IT is seven in the morning and Sri Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma is on his way through the ancient corridors to offer worship at the Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple in Thiruvananthapuram. Accompanied by a few close members of family and staff, he stands in silence and surrender before the Lord for a quarter of an hour, a practice followed without fail by his ancestors for the last 300 years. A day's lapse in attendance means paying a fine. But the rulers consider it worse punishment to skip a single day in offering their prayers, whether it is owing to ill-health or being away from the capital.

The temple and the Lord are the centre of existence for the Travancore royalty. "We are rulers on His behalf," reverently says Sri Marthanda Varma, 80-year-old head of the Travancore House.
"When we have guests, my wife and I serve them sometimes," says Sri Marthanda Varma when you meet him at the modest Pattom palace the next day. "In fact, a mediaperson from Germany who probably expected me to dress in fine clothes, once mistook me for my secretary," he chuckles

The Maharaja of Travancore, Uthradam Thirunal Marthanda Varma at the commencement of the Aral procession of the Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple in 2006. File photo: S. Mahinsha
The HinduThe Maharaja of Travancore, Uthradam Thirunal Marthanda Varma at the commencement of the Arat procession of the Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple in 2006

AGE-OLD RITUAL: Head of the royal family of erstwhile Travancore Uthradam Thirunal Marthanda Varma conducting the Pallivetta[ritual-royal- hunt];using ancient bow and arrow; as part of the Painkuni festival at Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple in Thiruvananthapuram on Tuesday.



The Prince And The King
A very rare and precious clipping of a young Prince Rama Varma singing before his illustrious ancestor, Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Balaramavarma, the last Maharaja of Travancore. I've never heard Varmaji call himself Prince though that is what most people in the music field call him. He always claims that the last truly royal person in his family was Maharaja Chithira Thirunal, who was Varmaji's grand uncle whom he loved very much.

Sri Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma (Malayalamശ്രീ സ്വാതി തിരുനാള്‍ രാമ വര്‍മ്മ) (April 16, 1813 - December 25, 1846) was the Maharaja of the state of Travancore(തിരുവിതാംകൂര്‍), in India. He reigned under the regency of his mother Maharani Gowri Lakshmi Bayi from 1813 till 1815 and henceforth under the regency of his aunt Maharani Gowri Parvati Bayi from 1815 till 1829. In 1829 he turned major and assumed full powers of ruler and ruled Travancore till his demise in 1846.
Aswathi Thirunal Rama Varma-Aswathi Thirunal Rama Varma, also known as Prince Rama Varma, is a South Indianclassical musician, a performing vocalist, veena player and writer.:-


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Travancore was dedicated to Sree Padmanabhaswamy in 1750
In 3rd January 1750, Maharajah Marthanda Varma dedicated the kingdom of Travancore to Lord Padmanabha. Marthanda Varma vowed that the royal family will rule the state on behalf of Lord and he and his descendants would "serve" the kingdom as Padmanabha Dasa or the Servant of Lord Padmanabha. Since then the name of every Travancore King was preceded by the title Padmanabha Dasa, while the female were called Padmanabha Sevinis. The donation of the kingdom of Travancore to Padmanabhaswamy was known as “Thripadidanam”. After dedicating the kingdom to the Lord, Marthanda Varma was known as Sripadmanabha Vanchipala Marthandavarma Kulasekaraperumal.

 By giving the Kingdom to Lord Padmanabha, the whole Travancore state became the property of Sree Padmanabhaswamy, and hence it is very appropriate to call Kerala 
as “God’s Own Country” or Sree Padmanabhaswamy’s Own Country.


His Highness 'Padmanabha Dasa' Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja(November 7, 1912–July 19, 1991) was the last ruling maharaja of the princely state of Travancore. - [RAJA FROM 1931 TO 1949] 


THIS TRUE  STORY  WAS ABOUT A PREVIOUS KING OF TRAVANCORE WHO DIED SUDDENLY ONE AFTERNOON AND APPEARED THE SAME MOMENT IN PERSON TO THE TEMPLE  PUJARI INSIDE SRI PADMANABHA SWAMI TEMPLE [Pujari means one who does the Puja of the idol of God physically in Hindu temples as a priest. Pujaris are also called archaka]

[THE KING WHO DIED SUDDENLY  WAS -[IF CORRECT ] His Highness Sir Sri Visakham Thirunal Rama Varma V GCSIFRGSFRAS (19 May 1837 - 4 August 1885Image result for Sir Sri Visakham Thirunal Rama Varma was the Maharaja of the erstwhile Indian kingdom of Travancore from 1880-1885 AD. He succeeded his elder brother Maharajah Ayilyam Thirunal Image result for Maharajah Ayilyam Thirunalto the throne of Travancore.]









{In 3rd January 1750, Maharajah Marthanda VarmaImage result for 1750, Maharajah Marthanda Varma dedicated the kingdom of Travancore to Lord Padmanabha. Marthanda Varma vowed that the royal family will rule the state on behalf of Lord and he and his descendants would "serve" the kingdom as Padmanabha Dasa or the Servant of Lord Padmanabha.}.

THIS STORY AS TOLD BY His Highness 'Padmanabha Dasa' Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama 
Varma Maharaja--Flag of Travancore-----

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A kingdom and a templeJuly 21, 2011A. SRIVATHSAN 

a tradition, there is a problem.’ Photo: S. MAHINSHA
UTHRADOM THIRUNAL MARTHANDA VARMA: ‘Whenever you change a tradition, there is a problem.’ Photo: S. MAHINSHA

Interview with Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma.
Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma, 89, is the seniormost member of Travancore's erstwhile royal family, yet simple and unassuming in his manner. He met A. Srivathsan, Deputy Editor of The Hindu on July 17 at the Pattom Palace in the heart of Thiruvananthapuram and answered questions regarding the Sree Padmanabhaswamy temple — which is in the news in the context of valuable finds in its underground vaults in recent weeks — and his family's association with it. For reasons to do with the ongoing legal proceedings, he expressed his inability to answer any questions relating to the opening of the temple vaults. Excerpts from the interview:
The Travancore royal family took a different approach to ruling its territories and managing the properties of the State. The king served as Padmanabha Dasa — [who] ruled on behalf of god and swore allegiance only to god. In 1949, Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Rama Varma came close to refusing the post of Rajpramukh because he could not “give oath to the Indian government.” What led the Travancore kings to take to the idea ofdasa? In what way is this concept different from the modern idea of trusteeship?
There are two things to the idea of Padmanabha Dasa. One is the A to Z of the concept, which is new, and the other is the corollary, which is ancient. Let me explain the A to Z first. There was a king in England called Henry VIII. He had two passions: one, he wanted to change his wife, get a second one; and two, he wanted to impose a new faith. He asked his Cardinal to find a way to achieve this. When his Cardinal suggested that he start a new faith, the Church of England, the king asked how and why people would listen to him. The Cardinal had a simple answer. He advised him to add one more to his catalogue of names: Defender of the Faith. And then, if anyone goes against it, ‘your defence will be to go offensive,' he advised. That is Defender of the Faith, but we [the Travancore kings] are attendants of faith. That is a dasa.
The corollary of this concept is in the story of Bharata in the Ramayana. When Bharata refused to rule Ayodhya by himself, he took Rama's sandals, placed it on the throne, wore the robe of an ascetic and ruled on his brother's behalf. The god is the master.
When you are trustee, chairman, benefactor or president, your personality is still there. In this [dasa] nothing is there, you are nobody. You carry on your duty.
Anizhom Thirunal Marthanda Varma was the first maharaja to usher in this concept of Padmanabha Dasa in the 18th century. What historical reasons led him to this principle?
His actions were not political but dharmic. How did Fleming discover penicillin? The idea was always there, but hidden. He only discovered it. The dasa concept was always there. It came to him [Anizhom Thirunal] as the conductor.
Was ruling the kingdom as a dasa one of the main reasons for the safety and stability of Travancore and the temple? Did it in any way change the attitude of other rulers towards Travancore?
History is there to prove it. It [ruling as a dasa] was driving that. Unfortunately the concept of dasa was not copied by other rulers. You may find it in Puri where the king sweeps the street with the silver broomstick before the car festival, or in Mewar where the king goes to the Eklangi temple as a Maharana, but enters the shrine as a servant. But nothing is as total as this.
Kalkulam, which was renamed as Padmanabhapuram by Anizhom Thirunal, was the capital before the capital was moved to Trivandrum. The Tiruvattar temple near Padmanabhapuram is ichnographically and architecturally similar to the Padmanabhaswamy temple. Is there any relation between the two temples?
Both are Padmanabhas and are equally venerated. However, there are some differences between the two temples. In Trivandrum, the reclining Vishnu is inyoga nidra and at Tiruvattar, the eyes are fully awake. His feet is on the right side here and there at Tiruvattar it is to the left. Here there is a Shiva icon below the arm of Vishnu but it is not this way there. Though the main deity in Tiruvattar is known as Adikesava [Adi meaning ancient], Trivandrum is also ancient. There is a bond between the two temples, but there are no temple traditions as of now that recall the shifting from Padmanabhapuram.
Raja Ravi Varma, another member of the Travancore royal family and renowned painter, spent an important part of his lifetime in Trivandrum. While he painted many gods and even printed them as oleographs, he never painted Padmanabha or the temple. How can we understand this conspicuous absence?
Certain things have to come from inside. It [painting] cannot be visualising norms. He probably felt Padmanabhaswamy was beyond his brush. Ravi Varma did a great service by not painting Padmanabha.
Maharaja Chithira Thirunal Rama Varma, your elder brother, was the last ruler of Travancore. He is compared to Anizhom Thirunal in terms of devotion to the temple. You must have been a boy when his investiture ceremony took place. Can you recall your visits to the temple with him?
All of us were ardent devotees. My brother was elder to me by 10 years. I could not have gone with him to the temple.
His visits were his personal audience with the god as the king. But I have been going to the temple since I was eight years old and have attended various festivals along with family members.
Since 1991, after the demise of your elder brother, you've been going to the temple in his place. The respect and affection the people have for you and your family must be unchanged and quite visible.
Even before, they had affection. Even now, when everything is ex-, ex-… I'm still wanted in public functions. I do about 200 [functions] a year, [although] I'm nobody. No different from other people. They like, and I go.
The Travancore State and the Padmanabhaswamy temple witnessed momentous changes during Maharaja Chithira Thirunal's time. In 1936, the Padmanabhaswamy temple was the first in India to proclaim temple entry for all, which made Gandhiji describe Chithira Thirunal as a ‘Modern Ashoka.' In 1949 the princely states were abolished and the temple administration changed. In 1971, the privy purse was abolished and grants given to erstwhile rulers were stopped. But Chithira Thirunal still managed to support the temple from his private funds. Can you tell us how he faced these changes?
That is [change] part of life, otherwise we'll not be here. Even as a boy he understood it. In 1924, Mahatma Gandhi came [to Trivandrum] and at that time he was too young to rule. My aunt, his mother's elder sister, was the Regent. Gandhiji came and met her. ‘Is this the Maharani?' he enquired. He looked at her simple dress and asked: Where are the golden saris? Where are the jewels? He then asked her: ‘Is it not very unfair that around the temple in Vaikom, a dog, a cat, a cow, can walk, but a man cannot?' She said, yes. ‘Then why don't you do something about it?' he quizzed. ‘I am a Regent and only carrying on the administration till he grows up. Why don't you ask him [Chithira Thirunal]?' she urged. Gandhiji then asked him: ‘When you become the person in charge, will you allow everyone to enter temples?' As a young boy he said, ‘yes.' He took over in 1931 and granted temple entry in 1936. The remarkable thing was that there was no resistance [from the people who were associated with temple administration].
Did Chithira Thirunal want the administration of the temple to keep up with the times?
It [traditions] began somewhere and goes on as it changes. What has not changed is the [human] body.
Aswathi Thirunal Gouri Lakshmi Bayi has mentioned in her book on the Padmanabhaswamy temple that for the first time, in the 1960s, a deva prasnam (astrological consultation) was conducted when Chithira Thirunal had to decide whether the temple could be electrified? Do you remember the moment?
Astrologers and tantris were consulted. Whenever you change a tradition, there is a problem. The government then said that we cannot burn coconut oil since it is for man. What can we do, they were in power. So we had to go for electrification. But it was done in the outside prakara or sivelippura, but not inside. The cheruchuttu, the inner enclosure, was not electrified. People also took to it since it made their job easier.
Can you tell us something more about the legends of the snake and protection of treasures? Have you heard about them from your family?
There are two kinds of snakes. One is naga, and it stays. The other is sarpa, which goes. It is misunderstood as a creature. They are messengers. I'll tell you an incident. We have a beautiful naga temple near Kuthira Malika [a palace near the Padmanabhaswamy temple]. I go there every ashlesham [ayilyam] day. On one of those days, people forgot to light the lamp in the main shrine. That night, a serpent came here [to his palace]. I knew something was wrong. Serpents aresatya (true) creatures. It's more prevalent in Kerala




. 7/2travancore-rajas-of-venad-1000ad-to_20.html


Soon after in 1925 the Maharani was visited by Mahatma Gandhi. Their meeting resulted in a royal proclamation  ----------Maharani 'Pooradam Thirunal' 'Sethu Lakshmi Bayi'(1895 – 1985) Image result for Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi (1924)

was the ruler ofTravancore as regent for her nephew, Chithira Tirunal from 1924 until late 1931. She is known for continuing the progressive tradition of the Travancore rulers preceding her with many social and economic reforms.
Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi (1924)
Reign1924 - 1931
OccupationRegent of the Kingdom of Travancore

Soon after in 1925 the Maharani was visited by Mahatma Gandhi. Their meeting resulted in a royal proclamation by which all the public roads and streets in Travancore were thrown open to all Hindus irrespective of caste. Mahatma Gandhi called it a "bedrock of freedom" in his Young India (26 March 1925) magazine while describing the Maharani thus:
My visit to Her Highness was an agreeable surprise for me. Instead of being ushered into the presence of an over decorated woman sporting diamond pendants and necklaces, I found myself in the presence of a modest young woman who relied not upon jewels or gaudy dresses for beauty but on her own naturally well formed features and exactness of manners. Her room was as plainly furnished as she was dressed. Her severe simplicity became an object of my envy. She seemed to me an object lesson for many a prince and many a millionaire whose loud ornamentation, ugly looking diamonds, rings and studs and still more loud and almost vulgar furniture offend the taste and present a terrible and sad contrast between them and the masses from whom they derive their wealth.

                                                                                       Mahatma Gandhi

 click and read  GANDHIJI’S VISITS TO KERALA:-
No one who met her once could ever forget her. She stands as a shining example to womanhood as a great queen and a great woman -

 Lord Mountbatten on the Maharani


[2]TRAVANCORE--The Rajas of Venad--1000A.D. to 1947 

A.D. {1} [The Kulasekhara Dynasty]



click and read Ancient kingdom of CHERA/KERALA 

Kerala lawyer whose petition led to discovery of temple treasure, dies
T.K. Devasia

19 July 2011
TRIVANDRUM - T P Sundarrajan, whose petition led to the discovery of a treasure trove in the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple in the Kerala capital of Trivandrum, passed away before the completion of the legal battle.

A former Indian Police Service (IPS) officer-turned advocate, Sundrarajan (70) was suffering from fever for the last two days, according to his family members. He breathed his last in the wee hours on Sunday.
A true devotee of Padmanabhaswamy, the principal deity at the temple, Sundrarajan refused to be taken to a hospital or undergo any medical treatment. However, his family members sought the help of a doctor to give him oxygen when he suffered from the breathlessness in his last moments.
His mortal remains were consigned to flames at the Puthencotta Crematorium in the city around 1pm. A bachelor, Sundrarajan had been staying in a house close to the temple complex ever since he quit the IPS and moved to Trivandrum to look after his ailing father, who was a legal advisor to Travancore royal family. The royal family, which controlled the temple, had initiated the legal process to evict him from the temple complex after the seven-member committee appointed by the Supreme Court started taking inventory of the assets of the temple hidden in six underground vaults inside the temple.
Sundrarajan had moved the court for ensuring proper protection to the wealth. He wanted the state government to take over the temple and the wealth. Though the high court accepted his plea, the Supreme Court stayed the verdict and ordered the stock-taking.
Sundarajan had suffered the wrath of hard line Hindus after the opening of five of the six vaults revealed treasures worth about Rs1 trillion. A section of the devotees had tried to manhandle him saying he had hurt their religious sentiments.
Sundrarjan had also received threats from several quarters after he approached the court against the royal family. Undeterred by these, he continued to pursue the case and vowed to protect the wealth of the deity.
However, the superstitious sections among the society believe that he had angered the deity by dragging the royal family, the custodian of the temple to the court. They have viewed his death as a result of the ‘fury of the deity’.
“The royal family has protected the deity’s wealth all these years. Anybody, who tries to defame the royal family, will actually be defaming the deity. They will certainly suffer for their action”, says Anil Kumar, a shopkeeper near the temple. Many devotees believe that the opening of the vaults in the temple was against the ‘wish of the deity’. In fact, the royal family themselves have warned the authorities against opening the sixth vault. In a sworn affidavit filed before the Supreme Court, Rama Varma, scion of the royal family, said the opening of the sixth vault could result in inviting the wrath of the deity. He pointed out that the vault had an insignia of a “serpent” indicating that it would not be advisable to open it.
The sign of the ‘serpent’ is a warning that it is not auspicious to open the vault. K K Venugopal, the counsel for the royal family suggested an appeasement ceremony be held before opening the vault to mollify the deity when the case was last heard by the apex court.
The royal family wants a decision on this to be taken after conducting the traditional “deva prasanam”, an astrological ritual performed by temples.
The Supreme Court had deferred the opening of the sixth vault, which is believed to contain another treasure trove, following fight for the wealth among various sections of the people. The court insisted on ensuring security to the treasures already discovered before opening the last vault.

:Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple|

India is a land of contradictions. While cutting-edge technology drives us forward, religious superstitions which befuddle the mind take us in the opposite direction. Even the sudden death of advocate T P Sundararajan, whose legal intervention led to stock-taking in Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple, was said to be "divine retribution". Was it? Who can tell?

Superstitions abound all over India. Who are we to tempt the gods, ask believers. Take Renuka Temple in Kullu where goddess Renuka Devi is worshipped. Villagers are so fearful of inviting the wrath of her husband, Rishi Jamdagni, that they dare not look at her idol. Even the priest enters only after covering his face with a white cloth during Navratra and Fagli when the temple door is opened. Women throw their offerings from afar.

Shobha Ram, the priest, explains: "Everybody is aware of Jamdagni's rage. He once got so angry with his wife that he ordered his son Parshuram to kill her." Bir Singh Rana, a devotee, says he has never peeped into the temple. "Jamdagni's curse can remain for more than 12 years. A woman lost her eyesight when she looked at the idol." Believe it or not.

If you visit Mehandipur Balaji shrine in Dausa district of Rajasthan, you'll be met by a strange sight. Hundreds of devotees lie around with heavy stones on their body. They claim the stones work like magic to ease any pain. And if it's evil spirits that are troubling you, why, the deity handles that too. Such people are kept locked or chained in a big room. The priest treats them either by reciting holy verses or by giving physical pain.

However, in Mahudi tirth in Mehsana district, 70 km from Ahmedabad, the treatment meted out is sweeter. The sukhdi offering is made of whole wheat flour roasted in pure ghee and mixed with jaggery. But it cannot be taken home. "Those who have taken the sukhdi outside have faced misfortune - accidents, death...," warns Prakash Mehta, a member of the Shree Mahudi Jain Shwetambar Murtipujak Trust which manages the temple. Sweet dreams are not made of this. On the other hand, Bhairon Mandir in Delhi can be quite a tippler's delight. Here, devotees offer liquor to Bhairavji, a fierce incarnation of Lord Shiva, to appease his rage. There are gods for every reason in India. In Shani Shinganapur village in Ahmednagar district, people once believed that Shani protects them from theft. They would leave their houses unlocked till a smart alec recently struck at a few houses and decamped with valuables. Now, the doors are firmly locked.

So much for superstition.

Temples have often played the gender card too. Women don't visit Pune's Kartikswami Temple on top of Parvati Hill as it's believed they will lose their husbands if they do so. Sudhakar Goti, chief of Parvati temple, says, "Visiting Kartikswami Temple is discouraged only among Maharashtrians. The same god brings good fortune in south India."

Women don't visit Mallikarjuna Swamy temple inside Dimbam forest on the Karnataka-Tamil Nadu border either. Belief has it that any woman coming here will die and be turned to rock. Is there a rock here? Yes, 100m from the temple.

It all began when Mallikarjuna Swamy, a Lingayat monk, came to Kongandi Hill close by. He wanted to do penance and forbade any woman from coming close. One disobeyed and had to pay the price for it. Since then, says Doreswamy, a devotee, no woman has dared to visit this temple. Though the seer of Chitradurga mutt, Sri Murugarajnedra Sharanaru, led some women there in 1993, it didn't have the desired results and women continued to give the temple a miss. Savitha, a school girl who accompanied the seer, assures that this superstition is unfounded. Naturally. She's proof of it.

Rationalists debunk superstitions, saying they are formed either through a cultural process or deliberately generated by vested interests. Sanal Edamaruku, president of the Indian Rationalist Association, says a study done by Trinity College found that 30% of any given population has a tendency to accept matters of faith blindly. "In India, it's 31%, in the US, 37%," he says. "In societies where there is uncertainty, either political or economic, people look for security in superstitions." While some are promoted by religious leaders, why people believe them has nothing to do with faith, he asserts.

Rev Fr M C Paulose of Delhi's St Mary's Orthodox Church says, "Superstition is based on non-realistic thinking. One doesn't need to go to a particular place of worship for prayers to be fulfilled. Real faith can make things happen in any place of worship."

In Tamil Nadu, even rationalist Dravidian politicians have come under the sway of superstitions. They believe that visiting Brihadeshwara Temple in Thanjavur will bring bad luck. In 1984, prime minister Indira Gandhi and chief minister M G Ramachandran went to the temple to unveil a statue of Raja Raja Chola. While the PM was assassinated that year, MGR swooned outside the temple and suffered a stroke. In 2010, when the 1000th anniversary of the temple was celebrated, CM M Karunanidhi, a rationalist, came to witness a dance programme but he came in through a side entrance. An official of the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Board, which manages the temple, says, "Getting a politician or an official to inaugurate a programme in the temple is very difficult." The search for peace draws people to dargahs too. The one at Erwadi, a village in Ramanathapuram district, is believed to cure mentally-ill patients. But in 2001, more than 25 were charred to death in a fire near the dargah. It hardly mattered. The patients just keep pouring in.

(With additional reporting by Suresh Sharma, Manali; Palak Nandi, Jaipur; Bharat Yagnik, Ahmedabad; Nikhil Deshmukh , Pune; M B Maramkal, Chamarajnagar ; and B Sivakumar, Chennai )
by dchaitanya, July 10, 2011 23:26
Since few weeks India is in world news for its great Treasures in Indian especially in South India. After discovering world’s biggest treasue in Sri Padmanabha Swamy Temple of Tiruvananthapuram in Kerala District, the attention is being drawn towrds other temples in the State of Andhra Pradesh in South India.
One such temple which has drawn immediate attention with confirmed Treasure under it is the Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple at Ahobilam in Nallamala deep Forests in Kurnool district in the State of Andhra Pradesh. The stone scriptures and palm leaf scriptures reveals that underground den sealed with big stones just in front of Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy’s main idol, is having a very big Golden and dimonds treasure hidden by South Indian King Sri Krishnadevaraya of 16th Century. It is confirmed by the Temple priests and also the age old people of the region.
Since three decades several attempts were made by several people to plunder this Treasuer, but who ever attempted so far died immediately. 
One Archeology Professor, who tried to dig the surface stone of the Treasure in the Temple, died on the spot when some poisionous fumes have erupted from the side hole of the earth twenty years ago
Yet in another incident an Engineer who attempted deliberatly to break the surface stone of the Treasure failed in his attempt, and when going back from the Temple in his car, just a few yards away he died in accident by hitting his car to a tree.
 In one more incident ten years ago two young adventurous people tried to dig the Treasure just a few yards away from the actual spot of the Treasure in the Temple, were suddenly swarmed and stung by thousands of Honey Bees and both of them died within few hours, even though the temple staff and villagers tried to save them. 

 Some people also say the former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Mr.Marri Chenna Reddy also got some secret survey done in and around the temple premisis to findout the Treasure, but for some mysterious reasons he withdrew from that task. Subsequently no attempts were made by any one to dig the Treasure.
It is said that some mysterious power is protecting the Treasure, so the Temple staff constructed a round wire fencing around the surface stone, considering it as sacred place not to be tread by anyone with feet. 

It is said that when  the Ghajani Mohamad and other Arabs invaded on India to plunder the vast opulances of the then Indian Kingdoms, the Kings used to hide the Treasures below the Temples or in dens to protect them from being plundered by enemy countries, by invoking certain powers like “Naga Bandham” or “Yuksha Bandham” or “Bhetala Bhandam” or “Shakinee Bandham” etc. Those invisible powers used to protect the Treasures, and it is believed that still such powers or other divine powers are protecting the Treasures in India.

The scriptures around the Temple says that the Treasure can not be taken out now by any one, as still one more generation has to pass as per the dates of the Scripture. So it is better not to make attempts to discover the Tresure below the temple to avoid pre-mature death according to Temple Priests.
Similarly in Vundavalli rock caves in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, there is a 15 feet single stone Sri Anantha Padmanabha Swami Statue which resembles Sri Anantha Padmanabha Swami of Tiruvananthapuram, where it is said there is a large Treasure inside the caves and it has also got a secret tunnel towards Temple of Panakala Lakshmi Narasimha Swami which is located on a Passive Valcano in Mangaliri road
. Ten years agao, some adventurists who entered by not heeding the warnings of temple priests have never come back.

Last week, in Gopanpalli village in Zaheerabad mandal of Medak district, unidentified people entered an old Siddeswaraswamy temple located in the village and dismantled two Nandi statues in the pursuit of searching for treasure. Those who entered the temple for the treasure also offered prayers, lit lamps, and broke coconuts before digging.

In yet another incident in the Malkapur village of Rangareddy district, unidentified people damaged the Shivalingam and Nandi statue hoping to find some treasure. The treasure hunters also dug up huge pits in the premises of local Hanuman temple located on Bacharam-Korremula road in Hayathnagar mandal in the same district of the state.

Man who got Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple riches revealed dies


'Serpentine Weapon' which spews highly poisionous fumes.Similar “Nagabandhamâ€Â? was executed in 16th Century to the Chamber-B in the underground, of Sri Padmanabha Swamy Temple. nb (ra)
18 Jul, 2011 11:44 AM This death reminds me quick death of Lord Carnarvon, and death a bit later of Howard Carter. They opened hidden treasure in an Egyptian Pyramid and got cursed by Egyptian Gods

George_Herbert,_5th_Earl_of_Carnarvon:-                                                                                   ,_5th_Earl_of_Carnarvon

Dr Manmohan (Delhi)
18 Jul, 2011 11:13 AM
Hello My Dear Friend...Thanks for all your comments... The main issue here and the news was about "untimely or sudden" death of a whistleblower. If someone would have noticed, the news states the blood sugar of the diseased went down to "34", that’s the main cause of death, i.e. he died of Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level). It is impossible, that a person suffering from diabetic has never taken any medicine and lived up to the age of 70 (it is presumed that he was diabetic on the basis of 1. his father was diabetic, 2. he was 70 and 3. his sugar level went down to 34). Hence, what I am hitting at is there is some foul play in his death that needs to be investigated. 
SR Nair (Trivandrum)
18 Jul, 2011 11:02 AM
He predicted his death on saturday itself and he refused to go to any Hospital. As per the sourses said that he was very happy on saturday that because he told he is taking to heaven by Sri Padmanabha. The people who is commenting brutally about this por old man will face the angry of Sri Padmanabha because he was a truely Sri Padmanabha beliver and was living like a holy saint. Remember he resigned His IPS job for caring his father and taking his father to visit Sri Padmanabha temple daily. He himself was living there like a devotee and was helping the poor people by free legal help also. He didnt have any bank balance because he was a Sanyasi and his life style was very simple when he started an IPS career also. An Honest man, Kindness , was helping the poor people by legal help and more over that he was a great devotee of Sri Padmanabha Swami. So beware the people who is insulting his Mokhsa as a revenge from Sri Padmanabha will freely earn the angry from Sri Padmanabha. I belive his soul is with Sri Padmanabha swami.


GARUDA MANTRA’ ONLY CAN EXTRICATE THE ‘NAGA BANDHAM’ OF SECRET CHAMBER –B. Now the time has come to unveil the highly mysterious Chamber- ‘B’ the sixth vault in the underground of the Sri Anantha Padmanabha Swamy temple, for which the Supreme Court of India has not yet given consent to the seven member search committee heded by former Kerala High Court Judge C.S.Rajan. This chamber is being considered by the Trust members and other learned Astrologers of India, as highly mysterious, sacred and risky and dangerous to unveil it. Because the steel door of the Chamber-B is having two big Cobra portraits on it, and this door have no nuts, bolts or other latches. It is considered to be fixed to the secret chamber with the ‘Naga bandham’ or ‘Naga paasam’ ‘Mantras’ by the then ‘siddha purashas’ lived during the reign of King Marthandavarma of 16th century. A door of such secret vault can be opened by a highly erudite ‘Sadhus’ or ‘Mantrikas’ who are having the knowledge of extricating ‘Naga Bandham’ or ‘Naga Pasam’ by chanting ‘Garuda Mantra’. Except in that way, the door can not be opened by any means by anyone. At present no where in India or in the world such highly sacred and powerful ‘Siddhapurshas’ or ‘Yogis’ or ‘Mantrikas’ who does know how to execute highly sacred ‘Garuda mantra’ are existing.


ON JULY 8, 2011 AT 9:01 AM  COMMENTS (3)


George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon-DIED DUE TO CURSE OFTutankhamun"Mummy's Curse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Earl of Carnarvon

Lord Carnarvon, who was the chief financial backer on many of Howard Carter's Egyptian excavations.
Born 26 June 1866
Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England
Died 5 April 1923 (aged 56)
Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt
Nationality British
Fields Egyptology
Known for Tutankhamun's tomb
George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon (26 June 1866 – 5 April 1923) was an English aristocrat best known as the financial backer of the search for and the excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings.



Lady and Lord Carnarvon at the races in June 1921
Born at the family home, Highclere Castle, in Hampshire on 26 June 1866, George Herbert was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge,[1] succeeding to the Carnarvon title in 1890. On 26 June 1895, at St. Margaret's Church, Carnarvon married Almina Victoria Maria Alexandra Wombwell, daughter of Marie Boyer, the wife of Captain Frederick Charles Wombwell, but her real father was believed to be Alfred de Rothschild, the unmarried member of the prominent Rothschild banking family of England who made Lady Carnarvon his heiress.
Exceedingly wealthy, Lord Carnarvon was at first best known as an owner of racehorses and as a reckless driver of early automobiles, suffering - in 1901 - a serious motoring accident near Bad Schwalbach in Germany which left him significantly disabled.
In 1902, the 5th Earl established Highclere Stud to breed thoroughbred racehorses. In 1905, he was appointed one of the Stewards at the new Newbury Racecourse. His family has maintained the connection ever since. His grandson, Henry George Reginald Molyneux Herbert, 7th Earl of Carnarvon, was racing manager to Queen Elizabeth II from 1969, and one of Her Majesty's closest friends.


The 5th Earl was an enthusiastic amateur Egyptologist, undertaking in 1907 to sponsor the excavation of nobles' tombs in Deir el-Bahari (Thebes). Howard Carter joined him as his assistant in the excavations. It is now established that it was Gaston Maspero, then Director of the Antiquities Department, who proposed Carter to Lord Carnarvon.
Lord Carnarvon received in 1914 the concession to dig in the Valley of the Kings, in replacement of Theodore Davis who had resigned. It was in 1922 that they together opened the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings, exposing treasures unsurpassed in the history of archaeology.


On 5 April 1923, Carnarvon died in the Continental-Savoy Hotel in Cairo, in the Kingdom of Egypt.This led to the story of the "Curse of Tutankhamun", the "Mummy's Curse". His death is most probably explained by blood poisoning (progressing to pneumonia) after accidentally shaving a mosquito bite infected with erysipelas. His colleague and employee, Howard Carter, the man most responsible for revealing the tomb of the young king, lived safely for another sixteen years.
Carnarvon's tomb, appropriately for an archaeologist, is located within an ancient hill fort overlooking his family seat at Beacon Hill, Burghclere, Hampshire.


Tut's MaskWhen Lord Carnarvon died on 5 April 1923, seven weeks after the official opening of pharaoh Tutankhamun's burial chamber, rumours were rife about a curse.  News of Tutankhamun's tomb and its discoverers had sent the world's media into a frenzy and the death of Lord Carnarvon added another twist for eager journalists.
All sorts of links were found
The lights of Cairo were said to have gone out at the moment of his death (not an uncommon occurrence back then), while back at Carnarvon's English estate his dog, Susie, was supposed to have howled and died at the same time.
Carnarvon's death came just a couple of weeks after a public warning by novelist Mari Corelli that there would be dire consequences for anyone who entered the sealed tomb.  The media and public lapped it up.  Conan Doyle, the creator of Sherlock Holmes and a believer in the occult, announced that Carnarvon's death could have been the result of a "Pharaoh's curse".
One newspaper even printed a curse supposed to have been written in hieroglyphs at the entrance of the tomb, the translation being:
"They who enter this sacred tomb shall swift be visited by wings of death."
However, no inscribed curse was found.
One inscription, found on the Anubis shrine (a jackal on a pedestal shown here) in the tomb's so-called Treasury, did say:Anubis shrine
"It is I who hinder the sand from choking the secret chamber. I am for the protection of the deceased."
However, a reporter went on to add his own words to the reported inscription:
"and I will kill all those who cross this threshold into the sacred precincts of the Royal King who lives forever."
Reporting of the curse was further fuelled by more deaths, many with very stretched associations to Tutankhamun. Five months after Carnarvon died, his younger brother died suddenly.
Closer to the tomb, another "casualty" was the pet canary of the tomb's discoverer, Howard Carter. The bird was swallowed by a cobra on the day the tomb was opened.  This was interpreted as retribution for violation of the tomb, particularly as a cobra was depicted on the brow of the pharaoh from where it would spit fire at the king's enemies.
According to one list, of the 26 individuals present at the official opening of the tomb, six had died within a decade. In reality, many of the key individuals associated with the discovery and work on the tomb lived to a ripe old age.
Even when some of the treasures of Tutankhamun went on tour overseas in the 1970s, some people were still of the belief that the curse might be at work. One example was from San Francisco where a policeman guarding Tutankhamun's gold funerary mask tried to claim compensation for a mild stroke based on the effect of the curse. The judge dismissed the claim.
Here is a list of some of the major players involved with the tomb and their fates.
Lord Carnarvon:
Carnarvon had been in poor health for over 20 years following a motoring accident in Germany. Less than two weeks after the official opening of the burial chamber, Carnarvon received a mosquito bite which became infected after he cut it while shaving. Carnarvon fell ill and, with his resistance lowered, came down with pneumonia and eventually passed away at the age of 57.
Howard Carter:
As discoverer of the tomb, Carter should have been Number 1 on the curse's "hit list", but he survived until March 1939, just short of his 65th birthday and nearly 17 years after entering the tomb - about a decade of which was spent working in the tomb itself.
Lady Evelyn Herbert:
Lady Evelyn, Lord Carnarvon's daughter and one of the first into the tomb, died in 1980 at the age of about 79.

[2]-Montezuma's curse:-[ America]

Montezuma II (also spelled Moctezuma II) was Emperor of Mexico from 1502 to 1520 and was in power when the Spanish began their conquest of the Aztec Empire.


Map showing the expansion of the Aztec empire through conquest. The conquests of Moctezuma II are marked by the colour green (based on the maps by Ross Hassig in Aztec Warfare)

Moctezuma II, from Historia de la conquista de México by Antonio de Solis

Moctezuma II
Motecuhzoma Xocoyotl
Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
Moctezuma Mendoza.jpg
Moctezuma II in the Codex Mendoza
Bornabout 1466
DiedJune 29, 1520 (aged around 54)
Place of deathTenochtitlan
Another daughter

Spanish colonization of the Americas
History of conquest

Inter caetera
Pacific Northwest
Aztec Empire
Inca Empire
Diego de Almagro
Pedro de Alvarado
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
Sebastián de Belalcázar
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado
Hernán Cortés
Luis de Carabajal y Cueva
Juan Ponce de León
Francisco de Montejo
Pánfilo de Narváez
Juan de Oñate
Francisco de Orellana
Francisco Pizarro
Hernando de Soto
Pedro de Valdivia

Bernardino de Sahagún (1499–1590) mentions eight events, occurring prior to the arrival of the Spanish, which were interpreted as signs of a possible disaster, e.g. a comet, the burning of a temple, a crying ghostly woman, and others. Some speculate that the Aztecs were particularly susceptible to such ideas of doom and disaster because the particular year in which the Spanish arrived coincided with a "tying of years" ceremony at the end of a 52-year cycle in the Aztec calendar, which in Aztec belief was linked to changes, rebirth and dangerous events

First interactions with the Spanish

In 1517, Moctezuma received the first reports of Europeans landing on the east coast of his empire; this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalvawho had landed on San Juan de Ulúa, which although within Totonacterritory was under the auspices of the Aztec Empire. Moctezuma ordered that he be kept informed of any new sightings of foreigners at the coast and posted extra watch guards to accomplish this.
When Cortés arrived in 1519, Moctezuma was immediately informed and he sent emissaries to meet the newcomers, one of them known to be an Aztec noble named Tentlil in the Nahuatl language but referred to in the writings of Cortés and Bernal Díaz del Castillo as "Tendile". As the Spaniards approached Tenochtitlan they made an alliance with theTlaxcalteca, who were enemies of the Aztec Triple Alliance, and they helped instigate revolt in many towns under Aztec dominion. Moctezuma was aware of this and he sent gifts to the Spaniards, probably in order to show his superiority to the Spaniards and Tlaxcalteca.

On November 8, 1519, Moctezuma met Cortés on the causeway leading into Tenochtitlan and the two leaders exchanged gifts. Moctezuma gave Cortés the gift of an Aztec calendar, one disc of crafted gold and another of silver. Cortés later melted these down for their material value

 Host and prisoner of the Spaniards

Moctezuma brought Cortés to his palace where the Spaniards lived as his guests for several months. Moctezuma continued to govern his empire and even undertook conquests of new territory during the Spaniards' stay at Tenochtitlan.
At some time during that period Moctezuma became a prisoner in his own house. Exactly why this happened is not clear from the extant sources. The Aztec nobility reportedly became increasingly displeased with the large Spanish army staying in Tenochtitlan, and Moctezuma told Cortés that it would be best if they left. Shortly thereafter Cortés left to fight Pánfilo de Narváez and during his absence the massacre in the main temple turned the tense situation between the Spaniards and Aztecs into direct hostilities, and Moctezuma became a hostage used by the Spaniards to assure their security.


Moctezuma captured and imprisoned by Cortés
In the subsequent battles with the Spaniards after Cortés' return, Moctezuma was killed. The details of his death are unknown: different versions of his demise are given by different sources.

modern scholars  surmise that the Spanish killed Moctezuma once his inability to pacify the Aztec people had made him useless
 By the following year, the Aztec empire had entirely succumbed to the Spanis
spanish galleon carrying looted gold from south america to spain
 Cortés seems to ascribe to Moctezuma's retelling of the legend of Quetzalcoatl as a vengeful Messiah who would return to rule over the Mexico

post script:-

Though spanish and portuquese plundered the whole world in 1600's ;now see their plight .
Spain ,Portugal and Greece are suffering from financial turmoil and has to be supported with euro money by European union countries The curse of moctezuma

             [3]-CURSE OF THE EMPEROR 'INCA' The Lost Treasure of Ecuador[SOUTH AMERICA]

The province of Quito has a "river of emeralds" from quarries on whose banks the Incas acquired some of their gems but, generally speaking, the mines from which the ancient Peruvians wrested their most beautiful precious stones are unknown today The Incas had a source of emeralds in the Province of Esmeraldas north of Quito and many of today's emeralds are said to have come from this area.. Fabulous Inca treasures in the form of golden plates, cups, bowls and idols, chalices inlaid with precious emeralds, slabs of pure gold and leather casks filled with jewels lie cached in a gorge nearly a half-mile deep on the southern side of El Sangay, an active volcano on the outskirts of Quito at an altitude of 6,000 feet. The fabulous Inca hoard was then covered over with tons of volcanic rock and ashes, protected by their powerful and sacred "fire god" to be uncovered when the Spaniards were driven off their lands. The Inca ruler of the area of present-day Quito, hearing of the Spaniards stripping the treasures from the sacred temples, had all the treasures brought quickly to the shores of Lake Yaquarcocha.
According to a number of Indians who broke under torture at the hands of the Conquistadors, enough gold and silver to fill a building 60 feet by 65 feet by 12 feet high was flung into the middle of this lake. None of this treasure has ever been recovered. The citizens of Ecuador as well as the European residents of the official classes in Quito (around 1936) firmly believed that the great treasures belonging to the Inca Emperor Huayca Copac was sunk in a lake on the slopes of Pichincha, a great volcano which looms high over Quito.. Three days travel east of Oyacachi are ancient Indian burial mounds or tolas, and nearby a river that is rich in gold. Six hours of laborious panning here produced 2 ounces of gold to an adventurous prospector in 1964. The location is east of Quito to Cayambe, then farther east to the site. One of the lost emerald mines of the Incas was discovered then lost by Stewart Connelly several years ago. He mysteriously disappeared in 1924 taking the secret of the lost emerald mine with him.The supposed location is approximately 290 miles from Quito in the jungles of the Amazon and near what is now the Colombian-Ecuador border.Ancient Inca burial sites containing gold artifacts and pottery can be found in abundance in the area of the ancient village of Coaque on the north side of the Coaque River. In 1930 reports filtered out that an old Inca treasure cache had been tracked down to the Indian village of Nisac, near Alausi, on the slopes of the Andes Cordillera. The cache was supposedly the hiding place of the treasure of the last Inca Atahualpa. The cable added that a tribe of 700 Indians guarded this cache and that in 1929 the treasure hunters had found an Inca idol and skeletons. The expedition set out from the town of Rio Bamba.There were no further reports. On the outskirts of the little mountain village of Pillaro about 50 miles from Quito via Ambato lies a great plain reaching as far as the eye can see to the foothills of the rain-swept Llanganatis Mountains in the far distance. This vast area has been for thousands of years the burial ground of both Inca and pre-lnca civilizations and contains untold thousands of graves only a fraction of which have been opened. Deep in the Llanganati Mountains in central Ecuador lies a fabulous hoard of Inca treasure hidden by the Indians to keep it from the plundering Spaniards. The huge cache is believed secreted somewhere in the immediate vicinity of Cerro Hermosa. Somewhere on the wooded slopes of a volcanic crater close by an old Inca road in the Andes is a huge pre-Inca hoard of gold and silver images and ceremonial objects. The location of this ancient cache was known to a certain Juan Valverde a Spaniard who had married an Inca Indian's daughter from whom he had learned the secret. For many years Valverde disappeared for rather lengthy periods and after each return displayed ever-increasing signs of wealth. Juan Valverde eventually returned to Spain where he died during the 16th century. As a legacy to the King of Spain, he left a "derrotero", or treasure map showing the route to this great treasure but neither the two agents whom the king sent nor anyone since has ever been able to find the hoard

Throughout the past centuries, rivers have changed their course and earthquakes have drastically altered the terrain making Valverde's treasure map almost useless. Still, somewhere in this vast mountain range, the Inca treasure hoard remains hidden and invites seekers of fortune to accept the mighty challenge it offers.. Raw gold can be found in the Llanganati region in great quantities. Floods bring down masses of cliffs, and when the river subsides in a few hours in the Canelos region, one may find much gold deposited in the bed of the streams.In the land of the headhunters, the Jivaro tribe, in the virtually unknown region between the Napo and Pastaza Rivers, much virgin gold and many diamonds can be found. There is an immense amount of gold lying lost in the jungles and plains of Eastern Ecuador. When word that their emporer, Atahualpa, was murdered - by the Spaniards in 1534 - reached the 200 men carrying an enormous gold chain weighing over two tons, this and other priceless Inca treasure was carried along secret jungle trails, eventually being deposited in a deep gorge on the slopes of the volcano Sangay.. The Tayos Caves, a vast chain of caverns in southern Ecuador in Morona-Santiago Province, extend several miles into the earth. Legends say the caves form part of a vast underground network of fissures that might run as far south as Peru and are stacked with gold, silver and other hidden treasures..In the region of Loja lies an ancient abandoned Inca mine lost, perhaps, for centuries. A Quito geologist discovered the site only to die of a heart attack shortly afterward. Upon his examination of the old shaft, he told that his black light revealed an enormous deposit of tungsten as well as smaller quantities of gold, silver and copper in the mine. Since his death, searchers have failed to rediscover the lost lode. While circumnavigating the earth on a voyage of exploration, Sir Francis Drake, the Great British navigator who sometimes turned pirate, found time to amass more treasure than his ship, the Golden Hinde could safely transport. In 1573, after looting several Spanish towns on the western coast of South America, and securing the gold and silver cargoes of a large number of Spanish galleons, he put in at Plate Island (then Cano Island) in the Pacific Ocean on the north side of the island near a small spring of fresh water to careen, clean and overhaul his battle-scarred vessel before returning to England.When the work was complete it was obvious that the ship with its great cargo of looted gold and silver, was extremely overloaded and could never make the long voyage. So, to ensure a safe return to England, he ordered that the heavier cargo of the Golden Hinde be removed to lighten the load. In almost a festive atmosphere, the crew threw 45 tons of silver overboard in the shallow water near the shore of the island. The buccaneer Davis came to the island at a later date to put on a fresh supply of water, and his crew fished up 1500 pieces-of-eight using tallowed leads. Several years ago, in the 1930s, a man dredged up 18 tons of the silver which Drake had thrown overboard. The balance, 30 tons, remains on the bottom in 45 feet of water. A fabulous treasure is hidden on the island of La Plata off Ecuador's coast. It is connected with Alexander Selkirk, the freebooter who inspired Defoe to write Robinson Crusoe. Treasure consisting of gold, silver, diamonds and pearls, looted from a Spanish galleon and valued at several million dollars, was stacked in a cliff-cave near a creek and then covered over by large stones to conceal the entrance by the pirate Thomas Stradling around 1710. The location is on the Island de la Plata off the coasts of Peru and a little below Ecuador. The Capitana was a registry ship that was carrying the 1654 accumulation of South American treasure northward.She had taken on barrels and cases of registry gold and silver at Concepcion, Valparaiso, Arica, Callao and Guayaquil, and was on the last leg of her voyage to deliver this immense treasure to Panama when her hull was ripped open on the sharp edges of the Chanduy Reef, off Punta Santa Elena. The huge ship sank within minutes with nearly everyone aboard killed. The vessel carried an authenticated cargo of gold and silver worth between $3,000,000 and $5,000,000 and lies near the base of the reef.. The frigate Santa Leocadia sailed from Paita, Peru for Panama on November 7, 1800 carrying 2,100,000 pesos in registry gold and silver securely packed in chests. On November 16, she smashed onto a shoal 100 yards from the beach at Punta Santa Elena and slowly broke to pieces from the waves. Early-day salvagers recovered ninety percent of the treasure aboard and several cannon, but left behind six bronze cannon and more than 200,000 pesos in gold and silver - worth at least $250,000 today - under the south face of a reef 100 yards off the beach at Punta Santa Elena in 15 feet of water. An unidentified Spanish treasure galleon sank in 1648 miles off Santa Elena with a huge store of gold and silver bullion worth $13,000,000. On December 16, 1680, the Spanish galleon Santa Cruz sank off the rocks known as Los Ahorcados, Punta Santa Elena carrying $13,000,000 in treasure including silver plate and $30,000,000 in pieces-of-eight.. The San Jose sank in 1763 two miles offshore from the western point of Punta Santa Elena with $1,800,000 in gold and silver..To aid King Charles I of England in his struggle with Parliament during the time of the Cromwell Wars and perhaps thereby stop the growth of the Commonwealth and the spread of Protestantism over Europe, the Spanish government ordered the Viceroy of Peru to collect some $13,000,000 in gold and silver and send it to Charles. This treasure was loaded aboard a great galleon and sent on its way in 1648. But the ship sailed no farther than Punta Santa Elena, a short distance from the Guayaquil harbor, where it struck the dangerous Los Ahorcados reefs and promptly sank carrying its great cargo of gold and silver to the bottom. In the 1700's an attempt was made to recover the millions but after a few thousand dollars had been taken up, the native divers refused to go on with the work because of the large number of sharks. No recent attempts have been made to salvage this vast underwater treasure.Gold and silver coins from offshore wrecks are washed ashore on the beaches near Santa Elena after severe storms. An early chronicler describing the riches of the Incas said that there was a wonderful royal flower garden on an island near Puna to which the Incas retired when they wished to be near the sea. Its bushes, trees, plants and flowers were all made of pure gold and silver "of a magnificence never before conceived." After the fall of the Inca Empire this treasure storehouse suddenly disappeared. Similar gardens existed in other royal palaces but the Spaniard were privileged to see only this one.. $30,000,000 in treasure went down with a Spanish galleon in a storm in Manta Bay.The Spanish archives in Lima made this mention, "About three leagues from Solong are two rocks called Los Ahorcados appearing high and black beside these, north-northeast from Punta Santa Elena is a high rock of which to windward runs shoals for 1/2 mile underwater. It is about eight leagues from Punta Santa Elena and at this place and this rock this ship was lost. This rock is about two leagues from the mainland.. In 1684, an unidentified Spanish galleon sank off Punta Santa Elena carrying to the bottom $500,000 in treasure.The San Juan de Salvamento sank in 1655 about 1/2 mile off Sean Island in Mandregan Bay carrying $1,000,000 in gold and silver bullion. In 1932, in certain Inca tombs on the Alamos Ranche of Lorenzo Tous, about 140 gold nuggets as large as lemons were found, as well as a hoard of gold armour and jewels. Raw gold in unbelievable deposits lie in the many rivers that flow into the Amazon in the deep rain forest east of the Andes Mountains. The land is carefully guarded by the unpredictable and savage Auca Indians who kill intruders that enter their domain. The flakes and nuggets are said to line the river banks in enormous quantities.Valverde's Derrotero and Guzmans map are the keys to unlocking the location of Atahualpa Gold.---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Pirate Treasure on Roatan Island by Daryl Friesen[this treasure was looted from south and north american Indian kings by Spanish soldiers;and while being carried to spain in ships ,got lost]

Daryl Friesen leaves the jungles of Central America for the sunny beaches of the Caribbean. His destination: the ancient pirate headquarters of Roatan Island located just off the coast of Honduras. In this tale you will learn about the pirates of Roatan and the treasures they left behind as well as some of the forgotten excavations done by the famous explorer Mitchell Hedges. You will also learn about the discoveries he made which lead him to the conclusion that Roatan could be a piece of the legendary continent of Atlantis.
Rob and I stepped off the plane at the airport in Coxon Hole on to the shores of Roatan Island, one of the bay islands in the Gulf of Honduras. We were assaulted by taxi drivers all wanting to take us to the west end, a place which we were told in broken Spanish is the place where all gringos are supposed to go.
The West End is a popular tourist district where scuba divers stay from all over the world. Roatan Island is famous these days for its amazing scuba diving, but I wasn't here for a tropical diving trip. I was here to explore Roatan's forgotten history which to me is far more interesting than the diving, even though the reefs which surround Roatan are some of the most beautiful in the entire world.
Some of the first people to ever walk the shores of Roatan - next to the Payas, more on them later - were the pirates of the Spanish main. Roatan Island has seen some pretty historical figures in it's day. The most notorious being Sir Henry Morgan, who was said to have stopped on Roatan sometime in the late 1600s with his ships loaded with untold amounts of wealth.
My first destination on Roatan was Oakridge at the far end of the Island, a town worth a visit just to marvel at it's design. Oakridge is a very ancient town built on stilts all around the bay and you have to take water taxis to get anywhere. The locals there are nothing but friendly.
I mentioned Henry Morgan to our taxi driver as he was taking us across the bay to our hotel, the Reef House, and he wouldn't stop talking about how he believed all of Henry Morgan's treasure was still to be found on the island. I believe this story to be true because of just how much treasure has already been found on the Island.
One of the first people to ever find buried treasure on Roatan was an archaeologist named Mitchell Hedges, who did a lot of exploring around the Bay Islands back in the 1920s and 30s. Mitchell Hedges lived on Roatan for seven years and he learned the island very well. He was one of the first people to ever explore the pirate ruins of Old Port Royal. Here can be seen to this day the ruins of a pirate fortress which was used by Henry Morgan along with many other notorious pirates who roamed the shores of the Island.
It is a fact that near these ruins Mitchell Hedges discovered four chests filled to the brim with gold bullion, which were reaped from the Spanish by the pirates of Roatan. As the story goes, Mitchell Hedges' friend, known as Doctor Ball, was walking around one of the nearby keys near old Port Royal with a compass in hand. Suddenly the compass started going mad, with the needle spinning around in all different directions. He signalled for Mitchell Hedges who at the time was out in his boat the Amigo just offshore. He told him about the compass's behaviour and the two of them decided that the only thing that would make the compass behave in such a way was a large amount of metal buried under the surface of the key. The two men wasted no time and started digging like mad; within minutes the two explorers had unearthed two large wooden chests loaded to the brim with golden doubloons.
They kept digging after their discovery in a fever of excitement and much to their surprise discovered two more treasure chests of equal size. They placed the chests back in the ground for later recovery and searched the rest of the island with the compass. They found nothing.
Several hours later after making the discovery word came to Mitchell Hedges from one of his crew of excavaters that his discovery had been reported to the police in Coxen Hole by one of the locals, who must have witnessed them digging up the key.
The crew member also informed Mitchell Hedges that according to the rumours the police were going to investigate the dig site tomorrow morning. With these rumours in mind Mitchell Hedges, his daughter Sammy Hedges and Doctor Ball decided that it would be best not take any chances. So wasting no time the three explorers recovered three of the four chests that night and loaded them onto the Amigo and quickly set sail across swelling seas to the town of Belize which was then the capital of British Honduras.
Mitchell Hedges anchored the Amigo 150 miles off the coast of a small key and headed into the mainland on the Amigos extra boat. He returned several hours later with some lumber from which the expedition made three new chests for their treasure and dumped the old crusty ones into the sea. They then headed back inland and booked passage on a steamer that was headed for New York, their treasure safely stored in the cargo hold of the ship with the label Maya artifacts across the sides.
When the three explorers arrived in New York Mitchell Hedges sold off his lost treasure for the sum of $6,000,000 US. He then headed back to England where he bought himself a castle in the English countryside. Here he began work on his biography, Danger My Ally. In his book there is no mention of this incident.

A history of buried treasure on Coco's Island by Reagen Smith

[this treasure was looted from south and north american Indian kings by Spanish soldiers;and while being carried to spain in ships ,got lost]

The most adventurous treasure in the world must lie on Cocos Island. There are many versions of this treasure cache, and about as many suppositions as to where it is buried on the island. All of the details gleaned from a number of documents and sources are listed in the following account:
In 1820 when the revolt of Peru against Spain seemed imminent, the Governor and clergy in Lima entrusted their treasures to a Captain Thompson of the British brig, Mary Dear, for shipment to Mexico. The Loot of Lima consisted of a fabulous treasure from the cathedral and as worth some $60,000,000. Among the items were two life-sized statues of the Blessed Virgin holding the Divine Child, each cast in pure gold; 273 jeweled swords and candlesticks, and an enormous hoard too extensive to contemplate.
The lure of this immense treasure, however, proved too great for him; Thompson had his passengers killed, sailed to Cocos Island, some 400 miles off the coast of Costa Rica, and there buried the loot in a cave. Later, he joined forces with the pirate, Benito Bonito, and eventually was the only one on his ship to escape capture when it was attacked by a British warship. In 1844 he met and imparted his secret to a stranger named Keating, with whom he arranged an expedition to the island, but Thompson died before the departure, and Keating set sail with a Captain Bogue, master of the vessel. Keating and Bogue landed at Cocos Island and found the treasure, but their crew mutinied and the two men capsized while endeavoring to depart with as much of the treasure as they could carry. Bogue was drowned, Keating picked up by a passing vessel and taken to Newfoundland, where he later died.
One version of the waybill left by Captain Thompson to the Loot of Lima is given here. The 'bay' mentioned, located on the northeast, MAY be Chatham Bay: "Once there follow the coast line of the bay till you find a creek, where, at high water mark, you go up the bed of a stream which flows inland. Now you step out 70 paces, west by south, and against the skyline you will see a gap in the hills. From any other point, the gap is invisible. Turn north, and walk to a stream. You will now see a rock with a smooth face, rising sheer like a cliff. At the height of a man's shoulder, above the ground, you will see a hole large enough for you to insert your thumb. Thrust in an iron bar, twist it round in the cavity, and behind you will find a door which opens on the treasure."
This cache, as given by Captain Thompson on his death bed, according to a second version is: "Disembark in the Bay of Hope between two islets, in water 5 fathoms deep. Walk 350 paces along the course of the stream then turn north-northeast for 850 yards, stake, setting sun stake draws the silhouette of an eagle with wings spread. At the extremity of sun and shadow, cave marked with a cross. There lies the treasure."
Keating is said to have bequeathed his secret to a quartermaster, Nicholas Fitzgerald by name, who was so poor that he was never able to organize an expedition to Cocos. Fitzgerald's letter, reiterating the notes left by Keating, is preserved at the Nautical and Travelers' Club in Sydney, registered under No. 18, 755. In it, the following in instructions are given: "At two cable's lengths, south of the last watering-place, on three points. The cave is the one which is to be found under the second point. Christie, Ned and Anton have tried but none of the three has returned. Ned on his fourth dive found the entrance at 12 fathoms but did not emerge from his fifth dive. There are no octopuses but there are sharks. A path must be opened up to the cave from the west. I believe there has been a fall of rock at the entrance..
Another original document, found in the museum of Caracas, is the inventory left by Fitzgerald at Coiba: "We have buried at a depth of four feet in the red earth: 1 chest; altar trimmings of cloth of gold, with baldachins, monstrances, chalices, comprising 1,244 stones. 1 chest; 2 gold reliquaries weighing 120 pounds, with 624 topazes, cornelians and emeralds, 12 diamonds. 1 chest; 3 reliquaries of cast metal weighing 160 pounds, with 860 rubies and various stones, 19 diamonds. 1 chest; 4,000 doubloons of Spain marked 8. 5,000 crowns of Mexico. 124 swords, 64 dirks, 120 shoulder belts. 28 rondaches. 1 chest; 8 caskets of cedar-wood and silver, with 3,840 cut stones, rings, patents and 4,265 uncut stones. 28 feet to the northeast, at a depth of 8 feet in the yellow sand; 7 chests: with 22 candelabra in gold and silver weighing 250 pounds, and 164 rubies a foot. 12 armspans west, at a depth of 10 feet in the red earth; the seven-foot Virgin of gold, with the Child Jesus and her crown and pectoral of 780 pounds, rolled in her gold chasuble on which are 1,684 jewels. Three of these are 4-inch emeralds on the pectoral and 6 are 6-inch topazes on the crown. The seven crosses are of diamonds
124 swords, 64 dirks, 120 shoulder belts. 28 rondaches. 1 chest; 8 caskets of cedar-wood and silver, with 3,840 cut stones, RINGS, patents and 4,265 uncut ...
.The hiding place has been calculated to be within 100 yards of 5 degrees, 30 minutes, 17 seconds latitude north and 87 degrees, 0 minutes, 40 seconds longitude west, south of the Bay of Hope, north-northeast of Meule Island, possibly in a cave that is accessible at low tide.
One version states that the Loot of Lima is buried in 4 different caches all within 100 yards of each other in an area an eighth of a mile inland near Chatham Bay.
According to Keating's wife, the Loot of Lima was cached in a bay with a little beach shaped like a crescent, with black roots on either side and hidden from the open sea.
A German hermit, Heinz Hemmeter, who lived on the island for many years believed the hoard of treasure was lying at the bottom of a waterfall in a pool about 100 feet in circumference.
The treasure of the great Lima cathedral has been estimated to be worth some $60,000,000. The value of the State Treasury, which was also part of the cargo of the Mary Dear, cannot safely be estimated. Numerous expeditions have attempted to recover this great hoard of plunder, but all have failed, possibly due to the fact that landslides have occurred since Keating and Bogue departed, and have buried the treasure under tons of earth and rocks. Benito Bonito, or Benito of the Bloody Sword, supposedly buried a sizable collection of plunder on the island. In 1819 he landed at Acapulco port and captured a rich mule train loaded with treasure being sent from Mexico City. Disguised as a muleteer, he headed the treasure convoy to the coast where he loaded it into his boat, the Relampago.
He then sailed to Cocos where the vast hoard was buried some estimates evaluate his hoard in excess of $25,000,000. 300,000 pounds weight of silver bars, plate and coin was cached in a sandstone cave in the side of the mountain. He then placed kegs of powder on top of the cave and blew away the face of the cliff. The silver is reported to be buried on the north side of Wafer Bay.
In another excavation he placed 733 gold bars, 4 by 3 inches in size and 2 inches thick, 273 gold-hilted swords inlaid with jewels, and numerous articles of jeweled church ornaments and vessels.
In a third location, he buried several iron kettles filled with gold coin, this on a bit of land in the little river. On Cocos Island are several caches of treasure credited to various buccaneers and pirates, among whom was a certain Captain Edward Davis. Davis, a successful pirate who operated his ship, the Bachelor's Delight, along the western coast of South America, made at least two trips to the island, in 1684 and 1702, laden with plunder which he buried. Edward Davis landed John Cook's ship, the Bachelor's Delight at Chatham Bay in the late 1600's and left behind several chests of pirate loot.
Many ingots and pieces-of-eight obtained from Spanish towns in Peru and Chile by the pirate Edward Davis was cached on Cocos Island.In one cache he buried over 300,000 pounds of silver bar and plate. In another he "'put away 733 bars of gold, 7 kegs of gold coin and a quantity of church jewels and ornaments.A cache of treasure hidden by the pirate Benito Bonito was stashed in the caves under a projecting tongue of land on the north side of Wafer Bay. . The officers and crew of Benito's pirate rig, the Relampago, hid their share of the loot in neighboring parts of the island.
In 1845, a British explorer found an iron-bound chest high in a cave overlooking Wafer Bay which, when opened, spilled out a golden hoard of Spanish coins. Captain John Cook landed a ship loaded with loot at the island. It is believed that some, or all of this treasure, was left there.Sir Frances Drake frequently landed on the island and rumors persist that he cached treasure on Cocos.In the official Costa Rican survey of Cocos island in 1895, it was reported that, "There are signs of mineral wealth, and gold has been found. In 1793, there was a mysterious cryptic carving found on the island on one of the big boulders in Chatham Bay that various seamen observed upon landing there. It read:
Look Y. as you goe for ye S. Coco" with four branched crosses. The carving had originally been badly executed and had letters much defaced. Also found was the mark of a sombrero on a stone called by generations of treasure hunters, "Bonito's Hat". This could be a pirate's guide to his buried treasure cache. Freebooters frequently put in at Cocos Island for fresh water and for a supply of coconuts. Several buccaneers stopped here to give their crews an occasional holiday, and some of them are said to have buried treasure here.It has been reported that in l931, a Belgian treasure hunter found a 2 foot gold Madonna which he sold in New York for $11,000.
In 1939, an unconfirmed report said that one bar of gold, which sold for $35,000, was found in a small mountain stream near a waterfall on Cocos Island. More than 100 pounds of gold lie in Chatham Bay, treasure dug up in 1844 and lost in the water by two of the finders of the hoard on the island. Of questionable sources came the report that in the 1880s, soldiers found 80,000 dollars worth of money of all nations in silver and 30.000 dollars worth of English and French gold coins, "in a small excavation made in the face of a cliff (in Wafer Bay) about 12 feet square. The coin rotted away owing to the percolation of water through the roof of the cave." Then, lying apart was a pile of 300 silver ingots, and on top rotten clothing, a binnacle compass and a small brass cannon with the muzzle blown off. On another day the soldiers were ordered to blast the tap-root of a cedar tree near the shores of Wafer Bay.
Dislodged in the concussion, a ledge of rock in a tendril-covered cave, which brought down a small, heavy chest containing a number of gold ornaments, obviously looted by Bonito the pirate from south American churches. The cache seemed to have been privately made by one of his officers, for in the box were letters of Evan Jones, one of his gang and best friend. The hoard was valued at $10,000. How far in this story fact is mingled with fiction is hard to say.Legends say that Captain Kidd used Cocos Island as a burial place for treasure.Gold-bearing quartz was found in test drillings on Cocos Island by two mining engineers in 1933. The island of Cocos is honeycombed with caves and was frequently infested with pirates and buccaneers for several centuries. Many of these caverns are still unexplored. A persistent legend associated with Cocos Island concerns an Inca treasure which is still guarded by descendants of Inca leaders on Mount Iglesias, the highest point on the island. Finding a vast network of caves here, the Incas retreated to this sanctuary and remained hidden whenever a vessel approaches Coco's. The inca treasure has never been found.


Florida's Fabulous Treasures

[this treasure was looted from south and north american Indian kings by Spanish soldiers;and while being carried to spain in ships ,got lost]

Many researchers and historians claim that Florida contains more buried and sunken treasures than any other state. They have also put a price tag on these treasures, which amounts to a cool $165 million (1964). Florida, like all other states, has a fascinating and romantic history. Seven different flags have flown over her, not to mention the black flag of the pirates. Florida became the haven of many notorious pirates, including Blackbeard, Lafitte, Gasparilla, Kidd, Rackham, Bowlegs, Bonnett, and possibly even Morgan himself. They roamed the waters of the Caribbean Sea, and captured every ship in sight. Often, they brought their loot back to Florida, and buried it on some lonely shore. When they finally died, the location of their hidden wealth died with them. The majority of all buried treasure in Florida is the work of pirates.
Numerous wars have been fought in Florida and upon the waters around her. Men hastily buried their wealth when being pursued by the enemy. Valuables were lost or misplaced when the fighting started and were never found again. Naval battles accounted for the sinking of many ships with valuable cargoes, their resting-place to be forgotten in time. Some very valuable treasures were lost during the many wars in Florida.
Florida has survived through hundreds of hurricanes in the past four centuries, but many ships around her have not. From the year 1500 to 1960, hurricanes have sunk their quota of treasure-laden ships. These wrecked ships represent all nations, but the majority of them are Spanish galleons. They carried gold and silver from the New World to the Old, only to have their contents deposited on some jagged reef off Florida. Many gold doubloons and pieces-of-eight are awaiting a lucky finder on the Florida reefs.
Actually, there are two types of treasure hunting; buried treasure merely requires a shovel, but it is advisable to use a metal detector if success is to be achieved. Hunting sunken treasure becomes more expensive and complicated. Diving gear is needed and of course a boat is required. Only an experienced diver should go after sunken treasure. Luckily, Florida contains both types of treasures, thus enabling the prospective hunter to choose from a larger variety.
Florida has already yielded hundreds of lost treasures to many happy people. Among these are: A chest containing $25,000 in Mexican gold was found on Grassy Key. Miami has yielded some buried treasure. A road crew while building a new road near Cocoa found thirteen chests of treasure. $70,000 in silver coins were discovered on Lower Matecumbe Key, plus another 61 gold pieces were found by fishermen there. Dozens of pirate caches have been found on the West Coast of Florida. Millions of dollars have already been salvaged from the Spanish galleons off Florida. This is only a small sample of what has been unearthed and salvaged in Florida.

Florida Treasure Lore

• The most notorious and successful pirate was Jose Gaspar, better known as Gasparilla. His methods were black and bloody, and he stands out among all the pirates who used Florida to bury their wealth. Leaving Spain at an early age, he sailed to the West Coast of Florida. He soon picked a good spot in Charlotte Harbor, and began to build his pirate kingdom. His headquarters were at Boca Grande, on what is today known as Gasparilla Island. In the following years, he accumulated a board estimated at $30,000,000. It is said that he and his brother buried all of his money on the islands in and around Charlotte Harbor. In all, he buried 13 casks and chests of treasure in the vicinity of his headquarters. His men, who numbered in the hundreds, also buried their smaller caches on these islands.
All had been going along fine for Gasparilla until the year 1822. The American Government then decided to get into the act and sent a Navy squadron to end his career. One day Gasparilla prepared to attack a merchantman, but to his surprise, it turned out to be a United States man-of-war. When he finally realized that it was a warship, it was too late. The notorious pirate then committed suicide by wrapping a heavy chain around him and jumping over the side. His ship soon followed him to the watery depths. The ship contained $1,000,000 in assorted treasure, and should be there today. Charlotte Harbor is an ideal spot to go treasure hunting. Just pick any island and start digging, because Gasparilla’s loot is buried on many of them, including Cayo Pelau. (See Topo page.)
• For many years, there lived in a cabin on Shell Creek an old Spaniard named Juan Gonzalez (not to be confused with Juan Gomez). He claimed that he had pirated with Gasparilla and knew where the famous pirate had buried one of his treasure casks. He said, “that it was buried near the shore of Lettuce Lake,” (this is near Ft. Ogden, Florida) and “that it is worth several million dollars.” Shortly after the Civil War Gonzalez made a deal with two cattlemen to dig up the cask. When the two men went to Gonzalez’ cabin with a skiff on an oxcart as per agreement, he was too sick to go. When they returned a few days later, they found him lying on the floor, dead. After he was buried, they searched his cabin. All they found was a jar full of gold coins and an engraved copper chart. This engraving may be the key to the buried treasure, but nobody has ever been able to decipher it. (I have seen a picture of the copper chart myself, and it seems to be authentic.) Whoever deciphers the engraving correctly (text only) will be a few million dollars richer. This is one of the most interesting pirate treasures in Florida. (See Topo page.)
• There are many legends of pirate treasure associated with the Tampa Bay area. During the 1700's, a pirate named Caster used Egmont Key off Tampa Bay as a base of operations. Before being captured and beheaded by the Spanish, he buried a sizeable treasure near Egmont Key. Another legend tells of two long boats carrying loot which was supposedly buried on the banks of Sweetwater Creek, near Rocky Point on the east side of Tampa Bay.
• During the period between 1519 and 1617, when the Calusa Indians were at the height of their power, the King of Spain's “plate fleets” transported millions in New World gold, silver and precious stones. The leader of the Calusas was named Carlos, and he also ruled over a vast Indian federation that controlled the entire southern Florida coastal region. As tribute, the other Indians of the federation would give him most of the booty they collected whenever a ship sank along the eastern coast of Florida and they were able to salvage any of the cargo.
Accounts of Carlos’ wealth and power were recorded in the memoirs of a ship wrecked Spaniard. Hernando Fontaneda was only a boy of 13 en route to Spain when he found himself stranded on one of the Keys. He was soon taken captive by the Calusas and brought to the village of the chief, where he managed to amuse Carlos by performing songs and dances.
The young castaway’s life was spared and he spent the next 17 years as a member of the tribe. He learned several Indian dialects and served as a translator for Carlos in dealings with other tribes. Finally, when he was about 30, he managed to escape.
In the book entitled Narrative of Le Moyne, an artist who accompanied Laudonniere, mention is made of the proposed expedition that Fontaneda wanted to make back to try and recover some of the treasure Carlos had accumulated. “They (Fontaneda and his companion) also reported that he (Carlos) possessed a great store of gold and silver and that he kept it in a certain village in a pit not less than a man's height in depth and as large as a cask; and that, if I could make my way to the place with a hundred arquebusiers, they could put all the wealth into my hands besides what I might obtain from the richer of the natives.”
When Fontaneda eventually found passage to Spain, he wrote an account of his experiences in Florida and delivered it to the King of Spain. By doing this, he hoped to win favor and enter the King's service. In one section of Fontaneda's memoirs, dated 1575, there are several references to Calusa wrecking activity and the tribe's enormous wealth. The following is but one example: “I desire to speak of the riches found by the Indians of Ais, which perhaps were as much as a million dollars or over, in bars of silver, gold, and in articles of jewelry made by the hands of the Mexican Indians, which the passengers were bringing with them. These things Carlos divided with the caicques of Ais, Jeaga, Guacata, Mayajuaco and Mayaca, and he took what pleased him, or the best part.”
To this day, Florida historians, archaeologists and treasure hunters are still looking for leads to the tribe’s lost gold. It is known that Carlos’ village was near what is now called Charlotte Harbor, on the West Coast of Florida, near Fort Myers.
• Another pirate who made his headquarters near Charlotte Harbor was Black Caesar. He was a former slave who escaped to the West Coast of Florida. Soon afterwards he became leader of the pirates and built his base on Sanibel Island. It is said that he captured a Spanish galleon off Cuba, and brought it back to his stronghold. Among other things on the galleon was 26 tons of silver, which he quickly buried. This enormous hoard is supposedly on or near Sanibel Island.
• In 1798, Black Caesar buried a ship load of silver bars on the north end of Key Largo. This treasure had been captured from a Spanish Galleon en-route to Spain from Vera Cruz, Mexico. Black Caesar made the Spaniards dig a massive hole for the silver, then killed them all and buried them in the hole with the treasure.
• Calico Jack Rackham was another buccaneer who sailed the waters off Florida. Headquartering first in Cuba, he moved to the West Coast of Florida. Here, he buried his $2,000,000 treasure on an island some ten miles up either the Shark or Lostman’s River. (This treasure cache lie buried within the boundaries of the Everglades National Park and it is illegal to do any digging here.)
• In 1864, a U.S. gunboat chased a Confederate ship up the Suwannee River. As the Confederate vessel rounded the second bend of the river, the crew rolled off kegs of gold coins to prevent their capture by the Union gunboat.
• Apalachicola Bay... A Confederate blockade runner went down in the bay north of St. George Island, carrying $500,000 in silver bars and many Spanish coins.
• Steinhatchee River... Three Civil War treasures are buried along the Steinhatchee River, which empties into Dead Man Bay in Taylor County. A Confederate blockade-runner chased by a Union ship was scuttled at the mouth of the river. The crew buried $500,000 in silver close by. Another blockade-runner hiding near the mouth of the river buried $140,000 in gold coins when a Federal gunboat appeared. After the war, members of the crew returned to claim the money, but were unable to find the location because a flood had taken away the markers along the bank of the river. Union Soldiers buried a cache of gold coins five miles from the mouth of the river.
• On the northwestern coast of Florida is the site of Billy Bowlegs’ hoard. He was believed to be one of Lafitte’s top men and for some time lived near New Orleans. After the Battle of New Orleans, he cut his ties with Lafitte and set out on his own. Moving to Santa Rosa Island near Pensacola, he started his own pirate kingdom. After accumulating much treasure, he decided to bury it. Thus, on a small island in Santa Rosa Sound, he buried most of his gold and silver bars. Nearby on the mainland, he deposited the bulk of his coins. In the hold of his ship was another million dollars in miscellaneous loot. This ship was later sunk, and has never been recovered. Billy Bowlegs’ treasure awaits discovery by some very lucky finder.
• The pirate Louis Aury is said to have buried several chests near a freshwater spring located on a small bluff in Clearwater Bay. While operating out of the northern end of Anclote Key, Aury was alleged to have buried loot on the Anclote River as well as on Honeymoon Island and Seahorse Key. In 1817, after taking over Amelia Island, he was known to have secreted a chest containing an estimated $60,000 in treasure. After surrendering to U.S. forces, he was given only 24 hours to leave the island, and was unable to retrieve this hoard.
• Amelia Island lies on the northeastern coast of Florida and pirate treasure almost grows on trees there. Blackbeard, Kidd, Lafitte and Aury have at one time or another used this island as their center of operations. Approximately $170,000 in treasures has already been found, but this is only a small portion compared to what is still buried. This is a very attractive island for the treasure hunter.
• Ex-pirate Juan Gomez lived on Panther Key, until the ripe old age of 120. On numerous occasions he claimed that lumps of melted gold were hidden under the roots of a tree on the island. (This island is also in the Everglades National Park.)
• Another of Gasparilla’s undiscovered treasures, amounting to several thousand dollars, was buried on Anastasia Island, south of Matanzas Inlet. The site was recorded as being a three-hour walk south of St. Augustine. It has been stated that he never returned for the chest.
• A map in the Spanish Archives shows a large chest from a wrecked ship was buried in the mid-1600’s somewhere in the Murdock Point area on Cayo Costa Island. Located some 100' from the Gulf of Mexico, the Spanish were unable to locate the chest. Also, in Boca Grande Pass on the north end of Cayo Costa an American frigate with $3,000,000 in minted U.S. gold coins sank in 1823.
• There were reports that when they were first dredging the Venice Inlet, a shipwreck was struck with the clam bucket dredge and gold coins were being picked up from the sand piles. A scan of old newspapers might confirm this story.
• After tropical storms, Spanish coins have been washing up on the beach at Stump Pass, just SW of Grove City. The dates are running from l754-l762, and the coins are in good condition. A gold 8 Escudo with a similar date was recovered in the water from the same area.
• Spanish gold coins were found on the beach at Longboat Key near Sarasota, after a dredger pumped in sand from off-shore.
• The area south of the Hillsboro Inlet to the Pompano Beach Pier has yielded artifacts over the years. Cob coins and a 17th-century Spanish cannon have been found here. There are many stories of gold and silver coins having been found here in the 1950's. The coins may have come from one of the 1715 Fleet vessels, or possibly from a vessel that had salvaged the fleet and was returning to Havana. Recently a dredge at the inlet has dredged up coins from the 1715 period.
• Boca Raton, located south of Palm Beach, is the site of two separate treasures. Blackbeard buried $2,000 in casks near the Boca Raton Inlet. These casks may be in submerged caverns. When a Spanish galleon was wrecked near here, the surviving seamen saved a large chest and buried it on the beach at Boca Raton.
• The members of the Ashley gang were notorious bank robbers who terrorized the citizens of Florida, during the early part of the 20th century. They succeeded in stealing over $100,000 in cash and it is believed buried near their headquarters. This was near Canal Point at the southern tip of Lake Okeechobee. All the members of the gang were shot to death, but their loot has never been found.
• DeLeon Springs is the location of a treasure chest lost by unknown persons. In the 1890’s, a chest was seen on the bottom of Ponce deLeon Springs. It soon fell into one of the submerged caves and could not be recovered. The chest has eluded divers ever since.
• Three silver church bells were buried by Spanish padres in 1586, somewhere in the present city park area of St. Augustine, to keep them from Sir Francis Drake. The padres were killed, and the location of the silver bells lost.
St. Augustine
• In 1702-1704, the British, under Governor James Moore of Carolina, raid Spanish settlements including a 52-day siege of St. Augustine. The town is captured, but the fort is not. Many of the people buried their valuables, and were later killed.
• In 1894, a merchant named Richard Crowe died in St. Augustine, leaving a will stating he buried $60,000 in gold coins on his property. Searchers were unable to locate the treasure.
• A Spaniard named Don Felipe, is known to have buried the family silver, along with a large amount of gold coins, on his plantation during the Seminole war before he was killed by Indians. Located 2 miles NW of Ocala.
• Eight barrels of English coins amounting to $100,000 were buried near present-day Cross City and State Road 19/98, by two Bahamian traders before they were hung by General Andrew Jackson for selling arms to the Seminole Indians in the 1830's. Reportedly this treasure was buried near the junction of two streams on the northern edge of the town.
• During the dry season in the year 1907, a treasure chest was first spotted lying in a swampy area surrounded by quicksand between the Atlantic Ocean and Indian River. Many treasure hunters since have tried unsuccessfully to retrieve it. Survivors of one of several old shipwrecks lying nearby may have buried the chest. Located on the outer banks close to state A1A, 8 miles south of Vero Beach.
• In 1865, Captain John Riley and a detachment of Confederate troops were sent from Kentucky with a half ton of gold bullion to be transported to Fort Mead, Florida, and then on to Havana, Cuba. As Union troops advanced through Florida, the Confederate band fled into the Everglades, buried the gold at the last camping place, and continued their flight.
In September, 1944, it was reported that State Game Officer L. P. Harvey led a small party into the Everglades and located what they believed to have been the last camping place of the Confederates, almost hidden by undergrowth but identified by Confederate relics found there. The site was described as being located at the point of an angle formed by a line 40 miles due west of Ft. Lauderdale, and another line due northwest of the Miami City Hall until it met the first line. This would place the treasure on a Seminole Indian Reservation in west central Broward County.
• Down in Key West, there lived in the 1870’s a middle-aged man of German extraction. His name was Homer Ludwig, and while most of his younger years had been spent at sea, it is said that he “jumped ship” at Key West, and became one of the town's handymen. For the next 20 years he eked out a bare living, by doing odd jobs, and spent his spare time studying the history of the Island City. One day in early 1890’s Homer bought a small and decrepit sailboat and began to spend his spare time patching it up. To those who took the trouble to ask why he wanted a boat, he would explain that he intended to go treasure hunting. He claimed to have learned the location of a money chest removed from a vessel wrecked on a reef. He would talk at length about how the captain of the doomed ship had carried the money ashore, and buried it in the sand for safe keeping, intending to return with another vessel and reclaim the treasure. The captain never returned.
Several weeks later, Homer set sail in his little catboat and was never seen at Key West again. A fisherman had seen the old fellow on the beach of Big Pine Key, and a little later a yacht had sighted a man of Homer’s description at Matecumbe Key. A year later a couple of Key Westers met Homer on the beach at Key Largo. The old man had build himself a shack of driftwood and palm fronds, and he seemed fit and hard as nails. The old man was living on Key Largo about five years when it was discovered how he was getting money. A fellow who ran a general store in Miami said that Homer was selling old gold and silver coins, a few at a time, to a coin dealer on Flagler Street. He’d get maybe 50 or 100 dollars for the coins and then go buy what he needed. Then he would sail back to Key Largo. One day in September 1909, old Homer got into his boat and started hoisting the sail. A couple of fishermen told him he’d better stay ashore, because a bad storm was building up. The old fellow wouldn’t listen, and he shoved off and headed north. He was probably making another trip to Miami, but he never got there. That night the storm came howling up the Keys, and Homer was never heard of again. The secret of where the treasure was hidden went with him. Somewhere on Key Largo the rest of that old Spanish treasure is waiting for a second finder.
• A man lived on Elliot Key and boated to Miami for supplies. One time a storm came up and he beached on a very shallow reef to pick up ballast rocks to help his catboat. He docked at Biscayne and 79 St., which was known as Sea Ray boat docks. He piled the ballast on the dock, and it sat there 6 months. One day he scraped one to discover they were encrusted silver bars. He died without finding where he found them, but the area suspected was the Dry Rocks off Upper Elliot Key.
• Florida in the 1830's was a battleground with the U. S. army engaged in a war against the Seminole Indians. It was not a place you would have expected to find a young inventor from Paterson, New Jersey, promoting his products. His name was Samuel Colt and he was selling guns.
Colt felt that his 8-shot revolving-cylinder carbines would find instant favor among men armed with single-shot rifles. But his success was limited. He sold a few handguns to officers, but his only quantity order was from Gen. Thomas S. Jessup for 50 carbines and more than half of them may be in a Florida swamp today, awaiting some lucky treasure hunter with a metal detector.
In a letter dated November 8, 1850, Col. Harney of the 2nd U. S. Dragoons reported; “Gen. Jessup ordered the purchase of 50 and they were placed in my hands . . . they were the first ever used or manufactured. Thirty of them were lost at Caloosahatchee . . .”
Stories vary as to just how the carbines were lost. One persistent version has it that the arms, still in their oak, zinc-lined, grease-filled cases, were lost when the canoes in which they were being transported were capsized during an Indian attack. If this is so, it's likely the guns may be in good condition today. Harney Point is part of present day Cape Coral.

Florida Shipwrecks
Florida Treasure
Spain was the first nation to benefit from the discovery of the New World. The Spanish conquered Mexico, Central America and South America, and their investment is these newly acquired countries began to pay off with interest. Silver and gold were discovered, and shipments of these precious metals were soon on their way back to Spain. In a few short years, Spain became the richest country in the world.
Each year, large fleets of Spanish galleons were seen voyaging back and forth between Spain and America. These treasure ships carried millions of dollars in gold, silver, platinum and precious stones. Often, hurricanes cut the voyages short and left the galleons on the ocean bottom. In many cases, everything was lost including men, galleons, and treasure. Although the men and galleons have long since disappeared, the treasure may still remain.
Two fleets sailed every year from Mexico and South America, and were accompanied by two warships. The two war galleons were called the Capitana and Almiranta, and each carried about $2,000,000 in treasure. The fleet that sailed from Mexico was called the New Spain Armada, and the other one that sailed from South America was known as the Tierra Firme Armada. Each Armada would first sail to Havana, and then on to Spain. Sometimes, both armadas would combine at Havana before leaving for Spain.
After leaving Havana, the treasure fleets would sail along the coast of Florida before turning eastward. At this point in the journey, many of the galleons were sunk by hurricanes. Today, the remains of these galleons are being found regularly, and their treasures are gradually coming up to the surface. Although many of these galleons have already been discovered, there are dozens that have not.
Below are listed both discovered and undiscovered shipwrecks* off the Florida coast.
• In 1555, only one ship, the “Santa Maria Del Camino,“ 200 tons, commanded by Captain Alonzo Martin Morejon, was dispatched to Nombre de Dios in Panama to pick up all of that year's treasures from South America. She took on 1.8 million pesos in gold and silver in Panama and then an unspecified amount of gold, emeralds and pearls in Cartagena, Colombia. A hurricane drove the ship ashore and it was dashed to pieces near St. Lucie Inlet on the east coast of Florida. Indians massacred most of the survivors, but kept some of them prisoners until they were rescued several years later by Spaniards from Havana, who were searching for ambergris.

Gold emerald cross found by Teddy Tucker off Bermuda.
• In 1563, the 250 ton galleon, “La Madalena,” commanded by Capt. Cristobel Rodriquez, was returning to Spain from Veracruz, Mexico and Havana. She was cast up on a shoal during a bad storm and of the 300 odd souls aboard her, only 16 survived in the small-boat. At the time she carried over 50 tons of silver in bullion and specie (coins), 170 boxes of worked silver (like candle sticks, plates, etc.), 1,110 pounds of gold in small ingots and jewelry, plus other valuables belonging to passengers. Unfortunately, or fortunately, depending on how you look at it, all of her cannon were bronze. This makes finding her more difficult as a magnetometer can only detect ferrous metals. Hopefully she went down with some of her iron anchors still aboard. The good side is that bronze cannon from this period, depending on the amount of ornamentation and markings on them, can bring as much as $30,000 each and she carried 28 of them. Six months after being lost a salvage vessel was sent up from Havana but failed to find any traces of her or her cargo. A shrimp boat snagged into a bronze cannon in the general area she was lost and the gun just happens to date from this period. The gun was sold to a private collector for $15,000 but could have netted twice this amount if sold to a museum or in an auction. Another bronze cannon was also accidentally brought up in a shrimper's net within two miles of the other, but it dated from the mid-1770's and was from another wreck. Within five miles from where both guns were found, a chest of some 3,000 Spanish four and eight real coins, dating between 1748 and 1751 were also accidentally brought up in a shrimper's net.

• In 1571, two galleons, the “San Ignacio,” 300 tons, Capt. Juan de Canovas, with 22 iron cannon; and the “Santa Maria de la Limpia Concepcion,” 340 tons, captain's name unknown, were wrecked during a storm with almost a total loss of lives on both ships. Between them they carried over 2,500,000 pesos in treasure but the documents didn't specify how much gold and silver made up this total. A “peso” was not a coin in those days but a unit of monetary value, equaled to 1 1/8 ounce troy of silver. The gold to silver ratio was 16:1. Both were very rich ships when lost. All salvors found were wooden fragments of one or both wrecks up on the shore when they reached the area several months after the disaster. The survivors reached St. Augustine in two longboats.

• In 1589, for protection against an English squadron, which was known to be waiting for the returning Spanish ships from the West Indies, at the King's orders, the Armada and Flota de Tierra Firme and the Flota de Nueva Espana joined together in Havana, forming a very large convoy of about 100 ships which sailed from Havana on the 9th of September. Soon after entering the Bahama Channel, the convoy was struck by a hurricane. Shortly after the hurricane began, the Almiranta of the Flota de Tierra Firme, “La Magdalena,“ 650 tons, commanded by Captain Antonio Jorge Laden with over 1.25 million pesos in treasure, developed a bad leak and fired cannon for assistance. The galleon went down north of Miami in very deep water, and all but three of the 700 people aboard drowned before any aid could reach them. While running before the hurricane up the Bahama Channel, three merchant naos also sank in thirty fathoms of water in about thirty degrees of latitude. Only the names of two of them were given in the documents: “Santa Catalina,“ 350 tons, Captain Domingo Ianez Ome, owned by Fernando Ome, coming from Mexico; and the “Jesus Maria,“ 400 tons, Captain Francisco Salvago, owned by Domingo Sauli, also coming from Mexico. There is no mention of what their cargoes consisted, but it is certain that the Almiranta, at least, was carrying treasure.

• In 1600, an unnamed 200 ton ship commanded by a Captain Diego Rodriquez Garrucho, coming from Mexico and Havana, was wrecked due to faulty navigation and only seven men and a boy made it ashore on pieces of wreckage. She was carrying over 700,000 pesos in treasure, including 245 chests of valuable goods from the Orient. These goods would have been brought over on the Manila Galleons and consisted of Chinese porcelain, beautiful worked pieces of gold and jewelry, precious stones, etc. Salvors located the site in 1602, and raised three bronze cannons off her, but nothing more as her cargo had already been buried. Another attempt was made in 1603, but no trace of her was found.

• In 1611, on the 2nd of June the Santa Ana Maria del Juncal, owned by Bernardo de Torres sank off Cabo de Apalachi. It was carrying several million pesos in silver bullion and specie. The ship was one in the convoy of the New Spain Flota commanded by Captain General the Marguis de Cadereyta. Some salvage was undertaken, but very little was salvaged as the ship broke up quickly.

• In 1624, the Spanish galleon “El Espiritu Santo El Mayor,“ 480 tons, commanded by Captain Antonio de Soto, owned by Juan de Olozabal, was lost in the Bahama Channel. She was one of more than forty ships of the Tierra Firme treasure fleet under the command of Don Antonio de Oquendo. The fleet sailed from Havana, and as it entered the Bahama Channel, a sudden squall struck. When the fierce storm was over, the “El Espiritu Santo El Mayor“ and her cargo of 2.2 million pesos had disappeared without a trace in deep water. Also lost, the “Santissima Trinidad,“ Almiranta of the Tierra Firme fleet, Captain Ysidro de Cepeda, 600 tons.

Gold Chalice
• In 1622, the Tierra Firme flota of twenty-eight ships left Havana bound for Spain. With it was carried the wealth of an empire; Silver from Peru and Mexico, gold and emeralds from Colombia, pearls from Venezuela. Each ship carried its crew, soldiers, passengers, and all the necessary materials and provisions for a successful voyage. The following day, the fleet found itself being overtaken by a hurricane as it entered the Florida straits. By the morning of September 6th, eight of these vessels lay broken on the ocean floor, scattered from the Marquesas Keys to the Dry Tortugas. On October 5th, a second hurricane came through, and further destroyed the wreck of the “Atocha.“ For the next 60 years, Spanish salvagers searched for the galleon, but they never found a trace. The “Atocha“ was loaded with a cargo of 24 tons of silver bullion in 1038 ingots, 180,00 pesos of silver coins, 582 copper ingots, 125 gold bars and discs, 350 chests of indigo, 525 bales of tobacco, 20 bronze cannon and 1,200 pounds of worked silverware. To this can be added items being smuggled to avoid taxation, and unregistered jewelry and personal goods. The “Santa Margarita,” sank off the Dry Tortugas with $1,000,000 aboard. The “Rosario,” sank off the Dry Tortugas. The wrecks are located west of the Florida Keys, and some have been found and salvaged by Mel Fisher.

Spanish Galleon
• In 1683, the 700 ton galleon, “Santissima Concepcion,” alias “El Grande,” commanded by Admiral Manual Ortiz Arosemena, heading for Spain after taking on treasures at Porto Bello, Panama; Cartagena, Colombia; Veracruz, Mexico; and making a stop at Havana, was totally destroyed after striking a shallow during a hurricane somewhere below the “Cape.” Of the 500 or more souls aboard her only four reached the coast on debris and made it to St. Augustine with great hardships. She was carrying over 1,800,000 pesos in treasure, the majority of which was silver bullion and specie. Her total gold consisting of bullion, specie and worked gold only weighed at around 1,500 pounds. However, gold was the most common object being smuggled and she probably carried ten times this amount as contraband. She also carried 77 chests of pearls, 49 chests of emeralds, 217 chests of “goods from the Orient,” and other valuables belonging to private persons (passengers). Repeated attempts to locate her were made almost yearly up until 1701. The only treasure ever found was a chest of clothes that washed ashore right after the disaster in which “some 1,500 pesos in unregistered gold jewelry” was discovered by soldiers sent down from St. Augustine. All her cannon were bronze.

Spanish Galleons
• In 1715, a fleet of 12 ships sailed from the harbor of Havana, Cuba en route to Spain. Their plan was to follow the Gulf Stream north along the east coast of Florida continuing northward until they would eventually turn eastward to sail toward Spain. Five of the twelve ships were the New Spain Flota commanded by Captain General Don Juan Esteban de Ubilla and six ships were the Squadron of Tierra Firme commanded by Captain General Don Antonio de Echeverz y Subiza. The twelfth ship, the Grifon, was a French ship which just happened to be sailing when the others were leaving and it received permission to sail with them. During the night of July 30th the Fleet was struck by a hurricane on the east coast of Florida along the section which is now between Fort Pierce and the Sebastian Inlet. Eleven of the ships were wrecked and sank with only the Grifon escaping because it had sailed ahead of the others and somehow missed the worst of the storm. Over 1,000 people were killed but almost 1,500 survived although some of the initial survivors died due to thirst, hunger or exposure before help arrived from Cuba and St. Augustine. In the mid-1960's, Real Eight Company found some of the shallow water wrecks between Sebastian Inlet and Ft. Pierce. In later years, Mel Fisher also salvaged these wrecks, and they are still bringing up artifacts. Over the years, treasure hunters have been finding pieces-of-eight and gold doubloons along the beaches after storms. It is believed that some of the galleons sank in deep water and could not be salvaged by the Spanish. A large quantity of gold and silver may still lie in deep water off our rocket pads at Cape Kennedy.

1732 Pillar Dollar
• In 1733, a terrible disaster struck the Spanish Armada. In July of that year, the New Spanish Armada was hit by a hurricane of such force that 20 galleons were sunk in the Florida Keys. The Spaniards wasted no time in getting up salvage operations, and they succeeded in raising $12,000,000 in treasure. After three years of work, only $4,000,000 in gold and silver remained in the wrecks. Many of these galleons have recently been found by Scuba divers, but only a small portion of the treasure has come to light. The following are wrecked galleons of the 1733 Armada: 1. “El Aviso,” a dispatch boat and is located on the south end of Pacific Reef. 2. “El Infante,” was a 60-gun galleon and the position is on Little Conch Reef. 3. “San Jose,” is thought to be the Capitana and is on Crocker Reef. 4. Seven merchantmen were sunk between Upper Matecumbe and Long Key. 5. “Almiranta,” a 58-gun galleon and is off Long Key Point. 6. “San Fernando,” another merchantmen, and is somewhere off Grassy Key in 40 feet of water. These are most of the 1733 shipwrecks, and all are in comparatively shallow water (10 to 40 feet). Any one of them could hold a large amount of treasure.

Notre Dame de la Deliverance
• In 1755, a period when no Spanish ships were available to carry treasure to Spain, as Spain and England were at war, a French ship named “Notre Dame de la Deliverance” disappeared without a trace somewhere between Havana and Cadiz. Her cargo consisted of 1,170 pounds of gold bullion carried in seventeen chests, 15,399 gold doubloons, 153 gold snuff boxes weighing 6 ounces each, a gold-hilted sword, a gold watch, 1,072,000 pieces of eight, 764 ounces of virgin silver, 31 pounds of silver ore, a large number of items made of silver, six pairs of diamond earrings, a diamond ring, several chests of precious stones, plus general cargo consisting of Chinese fans, cocoa, drugs, and indigo. (Update: This ship may have been found off Key West in 2002.)

• Many years ago a fisherman was cruising over the outer reef off Boca Raton Inlet and saw what appeared to be an ancient ship partly covered with sand. After telling the story to his friends, a company was formed and a diver engaged. There, lying on the bottom of the sea in about 60 feet of water, they located the wreck of an old ship, undoubtedly uncovered by the hurricane of the previous fall. The diver went down and chopped a hole in the hull of the ship and brought up what appeared to be a bar of iron, reporting that the wreck was filled with those bars. A more careful examination proved that the bar was pure silver. Additional equipment was secured and plans made to remove the entire treasure, but severe weather prevented immediate return and they were forced to wait for a calm sea.
When the old ship was finally located once more, it had sunk deeper in the sand. Dynamite was used in an attempt to break up the wreck, but this blast only caused it to sink deeper and it was finally swallowed up and no more silver was obtained. All traces of the wreck have long since disappeared, and unless it may be uncovered by another storm, somewhere off Boca Raton, buried in the depths of the ocean, is a fortune that may never be recovered.

*Shipwreck Source - “Spanish Treasure in Florida Waters,” by Robert F. Marx.


Saturday, July 21, 2012

 silver lining under the sea[ Britain takesIndian silver]

William J. Broad
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UNDERWATER RICHES: Silver ingots at the site of the SS Gairsoppa
Photo: AP/Odyssey Marine Inc UNDERWATER RICHES: Silver ingots at the site of the SS Gairsoppa wreckage.
Britain has recovered tonnes of silver from the wreckage of SS Gairsoppa, sunk by a German U-boat in 1941 while carrying the bullion from India
It doesn’t glisten, but it does have a story to tell.
Forty-eight tonnes of silver bullion that spent more than 70 years at the bottom of the North Atlantic have been hauled to the surface and returned to its rightful owner, the British government,[India is the owner  and Britain just a colonial looter]according to the company that recovered it. And much more will be on its way soon.
The silver was recovered from the SS Gairsoppa, which was carrying the riches to England from India in 1941 when a Nazi torpedo struck. The ship went down about 300 miles southwest of Ireland in waters 2.9 miles deep — lower than the resting place of the Titanic.
On Wednesday, a maritime recovery company, Odyssey Marine Exploration of Tampa, Florida, said it had succeeded in removing about 43 per cent of the insured silver aboard the rusting hulk and 20 per cent of the total silver that its research indicates might be on board. The company said it planned to return quickly to the site for another round of recovery.
Greg Stemm, the chief executive of Odyssey, said it was the heaviest and deepest cargo of precious metal ever lifted from a shipwreck. The haul, he said, demonstrates that marine technologies have improved to the point that no sunken ship is too deep and no cargo too large for retrieval.
“People have been worried about the technology,” Mr. Stemm said in an interview. “This shows that we have it under control. We can pick up large amounts of silver.”
Mike Penning, a Minister at the British Department for Transport (a successor to the Ministry of War Transport), which hired Odyssey, said in a statement that he welcomed the company’s “hard work in the salvage operation” and its successful “recovery of the valuable cargo.”
Riches found in the deep sea often lie undisturbed because lifting them is too difficult. In 1995, treasure hunters located a lost submarine carrying two tonnes of gold. It remains on the bottom.
But Odyssey is under contract to the British government, which took possession of the recovered silver on Wednesday. A total of 1,203 silver bars were loaded onto three large trucks at Bristol, England, and taken to an undisclosed location for secure storage and processing.
Mr. Stemm said the old bars exhibited none of the shimmering patina usually associated with fresh silver. “It’s been underwater so long, it could be mistaken for iron,” he said.
Odyssey invested its own money in finding the ship and will split the profits, the company getting 80 per cent of the silver’s value and the British government 20 per cent. The company which is listed on the Nasdaq exchange and announced the silver’s recovery before trading began Wednesday disclosed the shipwreck’s discovery last fall.
At Wednesday’s market value, the 1.4 million troy ounces of silver (48 tonnes) recovered so far would fetch about $38 million.
Odyssey says the Gairsoppa held up to 240 tonnes of silver, which could fetch as much as $190 million at today’s rates.
The technologies now speeding such endeavours include new generations of tethered robots, lights and claws that can withstand the crushing pressures of the deep, as well as powerful computers that coordinate the distant but delicate action.
Mr. Stemm said that one of the less conspicuous advances centred on the composition of the long cables lowered from the recovery ship to the assembly point on the bottom next to a rusting shipwreck. Long steel cables, he noted, can break under their own immense weight. His company now uses a kind of plastic cable called Dyneema that is as strong as steel but weightless in seawater.
The Gairsoppa, a vessel of the British Indian Steam Navigation Co., was named for a spectacular waterfall near India’s western coast. In December 1940, it sailed from Calcutta, now called Kolkata, laden with tea, iron and tonnes of silver. In Freetown, Sierra Leone, the ship joined a military convoy headed to the British Isles and the contested waters of the North Atlantic.
The steamship, 412 feet long, had 83 crewmen and two gunners on board, according to Lloyd’s of London, which compiles information about cargos lost in war.
High winds and a heavy swell forced the Gairsoppa to slow.
As the weather deteriorated, the captain judged that the wallowing ship had insufficient coal to make it to Liverpool and broke from the convoy for Galway, in western Ireland.
On February 17, 1941, a German U-boat attacked. A single torpedo ripped through the Gairsoppa’s hull and exploded, causing the forward mast to topple and the antenna to snap, cutting off the ship from the world. The U-boat opened fire as the Gairsoppa sank.
All 85 men died save one the second officer, who survived 13 days in a lifeboat.
In recent years, the famous cargo began to beckon as technological strides made it easier to find lost vessels. At least one company tried, and failed, to find the shipwreck.
In early 2010, Odyssey won an exclusive contract from Britain’s Department for Transport to salvage the silver. Last summer, it hired a Russian ship and performed a preliminary survey in international waters, finding what it considered solid clues.
Later, the company took its main ship, the Odyssey Explorer, to investigate the area. Its tethered robot took three and a half hours to descend 2.9 miles through dark waters to the muddy seabed. Then came a eureka moment, when the robot found a gaping hole where the torpedo had struck.
The project’s success so far has elated Odyssey about the possibilities for other shipwrecks.
“There are billions of dollars worth of cargos that have been considered unrecoverable,” Mr. Stemm said. “This opens up the entire ocean floor.” — New York Times News Service


This will be some boost for cash starved UK. Will this looted silver from Imperial times be returned or shared with India ?
from:  Avinash
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 05:07 IST
Can India claim this money or silver bars from UK or from the Insurance Firm?
from:  R.Ramaswamy
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 07:29 IST
The whole lot belongs to India and so the Indian Government should bring back the bullions back to India from Britain. Hope the Dr. Manmohan singh will act on this atleast....
from:  L. Saravanan
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 09:11 IST
That silver is made from Indian Labour. It should be handed over to India, not British.
from:  Chidambar Rao Bhukya
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 09:13 IST
Shouldn't the GOI pitch to get this colonial loot back to its rightful owner, that is India!
from:  P.S. Swaminathan
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 09:35 IST
Its just an example of how rich India was how golden its era were before..... The percentage of this looted Silver will come only below 1% if Compared with all the goods which were looted from Here..not only the english men,mugal attackers,portugese dutch etc etc....
from:  Roopesh
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 09:48 IST
Since the Gold and Silver is being carried from India to Britain on the
Gairsoppa which was torpedoed by the German ship and sank the same along
with the cargo and the crew and now it is being detected and therefore
the wealth should be returned to India after amicable settlement with
the company which which unearth the booty and taken out from the deep
from:  Joginder Singh Gorakhpur
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 10:11 IST
For those in the western world who still believe the British rule in India was a fair deal, they don't need to look further for evidence. For those who still believe that the Kohinoor diamond adorning the Queen's crown was gifted by a seven year old boy, also don't need to look any further.
from:  Murali
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 10:22 IST
This is the visual proof of how British colonies looted India and many
other countries and have enriched themselves.
from:  Saurav Gupta
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 10:57 IST
I don't think indian government is that bold enough to ask britain to the return the same.
these politicians can only talk but dont show the same in action.
from:  kamaleshkumar
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 11:25 IST
"Forty-eight tonnes of silver bullion that spent more than 70 years at the bottom of the North Atlantic have been hauled to the surface and returned to its rightful owner, the British government"!!! How Britain is the rightful owner.....have they paid for the loot they were taking from India?
from:  KVSKumar
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 11:42 IST
Stealing a precious thing from the owner, doesn't mean that precious thing belongs to theif. It still belongs to the Owner i.e INDIA. When will British people learn this?
from:  Sirisha
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 11:48 IST
The silver rightfully belongs to India. It should be returned to us.
from:  D V V PRASAD
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 12:13 IST
There is no doubt that Tresure belongs to India. why cant we make a team to protest or to raise our voice? i dont have know about this legally. If anyone knows, please share here and we will try to craete awaeness to all indians about history.
from:  Arunachalam
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 12:17 IST
This shows the richness of India. Our country was a richest country in the world and looted for 800 years by Moguls and by Britishers. Now our own politicians looting,It makes no difference for common man! Even our Prime Minister with full effort brings back all the wealth,it will be grabbed by his corrupt team. Country and Common man will not be benefited!!
from:  C S Sundaresha
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 13:55 IST
Glad to hear they recovered the contents.

@Roopesh : Are you kidding me? The poor were very poor during the Mughal rule. All the riches were held by elite ruling class. Obviously this silver was a result of colonial mining, over taxation and over working of the poor miners.
from:  Arun
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 14:50 IST
Why india does not claim for it. It was our property being siphoned to UK. With our increasing economic & military clout we should assert our ownership on these valuable resources. Even 65 years after independence whay we are not willing to assert our rights on all resources taken away by the british govertment during colonial rule. Unless and Until we demand, nobody will be donating us. Time is ripe to take initiative to get back our rights. Same is the case with the KOHINOOR diamond being used by British monarch. It's our property and our national pride. We should strive to get them back.
from:  Mrs. Hemalata Jena
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 15:06 IST
How much more stupid or mischievous could you get, dear William Broad?
You write "Forty-eight tonnes of silver bullion that spent more than 70 years at the bottom of the North Atlantic have been hauled to the surface and returned to its rightful owner, the British government", and then you state that the booty was taken from India! I think you guys are still living in the past! Its true, we, Indians are partly, if not wholly, to blame for this condition of affairs. Had we been more united, upright and hardworking, you would'nt have made us slaves and robbed us of our riches.
from:  Dinakaran
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 15:33 IST
returned to its rightful owner, the British government!!!
Is this guy a British? How can he decide that? I guess it belongs to India not Britain. Shameful Britishers would snatch wealth from anyone even if the other guy is a beggar and Britain is a rich Nation anyway. They earn even money by making movies like slum dog... Can Britains be fair and return the wealth to the real rightfull owner India!!!
from:  Ravi
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 15:36 IST
Familiarity breeds contempt. Afterall the rightful owner as titled by the author, should have had enough of the loots from many nations. Let the toil and labor it originated from be returned to its imperial victim.
from:  elitevenkat
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 16:08 IST
For donating half a billion sterling a year for India's Lords of Poverty
to lay with for more than half a century, Karma has rewarded Britain?
from:  S. Suchindranath Aiyer
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 16:37 IST
This is a mere example that India was looted by foreign nationals for
centuries viz. British, Portugese, Greeks, Persians, Mughals etc. by way
of minerals, tea, spices and labour force too and they destroyed our
wealth & culture too. Now it is too late to recover from these lost.
India should awake,arise from foreign influences are still going on
various levels.
from:  jayachandran
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 16:57 IST
What right do we have now to claim it? Did India ever bother about it? Many of our treasures lie in foreign soil, what have we done about it. Our lands have been encroached upon and we live in denial. The company and people who invested their efforts, time and money deserve it.
from:  dipanjali biswas
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 16:57 IST
Robert Clive alone looted enormous gold and silver and other resources. He made 900 ships trips to England to transport the wealth. He himself told in British parliament. India must claim all that wealth back to the country!
from:  Mukesh
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 17:41 IST
Now the silver has been taken out and considered to be looted from India. It should be given back.
from:  Ambuj
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 19:54 IST
India should not be considered as below poverty line country . . .

this is one good example . . .
from:  krishna
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 20:13 IST
Ah, Grow up people...

What the Brits gave is priceless -- this peninsula united.. now called India. Stop harping on India for Indians issue, please fight for the cause of the WORLD. ONE WORLD for all. No UN, no common-wealth, no SAARC, no geographic divisions. On world citizen with freedom to travel, to work, to study, to live - where ever and when ever.

200 M $ is nothing compared to the leeches in politics draining India of its life-blood. Stop them. Bring out the monies they have stashed everywhere.

World Soul.. born in India
from:  kowale
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 20:50 IST
I am surprised to read "..returned to its rightful owner, the British government." How can they be rightful. It was loot and should be returned to India. But then question is what will India do with this money. I think most of it will be eaten by corruption, greedy politician. In any case, I think statement is incorrect. British can't be rightful owner.
from:  Ekta Amar
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 20:56 IST
let us be honest. we should claim our property since it was looted but
the cost of digging them out and preserving them should be paid by us
even it is more than the worth of the property itself!!!!!!!
from:  n.ramaswami
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 21:46 IST
when these British people will learn etiquette? claiming others property
is a shameless thing. yet we suffice ourselves by remembering the great
words " udar charitanam tu, vasudhaiva kutumbakam.
from:  deeplata
Posted on: Jul 20, 2012 at 22:34 IST
Yes, it is the wealth belonging to India and India should rightfully
claim it.
from:  D.Ramakrishnan
Posted on: Jul 21, 2012 at 00:23 IST
England should be honest to return back the recovered silver to India.And India should pay the concerned, double the cost of exploration and recovery of
the valuable material with reasonable additional charges for the unremitting services involved in the recovery of the precious metal and it is a matter to be sadly recorded that neither any govt from India has ever made any attempt to pursue the matter nor any historian has brought it to the fore or enlightened the public about this colossal loss.
from:  v.ramakrishnan
Posted on: Jul 21, 2012 at 03:40 IST
Notwithstanding the Prime Minister's eulogy of the benefits of British raj at Cambridge, the Brits have been singularly interested in "harvesting" pre-independence India for wealth. Not just India, other places including the Americas too. What a parasite!!
from:  Jagan
Posted on: Jul 21, 2012 at 04:54 IST
You cannot expect anything from this Government of Man Mohan Singh.The
corrupt Government may go for a secret pact for sharing this booty and
the settled booty may be deposited in any foreign bank.Expecting
anything good for this country is merely a dream.Look at the present scenario of the country,Rahul Ghandi who accepted the failure in U.P.
election now has been elevated to higher post because of Sonia's
son.Man mohan Singh is totally failure in controlling the cabinet
Minister and still harps for a better future of the country.Let us
pray to the almighty to give sense to the supporter of this UPA Govt.y
as they are equally responsible for degrading the economic condition
of the country.
from:  Joginder Singh
Posted on: Jul 21, 2012 at 08:56 IST