HOW INDIA GOT CONVERTED TO METRIC SYSTEM BY JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

Among Jawaharlal Nehru's many ambitions for India was to make its measures metric, its thermometers Centigrade and its coinage decimal. Easier said than done. Through the length and breadth of India, there were more than 140 different systems of weights and measures. Dates and records were kept according to 30 different calendars, at least one of which, instituted more than 500 years ago with a slight miscalculation, has slipped out of phase by 23.2 days, so that Hindu dances meant for moonlit nights were often performed in total darkness. To top it all, the Indian coinage system, based on the coinage standardized by conquering British in 1835, was at least as unwieldy as that used in Britain itself.

Having already established a national calendar of twelve months (more or less comparable to the Gregorian) and threatening soon to put weights and measures on the metric system, Nehru's government chose to inaugurate a new decimal coinage. In place of the rupee (20¢), anna (1/16 rupee) and pie (1/12 anna) of the past, the new money consist solely of rupees and naye paise (literally: new coins) worth .01 rupees. The trouble was that for three years both sets of coins was to be used at once, and since there wass not always a way of translating pies or annas into a precise number of naye paise, the government has had to decree a system of what parimutuel bettors call "breakage." i.e., the rounding off of small fractions that don't count too
As the first of 610.000,000 new coins poured into the bazaars, India's newspapers carried conversion tables with instructions on how to use them. Sample: "To make a payment of 36 naye paise, you first pay 4 annas or 25 naye paise, then pay the balance of 11 naye paise by tendering 1 anna and 9 pies."

In Calcutta, where thrifty Bengalis ran wild in 1953 over a ⅓cent rise in streetcar fares, mobs rioted around the post offices when it was discovered that the price of stamps would be rounded off in favor of the government. In industrial Kanpur, bus service was tied up for hours when bus drivers discovered they could not drive and argue about fares at the same time. Mothers fretted that the new coins were too easy for kids to swallow.

 INDIA COINS BEFORE CONVERSION TO METRIC SYSTEM 1957





























INDIAN COINS AFTER CONVERSION TO METRIC SYSTEM 1957






























INDIAN COINS AFTER 1964

























TRAVANCORE RUPEE

The rupee was the currency of the State ofTravancore. Unlike the Indian rupee issued by the British, the rupee of Travancore was subdivided into 7fanam, each of 4 chukram or 64 cash. The Travancore currency was issued until 1949 before being replaced by the Indian rupee.

16 CASH=I CHUCKRAM
4 CHUCKRAM =1 PANAM
7 PANAM =1 RUPEE

TRAVANCORE -ONE RUPEE
India. Travancore. Rama Varma IV gold Sovereign 1881 ME1057, K Travancore. Rama Varma IV gold Sovere
1/2 Rupee Travancore (1102–1949)
TRAVANCORE- HALF RUPEE

ONE PANAM- TRAVANCORE
QUARTER RUPEE -TRAVANCORE
ONE CHUCKRAM -TRAVANCORE

FOUR CASH -TRAVANCORE [THIS WAS THE PRICE OF ONE DOSA THOSE DAYS]
EIGHT CASH-TRAVANCORE= 1/2 CHUCKRAM

 
LAZY PEOPLE WERE CALLED "KAASINU KOLLAATHAVN"MEANS NOT WORTH ONE CASH

                                     ABOVE:- ONE CASH -TRAVANCORE
 One British Rupee was 28 and a half chakkaram and one sarkar ( Travancore Government) rupai was 28 chakarams. One chakaram was 16 kasu.





RUPEE -BRITISH INDIA -1940


















1 plate dosa was 4 kasu available in hotels ,very very cheap compared to presenet price of dosa
16 kasu=1 chakkram and 28 chakkrams =1 rupee now calculate and see[112 dosa for i rupee in 1930] ,it was real cheap ,call it dirt cheap.
 




IN 1947 CHAKKRAKKARAN MEANT RICH MAN













  BRITISH RUPEES AND COINS BEFORE 1947

 





ONE British rupee was made up of 16annas and

one anna was equal to 12 pices:-.

                                                
British Nickel 1 Rupee, 1/2 Rupee & 1/4 Rupee (Obverse & Reverse)
British Annas
British 4 Annas, 2 Annas - Nickel & 1 Anna (Obverse & Reverse):- ABOVE
BRITISH 1/4 Anna, 1/2 Pice :- BELOW
BRITISH 1/4 Anna, 1/2 Pice & 1/12 Anna OR 1 Pie (Obverse & Reverse)