Indian Space Program;kerala's 3 stage toy rocket with a cat and its recovery by parachute 1959 ; and the post world war 2 history of rockets till 1960

Thumba [IN SOUTH KERALA STATE]became well-known to the out-siders after the establishment of Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS), which was the first of that kind in India. It was started in 1962
The first sounding rocket, Nike-Apache, was launched rocket on 21 Nov 1963. The Rohini Sounding Rocket (RSR) program to develop ingenuously developed and fabricated sounding rockets launched the first single-stage Rohini (RH-75) rocket (32 kg rocket with 7 kg payload to ~10 km altitude) in 1967, followed by a two-stage Rohini rocket (100 kg payload to over 320 km altitude). Apart from Indian payload, sounding rockets from many other countries (including USA, Russia, Japan, France, Germany) were also launched from Thumba

kerala has a glorious past of producing toy rockets mainly for temple festivals

;when soviet Russia sent up the first rocket beating u.s.a. in that people world over were surprised at that great event.Sputnik 1, launched by the USSR in 1957, was the first artificial object to orbit the Earth.

Launch first Soviet rocket in 1947
On 22 May 1947 he first group of 234 specialists was given the task of designing a 600 km range rocket (the G-1/R-10). The most senior was Helmut Groettrup, who had been an aide to the director of electronics at Peenemunde. Work had begun on this already in Germany but the initial challenge in Russia was that the technical documentation was somehow still 'in transit' from the Zentralwerke. The other obstacle was Russian manufacturing technology, which was equivalent to that of Germany at the beginning of the 1930's. Nevertheless the team completed the G-1 draft project and defended it on 28 December 1948. The State Commission found the G-1 to be superior to Korolev's R-2 design in many respects. However the Russian designers managed to convince the government to put the R-2 rather than the G-1 into production by arguing that the manufacturing technology of the G-1 could not be mastered immediately by Soviet Union. Several of the design concepts (integrated propellant tanks, radio-controlled cut-off, forward liquid oxygen tank) were however used by the Russians in their R-2 and R-5 rockets.

Episode 2, Race For Satellites, spans 1953-1958. As the Cold War intensifies, Korolev is asked to build a rocket capable of carrying a five-ton warhead to America - he designs and constructs the R-7 Semyorka, and is later allowed to use it to launch the first satellite, Sputnik 1.

Russian 2nd sputnik with the first space animal - a dog named laika

kerala's fireworks cum toy rocket makers of 1959:-and the launch of 3 stage toy rocket with a cat

announced that they will repeat Russia's feat on a smaller scale; and made toy rockets with 3 stages of rockets ; and fine tuned it to fire ist stage followed by second stage and third stage;

soon after the launch of dog laika into space by soviet Russia ;

kerala's own toy rocket makers who used to make rockets for temple festival ;decided to make a toy rocket to carry a bird or an animal up into sky and make it return by parachute .they did it and it came in news papers of kerala at that time

They send a pigeon in the first toy rocket

and in second toy rocket they send a small animal, it was a cat ; as i can remember reading

This was reported in kerala news papers of that time ,they not only send the animal up in a 3 stage toy rocket ;but also brought it down safely back by a small parachute .

Great achievement at that time; before India made the first rocket in 1965; and before Thumba rocket center was made.