Travancore royal family [THIRU VITHAM KOOR] state (now part of Kerala state) 1900-1950


  • https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2f/Marthanda_Vurmah_Maha_Rajah_Making_Over_The_Kingdom_To_Padmanabha_Swamy.png
    Maharaja Marthanda Varma making over the Kingdom To Padmanabha Swamy
    prise Me !

    Travancore royal family


    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Travancore_royal_family
    Updated: 2016-09-18T12:31Z
    House of Travancore
    CoA Travancore 1893.png
    CountryTravancore
    Parent houseChera dynasty
    TitlesMaharaja of Travancore
    Founded1750
    FounderVeera Bala Marthanda Varma
    Final rulerBalarama Varma II
    Current headUnder dispute
    Dissolution1949
    The Travancore Royal Family was the ruling house of the Indian princely state of Travancore. They lost their ruling rights in 1949 when Travancore merged with the Indian Union and their privileges were abolished by the Indian Union in 1971 by a constitutional amendment. The family descends from the ancient Ay/Venad rulers and the Cheras. A sister dynasty of theirs is the Kolathiris (the Mushika Dynasty and they both hold the distinction of being Samantha Kshatriya). The Travancore Royalty could also "unofficially" be considered descendants of the Pandya and Chola dynasties, due to consistent intermarriages with the Chera, Pandya, Chola and Kolathiri dynasties, over the centuries.[1] In fact, only the Travancore and Kolathiri families are those surviving among the original royal Velir Family's lineages, and are both descendants of the Ay/Venad Family, and related to the Cheras, Pandyas and Cholas. Sree Padmanabhaswamy is the chief family deity. The Royal family is alternatively known as the Kupaka Swaroopam, Thripappur Swaroopam, Venad Swaroopam, Vanchi Swaroopam etc. It has its seat today at Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala, India. The last ruling Maharajah of Travancore was Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, died on 20 July 1991 after a stroke. Sree Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma, the younger brother of the last ruling monarch of the Kingdom of Travancore, Maharajah Chitra Thirunal Rama Varma, died at a private hospital in the early hours on 16 December 2013. He was succeeded by Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma, son of Maharani Karthika Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi and Lt. Col. G. V. Raja.[2]

    Recorded history of the dynasty

    Installation of Bhanu Vicrama as King of Kerala by Parashurama
    According to one existing version, the founding members of the Travancore royal family[3] are said to have come to Kerala, from the banks of the Narmada river. Another belief is that Parashurama himself crowned the first official ruler in the dynasty. Officially, their lineage can be traced definitively to at least 820 C.E, which is based on the claim of descent from the Later Cheras of the three southern Indian Mandala Kingdoms namely Chera Mandalam, Pandya Mandalam and Chola Mandalam. As per popular tales in circulation, few members of the Royal Travancore Family also settled down in west godavari region of now Andhra Pradesh and after about 8 generations transformed into brahminhood from kshatriyahood. Most notable are the people who have Ambareesa as one of their gotra rishi. According to another legend, a branch of the Chera family was sent to the extreme north of the Kerala region, where they settled and came to be known as the Mooshika Royal family, or the later Kolathiris, while another branch was deputed to go south to grapple with the Pandyan invasions.
    One of the two branches of the Chera dynasty shifted to Venad/Quilon where it merged with the Ay kingdom. Sangramadhira Ravivarman Kulaśēkhara (1266–1314) was the most famed ruler of this Chera Ay dynasty.Numerous places are named after this Chera-Ay dynasty. Ravi Varman invaded the territories of the Pandyas and Cholas and performed imperial coronations at Madurai and Kanchipuram and thus threw off the Pandyan hegemony in the region.[4] However his success was short lived and after him his successors could not hold on to these acquisitions of the Pandyas and Cholas. Sangramadhira Ravivarman Kulaśēkhara adopted two princesses from the related Kolathiri dynasty called Attingal and Kunnumel Ranis in 1305 C.E. The line of kings after Ravi Varman followed the Marumakkathayam law of matrilineal succession.[5] The Royal family continued thus in the female line. Whenever there were no females to take forth the line, princesses were adopted from the Kolathiri family, the latest adoption being in 1994.[6] Umayamma Rani who reigned towards the end of the 17th century was a prominent ruler. Marthanda Varma, the "maker of modern Travancore" and Dharma Raja were powerful rulers who re-established the power of monarchy in the state and destroyed that of the nobles. By the early 19th century the kingdom became a princely state under the British. The British government accorded the Maharajah of Travancore a high 19 gun salute outside Travancore, whereas locally and for all temple festivals, the highest salute of 21 guns were fired.Swathi Thirunal was one of the most popular rulers of the 19th century. He made contributions both in the field of administration as well as music. The reign of Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma brought about revolutionary reforms like the Temple Entry Proclamation, Free and Compulsory education for all etc. He was referred to as the Father of Travancore industrialization by A. Sreedhara Menon. V. P. Menon in his book stated that, under Chithira Thirunal's reign, Travancore had become the second most prosperous Princely State in the British Empire.[7][8][9]

    Merger of Attingal

    The women of Travancore Royal Family were popularly referred to as Attingal Queens. Attingal was also considered as the ancestral homes of Travancore royals. Historians like V. Nagam Ayya, A. Sreedhara Menon etc. say that Attingal was never a separate Kingdom but the estates and provinces given to the royal women by the male head of the family(King). AS the Kings of Travancore were the sons of Attingal Queens, the latter were held in high respect by the royal family as well as the public. This respect and high status led to the wrong notion that Attingal Queens were once sovereigns which was further compounded by the writings of many foreign historians and travellers. Even if they had any power, it was taken away by Maharajah Sree Anizham Thirunal Veerabaala Marthanda Varma. Many Attingal Queens misused their status and signed potentially dangerous treaties with foreign forces, without even consulting with the reigning Travancore Kings. Maharajah Sree Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma, anticipating the threat to the Kingdom's security, removed the powers of the Attingal Queens permanently and brought them under the complete control of the King. Thus, the Attingal Queens lost all private rights in the family properties, their power limited to the role of just a supervisor of such properties.[10][11]
    Kerala historian, Prof. A. Sreedhara Menon wrote : "Early in his reign Marthanda Varma assumed direct control over the so-called Attingal 'Queendom'. This was not an annexation or conquest, but "the amalgamation of Travancore with Attingal". The theory that the Ranis of Attingal exercised sovereign powers is incorrect. The fact is that in political matters, the Ranis exercised no sovereign rights. Any grant of rights over immovable property by the Ranis required the King's previous assent or subsequent confirmation for its validity. The so-called Queendom of Attingal had its origin in the 5th century when two Princesses were adopted into the Venad family and the revenues from certain estates in and around Attingal were assigned to them. Since then, the female members of the ruling family of Travancore had come to be known as Attingal Ranis. It was only the male children of these Tamburatties who could inherit the throne. When Marthanda Varma decided to assume direct control over the estates of Attingal, he was not interfering in the affairs of a sovereign State. As the head of the royal family and the ruler of the State, he had every right to interfere in the affairs of a part of his kingdom. The Rani had neither territory nor subjects. What she possessed was nothing more than the control over the revenues of the estates, powers she exercised were delegated to her by the sovereign of the State."[11][12]

    Thrippadidaanam and Sree Padmanabhadasa

    Padmanabhaswamy Temple dedicated to the patron deity of the family
    Maharaja Marthanda Varma making over the Kingdom To Padmanabha Swamy
    Maharajah Sree Anizham Thirunal dedicated the Kingdom of Travancore to his family deity Sri Padmanabhaswamy in 1750 January 3 and after that he was referred to as Sree Padmanabhadasa Vanchipaala Maharajah Sree Anizham Thirunal Veerabaala Marthanda Varma Kulasekharaperumal. The Kings of Travancore, taking the title of "Sree Padmanabhadasa", ruled the kingdom as the servant of that deity. This important donation of the Kingdom to the Temple was known as "Thripadidaanam".[13] Travancore as a whole, thus became the property of Sri Padmanabhaswamy, the deity of the Travancore Royal family or in other words "God's Own Country".[14] It is erroneously believed that use of the title "Sree Padmanabhadasa" before royal male members' names came into being after Thrippadidaanam, but this title was in use even in the 16th century. During the first birthday ceremony of Maharajah Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma(Dharmaraja) in 1725, he is referred to as "Sree Padmanabhadasa" which was much before the Thrippadidaanam(1750) by Maharajah Anizham Thirunal Veerabaala Marthanda Varma. The title of "Sree Padmanabhadasa" is prefixed to the name of every Travancore King while the royal women are "Sree Padmanabhasevinis". In order to get the eligibility for attaining the title of "Sree Padmanabhadasa", certain rituals must be completed at the birth of new royal male members. On the first birthday of every royal male members would be put on the 'Ottakkalmandapam' of the Sree Padmanabhaswami Temple and holy water from the temple will be sprinkled on the baby and only after completion of this ceremony, the royal child is proclaimed as "Sree Padmanabhadasa". The female members also have a ritual called "Padiyettam" which is conducted only after their "Pallikettu" (wedding of Travancore Princesses and Queens). Only those male and female members who complete these ceremonies are allowed in the temple affairs and are also provided respect as well as the titles associated with temple as well as the royal family.'[15][16]

    Adoption

    Maharani Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi was adopted from the related Kolathiri royal family
    The females of the royal family are styled as the "Queens of Attingal" with the titles of Attingal Mootha Thampuran(Senior Queen of Attingal) and "Attingal Elaya Thampuran"(Junior Queen of Attingal) and "Attingal Kochu Thampuran"(First Princess).[17] The first adoption to the Travancore Royal Family was in the early 14th century from the Kolathiri family because the Kolathiris are considered a sister dynasty by the Travancore Royalty.[18] This adoption resulted in the branching of the Royal family into four families namely the branch at Trivandrum, another at Kottarakara known as Elayadathu Swaroopam, the Peraka Thavazhi branch of Nedumangad and the Quilon branch. The later two branches died out into the 18th century whereas the last Rani of Kottarakara fled after battle with Maharajah Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma.[19] In 1630 two males were adopted from the Cochin Royal Family[20] sowing the seed of dissension between the branches of the Royal family. Later in 1684 one male and two females were adopted from the Kolathiri family, from which family all subsequent adoptions were made, by Umayamma Rani.[21] In 1688 two males, including Rajah Rama Varma, and 2 females were adopted and the famous Travancore King Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma was born to one of these princesses.[22] In 1718 a princess was adopted, whose son was the later King Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma Dharma Raja. In 1748 again four princesses were adopted and Balarama Varma (1798–1810) belonged to this line.[23] The next adoption of 1788 brought forth the famous Maharanis, Gowri Lakshmi Bayi and Gowri Parvati Bayi and all the male rulers up to 1924, the last ruler in this line being Maharajah Moolam Thirunal.[24] In 1857 two princesses, including Rani Lakshmi Bayi, were adopted from a branch of the Kolathiri family residing at Mavelikara since the 1790s, but by 1901 both these princesses and all their issue died.[25] In 1900 again two princesses were adopted from Mavelikara, granddaughters of Raja Ravi Varma, Sethu Lakshmi Bayi and Sethu Parvathi Bayi (gave birth to the last ruling monarch of Travancore, Sree Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma).[26] The latest adoption occurred in 1994 by Princess Aswathi Thirunal Gowri Lakshmi Bayi who adopted a princess named Lekha Parvathi Bayi.[27] However, Princess Lekha was disqualified by Hon. Supreme Court of India because of the lapses in adoption laws of the Constitution of India.

    Titles and precedence

    All members of the ruling family receive two names, an official personal name and a name associated with the 'star' or 'Thirunal' under which they are born,(e.g.: Maharajah Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma).
    Aayilyam Thirunal Maharani Gowri Lakshmi Bayi – The only Queen of Travancore to have ruled the kingdom in her own right.
    Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma – The last ruling Maharajah of Travancore
    • The senior most male or the Valiya Thampuran is the head of the Royal family, born in the female line, to a Queen of Attingal, becomes King with the title of Sree Padmanabhadasa Vanchi Paala (Personal Name) Varma Kulasekhara Perumal Kiritapathi Manney Sultan Maharajah Raja Ramaraja Bahadur, Shamsher Jang, Maharajah of Travancore.
    • The Heir Apparent is known as the Maharajkumar (personal name) Varma, Eliya Raja of Travancore.
    • The senior most female of the Royal family is the Attingal Mootha Thampuran and is known as Sree Padmanabhasevini Vanchidharma Vardhini Raja Rajeshwari Maharani (personal name) Bai, Senior Maharani of Travancore, with the style of Her Highness.. The Junior Maharani is the Attingal Elaya Thampuran and if mother of the ruling prince is known as Sree Padmanabhasevini Vanchipala Dyumani Raja Rajeshwari Maharani Maharani (personal name) Bai, Junior Maharani of Travancore, with the style of Her Highness. The First Princess is known as Kochu Thampuran and is known as (personal name) Sree Padmanabhasevini Vanchidharma Vardhini Attingal Kochu Thampuran.
    • Prince Consorts of the Senior and Junior Maharani are known as the Valiya Koyi Thampuran and Kochu Koyi Thampuran respectively, selected from one of four or five royal houses (or 'palaces') who were closely related to the ruling family . Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran, consort of Maharani Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi, and Col. G. V. Raja, consort of Maharani Karthika Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi, went on to become famous in their own terms.
    • Consorts of the Maharajahs are usually Nair women, and never Kshatriya (royalty), and hence, are ranked as nobility, and not royalty. They are known as Ammachi Panapillai Amma and hold the title of (mother's house name) Ammachi Panapilla Amma Srimathi (personal name) Pilla.. The Maharajahs are only allowed morganatic marriages so as to maintain Marumakkathayam. The Travancore Maharajahs' children do not succeed to the throne under the Marumakkathayam Law, as they belong to their Nair mother's family and are not royalty. Instead they get a title of nobility, namely Thampi and Kochamma. The sons of the ruling Kings are known as Sri (mother's house name) (personal name) Chempakaraman Thampi. The daughters of the Kings are known as (mother's house name) Ammaveetil Srimathi (personal name) Pilla Kochamma. The descendents of Ammachis get the title of Thankachi (female) & Thampi (male).[28]

    Succession

    The Travancore Royal Family follows the Matrilineal inheritance. Marumakkathayam or the matrilineal system with inheritance and succession through the sisters' children in the female line.[29][30]
    • The surviving younger brothers of the Maharajah, according to age, and by the same mother.
    • The sons of the sisters of the Maharajah, according to age. If there were more than one sister, the first born male child of that generation would be the heir, regardless of whether his mother was older or younger than other sisters.
    • The sons of the eldest maternal aunt of the Maharajah, according to age.
    • The sons of the daughters of the eldest maternal aunt of the Maharajah, according to age. The sons of elder daughters succeeded before those of the younger sisters.[31]

    Marriage and other customs

    The marriages of the princesses are known as Pallikettus[32] while those of the Maharajahs are known as Pattum Parivattavum Chaarthal. The form of marriage is Sambandham and the consorts of the Princesses are from certain select families of Koyi Thampurans came from one of four or five royal houses or 'palaces' who were closely related to the royal family whereas the consorts of the Maharajahs belong to four houses known as Ammaveedus. The spouses of the Maharajahs and Maharanis are not considered members of the royal house owing to the prevalent Marumakkathayam Law. However they received many royal dignities and privileges owing to their position as consorts.[33] An exception to this rule of selection and status of Prince Consort was made when Sree Сhithira Thirunal chose Colonel Godavarma Raja of Poonjar Royal House (not from the normal select royal houses) as the Consort for his only sister, Maharani Karthika Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi in 1934. Col. G. V. Raja went on to become a resourceful ally of Maharajah Sree Chithira Thirunal, made pivotal contributions to Kerala's infrastructure development as well as sports and tourism.

    Cessation of the practice of mahādanams

    Marthanda Varma entering the golden tub during Hiranyagarbha ceremony

    Frozen in time:(clockwise from top) Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma walks behind his elder brother and the then king of Travancore Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma at an Arat procession in Thiruvananthapuram in November 1937; the brothers watching the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides Rally organised in connection with the birthday of Chithira Tirunal in 1934; with Governor General Lord Mountbatten and Lady Mountbatten at the Trivandrum airport on March 25, 1948; at the opening of the Travancore Government Ceramic Industries at Kundara with the then Travancore Diwan Sir C.P. Ramaswamy Aiyar in March 1940.— Photos: The Hindu Archives
    Frozen in time:(clockwise from top) Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma walks behind his elder brother and the then king of Travancore Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma at an Arat procession in Thiruvananthapuram in November 1937
    photo taken at chakka-Trivandrum(Thiruanandapuram) over the boat yard - 
     The soldiers are 'Travancore soldiers'(left over from the Nair soldiers; of  the revolt of veluthambi dalawa in 1800; against the British rulers) -- Travancore  kings private army ; under British officers,to prevent any further revolt


     hackers have removed many photos below
     2005. HH Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Maharaja escorting the deities during Aarat at Shangumugham beach.
     Image result for Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Maharaja escorting the deities during Aarat at Shangumugham beach.
     with Governor General Lord Mountbatten and Lady Mountbatten at the Trivandrum airport on March 25, 1948; 
     http://www.thehindu.com/multimedia/dynamic/01688/17TVTVRAJA_GGC7_17_1688240g.jpg
    [L TO R] ELAYA RAJA MARTHANDA VARMA;  TRAVANCORE RAJA CHITHIRA THIRUNAL;AND Princess Karthika Tirunal Lakshmi Bayi 


    at the opening of the Travancore Government Ceramic Industries at Kundara with the then Travancore Diwan Sir C.P. Ramaswamy Aiyar in March 1940.— Photos: The Hindu Archives 
     =============================================
     
     MAHARAJA OF TRAVANCORE STATE -SRI CHITHIRA THIRUNAL MARTHANDA VARAMA

     

    The State of Sports – 1946. H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja and H H Maharani Sethu Parvathi Bayi received at the GV Raja Sports School.  

     


    Image result for H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma-1924. On the demise of sree mulam Tirunal in 1924, Chithira Tirunal, the heir apparent became the Maharaja of Trav
     H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma-1924. On the demise of sree mulam Tirunal in 1924, Chithira Tirunal, the heir apparent became the Maharaja of Travancore on the First day of September.

    Chithira Thirunal, never married. 

    Related imagephoto of The royal family of Travancore[chitira thirunal sitting]

     Amma Maharani with her Children- 1924
     The Royals: A Family photo. H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja, Princess Karthika Tirunal Lakshmi Bayi, Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja.
     H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja – 1926
     H H CHITHIRA THIRUNAL BALARAMA VARMA
     H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja – 1928
     H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma aharaja astride Cymbeline, his favourite horse, in Banglore-1929.

     Princess Karthika Tirunal Lakshmi Bayi Celebrating Her Birthday

     

     The Installation Durbar of H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja. Period: 6 November 1931, H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma maharaja Resident Colonel Pritchard and Colonel Turner.
     H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja – 1932
     H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja – 1932
    H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja-1932.
     H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja in Vienna – 1933

     H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja on his way to the Sree Padmanabha Swami Temple – 1933


     Maharaja H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma being conferred D.Litt by the Benares University - 1936
     Emulating the brother-1936. H H Uthradom Tirunal Elayaraja freezing a frame at Edappalayam.[periyar sanctuary]

     Member, Royal Stable-1936. White Arab Stallion Nazareth Beg in the Royal Stable.
     The Kawdiar Palace in full view-1938. Resident C P Skrin took this photograph from a tall building. At present, such a view of the Palace is inconceivable because of the verdant shield surrounding the Palace.

     

     

     Raja Ravi Varma and Raja Raja Varma (1900). Raja Ravi Varma, of kilimanoor Palace, was a world renowned figure in the realm of art. He was hailed as the "Prince among tists and the artist among princes".

     

     In Vienna, Austria – 1933. The Travancore Royal Family during their visit to Vienna, Austria. Also seen are : Princess Karthika Tirunal Lakshmi Bayi, Maharani Sethu Parvathi Bayi, Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja and Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja.
     Seeking Divine Blessings – 1934. The Royal Bride H H Princess Karthika Tirunal Lakshmi Bayi Visiting Sreekanteswarm Temple.

     

     The Elayaraja of Travancore – 1935. H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma



     

     A Royal Wedding – 1934 H H Princess Karthika Tirunal Lakshmi Bayi as a bride under a canopy of red silk held in position by sugarcanes at the four corners.


     Care of Silent. H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja at the inauguration of SPCA Hospital in 1935.

     Crown of Chera rulers is called Cheramudi. The ruler is eligible to wear this crown only after performing “Hiranyagarbanu” and “Thulapurushadanam”. The apex of the crown is adorned with ‘Holyfeet’ of Lord Padmanabha and hence the dynasty is also known as “Thru-pada Swaroopam”

     

     Upanayana Procession of H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja-1937. Maharaja of Bikaner, H H Maharani Sethu Parvathi Bayi and H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja watching the Tirumadambu. 
    {ENGLISH SPIES  WERE AROUND ALL THE TIME ,BOTH OF INDIAN ORIGIN AND ENGLISH ORIGIN}
     Royalty in Jakarta – 1936 H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja and H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja are being received by the Sultan of Jakarta at his Palace.
    From Bikaner to Travancore (1937). The reception given to the Maharaja of Bikaner at the Central Railway Station-1937.

     

    Raja of Bikaner receiving a Guard of Honour by the Travancore State Force at the Army Parade Ground at Pangode-1937.
     Kanakakunnu Palace – 1940.
     Aluva Manapuram – 1940 This river bank at Aluva which is also a pilgrim centre has a significant role in the history of Travancore. In 1789, Tipu Sultan attacked Travancore for the third time. Camping on the riverbank, Tipu had to retreat due to the flash floods of the river.
     The Vision called Education All India Vice-Chancellors’ Conference hosted by the Travancore University in - 1941 
    [there was no politics among students ,then ]
     Royalty in Capital – 1931 The Travancore Royal Family being received in Delhi railway Station.
     A Royal Performance. Princess Pooyam Tirunal Gouri Parvathi Bayi and Princess Aswathy Tirunal Gouri Lakshmi Bayi staging a dance performance on the occasion of the 60th Birthday of Amma Maharani, 1959.
     The Abode of History. Padmanabhapuram Palace-1943, It was during the reign of H H Anizham Tirunal Marthanda Varma Maharaja (1729-58) that the capital of Travancore was shifted from Padmanabhapuram to Thiruvananthapuram.

     

     Towards rapid industrialization – 1943 H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja inaugurating a plywood factory at Punalur.
     H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja and his consort visiting a warship harbored at the Madras Port – 1945.
     H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja at “Grove” 1945 H H Uthradom Tirunal with Sir. C P and his son Pattabhiraman and Venkatramanan. “The Grove” in Madras is the residence of Sir. C.P. Ramaswami Iyer.
    H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja and Radhadevi at ‘The Grove’ – 1945 After the bestowal of “pattum parivattavum” H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja and his consort Radhadevi were guests of honour at a grand tea party at ‘The Grove’, the residence of Dewan Sir.C.P. Ramaswamy Aiyar at Madras.

     Maharaja in Kochi – 1949. H H Chithira Tirunal Maharaja at a formal function in Kochi.{at the back with specs: Travancore chief minister pattom thanu pillai}

     

     The Royal Family at the Ajanta Caves-1948. H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma with Amma Maharani Sethu Parvathi Bayi at the Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra.

     

     The Hexennial Festival of One Hundred Thousand Lights The Lakshadeepam at the Padmanabha Swami Temple – 1952. This festival of light also marks the closing of the 56-day-long chanting of veda mantras by Brahmin priests for the welfare of the nation.
     Jawaharlal Nehru's visit. The prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's visit to lay the foundation stone of Thiruvananthapuram Medical College in 1954. This photograph was taken at the kawdiar palace. Seen in the photograph are H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma Maharaja, H H Maharani Sethu Parvathi bayi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Mrs. Indira Gandhi.
    {3 generations of Indian prime ministers can be identified in this photo .the small boy is Rajiv Gandhi}
     At Ramapriya-1955. Radhadevi consort of H H Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma at “Ramapriya” the Bangalore residence.

     

    Gateway to God The longest temple corridor in the world (3000 feet) in Rameswaram Temple – 1959
    [ this temple was saved from temple destructing armies of sultans ,may be because it was too far south]

     

     Maharani is Sixty-1959. The Travancore Royal Family tending a religious ceremony organized as part of the Shashtiabdapoorthi celebration of H H Maharani Sethu Parvathi Bayi, 1959. Seen in the picture members of Travancore royal family, Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma, Col. Goda Varma Raja, Prince Mulam Tirunal Rama Varma, Princess Aswathi Tirunal Gouri Lakshmi Bayi, Uthradom Tirunal Marthanda Varma Elayaraja, Princess Pooyam Tirunal Gouri Parvathi Bayi and Princess Karthika Tirunal Lakshmi Bayi.

     

     

     

    Retrieving glory

     

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    Facelift: Workers engaged in giving a makeover to the statue of Sri Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma on the Kerala University campus in Thiruvananthapuram on Tuesday. — Photo: C. Ratheesh kumar
    Facelift: Workers engaged in giving a makeover to the statue of Sri Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma on the Kerala University campus in Thiruvananthapuram on Tuesday. — Photo: C. Ratheesh kumar 

     H H Princess Sethu Parvathi Bayi before her ‘pallikettu’-{ROYALITY MALAYALM WORD FOR MARRIAGE}1907. A member of the Mavelikkara royal family famed for its scholarship, rich heritage of in the field of both art and culture.
     Sethu Parvathi Bayi became Junior Rani. Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran was appointed the guardian of the Ranis and tutors were appointed to teach them. In 1906 when she was still ten years old the Senior Rani was married to Sri Rama Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran, a grandnephew of her guardian who belonged to the royal house of Haripad. Four years later in 1910 the marriage was consummated and the couple started living together, before which they were allowed to see each other only briefly for an hour every day. In 1910 she was found to be pregnant but suffered a miscarriage. In 1912 having passed her minority the Maharajah granted her the rights to assume control of the Sreepadom Estate which consisted of revenues from Attingal and large landed properties traditionally held by the Senior Rani. Meanwhile the Junior Rani gave birth to her eldest son Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, the last ruling Maharajah of Travancore. He was on birth proclaimed heir apparent to Moolam Thirunal. In addition, her inability to bear an heir further 1900 adoption was to ensure the continuation of the dynasty. The Junior Maharani had borne two more children namely Karthika Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi in 1916 and Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma in 1922. In 1923 Sethu Lakshmi Bayi gave birth to her elder daughter, Uthram Thirunal Lalithamba Bayi.
     H H Maharani Sethu Parvathi Bayi with Ravi Varma Kochu Kovil Thampuran of Kilimanoor Palace. Parents of the inheritors of the Travancore Image.
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e4/Adoption_Durbar%2C_Trivandrum.jpg
      Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of a view of the Adoption Durbar, Trivandrum.
     
     The Enforcers-1880. The Travancore State Police.[under British officer]
     Hopeful Anglers. Fishermen toil, awaiting a heavy catch. Photograph taken in the fifties of the 19th century.
     Rule of Law-1882. The Central Prison at Poojappura.







    the brothers watching the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides Rally organised in connection with the birthday of Chithira Tirunal in 1934;
     the brothers watching the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides Rally organised in connection with the birthday of Chithira Tirunal in 1934





    with Governor General Lord Mountbatten and Lady Mountbatten at the Trivandrum airport on March 25, 1948;
      with Governor General Lord Mountbatten and Lady Mountbatten at the Trivandrum airport on March 25, 1948;

    Image result for H H Chithira Tirunal Balarama Varma-1924. On the demise of sree mulam Tirunal in 1924, Chithira Tirunal, the heir apparent became the Maharaja of TravAmmachi Panapillai Amma Shrimathi Radhadevi Pandalai - The consort of Sree Uthradom Thirunal Marthanda Varma
    Related imageThe Pallikkettu (wedding of a Travancore Princess) of Aswathi Thirunal Gowri Lakshmi Bayi, the Junior Princess of Travancore, with Sri Vishakahm Nal Raja Raja Varma of Paliyakkara West Palace, in 1965..