COLONIAL RULERS- instigated Hyderabad,Travancore,Junagadh to be free countries in 1947;vallabhai patel annexed them

Hyderabad State


From Wikipedia
Nizam decided to keep Hyderabad independent. The leaders of the new Union of India however, were wary of having an independent - and possibly hostile - state in the heart of their new country. Most of the other 565 princely states had already acceded to India or to Pakistan voluntarily. The Indian government was therefore determined to annex Hyderabad into the Indian Union, by force if necessary.
In September 1948, India launched a military operation named Operation Polo, led by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, then Minister of Home Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister of India. The Indian Armed Forces invaded the State of Hyderabad and overthrew Nizam.


[3][4]

hyderabad king -NIZAM- and sardar vallabhai patel

Operation Polo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Polo
Operation Polo, the code name of the Hyderabad Police Action was a military operation in September 1948 in which the Indian Armed Forces invaded the State ...

18th September 1948: Operation Polo is terminated after the ...

www.mapsofindia.com › On this Day
On 18th September 1948, Operation Polo was terminated after the Indian Army accepted the surrender of the Nizam of Hyderabad's army.
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Junagadh State - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junagadh_State
Junagadh was a princely state ruled by Muslim rulers in British India till its integration in to India in 1948. Mohammad Bahadur Khanji I, who owed allegiance to ...

Junagadh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Junagadh
Jump to Accession to India - [edit]. Main article: Indian Integration of Junagadh. During the period spanning the independence and partition of India and ...


Indian integration of Junagadh - Wikipedia, the free ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_integration_of_Junagadh
On 27 October 1947, Bhutto, as Chief Minister of Junagadh, wrote a letter to Jinnah ... Immediately after the take-over of the state, all rebel Muslim officials of the ...
in-exile, the Aarzi Hukumat (in Urdu: Aarzi: Temporary, Hukumat: Government) of the people of Junagadh. Eventually, Patel ordered the forcible annexation of Junagadh's three principalities. Junagadh's state government, facing financial collapse and lacking forces with which to resist Indian force, invited the Government of India to take control. A plebiscite was conducted in December, in which approximately 99% of the people chose India over Pakistan




















  • The story of the integration of the indian states - Hindu ...

    hidf1.files.wordpress.com/.../the-story-of-the-integration-of-the-indian-st...

    The author with the Maharajah of Travancore inaugurating the Travancore-Cochin ... pioneering effort in this direction was made by the Magadhan kings, ...... Nehru andVallabhbhai Patel 1 suggested that, though there was no specific agenda, the ...... I then brought down the discussion to the personal plane, assuring.


  • THE STORY OF THE
    INTEGRATION
    OF THE
    INDIAN STATES
    V. P. MENON
    LONGMANS, GREEN AND CO
    LONDON · NEW YORK · TORONTO






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    CLICK AND READ:-Forgotten Events: How Travancore joined the Union | varnam

    varnam.nationalinterest.in/2003/08/forgotten_events_how_travancor/
    Aug 4, 2003 - Travancore was again in the vortex of a political struggle and the ... [Source: "Kerala's Politics":http://www.keralaspolitics.com/html/history.htm] This series .... not agreeing with total integration (Travancore's sovereignity will be ..


    • Forgotten Events: How Travancore joined the Union

      The present state of Kerala is made up of three princely states, Travancore, Cochin and Malabar. When the British announced their withdrawal from India, the Diwan of Travancore, Sir. CP Ramaswamy Iyer announced that Travancore would establish itself as an independent state and would not join the Indian Union.

      bq. The action of Diwan aroused a bitter controversy inside and outside the State. Travancore was again in the vortex of a political struggle and the Government resorted to a series of repressive measures to meet the situation. One of the highlights of the struggle was a police firing at Pettah, Trivandrum, in which three persons including a student by name Rajendran were killed. A few days after the incident, an unsuccessful attempt was made on Sir C.P. Ramaswamy Iyer’s life when the Diwan was attending a function in the Swathi Thirunal Academy of Music at Trivandrum (July 25, 1947). The Diwan escaped with minor injuries and very soon left the State for good. Immediately after this incident the Maharaja intimated, to Lord Mountbatten, the Governor-General, his decision to accept the Instrument of Accession and take Travancore into the Indian Union. Sir C.P. Ramaswamy Iyer resigned the office of Diwan on August 19, 1947 and was succeeded in that office by P.G.N. Unnithan.
      [Source: "Kerala's Politics":http://www.keralaspolitics.com/html/history.htm] This series is part of “15 days of Independence”:http://www.madhoo.com/archives/002681.php#002681

      6 Responses to Forgotten Events: How Travancore joined the Union


      1. k September 26, 2013 at 7:53 am # 
        Hi,
        My response is a bit too long as i wish to point to a few missed facts. Sir CP was indeed a brilliant statesman. He himself wasn’t for independence but for greater autonomy of Travancore. The punapra vayalar incident took place in 1946 OCT24-27,but the Travancore independance announcement came in 1947, JULY 11. The assassination attempt on CP happened in 1947 JULY 25 & the communists claimed that CP fled instantly & Chithira Thirunal cowardly agreed to integrate, & all this happened due to their efforts (lawlessness, if u ask sane people), has no truth in it. The attack on CP was undertaken by a member of Revolutionary Socialist Party(RSP) named KCS Mani. And while he was in hospital, CP was creating the Constitution of Travancore.
        Ram’s comment echoes the popular communist line, regarding “the terrified king cabling Mountbatten & approving integration”. in realtiy, Mountbatten had agreed to let Travancore stay with greater autonomy. The King had actually agreed to that & send a thanking note to him, & not agreeing with total integration (Travancore’s sovereignity will be accepted by the Indian govt even though foreign policy & defence will be in central govt’s hand, but could indulge in foreign trade without centre’s permission; also that there won’t be any interference in internal matters of Travancore by the Indian govt. That was the agreement Chithira Thirunal agreed in 1947, AUG 10,ie, a STAND-STILL AGREEMENT). But later, mountbatten took a U-turn on his promise & send VP Menon to negotiate. Even then the King agreed only in June1949 & Thiru-Kochi was formed right after that in JULY 1,1949. So the argument that, “the terrified Maharaja cabled montbatten with acsession” right after attack on CP, in1947 JULY25, has no basis at all. Besides, the likes of Pattom Thanu Pillai is quoted to have said to the Dewan to not let the King change his mind at any cost & that, “Post Independance, we will be ill-equipped to deal with the UNCIVILISED North Indian politicians”!!!!! Well people, that is exactly what has & is still happening to us. The Maharaja also feared that if central govt is based in Delhi, South as a whole will losse its prominence. I guess Chithira Thirunal was prophetic In that & most of the politicians didn’t had the King’s farsightedness (current politiciansstill do not have this essentail quality).
        The developments which took place during Chithira Thirunal’s reign is generally & purposefully forgotten by the political class (people also) of Kerala. I cannot agree completely with Praveen’s comments: CP wasn’t the Dewan, but the Legal-Constitutional Adviser of the young Monarch (Chithira Thirunal was just 19yrs old when he assumed administrative powers of the Monarch in NOV6, 1931) & during demands for theTemple Entry to harijans was going on. He became Dewan on OCT10, 1936(but he was an open minded person as his Junior lawyer named N.Selvaraj was an Avarna).
        Gandhiji visited Travancore, as part of his participation in Vaikom Satyagraha, went to TVM to meet the Regent Queen. At that time, he met the young Chithira Thirunal too. Gandhiji asked the queen to let harijans into temple & to this she replied that let the king do it. Then Gandhiji turned to the boy king & asked whether he will do it & the answer was a resounding “Of course”. This incident happened even before CP had entered into the political scenario of Travancore. People also asks y the King didn’t allowed Temple Entry as soon as he mounted the throne? When he assumed the administration, he set up a committe to study the matter & submit the report to him. It was an unprecedented relegious measure, so he needed time to attain as much support from the upper caste(who had a total voice in temple affairs of Travancore). CP was assigned with this job, to get the popular support. Even then, the committee recommended that harijans can be allowed till the Kodimaram of temples only & not till the front part of Sreekovil. At this opinion, the King differed & said that a whole hearted approach was needed & they should be let into the temple completely. Many historians have proven this fact.
        The CP Ramaswamy Foundation in Chennai has the habit of giving the credit of every development work done by the King to CP. Besides the Travancore dynasty as a whole was progressive as they made necessary updating/banning evil customs & norms, appreciating their subjects’ opinions & demands.
        CP’s hatred for communists, was well known & famous. Had he showed some restraint in his dealings in Punapra vayalar, this State could have been rid of the menace called communist /marxist party. Now look at our economy, oh sorry, we don’t have one!!! Chithira Thirunal sanctioned 41 mega industries which the politicians of our state utterly destroyed. Any facility that still works was started in the Royal era. The missionaries took the credit for education & healthcare(the Travancore & Cochin rulers gave lands for free to begin schools , hospitals etc ; explains y the missionaries couldn’t make the same impact in british Malabar/ the rest of India ) ; and communists/marxists took the credit for social reforms!!! In end, Maharaja Chithira Thirunal is always portrayed as a Hindu feudalist & a coward; his genius of a Dewan, Sir CP Ramaswamy Iyer, is referred to as a viscious dictatator & a Brahmin casteist!!!!
        Instead of Land Reform Act of 1963, they should have brought in things like minimum wages, benefits for workers in the agricultural field etc But that wouldn’t have served their agenda, i guess.
        Look at us now, our agricultural system is completely gone, have to depend on the volatile, intolerant Tamilians for every thing. They r using our dependence on them against us as leverage in the Mullaperiyar case.
        Whenever a person try to start a business in this state, the damned trade unions pop up with their ridiculous demands like ‘nookku kooli’!!! Until this group is uprooted from Kerala, our educated youth has no option but to migrate to other states & Kerala will remain as a “money order” state, with no local infrastructure/industry.
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    ibnlive » Blogs

    Sreedhar Pillai
    Thursday , June 12, 2014 at 16 : 50

    Should God's own country become God's own independent country?



    IBNLive
    For thousands of years, Malayalees have had a special relationship with God in his own special country. A growing number of Malayalees feel it is now time they called it their own country.
    If God loved pomp and praise, there is nothing more pompous than the way he is paraded in Kerala, on the heads of majestic elephants attired in inimitably ornate golden trappings, enshrined on golden hallowed cathedra under colourful parasols and fanned by equally ornate alavattams and venchamarams.
    If God loved music, there is nothing more exhilarating and praising than the uniquely keralite panchari melam of divine instruments to which he is taken on a procession.
    If God loved his stories being played out, there is indeed no form of performing art which can transport gods and humans alike to the realms of the divine through sight, sound and light, like the Kathakali the Malayalees have brought to perfection.
    If God was Hindu, there was never ever a greater apostle for him than Lord Sankara of Kerala and there is no other part of India which has grasped the essence and spirit of Hinduism, beyond rhetoric, as their way of life.
    In fact Narendra Modi and the BJP should be thankful to Lord Sankaracharya for saving and reviving Hindutwa and bequeathing it strong and healthy enough for them to exploit it centuries later for the sake of grabbing political power.
    It is indeed the life of Sankaracharya the BJP should celebrate more than that of any other Hindutwa leader. To atone their sin of negligence, perhaps they should even move the BJP headquarters to Kalady in Kerala, the birth place of Lord Sankara on the shore of the beautiful Periyar river.
    Yet when much of rest of the Republic of India, in which Kerala belongs, has turned undoubtedly Hindu, the Malayalees have elected and sent twenty members who do not subscribe to the Hindu political ideology, even remotely, to the nation's parliament, despite majority of them being Hindus.
    It is not the first time when Kerala or a particular state has cast their votes differently from a general trend which has swept the nation.
    However when this election has finally converted India to be a nation governed by religious ideology, much like its neighbours Pakistan, Srilanka, Indonesia, Malaysia and others, many Malayalees wonder if Kerala with its sizable Muslim and Christian population has moved far to make it tenable to exist as part of a Hindu nation.
    Many see the writings on the wall. Despite the fact that several Malayalees have been somehow raised to and occupied key positions including that of the president and chief justice of India in the past, when it comes to political power and decisions affecting their lives, somehow Kerala has let itself to be pushed around for long. They don't see any leader of the present generation rising strong enough like a Mamta or Jaya to argue their case. The scepticism is not without reason.
    Kerala is perhaps the only place in the world where its own river, the water and benefits of which flow backwards, is blocked by an archaic dam, bursting of which can wipe out one third of its population while they have no right to do anything about it.
    Despite loving and living a nearly balanced life with its abundant greenery and forests for thousands of years, Kerala's environmental priorities are to be decided by political powers which rest thousands of miles away in baron land.
    Despite earning millions of dollars for the nation by toiling in harshest of conditions, Kerala still has to wait for a wagon factory or xyz investment by the central government, promised and forgotten.
    Even the mighty coastal states of West Bengal, Orissa and Tamil Nadu, which have just escaped the onslaught of religious polarisation of the BJP, won't let Kerala be a part of the power block they will create in the parliament to extract benefits from the Modi government for their states.
    Where does all that leave Kerala with its handful of parliamentarians which stands isolated and marginalised?
    You don't have to be a great political pundit to see how things will evolve in the next decade.
    The inroads BJP and its Hindu polarisation have made in the three coastal states are deep enough for its onslaught to be unstoppable. Any financial and developmental money the current leaders will extract will only go in favour of Modi and the BJP and reasons for whole hearted support during next election.
    The question is only how soon that will happen. Perhaps in five years, perhaps in a decade, but India will surely be a larger Hindu nation, including even the coastal states.
    Will the Hindus of Kerala fall in line? Perhaps with huge dollops of development and money even they can be bought. But are they enlightened enough to realise that as an independent country Kerala will and can have much more?
    The section of Malayalees who think so are not alone. Such feelings do take shape elsewhere in the world like Scotland in the United Kingdom and part of California in the United States.
    The stark reality is that with a multitude of languages and religions, India is more like the European Union than the United States. As a nation it remained united only under a threat of aggression. Trying to achieve the cohesion by religious polarisation can throw some surprises.
    Will the people of Kerala be pushed in to dreaming of their own God's country will depend on how tolerant and comfortable they will get with the idea of being part of religious governance?

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    More about Sreedhar Pillai

    After graduating in mechanical engineering and spinning a rewarding career spanning from mining to metal cans in the steel industry, Sreedhar Pillai loves to look at and write about softer aspects of life around us. He likes to look at the world through the swinging needle of a balance rather than the cross hairs of a rifle. Sreedhar Pillai is a also an avid blogger and influencer who writes for Huffington Post, Technorati and others. LASTING ROSE is the personal blog of Sreedhar Pillai who also works as a content provider and technical writer. Besides technical articles about the social web he also often writes about current Indian affairs, with a view from the world outside.
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     COMMENT:-
     some people write blogs without knowing history of INDIA
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    CNN provides international coverage for the channel, while Indian Broadcasting Network concentrates on Indian and local reports.[2]
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    1. CLICK AND READ:-Covert United States foreign regime change actions ...

      en.wikipedia.org/.../Covert_United_States_foreign_regime_change_actio...
      However, Peter Kornbluh asserts that the CIA destabilized Chile and helped ... with simple hand-held weapons is an inspiration to those who love freedom." ...... that his two brothers made contact with the CIA during a trip to India in 1956.