story of Cricket in India .300 years ago it came to kerala first.[ALSO KERALA'S OWN ANCIENT CRICKET LIKE SPORT OF " KUTTIYUM KOLUM"]

Kerala, is the birth place of the game of Cricket in India 300 years ago.. Image result for old painting of cricket 1700Cricket has always been a game with a distinct English origin and it was Col.Sir Arthur Wellesley,Image result for Col.Sir Arthur Wellesley who later became the[1st Duke of Wellington of Waterloo Image result for 1st Duke of Wellington of Waterloofame ] who brought the game to Tellicherry.
Tellicherry fort:- The British exported pepper and cardamom from Tellicherry. In 1708, the British built the Thalassery Fort on the beach, to protect and control the spice trade from the town. The square fort, with its massive walls, secret tunnels to the sea and intricately carved huge doors, is an imposing structure.
English fort Thalassery kerala1720

cricket was brought to india and kerala ;for the british garrison soldiers in this fort, India's

Related image

The sport of cricket has a known history beginning in the late 16th century. Having originated in south-east England, it became the country's national sport in the 18th century and has developed globally in the 19th and 20th centuries.

 history of foot ball in kerala:-

It was only after four decades that the popular game of football reached Kerala. The initial efforts were made in 1890 by Bishop Boyle, a Chemistry Professor of the Maharaja's College{present day university college at palayam }, Thiruvananthapuram

He imparted the first lessons in football to the youngsters playing the country ball game at the Puthenkacheri Maidan (the present Central Stadium) Football (soccer) became more popular and struck deeper roots in Kerala than cricket owing to some of its special characteristics like easily understandable rules and less costly nature.

However, cricket is still a virgin game in the state, even though you can find enthusiasts and players across it.
Kuttiyum kolum (English: Boy and cane) is a traditional game played in Kerala, India. It is similar to an ancient game found all over the Indian Subcontinent with ... a baseball bat to strike the kutti (similar to striking a ball in cricket or baseball).
 Gilli Danda!!

Gilli Danda or Guli Danda, s a traditional amateur sport, popular among rural youth in the Indian subcontinent and southern Europe. It is also known as dangguli in Bangla chinni-dandu in Kannada, kuttiyum kolum in Malayalam, viti-dandu in Marathi, kitti-pullu in Tamil, gooti-billa in Telugu, and Lappa-Duggi in Pashto. This sport is generally played in the rural and small towns of the Indian subcontinent.
Thing Required:
  • Gilli Danda requires two wooden sticks – a ‘Gilli’ and a ‘Danda’. The ‘Gilli’ is a small wooden piece which is about three inches long and ‘Danda’ – a stick, about 2 feet in length, is used to strike the Gilli.
  • 4+ Player
  • Open ground
blog 2
As an amateur youth sport, gilli-danda has many regional variations. In some versions, the number of points a striker scores depends on the distance the gilli falls from the striking point. The distance is measured in terms of the length of the danda, or in some cases the length of the gilli. Scoring also depends on how many times the gilli was hit in the air in one strike. If it travels a certain distance with two mid-air strikes, the total points are doubled.
Some say that gilli danda is similar to cricket but, it is like cricket, but it does not involve any kind of a ball. Instead a wooden piece of the size of a bail is thrown and the other guy has to hit that with another stick similar to a stump. I have not played this stuff, but I have seen guys playing in the street. There are no well-laid rules for this game. blog3

It is called dangguli in Bangla, chinni-dandu in Kannada, kuttiyum kolum in Malayalam, viti-dandu in Marathi, kitti-pullu in Tamil, gooti-billa in Telugu, and Lappa-Duggi in Pashto

galli danda

and 'gully danda' in hindi and Lippa, ,in southern Europe.
It is possible that this game was brought from Europe during the time of Alexander or by rRoman empire traders

The game is played with a gilli or guli and danda, which are both wooden sticks. The danda is longer and handmade by the player, who can swing it easily. The gilli is smaller and is tapered on both sides so that the ends are conical. The gilli is analogous to a cricket bail and the danda is analogous to a cricket bat. There is no standard length defined for the danda or gilli. Usually, however, the gilli is 3 to 6 inches long and the danda is 12 to 18 inches.

Each team has 6 players. One player (scoring player) of one team will play against other team. Scoring player will have a longer stick (Kol) and shorter stick (Kutti) and he has to hit the Kutty from base with the Kol in different ways based on the last score ends. Goal is to reach the Kutty farthest so that, when the opposite team throw the Kutty back to the base, it will be hard to reach the base. Scoring is based on the distance between Kutty and Base. Scoring player will have another chance to hit Kutty again on the air, when other team throw the Kutty back to the base. Distance between the Kutty and base is measured by the Kol which will be converted to the score (6 measure of Kol is required to make one point.
Sub points are
Saasa (1 measure, if the score ends on this, player has to hit the Kutty placing on feet)
Muri (2 measure, if the score ends on this, player has to hit the Kutty holding on other hand)
Naaya (3 measure, if the score ends on this, player has to hit the Kutty placing on two fingers)
Ighty (4 measure, if the score ends on this, player has to hit the Kutty placing on the elbow)
Aarengu (5 measure, if the score ends on this, player has to hit the Kutty placing on eye)
Scoring player can be out in following situations
1. If the Kol does not hit Kutty when he hit
2. If Kutty is caught by the opposite team when scoring player hits Kutty (when other team throws) and if the kutti goes behind the base
3. If Kutty is so close to the base that we can not measure one kol for scoring.
Each team gets one innings (each player one out) and whichever team gets maximum score win.


Sports and Games in Kerala - Sunny'sclassicmusic4all

Certain games and sports which were popular in the villages of the State till a decade ago ... He imparted the first lessons in football to the youngsters playing the country ball game at the Puthenkacheri Maidan (the present Central Stadium).

 Image result for kuttiyum kolum[ANCIENT KERALA CRICKET]

 Image result for kuttiyum kolum[ANCIENT KERALA CRICKET]

 Image result for kuttiyum kolum[ANCIENT KERALA CRICKET]

7 Traditional Games and Sports in Kerala

Mar 20, 2017 · 5 min read

Kerala is known for its variety of sports and games, and each sports event is like a festival, the spirit of which is felt for miles and miles. The beauty of Kerala is enhanced even further, especially as these games exude the tradition and culture of Kerala in many forms.
Let’s take a look at some of the traditional sports and games that are still played in Kerala.
  1. Kuttiyumkolum

Image by Nirmal Dulal via Wikimedia

Also known as the Boy and the Cane, this traditional game is played in most villages and other rural regions of Kerala. It bears a marked resemblance to the cricket that we know today.
A game played by children, you need a round stick and a peg chiseled at both ends to play this game. It is this peg that is called the kutti or the boy. A hole is made in the ground in a circle shape.
The game starts with a boy hitting the peg, by raising it from the ground above the hole and striking it to a distance. If any of the fellow players catches the peg, the boy who struck the peg with the stick will be out. If the peg hits the ground, then the player next to it can have a chance at hitting it towards the hole. If it falls into the hole, then it would be considered “run out”. If not, the striker has another go with the stick and the peg.
It is believed that the game originated over 2500 years ago. The game is played in different variations.
2. Pallanguzhi

Image by Theni.M.Subramani via Wikimedia

Though it initially originated in Tamil Nadu, the Pallanguzhi game was a rage in Kerala as well. It was designed to target young children and old people to help improve their hand-eye coordination and to learn to count.
Pallanguzhi requires a wooden board with 14 holes, two rows with 7 holes each. This makes 14 cups in the board. The game needs two players and cowry shells, pebbles or seeds. The rules pertain a certain number of shells, and each player distributes the shells in each hole/cup.
The rules of the game are mainly based on the capture of shells by the winning player. The player, while putting in her seeds shouldn’t have an empty cup after the seeds are over. If she gets an empty counter, then the rival player captures all the seeds, and starts playing.
3. Kalari

Image by Leelavathy B.M via Wikimedia

Kalari or Kalaripayattu is not actually a game, but a martial art form indigenous to Kerala. It is all about training in combat and is believed to be the world’s oldest martial art. Rumors have it that the art was found by Shiva, Agastya muni or Parasurama.
In the local language, kalari means threshing floor or battlefield. Training is given on how to perform in the battlefield, where are a variety of aesthetic moves, fights and ducks are taught. Kalarippayattu is practiced in various forms in various parts of the state, with slight variations.
4. Mud Football

May not sound appealing for some, because the game of Mud football is played in bogs or swamps by a very energetic team of players. The players would be drenched in mud and would be splashing about in the paddy fields. Usually played by the youth, the game draws a very excited and applauding crowd, whenever tournaments are held.
Normally, the game is played on the flooded paddy fields. If you have no aversion to mud splashing on your clothes, then it’s a real one. The excitement and thrill on the faces of the youngsters make it obvious that they are having the time of the day.

Mud football was initially started in Malppuram, the land noted for its craze for football.
5. Seven Stones

Image by Aprabhala via Wikimedia

Seven Stones is a game infused with the true culture and charm of Kerala. However, it is a game with stunning resemblance to the game of Lagori. Seven stones are placed in a pile and one of the members of one of the teams will start the game by trying to hit the stone stack.
A member has three chances to hit the stack, and if unsuccessful, has to hand over the ball to the opposing team. A member from the second team will try to hit the opposing team members with the ball. It is almost like dodge ball. The rest of the second team members will be concentrating on replacing the stack with the fallen stones.
6. Kachi/Goli

Image by Eneas De Troya via Wikimedia

Goli is a game played with marbles. Players come in with their marbles and they have to hit a selected target using the marbles. The winner of the game gets all the marbles for himself. The game was fairly popular among the rural children and they played in their alleyways.
7. Hide-n-Seek

Image by Şahzadə via Wikimedia

The Hide-n-Seek is popular everywhere in the world, and is still being played by children. It is probably one of the few games that didn’t go extinct with Western influence.
It is a game wherein a player closes his/her eyes and counts to 100 (or any number of choice) while the rest of the players rush off to hide themselves. The player, after counting, starts searching for the concealed players. This game also has several variations, and gets more exciting when played in rooms in the night.
It was these games that shaped the sportive culture of Kerala. Gradually, as time passed, these games gave way to other modern form of sports, but a few of them are still popular among the children and youth.
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 Image result for kuttiyum kolum[ANCIENT KERALA CRICKET]


20 Amazing Childhood Games Only Born in 80’s Kids Will Know

Born in 80’s kids will know these games. But now kids play games like cricket, tennis and football. No one remembers the games like Goli, Ghilli, Lagori or the indoor games like the Moksha Patam or Chaupat. Let’s see few of the remarkable Ancient Indian Games which we have forgotten.

1. Antakshari

Antakshari is a spoken parlor game played in India. Each contestant sings the first verse of a movie song that begins with the Hindustani consonant on which the previous contestant’s song selection ended.
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2. Ashtapada

Ashtapada is an Indian board game which predates chess. Chess was invented in India and originally called as Ashtapada. Later this game came to be known as Chaturanga. It could be played by two to four participants and data used to determine the amount of houses to be moved in the board.

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3. Lagori

Lagori is a game which is a popular game in India. It is called Dappa Kali in the northern parts of Kerala, especially in Kannur. This game requires a considerable amount of physical exercise and is mainly played by boys. This game is played between two teams. It consists of 10 marble pieces piled one above the other. One team targets this pile and once they strike it then their next aim is to keep it back while the other team has to block the opposing side from arranging it back. This is almost same as Seven Stones game.
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4. Kite Fighting

Fighter kites are kites used for the sport of kite fighting. Traditionally most are small, unstable single line flat kites where line tension alone is used for control, and an abrasive line is used to cut down other kites.
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5. Gilli Danda

The game is played with two sticks: a large one called a danda, which is used to hit a smaller one, the gilli. Gilli Danda is known by various other names in India. Standing in a small circle, the player balances the gilli on a stone in an inclined manner (somewhat like a see-saw) with one end of the gilli touching the ground while the other end is in the air. The player then uses the danda to hit the gilli at the raised end, which flips it into the air. While it is in the air, the player strikes the gilli, hitting it as far as possible. Having struck the gilli, the player is required to run and touch a pre-agreed point outside the circle before the gilli is retrieved by an opponent. This aspect of the game is similar to runs in cricket or home-runs in baseball.
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6. Moksha Patam

Moksha Patam or Parama Padam is a dice game from ancient India, popularly known as Snakes and Ladders. It was from India that it spread to the rest of the world. It was a very popular game to be played its main purpose was not only entertainment but also to teach morality. The central concept is liberation from bondage of passions. So the players move from the lower levels of consciousness to higher levels of spiritual enlightenment and finally to Moksha.
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7. Pallanguzhi or Ali guli mane

Variants are called as Ali guli mane (in Kannada) Vamana guntalu (in Telugu) and Kuzhipara (in Malayalam). he game is played by two players, with a wooden board that has fourteen pits in all (hence the name from the words fourteen pits (pathinaalam kuzhi). There have been several variations in the layout of the pits, one among them being seven pits on each player’s side. The pits contain Cowry shells, seeds or small pebbles used as counters. There are several variations of the game depending on the number of shells each player starts with.
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8. Pittu Garam or Seven Stones

Pittu Garam (Seven Stones) is a traditional South Asian game played between two teams. The game requires a tennis ball and set of seven stones which can be stacked up to form a small tower. The aim of the game is to be able to break the tower and then rebuild it before getting hit by one of the opponent.
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9. Gutte

This traditional game is played by both children and adults. This simple game requires 5 pieces of small stones. You spin one stone in the air and pick other stones from the ground without dropping the stone in the air. This game can be played by any number of people.
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10. Kancha/Goli

Kancha was one of the most popular games among children in the neighborhood. It is played using marbles called ‘Kancha’ or ‘Goli’. The players are to hit the selected target ‘kancha’ using their own marble ball. The winner takes all Kanchas of rest of the players.
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11. Kho Kho

It is one of the most popular tag games in India. It consists of two teams. 1 team sits/kneels in the middle of the court, in a row, with adjacent members facing opposite directions. The team that takes the shortest time to tag/tap all the opponents in the field, wins.
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12. Poshampa

Two people stand with their hands locked together above their heads and sing a song. The other kids pass from under that bridge and the one who gets caught (when the hands come down like a cage at the end of the song) is out.
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13. Kith Kith or Pandi Attam

Nondi or Pandi Attam is a very funny hopping game played by the girls in many rural villages of Tamil Nadu. It is known as Tokkudu Billa/Tangidi Billa in Andrapradesh and Kunte Bille in Karnataka it is played by the girls in many villages, even today. A popular playground game in which players toss a small object into numbered spaces of a pattern of rectangles outlined on the ground and then hop or jump through the spaces to retrieve the object. This popular game is also played in other countries and is loved by all.
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14. Kabbadi

Kabbadi is a contact sport that originated in Ancient India. In the international team version of kabaddi, two teams of seven members each occupy opposite halves of a field of 10 m × 13 m in case of men and 8 m × 12 m in case of women. Each has three supplementary players held in reserve. The game is played with 20-minute halves and a five-minute halftime break during which the teams exchange sides.
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15. Krida-patram

The popular game of cards originated in ancient India and was known as Krida-patram. It was one of the favorite pastimes of Indians in ancient times. This game was patronized especially by the royalty and nobility. In medieval India, playing cards was known as Ganjifa cards which were played in practically all royal courts. Cards were known as Krida-patram in ancient India. These cards were made of cloth and depicted motifs from the Ramayana, Mahabharata, etc. A tradition carried on today with floral motifs and natural scenery.
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16. Kalari

Kalari is considered to be the most complete and scientific martial art and is the mother of all martial arts. Bodhidharma, a Buddhist monk from India, introduced Kalari into China and Japan in the 5th century. He taught this art in a temple. This temple is today known as the Shaolin temple.
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17. Dhopkhel

Dhopkhel, also transliterated dhop khel and dhoop khel is a popular game in Assam. The game is played between two eleven member teams on a 125m by 80m field bounded by four flags, dhop is the name given to a rubber ball used by these two teams. The players take turns throwing the ball at the opponent to knock them out of the game, while seeking to catch the ball and evade other players. It is a test of speed, stamina, and acrobatic skills.
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18. Chaupat

Chaupat is claimed to be a variation of the game of dice played in the epic poem Mahabharata between Yudhisthira and Duryodhan. It is a relatively easy game to learn but it does require skill to play this game of strategy well. A chopat ‘board’ is traditionally an embroidered cloth in the shape of a cross. Each arm of the cross is divided into three columns and each column is divided into eight squares. The “dice” are seven cowry shells. The “men” or pieces (Sogthi)are usually made of wood. Each player has four men.
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19. Lambs and Tigers

Lambs and Tigers Game locally referred as Aadu Puli aatam is a strategic, two-player (or 2 teams) leopard hunt game that is played in south India. The game is asymmetric in that one player controls three tigers and the other player controls up to 15 lambs/goats. The tigers ‘hunt’ the goats while the goats attempt to block the tigers’ movements.
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20. Hide and seek

Kannamoochi or Hide and seek is a timeless game that has been played by children throughout the ages. It isn’t only children who enjoy it – a natural instinct for parents is to play a facial form of hide and seek with their children from the earliest age, as it teaches children about attachment and detachment in a safe and caring environment. Leaving aside the psychology, however, the outdoor game provides wonderful interaction amongst children is easy to play and never gets boring.
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Category:Sport in Kerala

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


This category has the following 7 subcategories, out of 7 total.






Pages in category "Sport in Kerala"

The following 7 pages are in this category, out of 7 total; this list may not reflect recent changes (learn more).
Maramadi [videos]
Maramadi is a type of cattle race conducted in Indian state Kerala. It also known as Kalappoottu, or pothottam. — The race is a traditional event, usually with bullocks, held after the monsoon but before the cattle are needed for planting. In 2011 the Central Government banned the exhibition and 
Maramadi - Cattle race in Chithali, Palakkadu, Kerala
Maramadi - Image: പോത്ത് പൂട്ട്

Image: പോത്ത് പൂട്ട്
Cattle race in Chithali, Palakkadu, Kerala
Sports in Kerala [videos]
Several ancient ritualised arts are Keralite in origin. These include kalaripayattu—kalari and payattu. Among the world's oldest martial arts, oral tradition attributes kalaripayattu's emergence to Parasurama. Other ritual 
Sports in Kerala - Football (soccer) at the Malappuram District Sports Complex Stadium
Sports in Kerala - International Hockey Stadium in Kollam
Sports in Kerala - Sports Hub Trivandrum
Sports in Kerala - Jawaharlal Nehru International Stadium
Kuttiyum kolum [videos]
Kuttiyum kolum is a traditional game played in Kerala, India. It is similar to an ancient game found all over the Indian Subcontinent with different names, such as Gilli-danda in North India. A similar game by the name of Lippa has been played in Italy. Kuttiyum kolum 
Kuttiyum kolum - An illustration of the game
Kuttiyum kolum - Children playing this game in Kuttanad area

An illustration of the game
Children playing this game in Kuttanad area
Bull surfing [videos]
Bull surfing is a harvest sport race that take place in the village of Anandapally, southern Kerala during the post harvest season. A pair of yoked bulls are sent charging down a football field-sized paddy field soaked in ankle deep water, while their handlers boarded on a wooden plank, hang onto 
Bull surfing - Bull Surfing at Kerala, 2013
Bull Surfing at Kerala, 2013