sage Agasthya/Agasthi(another name in rigveda)





'Agasthi mountain' in south india ,60 kms east of trivandrum city























The left of these two statues represents Agastya as a bearded, pot-bellied Hindu sage. It is located in the archaeological museum at Prambanan, Java, Indonesia, and probably dates from the 9th century A.D. Agastya was one of the divinities worshipped at Candi Siva, the main temple at Prambanan









According to Ramayana :-forests of south central India were known as agasthya













According to Tamil tradition of south India ,he created tamil language and literature.A mountain in south is named after Agasthya,And he is worshipped as a diety in temples in south India'









Agasthya is also the author of 'Agasthya samhita'an ancient book.


He is considered the guru of many other Siddhas.


He is also called Kurumuni, meaning short



He made contributions to the field of Medicine



and Astrology - especially Nadi astrology.



He is said to have lived over 5000 years ago

World Culture Encyclopedia :: South Asia



[As per opinion of WORLD CULTURE.encyclopedia]




The basic Hindu culture of the area supposedly originated with the mythical sage Agastya, who, like the Yellow Emperor of China, is said to have invented various sciences and even dragged the arable land up from the sea. It is not impossible that the original of this great south Indian sage (ancient north India had what was probably a different Agastya) was none other than the Emperor Augustus and that Agastya's inventions were Roman innovations brought into the area.
There certainly was a sizable Roman population, along with a legion of soldiers, in the Kerala seaport of Cranganur, and in the first century A.D. it did indeed have a temple to the god Augustus, the only Roman temple we know of in South Asia.
Centuries after the Romans and Greeks had come from Alexandria, and with them the Jews and St. Thomas Christians, according to tradition, Arab Muslims came and sometimes settled, creating the first Muslim communities in southern India. The Chinese only came briefly, during the Ming expeditions of the early fifteenth century, and they had no lasting effect on the culture;
Tamil and Sanskrit texts from Tamil Nad, speak highly of Yavanas
as sculptors and skilled artists, constructing attractive royal chariots and buildings making precious jewel boxes mostly made of gold and gems and charming lamps held by women and also bringing gold from overseas. They were also known for their fearful countenance, violent speeches, and dreadful weapons and were employed by the Tamil kings to guard their forts. They also brought wine in jars which were in demand among the royalty.
It may be mentioned here that among the gold coins found as treasure trove at Vellalur 23 unstruck gold pieces were also found. Obviously they were brought for their metal value. Though no gold coin of the local rulers have been unearthed so far, it is not unlikely that these were brought by the Romans to mint local coins. The recently found inscribed Chera coins suggest they were modelled and minted by the Roman artists. That Roman lamps were actually used in Tamil Nad, is attested by the find of a Roman lamp at Arikkamedu.
Notes.
The Yavanas so mentioned, were in all probability Romans and these literary references are authenticated by

archaeological finds like, amphora wine jars

, Roman lamps,

Roman gold and silver coins,

and classical references to their trade in precious gems. Convesely, these poems were obviously composed only after the advent of the Roman trade
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¤ Ancient History (1st to 9th centuries)History of Tamil NaduTamil Nadu was ruled by the early Cholas between 1st and 4th centuries CE. Karikalan was the first and the most famous king, who built the Kallanai (kall - stone, anai - bund), a dam across the Cauvery River, which is considered to be an engineering wonder of that time. The Cholas ruled the present Thanjavur and Tiruchirapalli districts and were excellent in military expertise. At the peak of their glory, the Chola kings expanded their influence as far as Cylon (SriLanka) in the south and hundreds of kilometers across the northern region. Cholas comprises the major part of ancient history of Tamil Nadu. Almost all the Chola Kings build magnificent temples. Brahadeswarer's Temple or more popularly called as the Big temple in Tanjore (Thanjavur)is a classical example of the magnificent architecture of the Chola kingdom.

During the later half of 4th century, Pallavas the great temple builders emerged into prominence and dominated the south for another 400 years. A large portion of Tamil Nadu was ruled by then with Kanchipuram as their base. In the 6th century they defeated the Cholas and ruled as far as Sri Lanka. Among the greatest Pallava rulers were Mahendravarman-l and his son Narasimhavarman. Dravidian architecture reached its epitome during Pallava rule. The last Pallava King was Aparajitha. He was defeated by Aditya Chola towards the end of the 9th century.



¤ Medieval History (9th to 14th centuries)

Under Rajaraja Chola and his son Rajendra Chola, the Cholas again rose as a notable power in 9th century in South India. The Chola empire extended to the central Indian states like, Orissa and parts of West Bengal. Rajaraja Chola conquered the eastern Chalukya kingdom by defeating the Cheras, and also occupied parts of Ceylon by defeating the Pandyas. Rajendra Chola went beyond, occupying the islands of andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Sumatra, Java, Malaya and the islands of Pegu with his fleet of ships. He defeated Mahipala, the king of Bihar and Bengal, and to mark his victory he built a new capital called Gangaikonda Cholapuram. The Cholas started loosing their power around the 13th century.



Chola Empire
சோழ நாடு
300s BC–1279 
Chola's empire and influence at the height of its power (c. 1050)



The Vijayanagar Empire: The brothers Harihara and Bukka founded the Karnataka Empire, also known as the Vijayanagar Empire, in 1336. It was started in South India on a humble note to resist Muslim invasion of the Hoysala territory by Mallik Kafur's destructive campaign. In fifty years the kingdom came to be known as most powerful empire and reigned Indian southern peninsula for nearly 200 years.’