THIRUVITHAKOOR KINGDOM 1750 (ENGLISH:-TRAVANCORESTATE)


Marthanda Varma(1706-1758)










Following the expulsion of the Dutch,the Maharajah now turned his attention once again towards kayamkulam which continued seeking help from the Dutch.In 1742,the Travancore forces attacked the Kayamkulam possessions at kollam and fought the Kayamkulam army led by its commander Achuta Warrier.In this battle Travancore was defeated. But reinforced with forces Marthanda Varma mounted an attack on kayamkulam and finally defeated the kingdom.A treaty known as the Treaty of mannar was signed by which Kayamkulam became a tributary.However by 1746,the Kayamkulam Rajah once again started showing signs of rebellion and when the intelligence of his conspiracy with the kingdoms further north such as kottayam, changanassery,cochin and ambalpuzha came to the knowledge of Marthanda Varma,Kayamkulam was annexed by a final war in which the Rajah fled to thekingdom of cochinTravancore now extended from kanyakumari to kayamkulam in the north.Following this ambalapuzha kottayam and changanassery were also annexed to Travancoreby 1753.The principality of meenachil was also annexed. In 1753 the tributary states of cochin collectively known as Karappuram were ceded to TravancoreIn 1755 the SAMUDRI RAJAH ofKOZHIKODE the most powerful king in Northern Kerala was also defeated and forced to sign a treaty of friendship with THIRUVITHAMKOOR(TRAVANCORE),causing all the Kings of KERALA to prostrate before the power of Marthanda Varma.

Vembanaud, were ruled by the Chembakackerry Rajahs.

The territory included by Muvattupuzhai and Ettumanur was held under sway by the Tekkumkur and Vadakumkur Rajahs.

The Taluqs of Minachil and Alengad were under the authority of a chief.

Kunnathnad was the possession of the Edapalli Eaja

and Parur had its own independant chief.

These small states are now incorporated into the Travancore territory with the exception of the Attangal tract which is the hereditary possession of the Ranees of the Royal family;

the Kilimanur estate which constitutes the property of Koil Tampurans who are allied to the Royal house;
the Vanjipuzhai estate belonging to a priest of some spiritual dignity:

the Edapalli estate held by another chief of still higher spiritual rank

and few other tracts belonging to temples which are richly endowed. It may be noted however that the Criminal jurisdiction over these tracts vests in the Sircar.