COAL GAS BUSES,OAR BOAT TRANSPORT, no POLITICAL PARTY (worth the name)EXCEPT CONGRESS, QUIET LIFE1945

2 ND world war was causing famine (British made famine plus natural occurrence) as i mentioned before.In fact now i suspect but i can't prove, that the famine of early 19 Th century in British colonised Ireland was also to suppress the Irish national uprisings for freedom resulting in millions of death in Ireland and leading to mass migration of Irish people to America


PETROL WAS NOT AVAILABLE AS IT WAS BEING IMPORTED AND ALSO DIVERTED FOR THE WAR.CARS AND BUSES WERE CONVERTED TO RUN ON COAL .
                         COAL GAS ON TRAILER 1945

I CAN REMEMBER EACH AND EVERY BUS HAD A HUGE CYLINDER MOUNTED AT THE BACK 






Pics: Coimbatore Car Show-05012009138.jpg




CONTAINING COAL.THE CYLINDER WAS BLACK COLOR ABOUT 10 FEET IH HEIGHT ,ROUND ,AND ABOUT 4 FEET IN WIDTH.TO START THE BUS FIRST THE COAL HAD TO BE CONVERTED TO GAS BY A TEDIOUS LONG PROCESS OF CRANKING A HANDLE AT THE LEFT BACK OF THE BUS .THE CRANKING SOUND IS STILL IN MY MIND ;-NGEEEM NGEEM NGEEM IT WENT ON TILL ENOUGH OF THE COAL GOT CONVERTED TO COAL GAS

COAL GAS FILLED FROM PUMP --.COAL GAS IS STORED ON THE TOP OF THE THIS BUS

            COAL GAS BUS 1910 ENGLAND
         
.MOST BUSES WERE STARTED BY A STARTING HANDLE  



STARTING CAR BY HAND CRANK -A USUAL SCENE ON TRAVANCORE STREETS 1940'S




(A STEEL ROD ABOUT 3 FEET IN LENGTH WHICH WAS INTRODUCED INTO AND COUPLED ON TO THE ENGINE THROUGH A SMALL HOLE IN THE FRONT BUMPER).IT NEEDED A LOT OF STAMINA TO CRANK A HEAVY BUS ENGINE WITH A STEEL ROD TILL THE ENGINE SPUTTERS TO START AND FOR THIS PURPOSE A STRONG MUSCLED MAN WAS CARRIED IN EACH BUS WE USED TO CALL HIM CLEANER AS THAT WAS HIS MAIN WORK.


STARTING CAR BY HAND CRANK -A USUAL SCENE ON TRAVANCORE STREETS 1940'S













 TO GO TO ANY PLACE ME MY MOTHER USED TO COME TO THE BUS STAND 1 HOUR BEFORE TO GET A SEAT (REMINDS ME OF AIRLINE RULE OF ASKING PEOPLE TO COME EARLY),SIT IN THE BUS FOR ANOTHER HALF HOUR FOR THE COAL TO BE CONVERTED TO COAL GAS WITH CRANKING AND THEN FOR THE ENGINE OF THE BUS TO BE CRANKED TO START .SOMETIME IT WAS THE DUTY OF MALE PASSENGERS TO GET OUT AND PUSH THE BUS TO START IF THE BUS WAS NOT STARTED BY STARTING HANDLE.

 ROADS WERE NOT TARRED.MOSTLY RED SAND IN FINE DUST FORM WHICH USED TO FLY UP LIKE A CLOUD WHEN ANY BUS MOVES OVER IT MAKING IT DIFFICULT TO SEE FROM BEHIND .MAY BE FROM THIS THEY LEARNED TO MAKE SMOKE CAMOUFLAGE FOR THE WAR!!AND MOST BRIDGES WERE NEVER MADE OVER MOST RIVERS IN TRAVANCORE KINGDOM,BECAUSE TILL THEN PEOPLE TRAVELLED FROM NORTH TO SOUTH BY OAR BOATS AND BUSES AND CARS WERE STILL SOMETHING NEW.I CAN REMEMBER MY FATHER SENDING OUR HOUSE HOLD GOODS ON TRANSFER FROM KAYAMKULAM TO TRIVANDRUM CITY BY OAR BOATS (KETTU VALLAM).


Kollam Residency Office of British Resident to Cochin & Travancore KingdomS


























River along the village of Kerala.












NOW ALL THESE BIG OAR BOATS ARE CONVERTED FOR TOURISTS AS HOUSE BOATS.THE DISTANCE TO TRAVEL ABOUT 40 MILES(NOW IN KMS)IT USED TO TAKE 10 DAYS FOR THE GOODS BUT IT REACHED THE TRIVANDRUM CITY SAFE AND SOUND AT CHAAKKA BOAT TERMINUS AFTER 10 DAYS AND THEY UNLOADED IT INTO A BULLOCK CART AND BROUGHT IT HOME


.THERE WAS NO POLITICAL PARTIES THOSE DAYS EXCEPT INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS