HISTORY OF :-Ancient kerala and Ancient china [And story of noodles and Idiappam][AND STORY OF PIZZA VS DOSSA]

ANCIENT KERALA HAD A ROARING IMPORT AND EXPORT TO CHINA IN THE EAST AND ROME IN THE WEST

 Certain references in the old Testament of Bible contains information about cinnamon, cardamom and spices which were the special products of Kerala. According to evidences Kerala’s foreign contacts increased after
The discovery of monsoon winds in the first century AD(44 AD) by HIPPALUS,:-
 A Greek sailor. Hippalus discovered that a ship started from the Gulf of Aden along with the monsoon winds can reach the western shore of india

The discovery of Monsoon winds was very beneficial to the Phoenician, Greeks and Roman sailors   archaeological and literary evidences indicate that trade contacts between Kerala and Western Roman
increased after the discovery of Monsoon


It is assumed that even during the Ancient times Kerala had commercial links with China. “Even before
Christ there was trade relationship between Kerala and China”,


                                                           Ancient chinese ship for trade[click to see bigger]
   The Venetian traveller Marco Polo who reached Kerala during the last decade of the 13th Century and Ibn-
Batuta, the African Arab traveller who came to Kerala in the first half of the 14th century, had given vivid description about the Chinese traders and Chinese ships. Ibn  Batuta mentions about these types of Chinese ships that had reached the Kerala coast. “They are Junks, Sou and Kalam. Junks were big ships middle sized one are sou and Kalam were “smaller ships

He also states that in each of the ships there served a thousand men, of whom six hundered were sailors,
and four hundred warriors

Chinese ceramics have been obtained from several sites on the Malabar coast such as Baliapatam,  Cannanore, Dharmadam, Pantalayini, Ponnani, Kodungallur and Quilon(kollam)


MANY MALAYALAM WORDS SHOWS HOW CLOSE THE CHINESE TRADE AFFECTED THE LIFE IN KERALA    


[1] CHINESE FISHING NET :- BROUGHT TO KERALA FROM CHINA IN ANCIENT TIMES at kochi(cochin)harbour



Ma- Huan was the first foreign traveller to write about Kochi [Kochi was an important port city of Central Kerala].Ma-Huan’s account Ying-Yai Sheng-
Lan [1433]describes “The country of the little Kolan[Kollam], Kochin[Kochi], Kuli[Kozhikode] etc.

 According to Ma-Huan”From Kerala by navigating one night and one day, Kochi can be reached. The king of Kochi who belong to the sun dynasty was a Buddhist
and had great respect for the elephants and oxen.”




[2]CHEENA CHATTI
[FRYING PAN USED IN KERALA FOR FRYING ]MOST PROBABLY IMPORTED FROM CHINA IN ANCIENT TIMES


CHEENA=CHINA AND CHATTI= PAN
 [3] CHEENA KALI MANNU[CHEENA=CHINESE;KALI MANNU=A PARTICULAR TYPE OF SAND USED TO MAKE POTTERY


style type='text/css'>#vogroll_4{border:none;margin:0px;}The history of The Kerala Ceramics dates back to 1937 when the Maharaja of the then Princely State of Travancore set up one unit for Mining and Refining of China Clay and another unit for manufacture of Porcelain wares.The Kerala Ceramics Ltd. was set up in 1963 as a fully owned Government of Kerala Undertaking (under Companies Act) with its registered Office at Kundara, Kollam


The Chinese contact has left behind a few field names in the coastal areas of Malabar, especially in Kozhikode and its surroundings At Kozhikode proper, there is one survey field was Cinakota, meaning Chinese fort, near the Silk Street.


At Kappad, the famous spot which is believed to be the landing place of Vasco Da Gama there is a vast compound named Cinacceri, meaning a Chinese[M.R. Raghava Varier Advances in History,]
One of the important feature of the trade between China and Kerala was that it was state sponsored.
 The best example for this is the delegation of Zheng He, which was sponsored by Ming dynasty.
Chinese coins in South India
ancient chinese coin from south india

 This is an
example of the interest shown by the Chinese government to develop trade between these two regions. The voyages of the Chinese merchants from China to Kerala was very long, time consuming, full of risks and expensive. The Chinese travellers who travelled through the Bay of Bengal did not have the advantage of the
Monsoon winds which blow through the Arabian Sea. So the Chinese travellers always needed the financial support of the rulers.

                                        
                     IDI APPAM OF KERALA[COPIED FROM NOODLES OF CHINA?]

October 12, 2005[A 4,000-year-old bowl of noodles unearthed in China is the earliest example ever found;It also suggests an Asian—not Italian—origin for the staple dish.]Other theories suggest noodles were first made in the Middle East and introduced to Italy by the Arabs. Italians are widely credited for popularizing the food in Europe and spreading it around the world'
[MAY BE IT SPREAD FROM CHINA VIA KERALA'S IDIAPPAM TO ARABS AND ITALY'S NOODLES;AS IDI APPAM MADE IN THE SHAPE OF PUTTU-KNOWN AS 'MANI PUTTU'- IS POPULAR; AMONG THE MUSLIMS OF KERALA

File photograph of the Cheraman Juma Masjid


WHO HAD CONTACTS; WITH ARABIA SINCE THE TIME OF THE PROPHET]


DOSA VS PIZZA:- SAME QUESTION; AS  ABOVE WITH NOODLES ;IS WITH DOSA/APPAM VS PIZZA



DOSA/APPAM CAME TO INDIA FROM ROME AS PIZZA OR PIZZA WENT TO ROME AS DOSA/APPAM?


[NEEDS RESERCH:-]{Ancient Roman Diet:-Luncheon was usually a cold meal, eaten about 11 o'clock in the morning. Lunch was bread, salad, olives, cheese, fruit, nuts, and cold meat left over from dinner the night before. This was followed by an after rest or nap
a dinner of porridge made of vegetables, or, when they could afford it, fish, bread, olives, and wine, and meat on occasion.}
ROMANS NEVER ATE PIZZA AT THE TIME OF JULIUS CESAR IN 1ST CENTURY A.D. SO CHANCES ARE DOSSA WENT TO ROME FROM INDIA AND WAS MADE INTO PIZZA


another story about origin of pizza:-

The idea of using bread as a plate came from the Greeks, who ate flat round bread (plankuntos) baked with an assortment of toppings{in the first century AD(44 AD) by HIPPALUS,:-
 A Greek sailor. Hippalus discovered that a ship started from the Gulf of Aden along with the monsoon winds can reach the western shore of india}

. The tomato came to Italy from Mexico and Peru through Spain in the 16th century as an ornamental plant first thought to be poisonous.

True mozzarella cheese is made from the milk of the water buffalo imported from India to Campagna in the 7th century.

The story of how pizza became more than a peasant's food 

goes as follows:-

 in 1889 Queen Margherita accompanied her husband, Umberto I of Savoia, on an inspection of his Italian Kingdom. During her trips around the kingdom she saw many peasants and poor people eating a flat bread which they called "Pizza". While in Naples, the curious queen summoned her guards and asked them to bring her a piece of this flat bread. The queen liked what she ate and would eat this flat bread every time she went out of her palace
Margherita Savoy, Queen of Pearls
Queen margherita of italy 1880

Raffaele in order to honour the Queen's desire for his pizzas baked a special pizza with tomato, mozzarella cheese and basil (the colours of the Italian flag - red/white/green).
The pizza was a great hit with the Queen and Esposito was summoned often to bake this pizza. When the news got out that the Queen's favourite was topped with tomato, mozzarella & basil, she not only became an even greater hit with the public,
but also started a trend for the "Pizza Margherita" that is eaten in Naples and around the world to this day.

so pizza may be of greek or indian origin atleast mozarella cheese, they say originated, in India


Trade Items between kerala and china:-

Spices like pepper and Cardamom and the Kerala Products like coconut and arecanut was in great demand in China. In return China clay, Chinese silk, Vessels, Copper, Mercury and lead were brought to Kerala from China

The Medieval Chinese travellers like Chou-Ju-Kua (l225 A.D) has stated that the Zamorin[king of kozhikodu] sent two merchant leaders to China to invite the merchants of China to Kozhikode . The work Tao-i-Chili of Wang- Ta-Yuvan had mentioned about the ports of Kerala.
Zheng He and the benign Sino-Centric Order:



pepper,coconut,fish,betelnuts,etc were exported from Malabar in exchange for gold, silver, coloured satin, blue and white porcelain, beads, musk and camphor.