PALACES AT THIRUVALLA (1) PALIAKKARA(2) NEDUMPURAM

TEMPLE POND
THIRUVALLA POOVAPUZHA TEMPLE













There are plenty of evidences that suggests that the area had been inhabited since 500 BC
although the city was founded sometime in 800 AD only.
The present day area of Niranam and Kadapra[kadalppuram?] on the western part of Thiruvalla was submerged under the sea before that
.[as per Christian HISTORY-
In 52 A D Saint Thomas, one of the 12 Apostles of the Lord Jesus Christ, came to Musiris (Kodungallore) and later to Nelkinda (Niranam) through Purakkadu, ancient ports of Kerala, in South West India to preach the gospel. ]

The name Thiruvalla is a colloquial form of Thiruvallabhapuram
which is the Malayalam version of the earlier coinage Srivallabhapuram,
named after the chief deity of the central temple complex, Sri Vallabhan
. It is interesting to note that the ancient name of Thiruvalla was "Valla vai". This name had some relation with the river Manimala which was known as "Vallapuzha". The mouth is known as "Valla vai". On the western part of Thiruvalla, the rivers Pampa, Manimala and Achen Kovil join for a panoramic
As in many other places in India, the culture and heritage of Thiruvalla are tied with temples.
Historical evidence such as copper plates and proclamations point to Thiruvalla as a flourishing and major center of spiritual and educational prominence in AD 1100.




View Larger Map

The Sree Vallaba Temple governed a Vedic School with one thousand students and one hundred teachers. The temple also maintained a hospital in the service of the public at large
. The rulers of Thiruvalla belonged to the Thekkumkoor Dynasty, which had one of its headquarters at Edathil near Kavil Temple.




 Paliakara Palace
 is a branch of Lakshmipuram Palace of Changanacherry which was the branch of Alikottu Kovilakam of Pazhancherry in Malabar.
 Nedumpuram Palace
is a branch of Mavelikkara Palace is an heir to the Kolathiri tradition of Udayamangalam.
The Kaavil market
 (which is no longer in existence) was once one of the most famous markets of Kerala where there were even foreign trade links. It is actually situated in the street starting from Kavumbhagom jn. in Muthhoot road. It was also the settlement area of early Christians of Thiruvalla. This was the heartplace of Tiruvalla upto 19th Century.(the part east to M.C road was forest area).
We can find even dens in the now K.S.R.T.C garage area.

Christianity

arrived in Thiruvalla early through the apostle St.Thomas who is believed to have come to Niranam in A.D. 52 through Purakkadu. He founded the Niranam church which is only 5 km from Thiruvalla. Thiruvalla Christians were part of the autonomous Indian Church, until the 17th century when due to the intervention of the Portuguese missionaries a schism occurred leading to the introduction of Catholicism in India. The Mar Thoma Church and the Evangelical Church have their headquarters in Thiruvalla. The headquarters of the Orthodox Church Niranam Diocese and Thiruvalla Diocese of Syro-Malankara rite of the Catholic Church is also in Thiruvalla. The famous Paliakkara church is a destination of tourists, historians and moreover faithfuls from all denominations

Architecture OF NEDUMPURAM PALACE

The palace is constructed in the traditional complex 'pathinaru kettu' structure (lit. 16 blocks)
which divided the structure into four blocks of rooms with indoor open courtyards connected to each other
. The structure is supported by teak beams and false ceilings.
At present the building is in disrepair.
It is built in the kovilakam style.
A single block of this architecture is called Nālukettu and is generally constructed as a single dwelling of many joint families.

For each block of 'Nalukettu', barring the foundation and floor is made of carved and slotted wood and has a close resemblance to East Asian gabled and thatched structures. In later years, tiles replaced the coconut fronds.
The enclosed courtyard is sunk and is used for ritual ablusions and to grow plants for ritual use. The courtyard is open and gives direct access to the rooms.
The building is divided into two blocks by an inner temple where the family deity is kept and worshipped. The large teak doors on the outer verandahs are reserved for various ritual uses and are seldom opened.
The outer verandahs on both the western and eastern verandahs are left open, the northern and southern verandahs are enclosed or semi-enclosed.

The main palace is surrounded by out buildings of later vintage.
Of these, Puttan Kottaram (New Palace)
houses the house a temple,
Tekke Kottaram (SOUTHERN Palace, now demolished)
housed the growing members
and Vadakke Kottaram (NORTHERN Palace)
is a structure separated from the main compound by a river.