HORSE CARRIAGES AT TRIVANDRUM 1950


Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D'Cruz of the General Hospital in Trivandrum. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled 'Album of South Indian Views' of the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. This hospital was opened on 9th November 1865 by the Maharaja in person.[A HORSE CARRIAGE FOR HIRE(TAXI) CAN BE SEEN IN FRONT OF THE HOSPITAL)





KERALA HORSE CARRIAGES HAD UNIQUE WOODEN BODY ,WITH METAL TOP ;THIS TYPE OF CARRIAGES WERE NOT SEEN ANY WHERE ELSE IN INDIA


















TRIVANDRUM HORSE CARRIAGES
WERE A UNIQUE MODEL ,A CROSS BETWEEN THESE TWO CARRIAGES PHOTO,SINGLE WHEEL ON EACH SIDE ,CLOSED CARRIAGE ,WITH TWO WINDOWS ON EACH SIDE AND ENTRANCE BY 2 STEPS FROM BEHIND.WE USED TO CALL IT "JATKA"






[the main difference between Trivandrum horse carriage and other horse carriages of other cities was that Trivandrum horse carriage had a door at the back .a door with a small window to the back .even the front end between the 'jatka man'and the passengers was closed but with a window big enough to climb from inside to the out ]



ABOUT 20 HORSE CARRIAGES USED TO BE PARKED AT PALAYAM NEAR MOSQUE,AND AT THAMPANOOR RAILWAY STATION(a similar photo from usa)

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 AND SAME NUMBER AT THE MAIN RAILWAY STATION AS TAXIS
BY 1990 THE LAST OF THE HORSE CARRIAGES WERE DESTROYED ,THOUGH A FEW EXPERT CARRIAGE MAKERS , WHO MADE SUCH CARRIAGES ,WERE ALIVE IN 2003 -BEHIND SREE KUMAR THEATER CHAWL ,(WHICH I FOUND OUT )