shanmugham beach house 1850 to 2013-from arena for animal sports for the king in 1850

THE BUILDING WAS KNOWN AS THE ARENA AT SHANMUGHAM BEACH Trivandrum used in 19 th century for animal fights;in the adjacent round well type arena (as mentioned/ depicted at puthen -KUTHIRA MAALIGA palace museum )






To the Trivandrum stables was attached a menagerie where royal tigers panthers, cheetahs, deer, boars and all sorts of wild animals which abound in the Travancore forests were collected and caged. and latterly, a lioness which had been imported from Africa into the French settlement at Mahe, was purchased and added to the collection of animals.A large and spacious cow-stall was constructed within the Trivandrum fort, near the palace, wherein the finest cows and bulls of the country were stalled in addition to a good number of Surat, Cuzerat and Nellore cows and bulls, and to complete the collection and breed, a beautiful English cow, with two calves, was procured direct from England.Birds of all kinds, indigenous and foreign, were collected, and they had a place both in the managerie and the palace.The wild and ferocious animals were not only kept for sight-seers, but for purposes of sham sport. For this purpose, strong nets of a circular form were hung on deeply driven stakes, within which, several sorts of wild and fierce animals were let in one by one, and the Maha Rajah and all the spectators were amused and interested by seeing the movements and the fighting of the animals, while a number of huntsmen and others, surrounded the circle, equipped with spears, lances, and fire arms, ready to fall upon any animal which might accidently escape out of the nets.
"The above arena seen in the photo which is near trivandrum beach [behind shanmugham beach house]was used for such animal sports( a model of which can be seen in the palace of king swathi thirunal at puthen(kuthira maalika)"




 
Shankhumugham Beach
Year : 1900-1940aprox.-before the Trivandrum airport was built ;IN THE BACKGROUND OF THIS BUILDING




Fishermen drawing in nests.(Photo by James burke/Time/Life[trivandrum beach]1954
NOTE:-THE BEACHES WERE VERY WIDE THEN ;BEFORE THE SEA EROSION STARTED IN 1960
 AND NOW BELOW NARROW BEACH






FIRST USED AS INDOOR PLAYING COURT FOR BADMINTON AND TABLE TENNIS IN 1950'S;



 LATER USED AS Indian Coffee House, Shankhumugham beach 84A Bit of History:
The Trivandrum Zoo, considered the oldest in the country, took shape during the time of Swathi Thirunal (1813 - 1847)  a King and composer. He had a collection of animals in the royal stables that were caught and caged from the forests in and around Travancore. The Zoo itself, in it's present form, was created in 1859 under the rule of Uthram Thirunal Maharaja. The carnivore house was apparently designed on the model of cages in the Zoological Gardens in London. The zoo today is more animal friendly and most of the animals roam in open enclosures.
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Swathi Thirunal of Travancore.jpg
Image result for Uthram Thirunal MaharajaUthram Thirunal Marthanda Varma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Uthram Thirunal Marthanda Varma. Maharaja of Travancore

THEN AND NOW: 1850 History of Trivandrum Zoo and Museum

pazhayathu.blogspot.com/2009/02/history-of-trivandrum-zoo-and-museum.html
1850 History of Trivandrum Zoo and Museum. In 1859 Uthram Thirunal sanctioned a sum of money for the purchase of models of machinery and other scientific ...

Trivandrum Muzeum, Zoo - A comprehensive website on the life and ...

www.swathithirunal.in/rlinsti/musiume.htm
The Trivandrum Zoo, Museum and Gardens is one of the oldest of its kind in India. ... Thirunal thus created a nucleus for the modern Zoo and Natural History Museum in Trivandrum. ...... A sketch from 1850s; to the right is museum compound ...

Thiruvananthapuram Zoo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiruvananthapuram_Zoo
Jump to History - The Thiruvananthapuram Zoo (also known as Trivandrum Zoo) is located in the city of Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of Kerala, India. It occupies 55 acres (22 ha) of woodland, lakes, and lawns. It is the oldest zoo in Asia.
Date opened‎: ‎1857
Land area‎: ‎55 acres (22 ha)
Location‎: ‎Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Number of species‎: ‎82

Fodor's Review

In an 80-acre park at the north end of M. G. Road are the many attractions of the Museum and Art Gallery Complex. Each part of the complex requires a special ticket. At the Natural History Museum, a musty collection of animal skeletons, dioramas, and stuffed birds, head straight to the second floor to see an interesting model of a traditional nalakettu home (the traditional home of the Nairs, a warrior clan), complete with costumed figurines and a full explanation. The art museum's collection of local arts and crafts—including bronze and stone sculptures, ivory ornaments, and musical instruments—is as noteworthy as the building itself, with its almost Cubist pattern of gables, European-style minarets, and a decorative interior. Built in 1874, it was designed by Robert Chisholm, a specialist in Indo-Saracenic design, and was named after Lord Napier, the governor of Madras. Memorabilia donated by the royal family, including a golden chariot used by the Maharaja of Travancore,
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Chera dynasty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Jump to Second/Later Cheras - Second/Later Cheras, formerly known as Kulasekharas were the nominal rulers of the Chera kingdom, a loose federation ...Etymology of the word Chera · ‎Early Cheras · ‎Rulers according to the Sangam .
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Map of "Bharatvarsha" (Kingdom of India) during the time of Mahabharata and Ramayana. (Title and location names are in English
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Image result for india during veda period

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Kalabhras controlled large parts of southern India in the 5th and 6th centuriesImage result for chera kingdoms 1600

CE
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Chera kingdom in the Sangam Period

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Image result for kolathunadu  kingdoms 1700THEN AND NOW: THE FIRST INDIAN MUTINY AGAINST BRITISH-1800 MUTINY ...
pazhayathu.blogspot.com
KERALA CONSISTED OF MANY SMALL KINGDOMS

List of Maharajahs of Travancore

Dutch commander De Lannoy surrenders to King Anizham Thirunal Veerabaala Marthanda Varma (Founder of the Travancore Kingdom) at the Battle of Colachel. Depiction at Padmanabhapuram Palace
Main article: Maharaja of Travancore
  1. Anizham Thirunal Veerabaala Marthanda Varma 1729–1758
  2. Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma (Dharma Raja) 1758–1798
  3. Avittom Thirunal Balarama Varma 1798–1810
  4. Gowri Lakshmi Bayi 1810–1815 (ruled pending the birth of a son, 1810–13; regent for her new-born son, 1813–1815)
  5. Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma 1829–1846 (king from birth in 1813, crowned in 1815, ruled from 1829–1846)
  6. Uthram Thirunal Marthanda Varma 1846–1860
  7. Ayilyam Thirunal Rama Varma 1860–1880
  8. Visakham Thirunal Rama Varma 1880–1885
  9. Sree Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma 1885–1924
  10. Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma (born in 1912, succeeded in 1924, received power in 1931, ruled until 1948, Titular Maharajah until 1971, died in 1991)
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    Travancore before  it was united by marthada verma maharaja -1750
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    Travancore after it was united by marthada verma maharaja -1750

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    Travancore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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    Map of Travancore in 1871

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    THEN AND NOW: RARE OLD PHOTOS KERALA
    pazhayathu.blogspot.com
    CANALS OF TRAVANCORE

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    now