Rock Cut Cave Temples in Kerala:-
Kottukkal rock cut Temple;
Siva, Ganapathy and Hanuman, near manipuzha. from nilamel ( MC Road) to Kadackal and 8th century one.the rock cut temple is estimated to be about 700 years old. The exact age and , more importantly who made
Kunnathurpady Cave Temple
Kunnathurpady Cave Temple 8th century one , six kms from payyavur.
Panunta Siva Temple
Panunta Siva Temple, Eruvatty 15 kms northeast of Thalassery
Irunnilamkodu Siva Temple
Irunnilamkodu Siva Temple near mulloorkaraThis is one of the rarest and the most famous cave temples in Kerala. It is situated on the Wadakancherry - Shornur route, two kilometers away on the North Western side of Mulloorkkara at Thrissur district.
Thrukkoor Mahadeva Temple
Thrukkoor Mahadeva Temple a rock cut cave is more than 1500 years old. it is believed that the temple have been installed by Agni.Thrukkoor Mahadeva Temple a rock cut cave is more than 1500 years old. it is believed that the have been installed by Agni. important vazhipadu is thulabhara with coir, placing coir at thirunada, jala dhara, appom etc for relief from Asthma. the cave has 24 feet length, 18 feet height and 18 feet width. eight days festival in Makaram and Thiruvathira Aarattu. on the banks of manalippuzha. ( Swamy Ranganathananda the late president of Sree Ramakrishna Madh was native of Thrukkoor. And in his childhood he used to go to this temple as his house was near this temple. ( from ollur south east of trichur town) 5 kilometers and on highway para jn 2 kilometers east.This live rock cut temple is dated to the 8th century A.D. The Sivalinga faces east and the door of the Garbhagriha is on the north. There is a Ganapathi sculpture on the eastern wall. The arrangement of dwarapalakas and other deities are slightly disturbed to suit the terrain of the rock in which the temple and the figures have been carved. The linga is in the centre, fixed on to a rectangular pedestal. There is an evergreen pond on the top of the rock. Since 1966 it is a protected monument under the Department of Archaeology.
Kallil Bhagavathy Temple
Kallil Bhagavathy Temple southeast 5 kms of perumbavoor and 4 kms south of kuruppanpady by canalside road. a 1500 years old shrine on the hill of rock.Kallil Cave Temple, a 9th century Jain Temple is at Methala, 8 km away from Kuruppampady and 53 kms from Ernakulam (Cochin or Kochi) Kerala. Also one can reach the temple by traveling a distance of about 4 km from Odakkaly and 13 km from Perumbavoor.It is believed that the idols seen there are ofJainatheertha Parswanathan, Mahaveer and Pathmavathi Davi. This temple Sree Kallil Bhagavathi Cave Temple Mathala is now considered as an Hindu temple
Thrukkakudy Cave Temple
Thrukkakudy Cave Temple an eight century one ( 1km north of Kaviyoor Mahadeva Temple ) 6 kms northeast of Thiruvalla.
Manikkallu Cave Temple
Manikkallu Cave Temple Subramanya near Chengamanad Junction
Thirunanthikkara Siva Temple:-
Thirunanthikkara Siva Temple 37 kms from thiruvananthapuram enroute to kanyakumari. centuries old mural paintings has great value in history of south indian artAccording to the legends, this rock-cut chamber was made by Jain ascetic named Veeranandi who came here from Thirunarunkondai Melappalli. This took place in 7th century AD. Cave is made in large, oblique wall of cliff and is ascended by a flight of some 60 stone-cut steps. Rock-cut temple itself is small, the facade has two columns and two pilasters. Nowadays, to prevent the vandalism, the entrance is closed behind bars.
Jains were here until circa 9th c. AD when the cave was taken over by Hindu.
In 9th - 10th c. AD cave was decorated with paintings. Hindu painters first sketched outlines and then colored powders were sprinkled.
Now only hazy outlines of once beautiful frescoes remain. Drawings are considered to represent perfect early example of typical Kerala (earlier this cave were located in Kerala) style which later has been applied in numerous temples and palaces.
At the same time drawings resemble the famous drawings in Sittanavasal Cave.( ABOVE)
Thykkad Sree Dharmasastha Temple
Thykkad Sree Dharmasastha Temple thiruvananthapuram city 1 km north east of east fort.
Mullackal Sree Bhagavathy Temple
Mullackal Sree Bhagavathy Temple ( Rajarajeswary), Alleppey town, Mandalam Chirappu ( Dec 16) famous 10 days festival and Aarattu on Vijayadasami day.
Kidangamparampu Bhuvaneswary Devi Temple Kidamgamparampu Devi Temple ( Bhuvaneswary ) 1 km north of Alleppey town. 1000 years old one. Granite Sreekovil.
Thiruvenkitapuram Mahavishnu Temple
Thiruvenkitapuram Mahavishnu Temple vazhappally, changanacherry.:-
Vazhappally temple is historically important and contains some lithic records of the reign of Rajasekhara Varma Kulasekhara (820-844AD) besides some fine seventeenth century wood carvings (Daarusilpas) depicting figurines from epics. The Vattezhuttu inscription on the northern part of the base of the cultural shrine indicates that the repairs were completed in Kollam era 840 (AD 1665). It is an ancient Grama Kshethra also known as “Dakshina Kailasam”
In ancient period, this temple had 54,000 para paddy fields (Nilam). The soldiers of Chempakassery Raja killed one Unni of Changazhimuttom family of Kuttanadu who has gone there to measure the “Patta Nelu” of Devaswom at Venattukara field. He is installed as a Bhramma Rakshas in this temple. In order to satisfy the Bhrahmma Rakshas, “Kazhumaram” is being made in front of the Rakshas Shrine and the Prathiroopam of Chempakassery Raja is hanged. The Raja gave the pooja items for Pantheeradi to the temple as a mark of his repentance for killing Unni. The Raja has appointed the members of Thiruvenkitapuram Warriam as the heir of “Pantheeradi Choru”.
The idol of the vazhappally temple is centuries old and is considered as the Siva of Neelamperoor temple. The legend behind this concept is that CheraRajaPallibana Perummal, a follower of Budha, when de-throwned by the “Hindu Bhattas” following a defeat in argument ,reached Neelamperoor. The news came to the ears of the potties of pathillams (Chengazhimuttam, Kainikkara, Eravimangalam, Kunnithidasserry, Athrasserry,Kolencherry, Kizhangazhuthu, Kannancherry,Thalavana etc.),that perumal is going to install his personal idol at Neelamperoor.Pathillathil Pottimars run with the idol Shiva of Neelamperoor and installed that idol at Vazhappally.
Chakkulathukavu Sree Bhagavathi Temple
Chakkulathukavu Sree Bhagavathi Temple Neerettupuram, 10 kms west of Thiruvalla and 18 kms east of Ambalapuzha, Vrichikom - Karthika the day of famous ponkala naivedyam.
Keralapuram Viswanatha Temple
Kerala Puram Viswanatha Temple koduvayaur. palakkad to koduvayur 10 kms. Govindapuram 14 kms near the tamilnadu border
Village - Asamannoor, Taluk - Kunnathunadu, District - Ernakulam, Location - 4kms from Odakkali which is 15kms from Perumbavoor in the Perumbavoor-Kothamangalam road.The unique rock cut temple at Kallil near Perumbavoor in Ernakulam district which may be assigned to the peiod after 800 A.D. was originally a Jain shrine. But during the period of th decline of Jainism, it got itself transformed into a Hindu temple dedicated to Bhagavathi which it still is. One of the facade of this rock shelter is carved an unfinished seated image of Mahavira, represented also on the back wall of cavern. It was declared as protected monument in 1-9-1965.
Madan Kavu was excavated by the Department of Archaeology in 1991 and the findings revealed the long Iron age in kerala is datable to the begining of the first millennium B.C. Now the site is declared as protected area under the Archaeological monuments sites and remains act.
Village - Mangad, Taluk - Kollam, District - Kollam, Location - 2.5kms north of Kilikolloor in kollam-chenkotta road.
Considering the structural and mural importance, the temple was declared as protected monument by the department of archaeology in 1994.
Village - Piravam, Taluk - Muvattupuzha, District - Ernakulam, Location - About 1.5kms from Piravam town in the Piravam-Ernakulam road.
[Click on the images to enlarge]
Considering its structural importance, the department had declared it as protected monument in 1996.
Village - Manjapra, Taluk - Aluva, District - Ernakulam, Location - 10kms from Angamali in Angamali-Kaladi road.
Considering the structural importance, the ancient temple was declared as protected monument by the Department of Archaeology in 1998.
Village - Kadungallor, Taluk - North Paravoor, District - Ernakulam, Location - 2kms west of Aluva market junction in the National Highway.
Pandavanpara is a monument standing in gigantic manner, protected by a kind of granite pagoda like natural rock facing west, covers an area of about 96 cents occuring between two huge boulders on a hillock sufficiently spacious to accomodate nearly fifty people. This peculiar shelter has engravings of deep kind, unique by itself on its walls and especially the lower portion at the entrance. The engravings at the entrance are mostly floral while on the interior some human figures could be seen in the hunting posture with bow and arrow. This particular characteristic of engraving and polishing in the gate would show that this work is executed most probably by the Neolithic people. This unique monument possesses some similarity to the Edakkal cave of wayanad. The department had declared the pandavanpara with a surrounding area of 1.2590 hectres of land as protected monument in 8.9.1987.
Village - Perumkadavila, Taluk - Neyyattinkara, District - Thiruvananthapuram.
ROCK CUT TEMPLE AT VIZHINJAM ,NEAR TRIVANDRUM CITY:-Vizhinjam was the former capital of the Ay chieftains, who ruled the southern parts of Kerala in the 8th century A.D. These caves are so neatly decorated to contribute a lot in making Kerala a worthwhile travel destination. The granite caves encircled a one-cell temple with a movable figurine of Vinandhara Dakshnimurthi. Incomplete reprieves of the Hindu God Shiva with his wife cum dance partner Goddess Parvathi adorned on the outer wall of the cave.[Vizhinjam Temple
Vizhinjam Temple of 7 th century, 13 kms from thiruvananthapuram east fort. near the sea and the old vizhinjam Harbour.]
Rock -cut- Temple, Madavurppara -KERALA-TRIVANDRUM:-10.a)Name of Monument Rock -cut- Temple, Madavurppara
b) Features Cave Temple - Belongs to the period between 7th and 8th century.
c) Name of Village Irooppara
d) Name of Taluk Thiruvananthapuram
e) Total Area of Monument 22 acre, 80 cents
f) Owner Sy No.113/22 6.43 Hectares (1103[Mudavoorpara Rock Cut Temple
Mudavoorpara Rock Cut Temple an eighth century one siva , ganapathy murugan, near chenkottukonam.
Mudavoorpara Rock Cut Temple an eighth century one siva , ganapathy murugan, near chenkottukonam.