MALAYALAM LANGUAGE OF KERALA STATE ,INDIA,ALPHABET {CLICK ON EACH PARA TO SEE IT BIGGER}






Malayalam alphabet
Origin
Malayalam first appeared in writing in the vazhappalli inscription which dates from about 830 AD. In the early thirteenth century the Malayalam script began to develop from a script known as vattezhuthu (round writing), a descendant of the Brahmi script.

As a result of the difficulties of printing Malayalam, a simplified or reformed version of the script was introduced during the 1970s and 1980s. The main change involved writing consonants and diacritics separately rather than as complex characters. These changes are not applied consistently applied so the modern script is often mixture of traditional and simplified characteres

Malayalam is also regularly written with a version of the Arabic script by Muslims in Singapore and Malaysia, and occasionally by Muslims in Kerala.

Notable features
•This is a syllabic alphabet in which all consonants have an inherent vowel. Diacritics, which can appear above, below, before or after the consonant they belong to, are used to change the inherent vowel.
•When they appear the the beginning of a syllable, vowels are written as independent letters.
•When certain consonants occur together, special conjunct symbols are used which combine the essential parts of each letter.
Used to write:
Malayalam, a Dravidian language with about 35 million speakers. It is spoken mainly in the south west of India, particularly in Kerala, the Laccadive Islands and neighboring states, and also in Bahrain, Fiji, Israel, Malaysia, Qatar, Singapore, UAE and the UK.


Months

The Malayalam months are named after the Signs of the Zodiac. Thus Chingam (from Simham or Lion) is named after the constellation Leo and so on. The following are the months of the astronomical Malayalam calendar:
Comparative table showing corresponding months of other calendars
Months in Malayalam EraIn MalayalamGregorian CalendarTamil calendarSaka eraSign of Zodiac
Chingamചിങ്ങംAugust–SeptemberAavaniSravanBhadrapadaLeo
Kanniകന്നിSeptember–OctoberPurattasiBhadrapadaAsvinaVirgo
ThulamതുലാംOctober–NovemberAippasiAsvinaKartikaLibra
Vrishchikamവൃശ്ചികംNovember–DecemberKarthigaiKartikaAgrahayanaScorpio
DhanuധനുDecember–JanuaryMargazhiAgrahayanaPausaSagittarius
MakaramമകരംJanuary–FebruaryThaiPausaMaghaCapricon
KumbhamകുംഭംFebruary–MarchMaasiMaghaPhalgunaAquarius
MeenamമീനംMarch–AprilPanguniPhalgunaChaitraPisces
MedamമേടംApril–MayChithiraiChaitra– VaisakhaAries
EdavamഇടവംMay–JuneVaikasiVaisakhaJyaisthaTaurus
MidtunamമിഥുനംJune–JulyAaniJyaisthaAsadaGemini
Karkadakamകര്‍ക്കടകംJuly–AugustAadiAsadaSravanaCancer

[edit]Days

The days of the week in the Malayalam calendar are suffixed with Azhcha (ആഴ്ച - week).
Comparative table showing corresponding weekdays
Malayalam/Tamil NameമലയാളംEnglishHindi
njayarഞായര്‍SundayRavivar
thinkalതിങ്കള്‍MondaySomvar
chouwaചൊവ്വTuesdayMangalvar
budhanബുധന്‍WednesdayBudhvar
vyazhamവ്യാഴംThursdayGuruvar
velliവെള്ളിFridaySukravar
shaniശനിSaturdayShanivar
Like the months above, there are twenty seven stars starting from Aswathi (Ashvinī in Sanskrit) and ending in Revatī. The 365 days of the year are divided into groups of fourteen days called Njattuvela, each one bearing the name of a star.                                                                

Malayalam Numerals


Malayalam Numerals