FALANGIST PARTY OF SPAIN [ONE OF THE MANY FASCIST PARTIES OF EUROPE BEFORE SECOND WORLD WAR}
FALANGIST LEADER GENERAL FRANCO (BELOW WITH HITLER)
Hitler, Mussolini and Franco (Oct 1940)
THE FASCISTS OF ITALY UNDER MUSSOLINI:-
MUSSOLINI WITH HITLER (PHOTO BELOW)
HITLER AND HIS NAZI PARTY SALUTE:-
Integralists in Brasil, 1935
INDIA'S RSS SALUTE:-
THE ROMAN SOLDIERS SALUTE(A.D.100)
ancient Rome and is the oldest known form of salute. It was made popular in the early 1920's by Benito Mussolini and his Fascist Party
The Stanford Band doing the Roman Salute to the Spirit of Troy(photo below)The Roman Salute differed from the Nazi one in that the palm was raised up.
1968 Olympics Black Power salute:-
Here is a good video of the Croatian fascist dictator Ante Pavelic visiting Italy in 1941. Both the Croatian and Italian officials do the Roman Salute.:-As for Ante Pavelic, it seems that when he was on his home turf in Croatia, he used what appears to be a slightly modified Nazi-style salute. The palm was certainly down, but the arm seems to be slightly bent at the shoulder. Observe:(1943)
Here is a good video of the Croatian fascist dictator Ante Pavelic visiting Italy in 1941. Both the Croatian and Italian officials do the Roman Salute.
The Pledge of Allegiance (1892) was the origin of the raised arm salute adopted later by the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis). The Pledge was written by Francis Bellamy, cousin to Edward Bellamy (the author), and both were self-proclaimed national socialists in the United States. The original Pledge began with a military salute that was then extended out toward the flag. In practice, the second gesture was performed palm down
So what's with the fascist salute?:-[JEFF WEINTRAUB]
Hezbollah (or Hizbullah) is a Shiite Islamist-theocratic terrorist organization committed to the destruction of Israel, with a deranged and blatantly anti-semitic world-view. In addition to its effectiveness in terrorism and guerrilla warfare, it has also proved itself capable of running local governments and providing social services in a notably more effective and less corrupt way than the Lebanese state, and it has substantial support in the Lebanese Shiite community. There's nothing that makes these different features of Hezbollah necessarily incompatible, of course.
What is more puzzling to me is how and why Hezbollah developed a fondness for the stiff-armed fascist salute. Here are two photos from Hezbollah events that illustrate this. (These photos were posted by Gene at Harry's Place, but I've seen them both before, and others like them as well.)
photos from Hezbollah[SHOWING THEIR HATRED?TO ISRAEL?THROUGH NAZI SALUTE!]
Of course, there was a period in the 1920s and 1930s when European fascism had considerable prestige and ideological influence in many places around the world, including the Middle East. But Lebanese Hezbollah was formed long after that, in the 1980s. And after World War II even genuinely fascist movements in the Middle East, like the Iraqi Ba'ath Party, have tended to avoid the kinds of symbolism that would link them directly to Hitler or Mussolini.
So when and why did the Lebanese Hezbollah come to adopt the fascist salute? Does this stiff-armed salute have a local source different from inter-war European fascism--perhaps as an adaptation of some kind of Islamic gesture? (If so, does any other organization or movement in the area use it?) And even if that's the case, isn't Hezbollah concerned that the historical associations of this salute might be bad for public relations? If, as seems more likely, this is a direct appropriation of the classic fascist salute, then how did that come about? There's nothing Islamic about Hitler or Mussolini, as far as I know.