BRITISH LOOTING OF TRAVANCORE (NOW SOUTH KERALA) 19TH CENTURY

Rama Varma (AD 1758-1795), successor of Martanda Varma signed a treaty of perpetual friendship with the British in 1795.

This costly treaty was also perhaps partly responsible for the numerous taxes on the poorer segments of the society. The administration of Rama Varma’s successor namely Balarama Varma led to a people’s rebellion led by Velu Thampi who eventually became the Diwan and was partly responsible for the

‘subsidiary treaty’.

This draconian treaty (1805) not only committed to an annual payment of Rs 8 Lakhs mandatory but also permitted the British to interfere in the internal affairs / decisions of the administration.

For example, when Balarama Varma passed away in 1810, the British Resident overlooked the claim of Ilaya Raja Kerala Varma, who had been groomed to succeed Balarama Varma all
along, and who was a confirmed anti-British, for the throne. The British not only banished him from Travancore but also kept him as a prisoner. In his place Rani Laxmi Bai was appointed as the queen; and the resident(english man) assumed the office of the Diwan as well! Further she was succeeded by Rani Parvati Bai at the age of 13. Thus the period after 1795 was indeed a period of turmoil for Travancore.
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THIS LOOTING by british LED TO POVERTY IN KERALA .