Before and After-Discovery of Automobile(car)-1880 -BOMBAY AND TRAVANCORE-


BOMBAY-Before and After-Discovery of Automobile(car)-1880

1880 BEFORE DISCOVERY OF CAR-
VICTORIA MEMORIAL RAILWAY STATION(V.T.NOW RENAMED C.S.T.)

File:BOMBAY C 1890.jpg


SEPARATE LINES FOR CARS AND HORSE CARRIAGES IN FRONT OF
 'TAJ MAHAL' HOTEL ,BOMBAY 1906[BEHIND THE FIRST HORSE CARRIAGE IS A TAXI CAR]
 


BELOW AN EARLY TAXI CAR IN EUROPE-THE TAXI DRIVER SITS IN FRONT 
http://www.emercedesbenz.com/Images/Oct08/10_The_History_Of_Mercedes_Benz_Taxis_1/441499_728332_2835_1913_35195203a39505First_cab_operation9.jpg
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FIRST CAR MADE-1885 Benz Patent Motorwagen
1885 Benz Tri-Car
Three wheels
Tubular steel frame
Rack and pinion steering, connected to a driver end tiller; wheel chained to front axle
Electric ignition
Differential rear end gears (mechanically operated inlet valves)
Water-cooled internal combustion engine
Gas or petrol four-stroke horizontally mounted engine
Single cylinder, Bore 116 mm, Stroke 160 mm
Patent model: 958 cc, 0.8 hp, 600 W, 16 km/h
Commercialized model: 1600 cc, ¾ hp, 8 mph (13 km/h)



























Karl Benz, 1869, 25 years old (


Karl Benz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------






1886 FIRST STEAM CAR IN INDIA
Photograph of first steam car built by R. E. Olds, Lansing, 1886. In 1893, it was sold to an English firm and shipped to their branch house in Bombay



Title
First Steam Car built by R. E. Olds, Lansing
Creator
James P. Edmonds

Institution
Capital Area District Library

Subject
Automobiles

Subject
Automobiles, Steam

Description
Photograph of first steam car built by R. E. Olds, Lansing, 1886. In 1893, it was sold to an English firm and shipped to their branch house in Bombay, India. It was the first sale of a self-propelled road vehicle ever made in Michigan.



J.J. HOSPITAL BOMBAY 1890'S

http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-WVhSOjQD9XY/TujbQwzpRSI/AAAAAAAABbE/vi1Gnhcuwlg/s1600/Bombay+Native+Hospital+1843.jpg

1877-BOMBAY-STEAM ROAD ROLLER






Sir (Rustomjee Cowasjee Cursetjee) Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy, 5th Bt; Sir Charles William Cayzer, 1st Bt; Miss Cayzer; Miss Jejeebhoy; Sir Jamsetjee Manockjee Cursetjee Jejeebhoy, 4th

1900 CAR IN BOMBAY:-[cars were originally called as 'horseless carriages']





1900'S CAR BOMBAY

Vijay Mallya’s 1903 Humber HumberetteThe Humber is British, tracing its beginnings to the bicycle company that Thomas Humber founded in 1868, not producing the first car until 1898, a three-wheeled tricar. Though the Humberette has a single-cylinder-engine the first four-wheeled cars to roll out of Humber in 1901 were powered by 2- or 4-cylinder engines. The Humberette is powered by a 611 CC, 5 HP single-cylinder engine that helps the 650 pounds four-wheeler along at a healthy 25 mph.



1905 first car race in India at Bombay --kalyan to Bombay 40 miles distance


1906-MOTORING IN INDIA


The first motor cycle in India 1905





ABOVE-QUEENS ROAD/ MARINE LINES,NOW MAHARISHI KARVE ROADMaharshi Karve Rd, Mumbai, Maharashtra


 1920 V.T.RAILWAY STATION (now C.S.T.)



1930-FLORA FOUNTAIN AREA BOMBAY



FIRST BUS TO RUN KOLLAM TO THIRUANANDAPURAM ON M.C.ROAD(MAIN CENTRAL ROAD)BECAUSE COASTAL ROAD VIA KOLLAM TO ALAPPUZHA WAS NOT MADE YET DUE TO MANY WATER WAYS AND RIVERS .EVEN ON M.C. ROAD TO KOTTAYAM THERE USED TO BE 4 RIVERS WITHOUT BRIDGES WHERE THE USE OF "CHAGADAM" WAS USED TO FERRY VEHICLES

Classics of Travancore, Cochin and Malabar-ksrtc.jpg

എം.സി. റോഡ്‌

വിക്കിപീഡിയ, ഒരു സ്വതന്ത്ര വിജ്ഞാനകോശം.

Main Central Road - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Central_Road
The Main Central Road (MC Road) is the arterial State Highway in the Travancore region of Kerala state, India. It is designated as SH 1 by the Kerala Public ...


  1. Main Central Road
  2. The Main Central Road is the arterial State Highway in the Travancore region of Kerala state, India. It is designated as SH 1 by the Kerala Public Works Department. The highway was built by Raja Kesavadas, Dewan of Travancore. Wikipedia

File:Old photo of KSRTC Bus Station.jpg
ABOVE-TRAVANCORE BUS STAND 1950'S -CAN SEE FORD ,CHEVROLET,COMMER ,FARGO BUSES .ALL IMPORTED FROM AMERICA AND ENGLAND .NO MOTOR VEHICLES WERE ALLOWED TO BE MADE IN INDIA BY INDIA'S RULING MONEY GRABBING RULERS -BRITAIN

























DURING SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN PETROL WAS NOT AVAILABLE DUE TO SINKING OF TANKER SHIPS BY JAP/GERMAN SUBMARINES;COAL GAS WAS USED AS SEEN ABOVE AND BELOW




Coal gas for cars, 1940s – Energy supply and use –VIDEO

www.teara.govt.nz/en/video/.../coal-gas-for-cars-19...
During the Second World War several thousand cars were converted to run on coal gas or on charcoal ...

Drawing wood gasification mobile use


The Volkswagen Beetles that rolled off the assembly line during World War Two had the whole wood gasification mechanism built in (sources: 1 / 2 / 3). From the outside, the wood gas generator and the rest of the installation was invisible. Refilling was done through a hole in the bonnet (hood).
VW beetle woodgas drawing
The same is true for this Mercedes-Benz, in which the installation is completely hidden in the trunk (source).
Mercedes benz woodgas

Wood gasification is a proces whereby organic material is converted into a combustible gas under the influence of heat - the process reaches a temperature of 1,400 °C (2,550 °F). The first use of wood gasification dates back to 1870s, when it was used as a forerunner of natural gas for street lighting and cooking. In the 1920s, German engineer Georges Imbert developed a wood gas generator for mobile use. The gases were cleaned and dried and then fed into the vehicle's combustion engine, which barely needs to be adapted. The Imbert generator was mass produced from 1931 on. At the end of the 1930s, about 9,000 wood gas vehicles were in use, almost exclusively in Europe.
Second World War
The technology became commonplace in many European countries during the Second World War, as a consequence of the rationing of fossil fuels. In Germany alone, around 500,000 producer gas vehicles were in operation by the end of the war.
Woodgas automobile 1946 back
A network of some 3,000 "petrol stations" was set up, where drivers could stock up on firewood. Not only private cars but also trucks, buses, tractors, motorcycles, ships and trains were equipped with a wood gasification unit. Some tanks were driven on wood gas, too, but for military use the Germans preferred the production of liquid synthetic fuels (made out of wood or coal).
Woodgas automobile 1946 front
In 1942 (when the technology had not yet reached the height of its popularity), there were about 73,000 producer gas vehicles in Sweden, 65,000 in France, 10,000 in Denmark, 9,000 in both Austria and Norway, and almost 8,000 in Switzerland. Finland had 43,000 "woodmobiles" in 1944, of which 30,000 were buses and trucks, 7,000 private vehicles, 4,000 tractors and 600 boats. (source).
Wood gas car black and white
Woodmobiles also appeared in the US, Asia and, particularly, Australia, which had 72,000 vehicles running on woodgas (source). Altogether, more than one million producer gas vehicles were used during World War Two.
Wood gas car source generator jahrbuch
After the war, with gasoline once again available, the technology fell into oblivion almost instantaneously. At the beginning of the 1950s, the then West-Germany only had some 20,000 woodmobiles left.
Wood gas automobile with trailer
Research programme in Sweden
Vollvo amazon wood gasRising fuel prices and global warming have resulted in renewed interest in firewood as a direct fuel. Dozens of amateur engineers around the world have converted standard production cars into producer gas vehicles, with most of these  modern woodmobiles being built in Scandinavia.
In 1957, the Swedish government set up a research programme to prepare for a fast transition to wood gas cars in case of a sudden oil shortage. Sweden has no oil reserves, but it does have vast woodlands it can use for fuel. The goals of this research was to develop an improved, standardised installation that could be adapted for use in all kinds of vehicles.

steam bus and steam road rollers[steam road rollers were plenty.road steam buses -were in Travancore (but SOMEHOW MISSED SEEING IT)-THE FUEL WAS CUT WOOD(DIFFICULT TO GET COAL IN TRAVANCORE) ;BUT COULD RUN EVEN ON CUT GRASS ]

A SIMILAR STEAM TRUCK CAN BE SEEN IN MUMBAI{BOMBAY} NEHRU SCIENCE MUSEUM
STEAM ROAD ROLLER WHICH WERE VERY COMMON IN TRAVANCORE ,USED BY P.W.D. DEPARTMENT .THE LAST STEAM ROLLER I SAW IN TRIVANDRUM(THIRUANANDAPUARAM) ABOUT 7 YEARS AGO LYING RUSTING IN P.W.D. OFFICE BEHIND MASCOT HOTEL .I TRIED TO SAVE IT BY REQUESTING THE SCIENCE MUSEUM BUT THEY WERE NOT INTERESTED .TO SAVE IT .
                                            




Old Petrol Pumps or Old Gas Bowsers

HISTORY OF THE PETROL[GASOLENE] PUMPS .



THE DICOVERER OF PETROL PUMPS, SYLVANUS BOWSER
Prior to the invention of the automobile, gasoline was primarily seen as a useless by product of the kerosene refining process. Gasoline had been used on a limited basis for burning in some stoves and lamps kerosene, also known as coal oil, was the primary ingredient needed to fuel the lighting fixtures of the day.



Around 1883, a young man by the name of Sylvanius F. Bowser came up with an idea to draw water from a well using a wooden plunger. In 1885, he applied this idea to a kerosene pump attached to a wooden barrel and founded S.F. Bowser Pump Company. The unit was self contained and included the storage barrel, the plunger, a hand lever, and an upright faucet lever. This pumping unit was a huge success and soon became known as a "Filling Station". By 1890, he had adapted this unit to pump gasoline in addition to kerosene for the lighting industry and the first true gas pump was born. S.F. Bowser continued to refine, improve, and sell his new indoor "Filling Stations" to general stores and the first automobile repair garages beginning in 1893.




 Between the years 1893 and 1905, early motorists often filled automobile fuel tanks using the "drum and measure" method. Gasoline, stored in bulk steel drums, would be gravity fed into five-gallon measuring cans then poured directly through funnels into the automobile fuel tank. The funnel was lined with a heavy rag or chamois in order to strain sediment that might damage the engine or hurt performance. This process was time consuming, inaccurate, and quite dangerous
.










It would not be until 1905 that Bowser would develop the first outdoor "Filling Station" pump that could dispense kerosene or gasoline. The Bowser Self-Measuring Gasoline Storage pump consisted of a square metal tank enclosed in a secure wooden cabinet. The cabinet was equipped with forced suction pump operated by hand stroke lever action









 


VIDEO OF HAND OPERATED PETROL PUMP

TRUCK STANDING IN FRONT OF OLD HAND CRANK PETROL PUMP.THE HANDLE TO PUMP(CRANK) THE PETROL INTO THE VEHICLE CAN BE SEEN AT THE BACK OF THE PUMPS
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------








A a Few Old Petrol Bowsers or Gas Pumps












































































1930s gas/PETROL station




WHEN PETROL WAS CHEAP IN 1950'S AFTER THE WAR



PETROL PRICES INCREASE DUE TO WESTERN OIL COMPANY CARTELS [OIL LOBBY OF AMERICA]JACKING UP PRICES
EVEN IRAQ ATTACK BY PRESIDENT BUSH WAS PART OF CONTROLLING GAS/PETROL FIELDS IN IRAQ ,NOT DUE TO OTHER REASONS;AS BOTH PRESIDENT BUSH AND VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY HAD DIRECT CONTACTS WITH OIL LOBBY


https://www0.gsb.columbia.edu/faculty/rfisman/papers/cheney.pdf
by D Fisman - ‎2012 - ‎Cited by 96 - ‎Related articles
effectively tied to the entire oil and gas sector or because favors aimed at helping ... companies where Vice-President Cheney sat on the board during 1995-1999; ... prior history of personal contact and professional relationships with newly.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Estimating the Value of Connections to Vice-President Cheney

https://www0.gsb.columbia.edu/faculty/rfisman/papers/cheney.pdf
by D Fisman - ‎2012 - ‎Cited by 96 - ‎Related articles
2012. Article 5. FORENSIC ECONOMICS. Estimating the Value of ... Recommended Citation. David Fisman, Raymond J. Fisman, Julia Galef, Rakesh Khurana, and ... reaction of connected companies to news of Cheney's heart attacks; .... effectively tied to the entire oil and gas sector or because favors aimed at helping.