QUEEN OF TRAVANCORE FROM MAVELIKKARA PALACE

AS A CHILD PAINTED BY RAVI VARMA














AS QUEEN


MAVELIKKARA TEMPLE










Sethu Lakshmi Bayi {1895 TO 1985}was the ruler of Travancore,FROM 1924 TO 1931
As regent for her nephew, Chithira TirunalChithira Thirunal Balarama Varma

SEthu Lakshmi Bayi was born in Mavelikkara
, the granddaughter of famous painter Raja Ravi VERMA
RAJA RAVI VARMA [FAMOUS PAINTER]

and was adopted from the Mavelikkara Royal Family, which originated from the Kolathunadu Royal House from Malabar

. Until she was five years old lived with her family in Mavelikkara. In 1900, following the failure of heirs in the Travancore royal family,



 she and her sister were adopted by her maternal grand-aunt, and she moved into the royal palace in Trivandrum.


 Five years later, when she was 10 years old, she was married to Rama Varma Valia Koil Thampuran of Ananthapuram Palace.

HH Sethu Lakshmi Bayi with Rama Varma Koil Thampuran on their wedding day (1906) (Picture courtesy Lakshmi Raghunandan)

In 1924, Moolam Thirunal, the Maharaja of Travancore,


 died, and Sethu Lakshmi Bayi became regent for her nephew, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma


. Mr M.E. Watts the first full time non Hindu Dewan held the office of Prime Minister during this period.
                                                   Reforms:-
(1)By a royal proclamation in 1925, Sethu Lakshmi Bayi introduced the Panchayat
The Panchayat is an Indian political system that groups five villages
to encourage rural self government.
 
(2) A number of highways were opened along the state including in the high ranges.

(3)The College for Women was raised to first grade.

(4) Also the traditional Devadasi system was abolished
{E.Thurston :- 7 types of devadasis: datta ; vikrita ; bhritya ; brita ; bhakta ...
or Kudikkari system} The most important reform however was the

(5) Nair Regulation of 1925 which allowed the partition of property among the branches of a Nair
{Tharavadu is a system of joint family practised by nairs and nammboothiris}

(6) Another reform in 1928 by which individual shares could be obtained in ancestral property. This marked the demise of the ancient Marumakkathayam
Marumakkathayam is a matrilinear system of inheritance that is unique to Nair Tharavadus or Nair communities in Kerala state.
which had stifled progress towards modern society.

(7)Animal sacrifice in temples was also abolishED

The Last Queen of Travancore:-http://inorite.wordpress.com/2009/06/04/61/






Oil Paintings of Raja Ravi Varma
Following are some of the oil paintings of Raja Ravi Varma.

1. The Milkmaid2. The Maharashtrian Lady3. The Suckling Child4. Expectation5. Pleasing6. Sakunthala7. Sri Krishna as Envoy8. Yesoda With Krishna9. Jatayu Vadha10. Syrendri
11. Harischandra In Distress12. Sakunthala13. Sri Rama Vanquishing The Sea14. Galaxy of Musicians15. There Comes Papa16. Lady In The Moon Light17. Mother And Child18. Sri Krishna Liberating His Parents19. Sakunthala Pathralekhan20. Lady With Veena
21. In Contemplation22. Lady In Her Dressing Room23. Lady With Swarbat24. Hamsa Damayanthi25. Swan Messenger26. Prem Patra27. Lady in Prison28. Gypsies29. Jatayu Vadham30. A Portrait
31. Malayalee Lady32. A Portrait33. Mrs. Ramanadha Rao34. Alms35. Droupathi and Simhika36. Lady with Flower Garland37. A Portrait38. Santhanu and Matsyagandhi39. Ammakovil Thampuran40. Radha and Madhava
41. Bharani Thirunal Rani Parvathi Bayi42. Sri Rama Breaking the Bow43. Droupathi in Virata's Palace44. Mohini and Rugmangada45. Puddukotta Durbar46. Victory of Meghanada47. Birth of Sakunthala48. Lady Going for Pooja49. Krishna Drishta50. Historic Meeting
51. Sakuntala52. Bhishma Oath53. Maharashtrian Beauty54. Saraswathi55. Vishwamitra and Menaka56. Kadambari57. The Lady with a Mirror58. Lakshmi59. The Miser60. Lady at Ball Game
61. Goddess Durga62. Arjuna and Subhadra63. Kamsa Maya64. Birth of Krishna65. Shantanu and Ganga66. Maharaja Moolam Thirunal67. Yasoda Adorning Krishna68. Looking into the Mirror69. Keechaka and Sairandhri70. Nala and Damayanthi
71. Lady Giving Alms72. Rai Pannalal Mehta73. Menaka and Sakunthala74. A Student75. Malabar Lady76. Prince Fateh Singh Rao77. Fresh from Bath78. Radha Waiting for Krishna79. Maharani Chimanbai80. Bharata
81. Nobleman from Central India82. Ladies in the Moonlight83. At the Bath84. Princess Tharabai85. Yasodha and Krishna86. Maharaja Sayaji Rao87. Lady on the Bridge88. Sir T. Madhava Rao89. Lady Juggler90. Maharaja Fateh Singh
91. Sleeping Beauty92. Damayanthi93. Lord Govindadas Krishnadas94. Woman with Veena95. Lady Resting on the Pillow96. Lady Playing the Veena97. Maharani Chimanbai98. Lady Holding a Fruit99. Stolen Interview100. Reclining Woman
101. Sairandhri102. Damayanthi Vanavas103. Lord Ampthill104. Decking the Bride105. The Reaper106. Maharana Prathap Singh107. Reverie108. Disappointing News109. Introducing Radha to Krishna110. Sreerama Crossing Sarayu River
111. Portrait of Gentleman112. Maharana Amar Singh113. Harischandra and Tharamathi114. Judith115. Maharana Jai Singh116. Sita taken by Goddess Earth117. Thara Varini118. Young Woman119. Maharana Raj Singh120. Portrait of a Lady
121. Sri Krishna as Envoy - 2122. Sreerama meets Seetha123. Royal Aunt124. Thanjavore Madhava Rao125. Lady in the Moon Light - 2126. Persian Damsel127. Colonel W.D. Bordie Ketchen128. Goddess Saraswathi - 2129. Bharatanatyam (Dance Pose)130. Shakunthala writing Letter
131. A Girl Holding Hookah and Broom132. Dambadas Ramachandra Thondaiman Bahadur133. Malayalee Lady134. Rajput Soldier135. Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran136. Sairandhri137. H.B. Grig Esq.138. Horses139. Lady near the Wall140. Princess Putla Raje



Oleographs of Raja Ravi Varma
Following are some of the oleographs of Raja Ravi Varma.

1. Saraswathi2. Hamsa Damayanthi3. Lakshmi4. Sakunthala Pathralekhan5. Keechaka and Sairandhri6. Damayanthi Vanavas7. Ganga Vatram8. Shantanu and Matsyagandhi9. Vishwamitra and Menaka10. Vasantika
11. Usha's Dream12. Hamsa Damayanthi13. Vasanthasena14. Mohini15. Urvashi and Purooravas16. Lady Giving Alms17. Shivaji Maharaj18. Radha and Sakhi19. Birth of Sakunthala20. Sakunthala and Sakhis



Lithographic Prints from Ravi Varma Press
Following are some of the lithographic prints originated from Ravi Varma Press.

1. Bharat Milap2. Riddhi Siddhi Ganapathi3. Sreerama Durbar4. Shankar5. Mahishasura Mardini6. Dhruv Narayanan7. Seshasayi8. Panchdev9. Vanavasi Ram10. Dattatreya




Tales from TRAVANCORE:-http://sharatsunderrajeev.blogspot.com/2008/10/maharajas-college-for-women.html