FAMINE / AND AGE 5 TO 10 WERE FORCED TO STUDY BRITISH+INDIAN+METRIC SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENTS

NAAZHI IS THE SMALL MEASUREMENT ON LEFT OF BOX
EDANGAZHI IS THE BIGGER MEASUREMENT ON RIGHT OF BOX
1 EDANGAZHI=4 NAAZHI= ROUGHLY 1 KILO
PARA IS THE BIG ROUND VESSEL AT THE BOTTOM OF THE TABLE
1 PARA =10 EDANGAZHI= 10 KILOS




INFACT IN TRAVANCORE STATE (THIRUVITHAMKOOR RAAJYAM)UNDER THE LOCAL KING NAMELY SRI CHITIRA THIRUNAL MAHARAJAH(KING CHITIRA THIRUNAL)I CAN REMEMBER EFFECTS OF THE FAMINE OF 1944 ,THOUGH MANY DIN'T DIE AS IN BENGAL ,AS WE STARTED USING A NEW TUBER DURING THAT TIME FOR SURVIVAL CALLED TAPIOCA(CASSAVA) ALSO CALLED KAPPA IN MALAYALAM

RICE WAS NOT AVAILABLE AT ALL THOUGH THAT WAS OUR DAILY FOOD DUE TO FAMINE EXCEPT FOR THOSE WHO USED TO CULTIVATE IT IN THEIR OWN FIELDS,OTHERS ATE TAPIOCA AND OTHER TUBERS MOSTLY FOR THE FIRST TIME ,STILL OTHERS ATE NORTH INDIAN STAPLES LIKE WHEAT ,BAJRA(PEARL MILLET)FOR THE FIRST TIME ,THOUGH NOW WHEAT IS EATEN A LOT LOT MORE BY ALL SECTIONS OF SOCIETY IN KERALA.I CAN REMEMBER PEOPLE ASKING MY GRAND MOTHER HOW TO COOK WHEAT?WHAT CAN BE MADE FROM WHEAT?WILL IT CAUSE ANY HEALTH PROBLEMS AND ETC .NOW SUCH QUESTIONS WILL LOOK VERY CHILDISH BUT THOSE DAYS OF FAMINE PEOPLE WERE READY TO USE NEW STAPLES AND TUBERS TO STAY ALIVE

CAN REMEMBER A MAN SAYING, THAT, HE CANNOT DIGEST THE STUFF NAMED WHEAT AND IT IS CAUSING STOMACH UPSET AND LOOSE MOTIONS,STILL LATER ON, THE GOVERNMENT OF 'TRAVANCORE COCHIN 'STATE IN 1950 AND UPTO 1960 CREATED A SPECIAL DEPARTMENT TO PROPAGATE WHEAT AS FOOD, AND I CAN REMEMBER THE WHEAT PROPGATION VAN GOING AROUND AND SHOWING DEMONSTRATION TO PEOPLE WHO NEVER HAD WHEAT HOW TO COOK IT AND EAT IT!! NOW NOBODY WILL BELIEVE THIS

STILL LATER THE FIRST COMMUNIST GOVERNMENT UNDER E.M.S. NAMPOOTHIRIPAD TRIED TO PROPAGATE MACRONI AS AN ALTERNATIVE FOOD .THE OPPOSITION PARTIES MADE FUN OF IT AND NAMED THE RULING PARTY AS BHAGVAN MACARONI [GOD MACARONI]AND MADE A VERY POPULAR 'KATHA PRASANGAM' IN THAT NAME

A TYPICAL Malayalam Comedy - kathaprasangam


MALAYALAM MEASUREMENTS TILL 1950 AND OTHER MEASUREMENTS PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN WERE FORCED TO STUDY:-

(1) Those days rice was measured in malayalam measurements:-

4 naazhi=1 edanghazhi(1 kilo about),

and 10 edanghazhi= 1 para(about 10 kilo of modern measurement)

so naazhi was equal to 1/4 kilo

naazhi was subdivided into:- uri naazhi= 1/2 naazhi
moozhak naazhi=3/4 naazhi
uzhak naazhi=1/4 naazhi
aaazhak naazhi=1/8 naazhi
naavuzhak naazhi=1/16 naazhi

[NAAZHI MEASUREMENT WAS MADE FROM A PIECE OF BAAMBOO HOLLOW INSIDE]

(2) and ENGLISH measurements of weight were again different:-

16 ounce(oz)=1 pound

pound itself were two different types:- 'avoir dupas pound' and 'troy pound'-
american pound was diff: from british pound,luckly only britain was ruling us

-all these gave so much confusion in our young minds about measurements _

IMPERIAL ENGLISH measurement of distance:-

12 inch=1 foot/

3 feet= 1yard/

220 yard=1 furlong/

8 furlongs=1 mile/

2yards=1 fathom(6 feet)

Another way of measuring :-SURVEYOR's chain MAINLY FOR LAND

1 CHAIN=100 LINKS=66 FEET =22 YARDS

I ACRE = 10 SQUARE CHAINS

80 CHAINS= 1 MILE


Another BRITISH MEASUREMENT THE STUDENTS(AGE 5 TO 10) WERE FORCED TO STUDY:-

16 DRACMS=1 OUNCE

16 OUNCE =1 POUND

14 POUNDS = 1 STONE

2 STONE = 1 QUARTER

4 QUARTER= 1 HUNDRED WEIGHT

20 HUNDRED WEIGHT = 1 TON


THAT WAS NOT THE END OF ALL THESE CONFUSING MEASUREMENT TABLES FOR AGE 5 TO 10


I TROY POUND = 12 TROY OUNCE=480 GRAINS

TROY MEASUREMENT WAS ONLY FOR GOLD ETC


LUCKILY OUR TEACHERS STOPPED TEACHING KERALA'S OWN MEASUREMENT OF DISTANCE WHICH IS MEASURED IN "KAATHAMS '1 KAATHAM =??

PEOPLE USED TO ADVICE OTHERS TO WALK 1/2 'KAATHAM' AFTER DINNER AND 3/4 'KAATHAM 'AFTER LUNCH FOR HEALTH


Length

  • 10 koaN= 1 nuNNaNu
  • 10 nuNNaNU= 1 aNu(atom)
  • 8 aNu= 1 kathirtthugaL
  • 8 kathirtthugaL= 1 thusumbu
  • 8 thusumbu= 1 mayirnuni
  • 8 mayirnuni= 1 nuNmaNal
  • 8 nuNmaNal= 1 siRu-kadugu
  • 8 siRu-kadugu= 1 eL
  • 8 eL= 1 nel
  • 8 nel= 1 viral= 8^8 aNu(atom)= 1.9444 centimetre
  • 12 viral= 1 saaN= 100 immi= 23.3333 centimetre
  • 2 saaN= 1 muzham= 46.6666 centimetre
  • 2 muzham= 1 kajam
  • 4 muzham= 1 paagam
  • 625 paagam= 1 kaadham= 5000 saaN= 1166.66 metres= 1.167 kilometre




OTHER CONFUSING MEASUREMENTS (FOR FLUID MEASUREMENTS) AGE 5 TO 15 GENIUSES HAD TO STUDY :-


1 CUP=16 TABLE SPOON=48 TEASPOONS=8 FLUID OUNCE

1 GALLON=4 QUARTS=8 PINTS=16 CUPS !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ALL THESE WERE TO BE BY HEARTED++ METRIC SYSTEM A BIT

The imperial British pound had 240 pennies in it.

This was broken down into 480 half pennies and 960 farthings.

Sometimes a guinea was used. This had 252 pennies in it, 504 half pennies, or 1008 farthings.

Also, the pound was divided into shilling coins, then worth 12 pence, two shilling coins, called two bob, and the pound had twenty shillings.

A guinea had 21 shillings in it
ALL THESE AND MORE WERE FORCED DOWN OUR THROATS/BRAINS