore. The then Maharaja of Travancore Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma famed as “Dharmaraja” gave shelter to them and made all arrangements for their stay at Mavelikara. They stayed in Mavelikara first at Koickckal Palace near Arattukadavu and afterwards shfted to the newly constructed Palace at the south of Mavelikara Sreekrishna Swamy Temple. The palace is known as Vadakke kottaram or Valiya Kottaram.

The Varanasi potty and his family, some Pandala families and also the families of Thampis who came with Chathayam Thirunal Mahaprabhaamma Amma Thampuran and her children stayed near the palace.

Kolaswaroopam has a long lasting relationship with the Venad Royal Family. After the death of Pooruruttathi Thirunal Attingal Mooththa Thampuran on 21st Edavam 963 M.E. the Venad Royal Family got only three members viz. the Maharaja Karththika Thirunal Rama Varma, the heir apparent Makayiram Thirunal Rama Varma and his brother prince Avittam Thirunal Balarama Varma. The family was in danger of extinction. So the Maharaja decided to adopt two unmarried girls from the Chenga kovilakam, which was residing at Mavelikara. He adopted Bharani Thirunal Rani Parvathi and Uthram Thirunal Rani Uma, the second and third daughters of Chathayam Thirunal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran. The adoption took place on 26th of October, 1788 (M.E. 13th Thulam 964). Ayiliyam Thirunal Rani Gowri Lakshmi Bai, who ruled Travancore from A.D. 1811 to A.D. 1814 (M.E. 986 to 990) and Uthruttathi Thirunal Rani Gowri Parvathi Bai who ruled Travancore from A.D. 1815 to 1829 (M.E. 990 to 1004) were the daughters of Bharani Thirunal Rani Parvathi .

The rulers of Travancore from A.D.1811 to1924 (M.E. 1004 to 1099) were the decendants of Bharani Thirunal Rani Parvathi. They are the two above mentioned queens and Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma Maharaja famed as “Garbhasreeman” (A.D. 1829 to 1846), Uthram Thirunal Marthanda Varma Maharaja (A.D. 1847 to 1860), Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma Maharaja (A.D. 1860 to 1880) Vishakhom Thirunal Rama Varma Maharaja (A.D. 1880 to 1885) and Sree Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma Maharaja (A.D. 1885 to 1924). Ayilyam Thirunal Rugmini Bai (M.E. 984 to 1012), Uthram Thirunal Kerala Varma (M.E. 1002 to 1058), Chathayam Thirunal Lakshmi Bai (M.E. 1004 to 1004), Pooradam Thirunal Lakshmi Bai (M.E. 1005 to 1033) Pooradam Thirunal Marthanda Varma (M.E. 1009 to 1012), Uthram Thirunal Ravi Varma (M.E. 1011 to 1065) and Atham Thirnal Marthanda Varma (M.E. 1030 to 1052) were also the decendants of the Bharani Thirunal Rani Parvathi Bai.

After the demise of Pooradam Thirunal Lakshmi Bai on 5th November, 1857 (M.E. 22nd Kanni1033) there was no female members in the royal family of Travancore to give birth to successors. So Uthram Thirunal Marthandavarma Maharaja adopted Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Rani and Bharani Thirunal Parvathi Rani from the Mavelikara Royal Family on 27th December 1857 (M.E. 14th Thulam 1033). Pooramnal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran of Mannoormadam Palace, who shifted her residence in 1857 to Mannoor Madam Palace, was also taken to Trivandrum for the adoption. But she was not selected and returned to Mavelikara. The Maharaja gave an amount of Rs. 300/- per month to her from that day till her death and after her death the amount was received by her daughter Chothinal Bhagheerathi Amma Thampuran till her death.

The spouse of Bharani Thirunal Rani Lakshm Bai
was the famous Kerala Kalidasa Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran of Ananthapuram Palace, Haripad. She had no issues. Bharani Thirunal Parvathi Rani were married to Kilimanoor Koil Thampuran has gave birth to five children. They were Revathi Thirunal Kerala Varma (M.E.1040 – 1071), Makayiram Thirunal Adhithya Varma (1041 - 1050), Chathayam Thirunal Rama Varma (1043 – 1076), Moolam Thirunal Rugmini Rani ( M.E. 1045 – 1045) and Aswathi Thirunal Marthanda Varma (M.E. 1047 – 1076). None among these children became the rulers of Travancore

Owing to the demise of Bharani Thirunal Parvathi Rani on 15th October, 1893 and also ultimately the demises of other princes of the Travancore Royal Family, Sree Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma Maharaja decided to adopt a branch of Vadakkekottaram. The adoption took place on 30th August, 1900 (M.E. 15th ChinPooradam Thirunal Sethu Lakshmi Bai and Moolam Thirunal Sethu Parvathi Bai from Ulsavamadam Palace,

Mavelikara, gam, 1076). They were the daughters of Ayilyamnal Mahaprabha Ammathampuran and Thiruvathiranal Bhageerathi Ammathampuran respectively. The last Maharaja of Travancore Sree Chitra Thirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja is the son of Moolam Thirunal Sethu Parvathi Bai. The present members of the of the Travancore Royal family is the decendants of Regent Maharani Pooradam Thirunal Sethu Lakshmi Bai and Amma Maharani Moolam Thirunal Sethu Parvathi Bai.

Chathayamm Thirunal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran and her three daughters lived together at Vadakkekottaram (Valiyakottaram) in Mavelikara till A.D. 1837 April, 10 (M.E. 1012 Meenam 30). In the year M.E. 10047 (A.D. 1832) Chathayam Thirunal passed away. Her children and grand children continued to stay at the Vadakkekottaram (CValiyakottaram) till 10th of April, 1837 (M.E. 1012 Meennam 30). On 15th April, 1837 (M.E. 1012 Medam 4th) as per the decision taken by Aththam Thirunal Bhageerthi Amma Thampuran the eldest daughter of Chathayam Thirunal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran, the family was divided into three branches. Aththam Thirunal Bhageerathi Amma Thampuran and her children were shifted to the Thekke Kottarm, the oldest Palace at Mavelikara, Pooradam Thirunal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran started to live at Vattaparambu Kottaram and Revathi Thirunal Arya alias the Kayyalakettil Achchamma and her children lived at Vadakke Kottaram itself. From that day the family pension which was drawn for the whole family by the Valiyathampuran were also divided into three. The pensions were continued to be drawn in separate receipts by the eldest male member of the family.
The Mavelikara Royal Family was again divided into three sakhas in M.E. 1046. They are (i) Bharaninal Chamunda Amma Thampuran (Valiya Kottaram), (ii) Thiruvathiranal Aryakavamma (Mannoormadam Kottaram ) and (iii) Thrikettanal Uma Ammathampuran (Puthenkottaram). From that day the aduththoon (the cash pension) and the paddy (family pension) given by the Maharaja of Travancore, were also divided into three and pensions were drawn by the eldest male memberof the shakahs.

Aththam Thirunal Bhageerathi Amma Thampuran had 4 sons and three daughters. The youngest daughter Chathayamnal Uma Ammathampuran had a daughter Visakhamnal Mahaprabha (1009-1027) and a son Thiruvonamnal Rama Varma Thampuran (1016-1068). After the death of Visakhamnal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran there was no female member in this family. After the death of Thiruvonamnal RamavarmaThampuran the family became extinct. Before his death he exexuted a gift deed in favour of Uthramnal Udaya Varma Thampuran of Vadakke Kottaram, the youngest son of Bharninal Chamunda Amma Thampuran on 5th October, 1891 (M.E. 1067 Kanni, 20th). Urthramnal Udaya Varma Thampuran passed away on A.D. 1891 (M.E. 1067 Dhanu) that is before the death of Thiruvonamnal Rama Varma Thampuran on (1068 Makaram).
At that time Moolamnal Raja Raja Varma (Kunjaru Thampuran) was the senior male member (Valiya Thampuran) of the Mavelikara Royal Family. Makamnal Udaya Varma Thampuran of Puththenkottaram branch was the next senior most male member of the family. There was a case between Moolamnal Raja Raja Varma, the eldest brother of Uthramnal Udaya Varma, and the next senior Makamnal Udaya Varma of Puthenkottaram branch of Mavelikara Royal Family for the ownership of the movable and immovable properties of the Thekkekottaram at the Quilon (Kollam) District Court. As per the judgment all the movable and immovable properties went to Sri. Moolamnal Raja Raja Varma. Makamnal Udaya Varma did not prefer any appeal to the higher court. So the properties went to the branch of Bharaninal Chamunda Amma Thampuran’s family.
Revathinal Arya Ammathampuran had five sons and five daughters. The family lived together till A.D. 1870 (M.E. 1046 Meenam). At that time the eldest male member (Karanavar) was Thrikkettanal Kerla Varma. The eldest daughter of Revathinal Arya Ammathampuran,was Thiruvathiranal Aryakavamma Ammathampuran. A petition was submitted by Bharaninal Chamunda Ammathampuran, Pooramnal Mahaprabha Amma Thampuran and Thrikkettanal Uma Amma Thampuran to the Maharaja of Travancore Sri Aiyilam Thirunal Rama Varma Maharaja stating that the aduththoon and the paddy which was given by the government to the family for their living were being misused by the Karanavar Sri. Thrikkettanal Kerala Varma Thampuran. The Maharaja gave the order to divide and pay the paddy and the aduththoon to each person.
During the year A.D. 1900 (M.E. 1075) Pooramnal Mahaprabha Ammathampuran and her three children shifted from the Vadakekottaram and started to live at a small house at the east of Vadakkekottaram. Now it is known as Mannoormadam Kottaram. The present Mannoormadm Kottaram was constructed by the help of the Maharaja of Travancore Aayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma Maharaja and the house warming was celebrated on 10th May, 1903 (M.E. 1078 Medam 27th) and the members shifted to the newly constructed home. The poet, historian and the first Travancore Devaswam commissioner Moolamnal M.Raja Raja Varma was the eldest son of Pooramnal Mahaprabha Ammathampuran.
After the partition in the year 1950 The Vadakkekotaram (Valiyakottaram) family was divided into five main branches. They are (1) Ulsavamadam Palace, (2) Saradamandiram (3) Krishnavilasam Palace, (4) Lakkshmivilasam Palace and (5) Uthruttathippura Palace.
The illustrious male members from palaces like Ananthapuram Palace (Haripad), Lakshmipuram Palace (Changanacherry), Chembrole Palace (Hasripad), Poonjar palace and Kilimanoor Palace married the female members of Mavelikara royal family. Some of them are the famous Indian Artist Raja Ravi Varma, Keralapanini A.R. Raja Raja Varma, the great Indian Philologist Dr. K. Goda Varma of Kilimanoor Palace, C.K. Kerala Varma I.A.S. (First Anti Corruption Secretary of Govt. Of Kerala) of Chemprole Palace, Haripad famous paediatrician Dr. K.R. Bhaskara Varma, famous teacher K.R. Raja Raja Varma, famous historian Dr. Marthanda Varma etc.
The family members of the Mavelikara Royal Family are famous in one or another field of life. M. Raja Raja Varma Kunjaru Thampuran (Kochchukottaram) (Founder of Special School and Boarding House at Mavelikara), famous historian M. Raja Raja Varma (First Devaswam commissioner), (Vaineekavidwan M. Udaya Varma (Unni), RaviVarma (Collectorammavan), Artist Rama Varma, Dr. M. Rama Varma (Rohini), Vaineekavidwan M. Udaya Varma (Kunjappa), Bhageeradhi Amma Thampurn, Raghava Varma, Rama Varma (Telephone Director), G. Raveendra Varma (Central Minister,Chairman of Gandhi Peace Foundation, Wardha),famous neurologist Padmashree Dr. R. Marthanda Varma, Bri. Ravi Varma, Balachandra Varma, Dr. R.P. Raja (Kunjannan) (Historian and theAuthor of New Light on Swathi Thirunal), Brig. Nandakumara Varma, Dr. Raja Raja Varma, Raja Ravi Varma, Kerala Varma (Divakaran), Dr. B.R.R. Varma (Bhaskaran), Ravi Varma (Prabhakaran), Sujatha Sankaranthi (Commonwealth award winner for short story), Surendra Varma (Journalist), famous Carnatic Musician Prabhakara Varma, M. Udaya Varma, Dr. M.G.R. Varma (Kochchukuttan) (Entomologist), Dr. Narendra Varma, Harisena Varma I.P.S., Dr. Suseela Varma (Neurologist, Specialist in Paraplegia), etc......... now-shows districts

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Ancient Map, India.
Map of ancient Indian kingdoms during epic periods Source.

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How did the map of India change from 1 AD to the 21st century? - Quora
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