1510:- HISTORY OF KERALA MALABAR KING; RULED MALABAR HILL BOMBAY; AND [ ACROSS BOMBAY HARBOUR CAMBAY SULTAN OF GUJERAT RULED]- QUOTED FROM BIOGRAPHY OF PORTUGESE ADMIRAL ALBUQUERQUE BY HIS SON

"HISTORY OF KERALA :-(SAMOODRI RAJA OF KOZHIKODU== KING ZAMORIN OF CALICUT )CONQUEST OF BOMBAY REGION ;BEFORE PORTUGESE CAME TO INDIA"


PORTUGESE ADMIRAL Albuquerque IN INDIA 1500'S















                        FROM :-  {Albuquerque, in 4 vols., by his son),


Western India at the period when the Portuguese broke ground upon it;Except the names of a few towns which dot the Littoral, and which the Portuguese conquered, the whole land is enveloped in a cloud of mist, through the rifts of which we catch a glimpse of such shadowy forms as;
Zamorin, Hadalcai,Balagat, Narsinga, Sheikh Ismail, and Cambay.
Yet these names represent the masters of this portion of Asia. Occasion-ally we catch a glimpse of hosts of swarthy warriors armed with buckler, spear, and bow, emerging from the passes of the Western Ghauts to the plains below, but of the powers that sent them there we have only the faintest indications.
Bijapur had already its citadel, or Arkila, and was bulging out its ground plan of magnificent distances . Mahomed Bigarra ...........sat amid the glories of Ahmedabad or Champanir and

Krishna Deva,.........greatest of its sovereigns, ruled at Vizyanagar on tlie
Tongabudra.

Bombay(May it is called), or what existed of it,stood at the junction of the two empires which had borne
the brunt of war for a century — that is, the land on which her huts were built was the King of Cambay's (Sultan of Ahmedabad), and the men who occupied them were his subjects. Across the harbour all that magnificent scene we now cast our eyes upon from Malabar Hill was the Zamorin's. If we understandthe matter aright,the boundary of these two kingdoms was the Bombay Harbour and the Tanna Creek. All north of this inlet belonged to Cambay ; all south (Goa excepted) to the Zamorin.

Zamorin offered Chaul (thirty miles from Bombay) to Albuquerque as a site for a fort.


Bombay was Mahomedan And eyed across the water the Hindoo kingdom of the Zamorin

PORTUGESE FORT OF CHAUL SOUTH OF BOMBAY (CLICK ON PHOTO TO SEE BIGGER)  GIVEN TO PORTUGESE BY 'ZAMORIN KING' THE MALABAR KING OF KERALA





There is one fact brought into bold relief by the Commentaries of Albuquerque, and it is this —that the Guzerattees held naval supremacy from the Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb and the mouth of the Persian Gulf to Malacca. They were the great carriers all over the Indian Ocean. The Hindoos are not generally credited with being a maritime people ; but it is expressly said of those of Goa (1506) "they were a maritime race, and more inured to the hardships of the sea than all other nations, built ships of great burden, and navigated the coasts." And, again, in regard to Ceylon and the Far East "The Guzerattees understand the navigation of those parts much more thoroughly than any other nation on account of the great commerce they carry on in these places. " We accept these statements as we find them, but there is no getting over the fact that, wherever Albuquerque engaged pilots on the coasts of Africa, Arabia, or India, they were Moors, and we are driven to the conclusion that the captains who navigated these ships were Arabs of Hindoostan, while the crews may have been lascars oF Hindoos.