HISTORY OF TEMPLES DESTROYED IN WAR AND LATER REPAIRED (18 TH CENTURY KERALA)

TEMPLES:-

1 Thali,
2 Thiruvannur,
3 Varackal
4 Puthur,
5 Govindapuram,
6 Thalikkunnu
as a result of Tipu's military operations.

Some of them were reconstructed by the Zamorin after he returned following the defeat of Tipu Sultan in Sreerangapatanam and the Treaty of 1792.

The devastation caused by Tipu Sultan to :-
7 temples of Keraladheeswaram,
8 Thrikkandiyoor
9 and Thriprangatu


The Zamorin renovated these temples to some extent.
The famous and
ancient Thirunavaya Temple,

(Malabar Gazetteer).

10 Tipu converted the Thrikkavu Temple into an ammunition depot in Ponnani

(Malabar Manual).

It was the Zamorin who repaired the temple later. Kotikkunnu, Thrithala, Panniyoor and other family temples

11 The famous Sukapuram Temple was also desecrated.
12 Damage done to the Perumparampu Temple
13 and Maranelira Temple
14 . Vengari Temple
15 Thrikkulam Temple
16 in Eranadu, Azhinjillam Temple
17 in Ramanattukara, Indyannur Temple,
18 Mannur Temple

19 Tipu Sultan reached Guruvayoor Temple
20 after destroying Mammiyoor Temple


and Palayur Christian Church.


in the Guruvayoor Temple, fearing the wrath of Tipu Sultan, the sacred idol of the Guruvayoor Temple was removed

21 temples at Parampathali,
22 Panmayanadu
23 and Vengidangu

works of Fra Bartolomaeo:-

who had travelled through Kerala at that time. How cruelly Tipu Sultan, ably assisted by the French Commander M. Lally, had treated the Hindu and Christian population can be clearly understood from his writings.

TALKING RECORDS OF KERALA HISTORY
2000 Nairs of Kadathanadu
Tipu Sultan offered to spare their lives, provided they accepted conversion to Islam.
Parappanad Royal Family were converted to Muhammadan faith
Nilamboor Royal Family was also converted to Islam.
It may be mentioned here that the entire Wodayar Royal Family of Mysore had been humiliated and kept in prison by Hyder Ali Khan and Tipu Sultan in their capital city, Sreerangapatanam.
Even the Palghat Raja, Ettipangi Achan who had surrendered, was imprisoned on suspicion and later taken to Sreerangapatanam. Nothing was heard of him subsequently.
Christians in Palghat fled out of fear.
24 The famous Hemambika Temple at Kalpathi of the Palghat Raja
25 the Kachamkurissi temple
26 and also the Jain Temple at Palghat