SOME OF THE MIGRATIONS FROM KERALA IN SEARCH OF JOB-1940-2013[AS OBSERVED]

THE FIRST MIGRATION OCCURRED AROUND 1930 WHEN SOME FROM TRAVANCORE WENT TO BRITISH OWNED MALAYA AND SINGAPORE ;TO DUTCH OWNED INDONESIA[THEN CALLED DUTCH EAST INDIES]. TO FRENCH OWNED VIETNAM AND A FEW REACHED JAPAN

THE MAIN OCCUPATION OF THESE WERE PETTY LABORER,TAILOR,ONE OR TWO DOCTORS,[NO NURSES  - AS I KNOW]

THESE PEOPLE WERE AFFECTED BY THE SECOND WORLD WAR UNDER JAPANESE OCCUPATION .MANY JOINED AS VOLUNTEERS AND INA SOLDIERS UNDER SUBHASH CHANDRA BOSE1940 1945

MANY RETURNED TO INDIA AT THE END OF THE WAR ,WHILE OTHERS WERE FORCED TO RETURN FROM VIETNAM DURING VIETNAM WAR 1970'S

 MANY IN NEWLY INDEPENDENT INDONESIA WERE FORCED TO RETURN ,AFTER THE ASSASSINATION OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT SUKARNO AND THE CIVIL WAR 1970

THE NEXT BIG EXTERNAL MIGRATION FROM KERALA WAS TO THE GULF REGION ;THEN CALLED PERSIAN GULF ,LATER CALLED ARABIAN GULF .1950 TILL NOW

GULF COUNTRIES WERE UNDER BRITISH CONTROL WITH NOMINAL CONTROL OF SHEIKHS AND KINGS IN 1950 .ALL PETROL /GAS WERE PRODUCED BY BRITISH OWNED PETROLEUM COUNTIES INCLUDING IN PERSIA[NOW IRAN]LATER AMERICAN PETROLEUM COMPANIES CAME TO THE REGION

ANOTHER INTERNAL MIGRATION OCCURRED IN 1950 WHEN POOR AGRICULTURISTS WITHOUT LAND ;MIGRATED TO THE HIGH RANGES OF TRAVANCORE;;TO THE LANDS IN MALABAR ;LATER ON TO COORG, AND KARNATAKA

 A MINOR INTERNAL MIGRATION TO OTHER PARTS OF INDIA AS TYRE TECHNICIANS,SHOP KEEPERS,HOTEL OWNERS ,OFFICE WORKERS AND ETC WAS SEEN DURING THE POVERTY AND FAMINE  PERIOD OF 1960'S

DOCTORS STARTED MIGRATING TO ENGLAND AND AMERICA FROM 1960'S FOLLOWED BY NURSES IN 1970'S

I EXPECT THE NEXT BIG MIGRATION WILL BE TO EUROPE AND RUSSIA WHERE POPULATION IS COMING DOWN DUE TO LOW BIRTH RATES

AT THE SAME TIME AN INTERESTING INTERNAL  CIRCULAR MIGRATION FROM OTHER STATES TO NEWLY PROSPEROUS KERALA IS SEEN FROM 1990'S;MAINLY AS LABORERS

LOOKING AT THE FUTURE:- KERALA PEOPLE MAY  BECOME  THE MINORITY IN KERALA ;DUE THESE MIGRATIONS