Mechanical Turks---1804 the first mechanical man--AND THE FIRST TALKING CAR OF TRIVANDRUM -1950

tom-standage-mechanical-turkIt turns out that the “mechanical Turk” was a machine designed by an Austrian tinkerer and scientist in the late 1700s – a time when machines that could simulate some aspect of animal or human life were apparently all the rage at Europe’s courts. On the more charming side was a torso of a boy playing the flute, whose wind-up gears actually produced a flute-like sound. On the less charming side was a replica of a duck, whose primary enchantment was that when fed, his wind-up gears took the food through the process of digestion, including the excretions at the end. Ugh.
The mechanical Turk was something else – more impressive than any other machine of its day, because it seemed to be able to think. The machine (see image on the book cover above) was a large contraption: a semi-solid table, which housed the machine’s gears, and the figure of an Ottoman Turk. What the machine did was to play chess.
What we know now – and what Amazon’s Mechanical Turk plays with – is that the machine’s gears were just for show. A person hid inside the box and manipulated the Ottoman Turk’s arm to make each chess move – meaning that this artificial intelligence was really human intelligence supported by artifice.
An article [published in 1820] in the [London-based] New Monthly Magazine … proclaimed that “this cunning infidel (for he assumes the figure of a Turk) drives kings, and castles, and knights before him with more than moral sagacity, and with his inferior hand; and, except in a very few instances of drawn games, has beaten the most skillful chess-players in Europe.” 
Here is another, taken from the mechanical Turk’s tour of Philadelphia, Boston, and New York in the 1830s:Silas Weir Mitchell, a Philadelphia doctor who attended Maelzel’s show as a child, later recallted that “the Turk, with his oriental silence and rolling eyes, would haunt your nightly visions for many an evening thereafter.”

Middle Eastern Mechanical Militia :-

they’ve protected the borders of the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, and the Bosporus for over 200 years.

The original Mechanical Turks were manufactured in 1804 by the declining Ottoman Empire .At the time, roughly 79% of the Turkish male population had been decimated by plague, insurrection, war, and pomegranate poisoning, leaving the nation without the human resources necessary to maintain an effective army.

Feeling threatened by Napoleon in the west and Russia from the north, the Turkish Sultan Selim III s paid a team of turncoat Austrian scientists to invent a battalion of “iron mercenaries”,The first generation of Mechanical Turks was hand-wound, powered by high-tension coiled steel springs ;Unfortunately, these metal soldiers ran out of power after only a few minutes of operation

They are still in use today as ceremonial guards, sentries, and traffic custodians. Resplendent in their traditional fighting robes, they are lovingly maintained with quality silken turbans and polished chrome slippers.
ANOTHER SIMILAR TRICK :-
THE  FIRST HINDUSTAN CAR -THE FIRST CAR MADE IN INDIA -"
TALKED"
  WHILE  ON SHOW IN MARIKAR MOTORS IN EARLY 1950'S .
PEOPLE USED TO CROWD IN FRONT OF MARIKAR MOTORS (EVEN IN 1950 IT WAS IN  SAME PLACE-IN FRONT OF SECRETARIAT TRIVANDRUM CITY)
 CURIOUS TO SEE THE FIRST CAR MADE IN INDIA 
COMMON MEN OF TRIVANDRUM WERE FOOLED BY MARIKAR MOTORS OWNERS ;BY CONNECTING A HIDDEN LOUD SPEAKER INSIDE THE BONNET OF THE CAR ;WHICH COULD ANSWER ANY QUESTION ASKED TO THE CAR!! 

THERE WERE A LOT OF THEORIES AT THAT TIME; PUT FORWARD; BY THE MORE OR LESS INNOCENT ONLOOKERS  OF '1950 TRIVANDRUM' --ABOUT -HOW A CAR CAN TALK??!!
ONLY A FEW UNDER STOOD THE SIMPLE TRICK ,THAT, SOMEBODY INSIDE THE OFFICE ANSWERED THE QUESTIONS ASKED TO THE CAR , THROUGH THE SPEAKER !