Battle of Kohima-Imphal, 1944
William Slim versus Renya Mutaguchi: A Japanese army under Mutaguchi tries to cut off and destroy a British army under Slim. Can Slim defend and supply the beleaguered twin cities long enough to mount an offensive? Also known as Operation U-Go. Click on images below to view; first image opens video presentation and second image opens PowerPoint presentation. | Legend |
The Burma Campaign itself is often seen as comparatively unimportant even though more Japanese were defeated by Slim than any other commander. Indirectly though, the Burma Campaign was vital; had Slim failed to reopen the Burma Road, the Japanese Ichi-Go Offensive to knock China out of the war may have succeeded. This would have made the Pacific War much more costly and difficult, considering that the three million Japanese troops committed in China could have been diverted.
Slim won this battle the way the Allies won the war: he lured Mutaguchi into a battle of attrition in which an overwhelming superiority of material and logistics prevailed. Mutaguchi’s plan was rigid and inflexible which meant the British supply base at Dimapur was not taken despite being undefended. Slim had a plan but adjustments were made during the battle to overcome new obstacles such as the unexpected attack against Kohima.
I was fascinated with this battle for a long time. Battles of annihilation, in which a commander’s goal is to annihilate the enemy force rather than just to defeat it, are always intriguing and showcase the epitome of skill. Think back to Cannae, Mohi Heath and Blenheim; Kohima-Imphal is on the same level as these, only lesser known.
World War Two: Burma Campaign
History of Travancore: From the Earliest Times By P. Shungoonny Menon
TRAVANCORE STATE AND TIPU'S EMPIRE -MAP-MDCCXCII
(Roman Numerals)Equivalent to number 1792
en.metapedia.org/wiki/Second_Travancore-Mysore_WarMar 12, 2011 - Defeat of Tipu. By the time Tipu Sultan launched his second attack in May 1790, heavy monsoon rains caused the rivers in Travancore to flood ...
Defeat of TipuBy the time Tipu Sultan launched his second attack in May 1790, heavy monsoon rains caused the rivers in Travancore to flood most of the countryside. When the Mysore army launched its assault and Nedumkotta was penetrated, the temporary bund which was constructed earlier was breached in the midst of heavy fighting, causing an unexpected flood which killed a large number of Mysore soldiers and rendered the gunpowder wet and useless. This resulted in panic and confusion within the Mysore army. The morally charged Nair forces of Travancore inflicted heavy casualties on the Mysore army. Some of the top commanders of the Travancore Army, including Kalikutty Nair were killed during the fighting.
The Governor of Madras addressed the Maha Rajah, assuring His Highness that prepara- tions were in progress for punishing the Sultan for his wanton violation of the treaty, and at the same time requesting the Maha Rajah to prevail on the Malabar princes and chiefs who had taken refuge in Travancore to join the English, in bringing about the humiliation of the tyrant of Mysore. While Tippoo was in his uncomfortable encampment at Alwaye, as has been already described, intelligence of the commencement of hostilities and the assembling of a large English force at Trichinopoly reached him. Harassed on all sides, the Sultan was under the necessity of beating a precipitate retreat. But he was in a position full of danger and anxiety* The rivers were all full. The country was under water. The Cranganore bar rose high with a swift current seawards. Except boats, no other means of communication could be used in that part of the country at that time. There was no time to be lost. He divided his army into two portions and ordered one portion to march vi& Annamanaday and Chalakudy to Trichoor and thence to Falghaut, and the other via Cranganore and Chowghaut to Falghaut. This hasty retreat was attended with the loss of the great portion of the army and bore some resemblance to the disastrous retreat of the great Napoleon from Moscow. This calamity was accelerated by the Tra- vancore army under Dewan Kasava Pillay following in close pursuit. The Travancore force joined the British army at Falghautcherry, Coimbatore and Dindigul, and fought under the command of British officers, such as Colonel Stuart, Lieutenant Chalm