1924 SINGLE RAIL(MONORAIL) RAILWAY AT MUNNAR-KERALA AND OTHER MONORAILS

Munnar light railway 1924



History of Kundala Valley Railway.

As Monorail from 1902 - 1908

Kundala Valley Railway was built in 1902 and operated between Munnar and Top Station. This railway was built to transport tea. Initially a cart road was cut in 1902,[1] then later replaced by a monorail goods carriage system along the road leading from Munnar to Top Station for the purpose of transporting tea and other products from Munnar and Madupatty to Top Station. This monorail was based on   Ewing System



File:Monorail steam train.jpg


and had a small wheel placed on track while a larger wheel rested on the road to balance the monorail. This was similar to Patiala State Monorail Trainways.


Indian Tramway constructed by His Highness the Guicowar of Baroda," from the Illustrated London News, 1863*



Top Station was a transshipment point for delivery of tea from Munnar to Bodinayakkanur. Tea chests arriving at Top Station from the Kundala Valley were then transported by an aerial ropeway from Top Station 5 km (3 mi) down hill to the south to Kottagudi, Tamilnadu, which popularly became known as "Bottom Station". The tea was shipped 15 km (9 mi) by cart to Bodinayakkanur, then by rail to other places in India and ship to England.As Narrow Gauge Railway from 1908 - 1924
In 1908 the monorail was replaced by a 24 inch gauge light railway. The railway en route had stations at Madupatty and Palaar. The railway was pulled by light steam locomotives. This railway was completely destroyed by a flood in 1924 and was never rebuilt.This a defunct railway now with few remains scattered throughout Munnar and Kundala Valley.


DATE: 2004-08-24
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
SIZE: 18 ITEMS

THIS BUILDING WAS ONCE A RAILWAY STATION (MUNNAR STATION OF KUNDALA VALLEY RAILWAY IN MUNNAR, KERALA). THIS IS NOW TATA TEA LTD'S REGIONAL OFFICE. MUNNAR, KERALA, 2004-06-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR


. NOW, CONVERTED INTO A ROAD. IN FRONT OF TATA TEA LTD REGIONAL OFFICE, MUNNAR, 2004-06-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
REMAINS OF RAIL CAN EVEN NOW BEFOUND HERE. THIS IS A PIECE OF RAIL USED IN THE GATE BEAM OF TATA TEA OFFICE. MUNNAR, 2004-06-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.


DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR

THIS BRIDGE, CALLED ALUMINIUM BRIDGE WAS ONCE UPON A TIME A RAILWAY BRIDGE, LATER CONVERTED TO ROAD. NOTE THE CONSTRUCTION, SIMILAR TO RAILWAY BRIDGES. MUNNAR, 2004-06-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
Sany0126.jpg
THE SIGN BOARD TO THE NON FUNCTIONING MUNNAR ROPEWAY STATION. ROPEWAY AND RAILWAY CO EXISTED IN MUNNAR FOR SEVERAL YEARS. MUNNAR, 2004-04-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
Sany0128.jpg
REMAINS OF LOCO AND ROPEWAY PARTS AT THE ROPEWAY STATION. MUNNAR, 2004-04-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
Sany0130.jpg
THE MUNNAR ROPEWAY STATION, IS NOW USED AS A STORE. MUNNAR, 2004-04-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
Sany0142.jpg
REMAINS OF RAILWAY STATION AT A PLACE CALLED TOP STATION ABOUT 40 KM FROM MUNNAR. THE KUNDALA VALLEY RAILWAY ENDED HERE. THIS STATION ALSO HOUSED THE MUNNAR-TOP STATION ROPEWAY. TRAINS, AND LATER ROPEWAYS WORKED FROM MUNNAR TO TOP STATION AND FROM TOP STATION DOWN HILL TO BODINAYIKKANUR, THE TRANSPORT WAS BY ANOTHER ROPEWAY. TOP STATION, 2004 -04-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2004-06-21
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
Sany0143.jpg
UP CLOSE ON SOME REMAINS OF THE RAIL/ROPEWAY STATION. TOP STATION, 2004-04-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2004-06-21
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
Sany0148.jpg
IT WAS FROM HERE THE DOWN HILL ROPEWAY FROM TOP STATION TO BODINAYIKKANUR IN TAMIL NADU STARTED. TOP STATION, 2004-04-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2004-06-21
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
Sany0149.jpg
A NAME PLATE READING \"GSG 1926\" AT THE REAMINS OF THE STATION. TOP STATION, 2004-04-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
Sany0150.jpg
REMAINS OF TOP STATION-BODINAYIKKANUR ROPEWAY. TOP STATION, 2004-06-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR

MORE REMAINS OF TOP STATION-BODINAYIKKANUR ROPEWAY DEEP IN THE FORESTS. TOP STATION, 2004-04-20. BY JIMMY JOSE.
DATE: 2000-01-01
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR


A LOCO FROM THE LOST 2 FEET KUNDALA VALLEY RAILWAY OF MUNNAR, KERALA. THIS 2 FEET HILL RAILWAY WAS BUILT IN THE LATE 1890'S TO TRANSPORT TEA FROM MUNNAR AND WAS IN OPERATION TILL 1921 WHEN IT WAS DESTROYED IT COMPLETELY BY FLOODS, NEVER RESUME SERVICES AGAIN. MUNNAR, KERALA, EARLY 1900'S. BY PHOTOGRAPHED BY FOREFATHERS OF MR. JOSEPH RAJ, ROYAL STUDIO, MUNNAR; UPLOADED BY JIMMY JOSE (JIMMY@SOUTHERNELECTROMAG.COM).


DATE: 2004-05-05
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
munnar2.jpg
THE BRITISH CHIEF ENGINEER POSE ALONG WITH HIS SUBORDINATES IN FRONT ON A LOCO OF THE LOST KUNDALA VALLEY RAILWAY OF MUNNAR. A ROAD NOW EXIST AT THE VERY SPOT THIS PHOTO WAS SHOT, THE ENTERANCE TO MUNNAR TOWN. MUNNAR, KERALA, EARLY 1900'S. BY PHOTOGRAPHED BY FOREFATHERS OF MR. JOSEPH RAJ, ROYAL STUDIO, MUNNAR; UPLOADED BY JIMMY JOSE (JIMMY@SOUTHERNELECTROMAG.COM).
DATE: 2004-05-05
OWNER: GALLERY ADMINISTRATOR
DSCN4228.JPG
BOARD PROVIDING INFORMATION ABOUT DISPLAYED WHEEL AND ABONDMENT OF THIS RAILWAY AFTER FLOODS. IT WOULD HAVE BEEN ABSOLUTE TOURIST ATTRACTION IF THIS RAILWAY WOULD HAVE CONTINUED ITS OPERATIONS, MUNNAR TEA MUSEUM
DATE: 2006-03-14
OWNER: PAVAN KUMAR
DSCN4227.JPG
PICTURE OF LOCOMOTIVE WHICH WAS USED IN KUNDALE VALLEY LIGHT RAILWAY, MUNNAR TEA MUSEUM
DATE: 2006-03-24
OWNER: PAVAN KUMAR
COMMENTS: 2
LOCOMOTIVE WHEEL OF KUNDALE VALLEY LIGHT RAILWAY WHICH PLIED BETWEEN MUNNAR AND KUNDALE, CAN ANYONE GUESS GUAGE OF THIS LINE?, MUNNAR TEA MUSEUM
DATE: 2006-03-14
OWNER: PAVAN KUMAR
COMMENTS: 1
PAGE: 1

Alternative of Kundala Valley Railway.

As the flood in 1924, completely destroyed the Kundala Valley Railway leaving the relics that were beyond repair, the Kundala Valley Railway was replaced by a network of ropeways to ensure speedy transportation of tea and other products.
A narrow gauge railway operated between 1890’s to 1924 in Kundala Valley, near Munnar, Kerala when it was destroyed completely by floods

History of Kundala Valley Railway.:-
Kundala Valley Railway was built in 1890’s and operated between Munnar and Top Station. This railway was built to transport Tea. Initially a monorail goods carriage system was built along road leading from Munnar to Top Station for the purpose of transporting tea and other products from Munnar and Madupatty to Top Station. This monorail was based on Ewing System and had a small wheel placed on track while a larger wheel rested on the road to balance the monorail

Milne Collection films 1930




Click on an image to view the film
.
Click here to view this filmFilm 1:
B&W. 13:29min. Travancore, (Kerala), India. c. 1930s. Tea plantations. 13:29min. Travancore, (Kerala), India. c. 1930s. Unidentified filmmaker. Tea plantations. Tea boxes transported by
cable railway (wire shoots) across a mountainous area ( the High Ranges bordering Munnar town).
Aerial views of the tea plantations filmed form the cable railway. Outdoor and indoor scenes of the tea factory and workers.
arge number of Indian workers repairing and pulling a set of heavy cable
Click here to view this filmFilm 2:
B&W. 16:13min. Travancore, (Kerala), India. c. 1935. Maharaja of Travancore visiting Nullantani all-electric tea factory. The opening of the Neriamangalam Bridge.
Click here to view this filmFilm 3:
B&W. 33:01min. Travancore, (Kerala), India. c. 1930s. Tea plantations and tea production technology. Lumbering in South India

Top Station was a transshipment point for delivery of tea from Munnar to Bodinayakkanur. Tea chests arriving at Top Station from the Kundala Valley were transported by an aerial ropeway from Top Station 5 km (3 mi) down hill to the south to Kottagudi, Tamilnadu, which popularly became known as "Bottom Station".

The Tea was then shipped 15 km (9 mi) by cart to Bodinayakkanur, then by rail to other places in India and ship to England. In 1908 the monorail was replaced by a 24 inch gauge railway. The railway enroute had stations at Madupatty and Palaar. This railway was completely destroyed by a flood in 1924 and was never rebuilt. This a defunct railway now with few remains scattered throughout Munnar and Kundala Valley.


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